Publications by authors named "Giuseppe Polimeno"

9 Publications

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Long-Term Results of the HD2000 Trial Comparing ABVD Versus BEACOPP Versus COPP-EBV-CAD in Untreated Patients With Advanced Hodgkin Lymphoma: A Study by Fondazione Italiana Linfomi.

J Clin Oncol 2016 Apr 28;34(11):1175-81. Epub 2015 Dec 28.

Francesco Merli, Caterina Mammi, Fiorella Ilariucci, and Angela Ferrari, Azienda Ospedaliera Arcispedale S. Maria Nuova, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico (IRCCS); Reggio Emilia; Stefano Luminari, Luigi Marcheselli, and Massimo Federico, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena; Paolo G. Gobbi, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, University of Pavia, Pavia; Nicola Cascavilla and Potito Rosario Scalzulli, IRCCS "Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza" Hospital, San Giovanni Rotondo; Caterina Stelitano, A.O. Bianchi Melacrino Morelli, Reggio Calabria; Maurizio Musso, Ospedale La Maddalena, Palermo; Luca Baldini, Fondazione IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano; Sara Galimberti, University of Pisa, Pisa; Francesco Angrilli, Ospedale Santo Spirito, Pescara; and Giuseppe Polimeno, Ospedale "Miulli," Acquaviva delle Fonti, Bari, Italy.

Purpose: The randomized HD2000 trial compared six cycles of ABVD (doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine), four escalated plus two standard cycles of BEACOPP (bleomycin, etoposide, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone), and six cycles of COPP-EBV-CAD (cyclophosphamide, lomustine, vindesine, melphalan, prednisone, epidoxorubicin, vincristine, procarbazine, vinblastine, and bleomycin; CEC) in patients with advanced-stage Hodgkin lymphoma. After a median follow-up of 42 months, patients who received BEACOPP were reported to have experienced better progression-free survival (PFS) but not better overall survival (OS) results than those receiving ABVD. We here report a post hoc analysis of this trial after a median follow-up of 10 years.

Patients And Methods: Three hundred seven patients were enrolled, 295 of whom were evaluable. At the time of our analysis, the median follow-up for the entire group was 120 months (range, 4 to 169 months).

Results: The 10-year PFS results for the ABVD, BEACOPP, and CEC arms were 69%, 75%, and 76%, respectively; corresponding OS results were 85%, 84%, and 86%. Overall, 13 second malignancies were reported: one in the ABVD arm and six each in the BEACOPP and CEC arms. The cumulative risk of developing second malignancies at 10 years was 0.9%, 6.6%, and 6% with ABVD, BEACOPP, and CEC, respectively; the risk with either BEACOPP or CEC was significantly higher than that reported with ABVD (P = .027 and .02, respectively).

Conclusion: With these mature results, we confirm that patients with advanced Hodgkin lymphoma have similar OS results when treated with ABVD, BEACOPP, or CEC. However, with longer follow-up, we were not able to confirm the superiority of BEACOPP over ABVD in terms of PFS, mainly because of higher mortality rates resulting from second malignancies observed after treatment with BEACOPP and CEC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2015.62.4817DOI Listing
April 2016

The use of thrombopoietin-receptor agonists (TPO-RAs) in immune thrombocytopenia (ITP): a "real life" retrospective multicenter experience of the Rete Ematologica Pugliese (REP).

Ann Hematol 2016 Jan 24;95(2):239-44. Epub 2015 Nov 24.

Unit of Hematology with BMT, Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation, University of Bari, Bari, Italy.

Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a disease which sees one-third of patients failing first and subsequent therapeutic approaches, including splenectomy. Thrombopoietin-receptor agonists (TPO-RAs) are recommended for adults who relapse after splenectomy or who have contraindications for splenectomy. In this multicenter study, a total of 124 patients were retrospectively evaluated: 55 (44.3 %) were treated by romiplostim and 69 (55.6 %) by eltrombopag. Mean age, number of young patients (<60 years), time from primary diagnosis of ITP to TPO-RA treatment, and previous lines of therapy were similar in both groups. The overall response rate was 80 % (44/55) for romiplostim and 94.2 % (65/69) for eltrombopag; the duration of response and the time to response were similar (p = NS). The response rate to both drugs in non-splenectomized patients was higher than that of splenectomized patients (p < 0.05). The mean duration of response was 30 months for romiplostim and 15 months for eltrombopag, due to later commercialization of eltrombopag. Failure was the most frequent cause of discontinuation. Thrombotic events were the most consistent adverse events and were recorded in 2 and 3 % of patients treated by romiplostim and eltrombopag, respectively. In conclusion, romiplostim and eltrombopag are effective in the majority of patients with chronic ITP who failed several lines of therapy; whether TPO-RAs could substitute splenectomy is under discussion and studies are warranted.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-015-2556-zDOI Listing
January 2016

Tumour burden predicts treatment resistance in patients with early unfavourable or advanced stage Hodgkin lymphoma treated with ABVD and radiotherapy.

Hematol Oncol 2012 Dec 23;30(4):194-9. Epub 2012 Jan 23.

Medicina Interna e Gastroenterologia, Università di Pavia, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico S. Matteo, Pavia, Italy.

The purpose of the work was to investigate the factors predicting early resistance to treatment in Hodgkin lymphoma. Many staging parameters, including relative tumour burden (rTB), were analysed in 246 patients with Hodgkin lymphoma in relation to early failure, that is, less than complete remission (i.e. partial response, null response or progression) or occurrence of early relapse, as clinical expressions of resistance to treatment. Patients with early unfavourable disease were 129 and were treated with four to six cycles of ABVD + involved field radiotherapy; 117 patients with advanced stage disease received six cycles of ABVD + optional irradiation to no more than two sites. The rTB was volumetrically measured through the evaluation of staging computed tomography for all the lesions except bone marrow involvement, which was quantified by calculation. The relationship with early resistance was analysed with logistic regressions. The rTB demonstrated to be the best predictor of early failure in both patient subsets, being superior to the multiparameter International Prognostic Score. The rTB showed a significant exponential relationship with the relative risk of early failure, and with inclusion of the extranodal involvement into the model, a single equation became adequate to predict resistance in both early unfavourable and advanced stage patients. The conclusions are that the rTB is the best pretreatment factor related to the risk of resistance to combined ABVD + radiotherapy and that this relationship can be mathematically expressed in an easy way. A simplified assessment of rTB is highly desirable.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hon.1024DOI Listing
December 2012

A randomized trial with melphalan and prednisone versus melphalan and prednisone plus thalidomide in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients not eligible for autologous stem cell transplant.

Leuk Lymphoma 2011 Oct 12;52(10):1942-8. Epub 2011 Jun 12.

Department of Oncology and Hematology, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.

Several trials comparing the efficacy of standard melphalan and prednisone (MP) therapy with MP plus thalidomide (MPT) in elderly patients with multiple myeloma (MM) have been reported, with inconsistent results. The primary goal of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of MP versus MPT in newly diagnosed patients with MM who were transplant-ineligible or over age 65. A total of 135 patients were enrolled. Either minimal response or better or partial response or better were more frequent with MPT treatment (p = 0.001). After a median follow-up of 30 months, median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 33 and 52 months for MPT versus 22 and 32 months for MP, respectively. The comparison showed a significant advantage for MPT versus MP in PFS (p = 0.02) and only a trend for OS (p = 0.07). Severe adverse events were observed more frequently with MPT. In conclusion, our results show an improved activity of MPT at a cost of increased toxicity. We believe that MPT can be considered one of the new standard of care for elderly or transplant-ineligible patients with MM.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/10428194.2011.584006DOI Listing
October 2011

Long term outcome of patients with localized aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma treated with PROMECE-CYTABOM plus involved-field radiation therapy: a study by the Gruppo Italiano Studio Linfomi.

Leuk Lymphoma 2010 Mar;51(3):422-9

Divisione di Ematologia, Azienda Ospedaliera Papardo, Messina, Italy.

We conducted a retrospective analysis on 168 adult patients with newly diagnosed, limited-stage (I and II) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated from 1988 to 2004 with PROMECE-CYTABOM (P-C) plus involved-field radiation therapy (IF-RT). At the end of P-C, the overall response rate was 92%. Radiotherapy (RT) was delivered to 84% of cases. With a median follow-up of 95 months, overall survival (OS), relapse free survival (RFS), and failure free survival at 5 and 10 years was 84% and 77%, 81% and 75%, 71% and 67%, respectively. Age (>60 years, p = 0.002), serum albumin (<3.5 g/dL; p = 0.015), and RT (p < 0.001) were independent predictors of OS. For patients in complete remission the administration of RT didn't improve both RFS and OS. This study confirms that patients with localized aggressive lymphoma have a high chance of cure with anthracycline containing regimens. Though the regimen used to treat these patients does not contain rituximab, results are considered excellent both in terms of efficacy and safety.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/10428190903518352DOI Listing
March 2010

Response-guided ABVD chemotherapy plus involved-field radiation therapy for intermediate-stage Hodgkin lymphoma in the pre-positron emission tomography era: a Gruppo Italiano Studio Linfomi (GISL) prospective trial.

Clin Lymphoma Myeloma 2009 Apr;9(2):138-44

Divisione di Ematologia e Trapianto di Midollo Osseo, Policlinico P. Giaccone, Palermo, Italy.

Purpose: In the pre-positron emission tomography era, the Gruppo Italiano Studio Linfomi (GISL) investigated the feasibility and efficacy of a treatment based on a response-tailored number of doxorubicin/bleomycin/vinblastine/dacarbazine (ABVD) courses in 218 intermediate-stage Hodgkin lymphoma patients.

Patients And Methods: Patients with stage I/II showing at least one adverse prognostic factor and stage IIIA without adverse prognostic factors were recruited. Treatment included a first step of 3 ABVD courses, followed by an early-restaging. Patients in CR/CRu received 1 additional ABVD cycle, patients in PR received 3 more ABVD, and nonresponder patients went off study. Involved-field radiation therapy (RT) was recommended on chemotherapy completion.

Results: The median age was 30 years (range, 15-68 years) and 131 patients (61%) were female. Seven percent of patients were in stage I, 78% in stage II, and 15% in stage III; B-symptoms, bulky tumor and erythrocyte sedimentation rate > 30 were recorded in 20%, 26%, and 43% of cases, respectively. The CR/CRu rate was 62% at early restaging, 72% at the end of chemotherapy, and 95% following RT. With a median follow-up of 74 months (range, 6-193 months), 7-year overall survival, relapse-free survival, and freedom from treatment failure were 91.8% (95% CI, 86%-95.5%), 89.2% (95% CI, 82.8%-93.3%), and 81.8% (95% CI, 75.2%-86.7%), respectively. Patients in CR/CRu on early restaging, receiving 4 ABVD, had an excellent outcome with 7-year RFS and cause-specific survival similar to those of the late responders treated with 6 ABVD (RFS, 87.5% vs. 90.5% and CSS, 96.6% vs. 92.7%, respectively).

Conclusion: The response-guided ABVD program we report, based on standard clinical staging procedures, proved to be feasible and safe in patients with intermediate-stage Hodgkin lymphoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3816/CLM.2009.n.034DOI Listing
April 2009

ABVD compared with BEACOPP compared with CEC for the initial treatment of patients with advanced Hodgkin's lymphoma: results from the HD2000 Gruppo Italiano per lo Studio dei Linfomi Trial.

J Clin Oncol 2009 Feb 5;27(5):805-11. Epub 2009 Jan 5.

Dipartimento di Oncologia ed Ematologia, Centro Oncologico Modenese, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.

Purpose: To compare doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine (ABVD) versus bleomycin, etoposide, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone (BEACOPP) versus cyclophosphamide, lomustine, vindesine, melphalan, prednisone, epidoxirubicin, vincristine, procarbazine, vinblastine, and bleomycin (COPPEBVCAD; CEC) for advanced Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL).

Patients And Methods: Three hundred seven patients with advanced HL (stage IIB, III, and IV) were randomly assigned to receive six courses of ABVD, four escalated plus two standard courses of BEACOPP, or six courses of CEC, plus a limited radiation therapy program.

Results: After a median follow-up of 41 months, BEACOPP resulted in a superior progression-free survival (PFS), with a significant reduction in risk of progression (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.50) compared with ABVD. No differences between BEACOPP and CEC, or CEC and ABVD were observed. The 5-year PFS was 68% (95% CI, 56% to 78%), 81% (95% CI, 70% to 89%), and 78% (95% CI, 68% to 86%), for ABVD, BEACOPP, and CEC, respectively (BEACOPP v ABVD, P = .038; CEC v ABVD and BEACOPP v CEC, P = not significant [NS]). The 5-year overall survival was 84% (95% CI, 69% to 92%), 92% (95% CI, 84% to 96%), and 91% (95% CI, 81% to 96%) for ABVD, BEACOPP, and CEC, respectively (P = NS). BEACOPP and CEC resulted in higher rates of grade 3-4 neutropenia than ABVD (P = .016); BEACOPP was associated with higher rates of severe infections than ABVD and CEC (P = .003).

Conclusion: As adopted in this study BEACOPP is associated with a significantly improved PFS compared with ABVD, with a predictable higher acute toxicity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2008.17.0910DOI Listing
February 2009

Bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the jaw: a review of 35 cases and an evaluation of its frequency in multiple myeloma patients.

Leuk Lymphoma 2007 Jan;48(1):56-64

Department of Oncology and Hematology, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.

Over a period of 28 months, we observed five cases of osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) in cancer patients treated with bisphosphonates (BP) at our institution. This prompted us to undertake a retrospective, multicenter study to analyse the characteristics of patients who exhibited ONJ and to define the frequency of ONJ in multiple myeloma (MM). We identified 35 cases in Gruppo Italiano Studio Linfomi centers during the period 2002 - 05. The median time from cancer diagnosis to the clinical onset of ONJ was 70 months. In these 35 cases of ONJ, 24 appeared 20 - 60 months after starting BP treatment. The time for the onset of ONJ was significantly shorter for patients treated with zoledronic acid alone than for those treated with pamidronate followed by zoledronic acid. The frequency of ONJ in the MM group during the study period was 1.9%, although the nature of the present study may have resulted in an underestimation of ONJ cases. Our analysis strongly suggested an association between the use of BP and the occurrence of ONJ, although we were unable to identify any definite risk factors with a retrospective study. The most frequently ONJ-associated clinical characteristics were chemotherapy treatment, steroid treatment, advanced age, female sex, anemia, parodonthopaties/dental procedures and thalidomide (in the case of MM patients).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10428190600977690DOI Listing
January 2007

The length of treatment of aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphomas established according to the international prognostic index score: long-term results of the GISL LA03 study.

Eur J Haematol 2006 Mar;76(3):217-29

Dipartimento di Oncologia ed Ematologia, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.

Objectives: To compare two different schedules of two different anthracycline-containing regimens, where length of treatment is modulated according to the international prognostic index (IPI) in patients with aggressive non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL).

Methods: In 1993 the Gruppo Italiano per lo Studio dei Linfomi (GISL) started a randomized 2 x 2 factorial phase III clinical trial for patients with newly diagnosed aggressive NHL comparing ProME(Epidoxorubicin)CE-CytaBOM (PE-C) to ProMI(Idarubicin)CE-CytaBOM (PI-C) and a fixed to a flexible treatment schedule where anthracycline dose was to be modulated according to observed hematological toxicity. Patients with low or low-intermediate IPI (IPI 0-2) and those with intermediate-high or high IPI (IPI 3-5) should receive six or eight courses, respectively. Involved-field radiotherapy was allowed for patients with initial bulky disease or with residual masses.

Results: Three hundred and fifty-six patients were registered into the study and randomized. Patients were well balanced among the four study arms in terms of clinical characteristics and prognostic factors. Three hundred and forty-five patients were available for evaluation of study endpoints. At the end of induction therapy complete remission rate was 61%, 5-year failure-free survival (FFS) rate was 40% and 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was 59%; no differences were observed according to treatment arms. Patients in the flexible arm received higher dose intensity of anthracycline (P < 0.001) with no apparent increase in toxicity. However, the flexible schedule was not superior to the fixed one. Patients with IPI 3-5 showed lower response rates (45% vs. 67%: P < 0.0001) and lower 5-year FFS (29% vs. 45%: P < 0.0001) compared to those with IPI 0-2.

Conclusions: six courses of fixed or flexible PE-C or PI-C can determine a promising success rate in patients with advanced aggressive NHL with IPI 0-2, whereas the same regimens are less effective in patients with IPI 3-5, even if two additional courses are delivered. For the latter group of patients innovative approaches are warranted.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0609.2005.00609.xDOI Listing
March 2006