Publications by authors named "Gisele O Guaita"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Anxiety-like behavior induced by 6-OHDA animal model of Parkinson's disease may be related to a dysregulation of neurotransmitter systems in brain areas related to anxiety.

Behav Brain Res 2019 10 26;371:111981. Epub 2019 May 26.

Pharmacology Department, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil. Electronic address:

Anxiety in Parkinson's disease may represent a physiological reaction to the development of other symptoms during disease progression. However, evidence suggests that the incidence of anxiety disorders in Parkinson's disease may be related to neurochemical changes. The present study addresses the question whether dopamine, noradrenaline and serotonin levels in brain structures related to Parkinson's disease and anxiety are responsible for anxiety-like behavior by using an animal model of parkinsonism based in the bilateral injection of the neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) in the substantia nigra pars compacta. For this, one day after the injection of 6-OHDA, the animals exhibited hypolocomotion and a lower frequency of rearings in the open field test, which was spontaneously reversed on the last day of motor assessment (day 21). The 6-OHDA injection also induced anxiety-like behavior in the elevated plus maze and contextual fear conditioning test (day 21 and 24, respectively). Neurochemical analysis showed a reduction of dopamine and norepinephrine levels in the striatum, prefrontal cortex, and amygdala. In addition, while the serotonin levels were reduced in the striatum and prefrontal cortex, it was increased in the amygdala. The present study indicates that the model of 6-OHDA-induced parkinsonism in rats induced an anxiety-like behavior that may be related to a dysregulation of neurotransmitter systems in brain areas involved with anxiety such as the amygdala, prefrontal cortex and striatum.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2019.111981DOI Listing
October 2019

Decreased synaptic plasticity in the medial prefrontal cortex underlies short-term memory deficits in 6-OHDA-lesioned rats.

Behav Brain Res 2016 Mar 18;301:43-54. Epub 2015 Dec 18.

Departamento de Farmacologia, Centro de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis 88049-900, SC, Brazil; Centro de Neurociências Aplicadas (CeNAp), Hospital Universitário (HU), Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. Electronic address:

Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by motor dysfunction associated with dopaminergic degeneration in the dorsolateral striatum (DLS). However, motor symptoms in PD are often preceded by short-term memory deficits, which have been argued to involve deregulation of medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). We now used a 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) rat PD model to explore if alterations of synaptic plasticity in DLS and mPFC underlie short-term memory impairments in PD prodrome. The bilateral injection of 6-OHDA (20μg/hemisphere) in the DLS caused a marked loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra (>80%) and decreased monoamine levels in the striatum and PFC, accompanied by motor deficits evaluated after 21 days in the open field and accelerated rotarod. A lower dose of 6-OHDA (10μg/hemisphere) only induced a partial degeneration (about 60%) of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra with no gross motor impairments, thus mimicking an early premotor stage of PD. Notably, 6-OHDA (10μg)-lesioned rats displayed decreased monoamine levels in the PFC as well as short-term memory deficits evaluated in the novel object discrimination and in the modified Y-maze tasks; this was accompanied by a selective decrease in the amplitude of long-term potentiation in the mPFC, but not in DLS, without changes of synaptic transmission in either brain regions. These results indicate that the short-term memory dysfunction predating the motor alterations in the 6-OHDA model of PD is associated with selective changes of information processing in PFC circuits, typified by persistent changes of synaptic plasticity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2015.12.011DOI Listing
March 2016