Publications by authors named "Giorgio Fratus"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Blunt rectal trauma Case report and literature review.

Ann Ital Chir 2016 Dec 20;5. Epub 2016 Dec 20.

Blunt colorectal traumas are rare clinical entities with a challenging diagnostic and operative management. We describe the case of a 40-year-old man, victim of an accidental fall from a height of four meters who was subsequently diagnosed to have a blunt rectal trauma. A first CT scan showed fracture of the skull and an extensive subcutaneous haematoma of the lower back associated with a fracture of the left transverse processes of lumbar vertebrae. No other visceral abdominal lesions were recognized and patient was admitted to our department for observational studies. After 48 hours from admission the patient presented a subcutaneous emphysema suspicious for hollow viscus injuries. A digital rectal examination detected a laceration both of the posterior rectal wall and the superior anal margin. The patient was successfully managed with spur colostomy, transanal evacuation of the retroperitoneal haematoma and primary repair of both the sphincteric muscle and the rectal wall. As soon as the patient achieved full recovery we performed a reversal colostomy. Diagnosis and management of rectal blunt trauma is still a matter of debate and no definitive recommendation treatments are available. The surgical treatment should be tailored on patient medical conditions and clinicians should maintain a high index of suspicious because a delay in diagnosis can result in higher morbidity and mortality rate.

Key Words: Colorectal blunt injury, Colostomy, Laparoscopy, Trauma.
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December 2016

Videothoracoscopic approach to stage I non-small cell lung cancer.

Ann Ital Chir 2014 30;85:525-532. Epub 2014 Sep 30.

Aim: Aim of this study is to evaluate the validity of videothoracoscopic staging and treatment in a twenty-year-long series of 286 VATS lobectomies for Clinical Stage I NSCLC.

Material Of Study: We retrospectively reviewed 1549 candidates to resection after conventional staging from November 1991 to December 2013, and routinely submitted to videothoracoscopy immediately before the procedure. Patients deemed operable at videoexploration were resected by thoracoscopy or thoracotomy. Out of 534 VATS resections 286 thoracoscopic lobectomies for clinical stage I cancers were performed with strict indications and standardized technique; more advanced tumours were converted even when thoracoscopically resectable. Impact of preliminary videothoracoscopy and and longterm Kaplan-Meier survival was analyzed.

Results And Discussion: Out of 1549 patients, videothoracoscopy disclosed inoperability in 62 (4 %), mostly for pleural carcinosis (33pts.-2.1%) or mediastinal infiltration (22pts-1.4%). 534 (34.5%) patients had videothoracoscopic resection (286 lobectomies, 7 pneumonectomies, 241 wedge resections), 919 (59.3%) had thoracotomy resection, 34 (2.2%) had an exploratory thoracotomy (ET). Thoracoscopy had an accuracy rate of 72.4%, was reliable in excluding unresectability (NPV 0.95), and decreased the rate of ETs to 2.1%, ,sparing 596 (38.5%) thoracotomies. There was no intraoperative mortality or recurrence. Stage I patients had 83.8% 3-yr survival and 64.3% 5-yr survival. Five-year survival was significantly better (p=0.004) for T1N0 patients (70%) than T2N0 (55%) and for patients younger than 55 (86.4%) or with lesion < 2 cm (80.8%).

Conclusions: Preliminary videothoracoscopy reliably assesses tumor resectability and feasibility of thoracoscopic resection, limiting unnecessary thoracotomies. Videolobectomies are safe and survival is comparable to open lobectomy.

Key Words: Lobectomy, Lung cancer, Minimally invasive surgery, Thoracoscopy, VATS.
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September 2014

Cutaneous metastasis from lung cancer. Case report.

Ann Ital Chir 2014 Jul 21;85(ePub). Epub 2014 Jul 21.

Unlabelled: Lung cancer is the most common neoplasm diagnosed worldwide. Metastatic presentation of the disease is frequent. Apart from the usual sites of metastatic disease (bone, adrenals, liver, brain), a particular site for metastases is represented by skin. The case we report is about a 66 year-old man with cutaneous metastasis from lung cancer. A 66 year-old man, with a previous history of abdominal aortic aneurism, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cardiopathy, diabetes mellitus, was admitted to our institution for left lower lobe lung cancer. After accurate preoperative staging, patient underwent a thoracotomic left lower lobectomy. Histological examination revealed a squamocellular carcinoma: G2-3, pT2bN0. Patient underwent oncological evaluation for the scheduled follow up. After 6 months patient went back to our observation for the appearance of a skin nodule, firm, dischromic, painful and ulcerated, localized in right iliac fossa. Biopsies demonstrated the nodule to be squamocellular carcinoma. Patient underwent a CT scan of the abdomen and thorax, which revealed the absence of infiltration of the deep fascial and muscular planes by the neoplasm. Patient underwent surgical removal of the lesion. Final histological examination confirmed the lesion to be metastasis of squamocellular lung cancer. Metastases from lung cancer occur in about 2,5-7,5% of cases. Median survival for these patients is 2,9 months. The most common type of neoplasm, according to Japanese Authors, is adenocarcinoma followed by squamocellular carcinoma. Some studies demonstrated the adequacy of surgery followed by chemotherapy, in case of single lesion. In case of multiple cutaneous metastases, many Authors suggest only chemotherapy, although the ideal scheme hasn't been discovered yet. Cutaneous metastases from lung cancer are rare; however the appearance of skin lesions, in patients with a positive oncological history, requires much attention. Accurate evaluation of the patient is paramount in choosing the adequate therapeutic algorithm.

Key Words: Chemotherapy, Lung Cancer, Skin Metastases.
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July 2014