Publications by authors named "Gledson Luiz Salgado de Castro"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Açaí palm seedling growth promotion by rhizobacteria inoculation.

Braz J Microbiol 2020 Mar 2;51(1):205-216. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Plant Protection Laboratory (LPP), Federal Rural University of Amazonia (UFRA), Belém, PA, 66077-830, Brazil.

Lower growth rate of the açaí palm seedlings limits the crops' commercial expansion. The goal was evaluating the biometry, biomass accumulation, nutrient contents, chlorophyll-a fluorescence, and gas exchange in açaí seedlings inoculated with rhizobacteria. The treatments were individual inoculations of the seven rhizobacteria isolates and one control (without inoculation) on the roots. Biometry and biomass data were submitted to cluster analysis to separate the isolates into groups according to the similarity degree, and groups' means were compared through the SNK test. Three groups were formed; group 1 was composed of the control; group 2 of the UFRA-35, UFRA-38, UFRA-58, UFRA-61, UFRA-92, and BRM-32111 isolates; and group 3 was composed of the BRM-32113 isolate. Group 2 and 3 isolates promoted an increase in growth, biomass accumulation, higher levels of nutrients and chlorophyll, and improvements in the gas exchange and chlorophyll-a fluorescence in comparison with the control. The results evidenced that the rhizobacteria accelerate the growth, increase the photosynthetic efficiency, and induce the leaf nutrient accumulation in açaí palm seedlings. The rhizobacteria inoculation can contribute to the sustainable management of the açaí palm seedling production in nurseries.
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March 2020

Coupling physiological analysis with proteomic profile to understand the photosynthetic responses of young Euterpe oleracea palms to drought.

Photosynth Res 2019 May 24;140(2):189-205. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Instituto Sócioambiental e dos Recursos Hídricos, Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia, Belém, PA, 66077-530, Brazil.

This study examined whether drought sensitivity in açaí (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) is associated with reductions in photosynthesis and increasing oxidative stress in response to down-regulation of proteins related to photosynthetic reactions, photorespiration, and antioxidant system. Well-watered (Control) and drought-stressed plants were compared when leaf water potential in stressed plants reached around - 1.5 and - 3.0 MPa, representing moderate and severe drought. Drought caused 84 and 96% decreases in net photosynthetic rate (P) and stomatal conductance. Stress-mediated changes in maximum quantum efficiency of photosystem II (PSII) photochemistry were unobserved, but drought decreased photochemical quenching, actual quantum yield of PSII electron transport, and apparent electron transport rate (ETR). Moderate and severe drought induced, respectively, decreases and increases in non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) and 74 and 273% increases in ETR/P. Moderate drought down-regulated PSII protein D2, chlorophyll a-b binding protein 8, photosystem I reaction center subunit N, sedoheptulose-1,7-bisphosphatase, and transketolase; while severe drought down-regulated LHC II proteins, ferredoxin-NADP reductase, ATP synthase subunits ε and ß, and carbonic anhydrase isoform X2. The glutamate-glyoxylate aminotransferase 2 and glycine dehydrogenase were down-regulated upon moderate drought, while catalase 2 and glycine cleavage system H protein 3 were up-regulated. Severe drought up-regulated glycolate oxidase, glycine cleavage system H protein 3, and aminomethyl transferase, but most of photorespiration-related proteins were only found in control plants. Down-regulation of chaperones and antioxidant enzymes and increased lipid peroxidation in stressed plants were observed upon both stress severities. Therefore, the decreases in P and failure in preventing oxidative damages through adjustments in NPQ and photorespiration- and antioxidant-related proteins accounted for drought sensitivity in açaí.
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May 2019