Publications by authors named "Giulio Andrea Zanazzo"

14 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Classical pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma in very young patients: the Italian experience.

Leuk Lymphoma 2019 03 10;60(3):696-702. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

u Oncoematologia Pediatrica , Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Ospedale Sant'Anna , Ferrara , Italy.

Many studies have reported a more favorable outcome in younger patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). The aims of this study were to find an appropriate age cutoff able to identify low-risk children and to describe the natural history of 135 very young patients affected by classic HL (cHL). The best age cutoff was identified at 7 years of age. EFS (p = .0451) and PFS (p = .00921) were significantly better in the group of younger patients. The OS rate at 10 years was 97.0% in the younger group and 92.5% in the older one (p = .0448). However, age was not found to be an independent prognostic factor in multivariate analysis and the better prognosis in younger patients seems to be related to more favorable disease characteristics at presentation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10428194.2018.1493732DOI Listing
March 2019

Multicenter randomized, double-blind controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy of laser therapy for the treatment of severe oral mucositis induced by chemotherapy in children: laMPO RCT.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2018 08 4;65(8):e27098. Epub 2018 May 4.

Pediatric Hemato-Oncology Unit, IRCCS materno infantile Burlo Garofolo, Trieste, Italy.

Objectives: To demonstrate the efficacy of laser photobiomodulation (PBM) compared to that of placebo on severe oral mucositis (OM) in pediatric oncology patients. The primary objective was the reduction of OM grade (World Health Organization [WHO] scale) 7 days after starting PBM. Secondary objectives were reduction of pain, analgesic consumption, and incidence of side effects.

Methods: One hundred and one children with WHO grade > 2 chemotherapy-induced OM were enrolled in eight Italian hospitals. Patients were randomized to either PBM or sham treatment for four consecutive days (days +1 to +4). On days +4, +7, and +11, OM grade, pain (following a 0-10 numeric pain rating scale, NRS) and need for analgesics were evaluated by an operator blinded to treatment.

Results: Fifty-one patients were allocated to the PBM group, and 50 were allocated to the sham group. In total, 93.7% of PBM patients and 72% of sham patients had OM grade < 3 WHO on day +7 (P = 0.01). A significant reduction of pain was registered on day +7 in the PBM versus sham group (NRS 1 [0-3] vs. 2.5 [1-5], P < 0.006). Reduced use of analgesics was reported in the PBM group, although it was not statistically significant. No significant adverse events attributable to treatment were recorded.

Conclusions: PBM is a safe, feasible, and effective treatment for children affected by chemotherapy-induced OM, as it accelerates mucosal recovery and reduces pain.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pbc.27098DOI Listing
August 2018

Children with cancer: a survey on the experience of Italian primary care pediatricians.

Ital J Pediatr 2017 May 25;43(1):48. Epub 2017 May 25.

Institute for Maternal and Child Health IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, via dell'Istria 65/1, Trieste, Italy.

Background: Cancer is the second cause of death in children and its diagnosis can be difficult, due to the presence of vague and non-specific symptoms. The primary care pediatrician is often involved in the diagnostic process, but no longer in child care once the treatment started. Care models involving both primary care pediatricians and oncologic referral centre highlighted a higher family satisfaction when they worked together. We conducted a survey on primary care pediatricians involved in childhood cancer in order to describe the actual situation.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective survey enrolling primary care pediatricians from a north-eastern area of Italy. They received a questionnaire that consisted in two parts: the first one aimed to assess the physician's seniority and experience and the second one pertained to each case of cancer and explored the relationship between the pediatrician, the family and the referral centre, and pediatricians degree of satisfaction and emotional impact.

Results: We obtained data from 79 pediatricians who described 150 cancer cases. In 99 cases the primary care pediatrician had visited the child at the onset of symptoms and had referred him to the hospital. In 89 cases, he understood the severity of the disease. In 53.3% of cases the pediatrician was informed by the referral centre. The relationship between the pediatrician and child's family improved in 38% of cases and this was related with their participation to the multidisciplinary meetings on child health.

Conclusions: Primary pediatricians' sharing in the management of their patients with cancer was not satisfactory. Development of specific protocols targeted to an integrated care is needed to increase primary pediatricians' involvement and families' satisfactions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13052-017-0365-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5445274PMC
May 2017

The prognostic value of biological markers in paediatric Hodgkin lymphoma.

Eur J Cancer 2016 Jan 27;52:33-40. Epub 2015 Nov 27.

Oncoematologia Pediatrica, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria, Ospedale Sant'Anna, Ferrara, Italy.

Background: Many biological and inflammatory markers have been proposed as having a prognostic value at diagnosis of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), but very few have been validated in paediatric patients. We explored the significance of these markers in a large population of 769 affected children.

Patients And Methods: By using the database of patients enrolled in A.I.E.O.P. (Associazione Italiana di Emato-Oncologia Pediatrica) trial LH2004 for paediatric HL, we identified 769 consecutive patients treated with curative intent from 1st June 2004 to 1st April 2014 with ABVD (doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine), or hybrid COPP/ABV (cyclophosphamide, vincristine, prednisone, procarbazine, doxorubicin, bleomycin and vinblastine) regimens.

Results: On multivariate analysis with categorical forms, the 5-year freedom from progression survival was significantly lower in patients with stage IV or elevated value of platelets, eosinophils and ferritin at diagnosis. Furthermore, stage IV and eosinophils seem to maintain their predictive value independently of interim (after IV cycles of chemotherapy) positron emission tomography.

Conclusion: Using the combination of four simple markers such as stage IV and elevated levels of platelets, ferritin and eosinophils, it is possible to classify the patients into subgroups with very different outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2015.09.003DOI Listing
January 2016

Recommendations for the use of long-term central venous catheter (CVC) in children with hemato-oncological disorders: management of CVC-related occlusion and CVC-related thrombosis. On behalf of the coagulation defects working group and the supportive therapy working group of the Italian Association of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology (AIEOP).

Ann Hematol 2015 Nov 25;94(11):1765-76. Epub 2015 Aug 25.

Thrombosis and Hemostasis Unit, Giannina Gaslini Children's Hospital, Genoa, Italy.

Central venous catheters (CVC), used for the management of children with hemato-oncological disorders, are burdened by a significant incidence of mechanical, infective, or thrombotic complications. These complications favor an increasing risk in prolongation of hospitalization, extra costs of care, and sometimes severe life-threatening events. No guidelines for the management of CVC-related occlusion and CVC-related thrombosis are available for children. To this aim, members of the coagulation defects working group and the supportive therapy working group of the Italian Association of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology (AIEOP) reviewed the pediatric and adult literature to propose the first recommendations for the management of CVC-related occlusion and CVC-related thrombosis in children with hemato-oncological disorders.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-015-2481-1DOI Listing
November 2015

Relapse and metastasis of atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor in a boy with neurofibromatosis type 1 treated with recombinant human growth hormone.

Neuropediatrics 2015 Apr 27;46(2):126-9. Epub 2015 Jan 27.

Institute for Maternal and Child Health - IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo" - Trieste, Italy.

Even though no increased recurrence rate seems to be reported in patients with brain tumors receiving recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) replacement, in some patients multiple risk factors could put at higher risk for recurrence. In such cases, the decision to start rhGH therapy should be very cautious. A boy with neurofibromatosis type 1 developed an atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) of right cerebellum, treated with surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. After 3 years of remission, he started rhGH for growth hormone deficiency, having a negative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. Ten weeks after starting therapy, the boy became symptomatic and MRI showed relapse of AT/RT in the right cerebellum and a new lesion in the brainstem. The boy died of progressive disease. In this case, the connection between AT/RT recurrence and the beginning of rhGH therapy, with a negative pretreatment MRI, cannot be excluded. Additional caution should be used for rhGH in patients with multiple risk factors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0034-1393706DOI Listing
April 2015

Central venous access devices in pediatric malignancies: a position paper of Italian Association of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology.

J Vasc Access 2015 Mar-Apr;16(2):130-6. Epub 2014 Oct 14.

1 General and Thoracic Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, IRCCS, Rome - Italy.

Introduction: Treatment of pediatric malignancies is becoming progressively more complex, implying the adoption of multimodal therapies. A reliable, long-lasting venous access represents one of the critical requirements for the success of those treatments. Recent technical innovations-such as minimally invasive procedures for placement, new devices and novel materials-have rapidly spread for clinical use in adult patients, but are still not consistently used in the pediatric population.

Methods: The Supportive Therapy Working Group of Italian Association of Hematology and Oncology (AIEOP) reviewed medical literature focusing on new aspects of central venous access devices (VADs) in pediatric patients affected by oncohematological diseases.

Results: Appropriate recommendations for clinical use in these patients have been discussed and formulated.

Conclusions: The importance of the correct choice, management and use of VADs in pediatric oncohematological patients is a necessary prerequisite for an adequate standard of care, also considering the increased chances of cure and the longer life expectancy of those patients with modern therapies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5301/jva.5000314DOI Listing
April 2016

Suprascapular lipoblastoma extending in to the thorax.

APSP J Case Rep 2013 27;4(2):20. Epub 2013 May 27.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Institute for Maternal and Child Health - IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo" - Trieste, Italy.

Lipoblastoma is a rare benign soft-tissue neoplasm that occurs most commonly in children less than 3 year of age. We present a case of left suprascapular lipoblastoma in an 11-month-old boy which grew into the thorax and was approached by thoracoscopy. In this case thoracoscopic approach was the best option to reach the intrathoracic component of the mass in the apex of the left side of the chest.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3754405PMC
September 2013

A lump in an arm.

Eur J Pediatr 2013 Dec 6;172(12):1703. Epub 2013 Aug 6.

Institute for Maternal and Child Health - IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo", Via dell'Istria 65/1, 34137, Trieste, Italy,

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00431-013-2114-4DOI Listing
December 2013

Improved survival of children with neuroblastoma between 1979 and 2005: a report of the Italian Neuroblastoma Registry.

J Clin Oncol 2010 May 29;28(14):2331-8. Epub 2010 Mar 29.

Epidemiology and Biostatistics Section, Scientific Directorate, Department of Hematology-Oncology, and Laboratories of Diagnostic Pathology and Clinical Chemistry, Giannina Gaslini Children's Hospital, Genova, Italy.

Purpose: To describe treatment, clinical course, and survival of a cohort of Italian patients with neuroblastoma.

Patients And Methods: The study includes data from 2,216 children (age 0 to 14 years) diagnosed between 1979 and 2005. Overall survival (OS) was analyzed by clinical and biologic features at presentation and periods of diagnosis: 1979 to 1984, 1985 to 1991, 1992 to 1998, and 1999 to 2005. The relative risk of second malignant neoplasm (SMN) was assessed by the standardized incidence ratio (SIR), with the Italian population selected as referent.

Results: Yearly patient accrual increased over time from 58 to 102. Patients age 0 to 17 months represented 45.6% of the total population, and their incidence increased over time from 36.5% to 48.5%. The incidence of stage 1 patients increased over time from 5.8% to 23.2%. A total of 898 patients (40.5%) developed disease progression or relapse, 19 patients developed SMN, and two patients developed myelodysplasia. The cumulative risk of SMN at 20 years was 7.1%, for an SIR of 8.4 (95% CI, 5.1 to 13.2). A total of 858 patients (39%) died (779 of disease, 71 of toxicity, six of SMN, and two of tumor-unrelated surgical complications). Ten-year OS was 55.3% (95% CI, 53.0% to 57.6%) and increased over time from 34.9% to 65.0%; it was significantly better for females and patients age 0 to 17 months at diagnosis, with extra-abdominal primary, and stage 1 and 2 disease. OS improved significantly over time in stage 1 and 3 patients. In patients with stage 4 disease, the improvement occurred between the first and second time cohorts (6.7% v 23.5%), but not afterward.

Conclusion: The outcome of children with neuroblastoma has progressively improved. Long-term survivors bear a significant risk of SMN.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2009.24.8351DOI Listing
May 2010

[Time trend in cancer incidence among 0-24 year-old residents of the Province of Trieste, Italy, 1972-2003].

Epidemiol Prev 2009 Jul-Oct;33(4-5):161-8

Unità clinica operativa di anatomia patologica, Ospedale di Cattinara, Strada di Fiume 447, Trieste.

Objective: to report and analyse time trends in cancer incidence among children (0-14 years of age), adolescents (15-19 years) and young adults (20-24 years) living in the Italian province of Trieste (2003 population, 242,000), between 1972 and 2003.

Design: population-based study of descriptive epidemiology.

Setting And Participants: the new cases of cancer diagnosed to the residents of the province of Trieste below 25 years of age were extracted from the database of the Trieste Cancer Registry (period 1972-1994) and from the database of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia Cancer Registry (period 1995-2003), according to the International Classification of Childhood Cancer (3rd edition).

Main Outcome Measures: age-specific and age-standardized (Italian 1981 census population as standard) incidence rates, by diagnostic group, sex and period of diagnosis. Time trend in incidence was analysed by using a Poisson regression model adjusted for calendar year, sex and 5 year age-group, and was expressed as annual percent change (APC) in rates.

Results: in the period 1972-2003, the new cases of cancer were 168 in the age-group 0-14 years, 79 in the age-group 15-19 years and 111 in the age-group 20-24 years, while the person-years at risk were respectively: 1,050,027; 431,673; 496,450. The APC in the incidence of all cancers combined was 2.3% (IC 95% 0.6%-3.9%) in children, 4.4% (IC 95% 1.8%-7.1%) in adolescents and 5.1% (IC 95% 2.8%-7.5%) in young adults. Hodgkin lymphomas (APC =12.7%; IC 95% 2.6%-23.7%; 7 cases) in the age-group 0-14 years, skin melanomas and carcinomas (APC =8.2%; IC 95% 4.5%-12.0%; 49 cases) and central nervous system tumours (APC = 6.4%; IC 95% 1.5%-11.5%; 25 cases) in the age-group 15-24 years were the malignancies characterised by the highest increase in incidence.

Conclusion: the increase in incidence rates observed in this study can be only partly explained by the small number of ascertained cases, by an improvement in diagnostic techniques and by more efficient registration. However, few environmental and hereditary factors are consistently associated with cancers affecting young people. Therefore, it is imperative to continue to carry out descriptive and analytical studies with primary prevention as the ultimate aim.
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May 2011

Outcome of children with neuroblastoma after progression or relapse. A retrospective study of the Italian neuroblastoma registry.

Eur J Cancer 2009 Nov 16;45(16):2835-42. Epub 2009 Jul 16.

Department of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology, Giannina Gaslini Children's Hospital, Genova, Italy.

The Italian Neuroblastoma Registry was investigated to describe 781 children with neuroblastoma experiencing tumour recurrence (424 progressions and 357 relapses). Ten-year overall survival (OS) was 6.8% (95% confidence interval (CI) 4.3-10.0) after progression and 14.4% (95% CI 10.5-18.9) after relapse. For both circumstances, OS was better for age at diagnosis <18 months, less advanced International Neuroblastoma Staging System (INSS) stage, normal lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) serum level, normal MYCN gene status (P<0.001) and a non-abdominal primary site (P=0.034 for progression, and P=0.004 for relapses). A local type of recurrence had a significantly better outcome only in case of relapse (P<0.001). Probability of survival increased by era of diagnosis. Survival of children with recurrent neuroblastoma is very poor. A small cohort of patients, mainly represented by children with stages 1 and 2 who underwent local recurrence or developed late relapse may still benefit from further conventional treatment. For the remaining larger proportion of patients, experimental therapies should be proposed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2009.06.010DOI Listing
November 2009

[Integrated home care for paediatric cancer patients].

Assist Inferm Ric 2004 Jul-Sep;23(3):153-7

Responsabile Infermieristico, Dipartimento Chirurgico, UO Emato Oncologia Irccs Burlo Garofolo, Trieste.

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December 2004

Anthracyclines in Nijmegen breakage syndrome.

Med Pediatr Oncol 2003 Feb;40(2):122-4

Department of Pediatric Onco-Haematology, Institute of Maternal and Child Health I.R.C.C.S., Burlo Garofolo--Trieste, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mpo.10079DOI Listing
February 2003
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