Publications by authors named "Giulia Costantini"

4 Publications

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The first report on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine refusal by patients with solid cancer in Italy: Early data from a single-institute survey.

Eur J Cancer 2021 08 26;153:260-264. Epub 2021 May 26.

Medical Oncology 1, IRCCS Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome, Italy; Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Molecolare, Università La Sapienza di Roma, Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Introduction: Patients with cancer have an increased risk of complications from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection, including death, and thus, they were considered as high-priority subjects for COVID-19 vaccination. We report on the compliance with the COVID-19 vaccine of patients affected by solid tumours.

Materials And Methods: Patients with cancer afferent to Medical Oncology 1 Unit of Regina Elena National Cancer Institute in Rome were considered eligible for vaccination if they were receiving systemic immunosuppressive antitumor treatment or received it in the last 6 months or having an uncontrolled advanced disease. The Pfizer BNT162b2 vaccine was proposed to all candidates via phone or during a scheduled visit. The reasons for refusal were collected by administrating a 6-item multiple-choice questionnaire.

Results: From 1st March to 20th March 2021, of 914 eligible patients, 102 refused vaccination (11.2%, 95% confidence interval [CI] 9.1-13.2). The most frequent (>10%) reasons reported were concerns about vaccine-related adverse events (48.1%), negative interaction with concomitant antitumor therapy (26.7%), and the fear of allergic reaction (10.7%). The refusal rate (RR) after 15th March (date of AstraZeneca-AZD1222 suspension) was more than doubled compared with the RR observed before (19.7% versus 8.6%, odds ratio [OR] 2.60, 95% CI 1.69-3.99; P < 0.0001). ECOG-PS 2 was associated with higher RR compared with ECOG-PS 0-1 (OR 2.94, 95% CI 1.04-8.34; P = 0.04). No statistically significant differences in RR according to other clinical characteristics were found.

Conclusions: Our experience represents the first worldwide report on the adherence of patients with cancer to COVID-19 vaccination and underlines how regulatory decisions and media news spreading could influence the success of the campaign.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2021.05.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8149194PMC
August 2021

A video-based training to effectively teach CPR with long-term retention: the ScuolaSalvaVita.it ("SchoolSavesLives.it") project.

Intern Emerg Med 2019 03 12;14(2):275-279. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Pavia nel Cuore, IRC-Comunità Training Center, 27100, Pavia, Italy.

Enhancing CPR knowledge in schools is the key to improving bystander CPR rate and survival after an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, but the best method to do so in a whole area is unknown. We wanted to assess if a province-based project, which involves the Secondary Schools of a whole Province, is effective in teaching schoolchildren CPR, and how well the skills are retained. We trained 100 teachers from the 21 Secondary Schools of the Province of Pavia with a BLS/AED course and we supplied each school with 10 low-budget manikins and four educational videos. These videos, about 2 min each, consist of a motivational part, an instructive part, a demonstrative part and a practice-while-watching part. We explained to the teachers how to use manikins and videos in a 2-h course. We carried out both a theoretical and a practical test in 21 classes, randomly selected between the classes trained by the teachers, 3 months and 6 months after the training. In the first 5 months of the project, 5146 schoolchildren aged 14-19, in the 21 Secondary Schools of our Province, were trained by their teachers. We tested 304 students 3 months after the course and 318 students 6 months after the course, with good results both in theoretical and practical skills. Our study demonstrates that the ScuolaSalvaVita project is able to effectively teach CPR through teachers using a video-based training in the Secondary Schools of a whole Province obtaining good long-term memory of CPR skills.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11739-018-1946-3DOI Listing
March 2019

Are final year medical students ready to save lives in Italy? Not yet.

Emerg Med J 2017 08 21;34(8):556. Epub 2017 Jun 21.

IRC Comunità Training Center, Pavia nel Cuore, Pavia, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/emermed-2017-206748DOI Listing
August 2017

MR and CEUS monitoring of patients with severe rheumatoid arthritis treated with biological agents: a preliminary study.

Radiol Med 2014 Jun 18;119(6):422-31. Epub 2013 Dec 18.

Section of Radiology, Department of Medicine, University of Padua, Via Giustiniani 2, 35128, Padua, Italy.

Purpose: This study was done to propose a study protocol for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with biological agents, by evaluating the contribution of contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance (CE-MR) imaging, a software programme that calculates the volume of synovitis on CE-MR images, and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS).

Materials And Methods: Sixteen patients with RA receiving treatment with biologics were analysed. The patients underwent clinical examination, CE-MR imaging and CEUS on the same day. Images were postprocessed with the software and evaluated independently by three physicians in terms of RAMRIS (Rheumatoid Arthritis Magnetic Resonance Imaging Score), SAMIS (Simplified Rheumatoid Arthritis Magnetic Resonance Imaging Score) and CEUS grade. The techniques were correlated statistically.

Results: The RAMRIS and SAMIS scores were found to correlate statistically. CE-MR imaging correlated with the clinical data (p < 0.05), whereas CEUS did not. The data provided by the software did not correlate statistically with the other techniques. The most painful joint was consistently found to be the joint with most synovitis.

Conclusions: CE-MR imaging may be used prior to treatment and for long-term follow-up. CEUS might be useful in the short-term follow-up, as it seems to provide an indication of the presence or absence of disease, though not of its severity. The software is a very useful tool that can supplement, but not replace, the other techniques.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11547-013-0369-5DOI Listing
June 2014
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