Publications by authors named "Gita Ejmalian"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Early Improvement in Mitral Regurgitation after Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Cardiomyopathy Patients.

J Heart Valve Dis 2017 09;26(5):557-563

Tehran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: The study aim was to investigate factors affecting the improvement of mitral regurgitation (MR) severity within 48 hours after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients with cardiomyopathy.

Methods: Sixty-nine cardiomyopathy patients (48 males, 21 females; mean age 59.12 ± 9.66 years) in NYHA functional class ≥III, with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤35%, and QRS duration >120 ms, with MR ≥moderate, were included in the study. Conventional echocardiography was performed before and within 48 h after CRT, and all patients underwent tissue Doppler imaging prior to CRT. Improved MR was defined as a reduction of at least one grade in MR severity.

Results: After CRT, 49 patients (71%) showed MR improvement but 20 (29%) had no MR improvement. The mean MR severity grade was reduced significantly, from 2.70 ± 0.77 before CRT to 1.90 ± 0.94 after CRT (p<0.001). The group with improved MR had a significantly higher rate of left bundle branch block (75.5% versus 45%; p = 0.015), a higher QRS duration (172.00 ± 31.98 versus 147.25 ± 28.75 ms; p = 0.001), a higher median septal lateral delay (70 versus 35 ms, p = 0.035), and a higher median anteroseptal to posterior-wall delay by M mode (200 versus 130 ms, p = 0.041). Older age, longer QRS duration, and septallateral delay remained significant independent predictors of MR improvement. A greater proportion of patients with improved MR showed ≥5% increase in LVEF (55.1% versus 30.0%, p = 0.058).

Conclusions: CRT acutely reduced the severity of functional MR in the majority of cardiomyopathy patients. Those patients with improved MR showed a higher frequency of ≥5% increase in LVEF after CRT. Older age, longer QRS duration, and septallateral delay were independent predictors of MR improvement after CRT.
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September 2017

Strain imaging for evaluating response to thrombolytic therapy in pulmonary thromboembolism.

Acta Cardiol 2014 Feb;69(1):23-8

Objective: Patients with acute pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction may benefit from thrombolytic therapy. We sought to determine the usefulness of RV strain imaging in the demonstration of improvement in RV function in response to thrombolytic therapy.

Methods: This study prospectively enrolled 32 consecutive patients who received thrombolytic therapy due to diagnosis of PTE.The diagnosis was verified by 256-slice multi-detector computed tomography. Right ventricular function parameters were assessed via conventional and tissue Doppler imaging echocardiography before and 2-3 days after thrombolytic therapy.

Results: Echocardiographic study showed that mean tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion and RV fractional shortening area change increased significantly from 13.32 +/- 3.46 mm to 18.18 +/- 4.77 mm and from 22.95 +/- 9.73% to 36.20 +/- 10.17%, respectively, before compared to after treatment. A significant decrease was observed in systolic pulmonary artery pressure from 61.57 +/- 10.49 mm Hg to 38.78 +/- 14.27 mm Hg. Mid-ventricular peak systolic strain and strain rate of the RV also significantly improved (-6.08 +/- 11.19% to -19.13 +/- 9.51% and -0.72 +/- 0.96 S(-1) to -1.54 +/- 0.66 S(-1), respectively).

Conclusions: Tissue Doppler-derived peak systolic strain of RV mid-ventricular wall may be potentially useful in the serial quantification of improvement in RV function in response to thrombolytic therapy in acute PTE.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/ac.69.1.3011341DOI Listing
February 2014

Sex-related changes in tissue Doppler imaging parameters among patients with acute pulmonary thromboembolism.

J Ultrasound Med 2013 Nov;32(11):1997-2005

Tehran Heart Center, Department of Echocardiography, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, North Kargar Street, Tehran 14117 13138, Iran.,

Objectives: There are few studies evaluating serial changes in tissue Doppler imaging parameters in acute pulmonary thromboembolism. We aimed to compare these changes in male and female patients separately.

Methods: Between September 2010 and September 2011, 41 of 64 hemodynamically stable acute patients with pulmonary thromboembolism were included in the study. Twenty-two healthy individuals served as a control group.

Results: Compared to the control group, the acute pulmonary thromboembolism group had a lower tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, basal peak systolic velocity of the tricuspid valvular annulus, right ventricular (RV) peak systolic strain, and RV peak systolic strain rate and a higher RV diameter, peak systolic pulmonary artery pressure, and RV myocardial performance index (P < .05). Values for these parameters were not different between men and women in the patient group. In men, compared to admission, predischarge echocardiography showed significant improvement in the tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (mean ± SD, 16.08 ± 4.33 versus 19.29 ± 3.74 mm; P = .002), basal tricuspid annular peak systolic velocity (10.11 ± 3.66 versus 11.66 ± 3.38 cm/s; P = .007), and peak systolic strain (-13.00% ± 14.99% versus -23.20% ± 10.23%; P = .001), whereas in women, predischarge and 3-month follow-up echocardiography showed marked improvement in the tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (17.50 ± 4.88 versus 19.79 ± 5.58 mm; P = .021) and peak systolic strain (-15.70% ± 13.52% versus -21.01% ± 10.57%, respectively; P= .045). Female patients did not show improvement in these parameters during hospitalization.

Conclusions: Patterns of changes in the RV function over time during a 3-month follow-up might differ between male and female patients with acute pulmonary thromboembolism, and the recovery process could be slower in women. Moreover, the midventricular peak systolic strain might be useful for serial evaluation of the recovery process.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7863/ultra.32.11.1997DOI Listing
November 2013