Publications by authors named "Gloria Chambers"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Hypnotic Enhancement of Virtual Reality Distraction Analgesia during Thermal Pain: .

Int J Clin Exp Hypn 2021 Apr-Jun;69(2):225-245. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, USA.

Excessive pain during medical procedures is a pervasive health challenge. This study tested the (additive) analgesic efficacy of combining hypnotic analgesia and virtual reality (VR) pain distraction. A single blind, randomized, and controlled trial was used to study 205 undergraduate volunteers aged 18 to 20. The individual and combined effects of hypnotic analgesia (H) and VR distraction on experimentally induced acute thermal pain were examined using a 2 X 2, between-groups parallel design (4 groups total). Participants in groups that received hypnosis remained hypnotized during the test phase pain stimulus. The main outcome measure was "worst pain" ratings. Hypnosis reduced acute pain even for people who scored low on hypnotizability. As predicted, H+ VR was significantly more effective than VR distraction alone. However, H+ VR was not significantly more effective than hypnotic analgesia alone. Being hypnotized during thermal pain enhanced VR distraction analgesia.
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March 2021

Virtual reality as an adjunctive non-pharmacologic analgesic for acute burn pain during medical procedures.

Ann Behav Med 2011 Apr;41(2):183-91

University of Washington, Seattle, USA.

Introduction: Excessive pain during medical procedures is a widespread problem but is especially problematic during daily wound care of patients with severe burn injuries.

Methods: Burn patients report 35-50% reductions in procedural pain while in a distracting immersive virtual reality, and fMRI brain scans show associated reductions in pain-related brain activity during VR. VR distraction appears to be most effective for patients with the highest pain intensity levels. VR is thought to reduce pain by directing patients' attention into the virtual world, leaving less attention available to process incoming neural signals from pain receptors.

Conclusions: We review evidence from clinical and laboratory research studies exploring Virtual Reality analgesia, concentrating primarily on the work ongoing within our group. We briefly describe how VR pain distraction systems have been tailored to the unique needs of burn patients to date, and speculate about how VR systems could be tailored to the needs of other patient populations in the future.
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April 2011

Uptake of first two doses of human papillomavirus vaccine by adolescent schoolgirls in Manchester: prospective cohort study.

BMJ 2008 May 24;336(7652):1056-8. Epub 2008 Apr 24.

Academic Unit of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, St Mary's Hospital, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 OJH.

Objective: To assess the feasibility and acceptability of delivering a human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine to adolescent girls.

Design: Prospective cohort study.

Setting: 36 secondary schools in two primary care trusts in Greater Manchester, United Kingdom.

Participants: 2817 schoolgirls in year 8 (12 and 13 year olds).

Intervention: Delivery of the bivalent vaccine at 0, 1, and 6 months over one school year.

Main Outcome Measures: Vaccine uptake for doses 1 and 2 of a three dose schedule.

Results: Vaccine uptake was 70.6% (1989/2817) for the first dose and 68.5% (1930/2817) for the second dose. Uptake was significantly lower in schools with a higher proportion of ethnic minority girls (P<0.001 for trend) or higher proportion of girls entitled to free school meals (P=0.029 for trend). The main reason for parents' refusal of vaccination was insufficient information about the vaccine and its long term safety. Maintaining the vaccine schedule was challenging as 16.3% (dose 1) and 23.6% (dose 2) of girls missed their vaccination day and had to be offered alternative appointments. No serious adverse events were reported.

Conclusion: Delivery of the first two doses of HPV vaccine to adolescent schoolgirls is encouraging, but the success of the vaccination programme depends on high coverage for the third dose.
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May 2008