Publications by authors named "Giorgio Antonio Presicce"

14 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Efficient mutagenesis targeting the gene in mice using a combination of Cas9 protein and dual gRNAs.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(10):12094-12106. Epub 2021 Oct 15.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Molecular and Medical Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University Nanjing 210046, Jiangsu, China.

We injected mouse zygotes with combinations of Cas9 protein, mRNA, and two gRNAs targeting a single exon of type I interferon receptor () to determine the gene targeting efficiencies. Cas9 protein produced on-target mutations more efficiently than mRNA when each was used with a single gRNA, regardless of which gRNA was used. When mRNA and Cas9 protein were co-injected, the on-target efficiency could reach 97.0% when both gRNAs were used, which was higher than when either gRNA was used alone (61.3% and 75.5%, respectively; P<0.05). Co-injection of Cas9 protein with both gRNAs produced the highest on-target mutation rate of any combination (100.0%). Most on-target mutations were deletions of 2 to 113 nucleotides, and there were few off-target mutations in mutant animals. The expression intensity of IFNAR1 was reduced in heterozygous mice (IF) and almost or completely absent in homozygous null mice compared with that in wild-type mice (IF and Western blot). When both gRNAs targeting were used simultaneously with two gRNAs targeting , the on-target editing efficiency on each gene was 96.8% and 85.5%, respectively. Co-injection of dual gRNAs and Cas9 protein is an efficient approach for knockout and multi-gene editing in mice and may be applied in other animal models and breeding livestock.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8581890PMC
October 2021

Site specificity of blastocyst hatching significantly influences pregnancy outcomes in mice.

FASEB J 2021 09;35(9):e21812

Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Molecular and Medical Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, China.

Blastocysts hatch from the zona pellucida (ZP) to enable implantation into the uterine endometrial epithelium, but little is known regarding the effect of hatching sites on pregnancy outcomes. Murine hatching embryos were categorized into five groups based on initial trophectoderm projection (TEP)/ZP position corresponding to the inner cell mass center. In blastocysts (3.5 dpc) post-12 hours in vitro culture, TEP rates of A-site (44.4%) and B-site (38.6%) embryos were higher than those of C-site (12.5%) and D-site (3.1%) embryos, while the O-site (1.4%) was the lowest (P < .05). Post-ET A-site (55.6%) and B-site (65.6%) birth rates were higher than those of C-site embryos (21.3%) and controls (P < .05). Furthermore, live birth rate of B-site embryos remained higher than C-site embryos (68.8% vs 31.3%; P < .05) when both were transferred into the same recipients. Different TEP site blastocysts exhibited different implantation competences: the implantation rate of C-site embryos was lower than that of both A- and B-site groups (67.7% vs 84.3% and 83.2%, respectively; P < .05) at 2 days post-ET. C-site embryos also had a distinctly higher ratio of developmental defects (47.5%) than A- and B-site embryos (22.5% and 14.6%, respectively), with implantation failure mainly associated with poor birth rate, a finding corroborated by differential gene expression analysis such as LIF, LIFR, and S100a9. Surprisingly, acidified Tyrode's solution (AAH)-treated B-site blastocysts had a significantly increased birth rate (77.1%) than C-site (55.3%) and controls (43.4%). Site specificity and differential gene expression during embryo hatching can be applied in ART screening. More importantly, assisted hatching by AAH is effective and feasible for improving pregnancy and term development, particularly at the B-site, for humans and in animal husbandry.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1096/fj.202100653RDOI Listing
September 2021

FSH Stimulation with Short Withdrawal Improves Oocyte Competence in Italian Mediterranean Buffalo ().

Animals (Basel) 2020 Oct 30;10(11). Epub 2020 Oct 30.

Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Production (DMVPA), Federico II University of Naples, 80137 Naples, Italy.

The aim of this work was to evaluate the efficiency of different FSH doses and FSH coasting times before ovum pick-up (OPU) on follicular growth and oocyte competence in buffalo. Experiment 1 involved two different FSH treatments: 40 mg FSH given three (FSH3) or six (FSH6) times, 2 days after dominant follicle removal were tested, with OPU carried out after 40-44 h of coasting. In experiment 2, OPU was carried out after FSH6 protocol followed by 28-32 h (C1), 40-44 h (C2), or 64-68 h (C3) of coasting time. Cumulus oocyte complexes (COCs) were classified, in vitro matured, fertilized, and cultured. The results demonstrated that FSH6 increased the total number of follicles, the number and percentages of medium and large follicles, the number and the proportion of good quality oocytes, and the number of grade 1,2 and fast-developing blastocysts compared to the control. C3 decreased the percentage of good quality oocyte and blastocyst rates compared to C1 and C2. A higher percentage of fast blastocysts and average number of grade 1,2 blastocysts was observed in C1 compared to C3, with intermediate values found in C2. The improved efficiency in terms of blastocyst yields suggests the use of FSH6 + C1 protocol for ovarian superstimulation in buffalo.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani10111997DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7693096PMC
October 2020

Deriving rabbit embryonic stem cells by small molecule inhibitors.

Am J Transl Res 2019 15;11(8):5122-5133. Epub 2019 Aug 15.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Molecular and Medical Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University Nanjing 210046, Jiangsu, P. R. China.

We previously developed pluripotent rabbit embryonic stem cells (rbES) using a culture system supplemented with basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), noggin and Y-27632 (referred to as iFLY). In present work, we explored multiple approaches to enhance the chance of deriving domed pluripotent rbES cells by inhibition of MEK, GSK, and PKC signaling pathways. Domed stated rbES were derived in defined medium supplemented with 15% KOSR, 10 IU/mL mouse LIF, 10 ng/mL bFGF and three inhibitors to the MEK (PD0325901, 1 µM), GSK3 (CHIR99021, 3 µM) and PKC (Gö6983, 5 µM) (3i). Domed rbES were passaged every 3-4 days till passage 3-4 for the designated experiments. We showed that bFGF and LIF are indispensable for the derivation and maintenance of rbES; whereas the 3i medium containing inhibitors to the MEK (PD0325901), GSK3 (CHIR99021) and PKC (Gö6983) were necessary for deriving domed rbES. Domed rbES possessed naïve ES markers as and in addition to and by RT-PCR. Domed rbES showed positive staining for Rex1, Fgf4, Klf4, Nanog and Oct4 by immunofluorescence chemistry. Further deleting either one factor in 3i medium as CHIR99021, PD0325901, Gö6983 or bFGF resulted in disappearing of domed rbES colonies. The optimal concentrations of 3i contained 0.75 µM PD0325901, 2.25 µM CHIR99021, and 4.5 µM Gö6983. Our work, in combination of different inhibitors for deriving rabbit ES, supports that the network of signal pathways plays an important role in ES self-renew, propagation and maintenance, and sheds light on deriving authentic properties of rbES in an important yet understudied model animal species.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6731393PMC
August 2019

Synergistic effect of cysteamine, leukemia inhibitory factor, and Y27632 on goat oocyte maturation and embryo development in vitro.

Theriogenology 2018 Mar 26;108:56-62. Epub 2017 Nov 26.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Molecular and Medical Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, PR China; Renova Life Inc., College Park, MD 20742, USA. Electronic address:

Goat oocyte in vitro maturation is associated with a variable efficiency of embryo development after in vitro fertilization (IVF). Here, we developed a novel maturation procedure to evaluate the cellular effect of cysteamine (Cys), leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and Y27632 on oocyte in vitro maturation in native Chinese Yangtze river white goats. Oocytes were collected by slicing ovary tissues and matured for 24 h in vitro prior to IVF. Presumptive fertilized oocytes were cultured in embryo media for 8 days. Maturation rates were similar in gonadotropin basal maturation medium and the same medium supplemented with Cys, LIF, or Y27362 (41.0-48.0%; P > 0.05). However, when two substances were co-supplemented into the medium, the maturation rate was higher in the Cys+LIF group than in the LIF+Y27362 and Cys+Y27362 groups (60.0% vs. 43.1% and 25.8%, respectively; P < 0.05). Co-supplementation of all three substances into the medium achieved the highest maturation rate (67.5%; P < 0.05). Compared with oocytes in gonadotropin basal maturation medium, those in medium supplemented with Cys showed increased fertilization (56.1% vs. 72.1%), cleavage (36.7% vs. 44.8%), and blastocyst development (1.7% vs. 4.2%), respectively (P < 0.05). Cys+LIF supplementation further improved fertilization (81.6%), cleavage (54.9%), and blastocyst development (6%; P < 0.05). Furthermore, combined supplementation of all three substances resulted in the best fertilization (84.9%), cleavage (70.7%), and blastocyst development (10.3%; P < 0.05). Resultant IVF blastocysts possessed an average cell number as high as 276 ± 45 per embryo. This is the first study to report increased efficiency of caprine oocyte maturation by combined Cys, LIF, and Y27632 supplementation into basal maturation medium, leading to improved fertilization and embryo development in vitro post-IVF.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2017.11.028DOI Listing
March 2018

Significant heparin effect on bovine embryo development during sexed in vitro fertilization.

J Reprod Dev 2017 Apr 5;63(2):175-183. Epub 2017 Feb 5.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Molecular and Medical Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, PR China.

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different heparin concentrations in the course of sexed in vitro fertilization (IVF), on bovine embryonic development and development to term following embryo transfer (ET). With a total of 9156 oocytes for IVF, sorted as well as unsorted sperm from four bulls had different heparin requirements for achieving the highest rate of development in vitro. However, when optimal heparin concentrations were used (40 to 80 µg/ml), the performance of X-sorted sperm (0.3 × 10/ml/IVF droplet) from all four bulls, as judged by blastocyst development (Bulls A, B, C, and D: 25.2, 19.7, 25.1, and 9.8%, respectively), was significantly increased, and the blastocyst rate was comparable to that observed with unsorted sperm at certain heparin concentrations within the four bulls. We determined that near-optimal blastocyst development was possible with sorted sperm from all four bulls, when a heparin concentration of 40 µg/ml was used. Pregnancy rates at d 70 post ET ranged from 39.1 to 40.3% (P > 0.05), and the calving rates ranged from 34.4 to 35.1% (P > 0.05), when heparin was used at a concentration of 10 μg/ml (n = 236), 20 μg/ml (n = 189), and 40 μg/ml (n = 305), respectively. Our study demonstrates that, although the sorted sperm of different bulls performed optimally over a range of heparin concentrations, a generally accepted heparin concentration of 40 µg/ml can be set for sexed IVF. This improvement is beneficial when sexed embryo production by ovum pickup and IVF is an essential component of genetic breeding programs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1262/jrd.2016-142DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5401811PMC
April 2017

Efficient generation of FVII gene knockout mice using CRISPR/Cas9 nuclease and truncated guided RNAs.

Sci Rep 2016 05 3;6:25199. Epub 2016 May 3.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Molecular and Medical Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, P R China.

We investigated the effects of 5'-end truncated CRISPR RNA-guided Cas9 nuclease (tru-RGN, 17/18 nucleotides) on genome editing capability in NIH/3T3 cells, and its efficiencies on generating Factor VII (FVII) gene-knockout (KO) mice. In cultured cells, RGNs on-target editing activity had been varied when gRNAs was truncated, higher at Site Two (tF7-2 vs. F7-2, 49.5 vs. 30.1%) while lower in other two sites (Site One, tF7-1 vs.F7-1, 12.1 vs. 23.6%; Site Three, tF7-3 vs.F7-3, 7.7 vs 10.9%) (P < 0.05). Out of 15 predicated off-target sites, tru-RGNs showed significantly decreased frequencies at 5 sites. By microinjecting tru-RGN RNAs into zygotes, FVII KO mice were generated with higher efficiency at Site Two (80.1 vs. 35.8%) and Site One (55.0 vs 3.7%) (P < 0.05), but not at Site three (39.4 vs 27.8%) (P > 0.05) when compared with standard RGN controls. Knockout FVII mice demonstrated a delayed prothrombin time and decreased plasma FVII expression. Our study first demonstrates that truncated gRNAs to 18 complementary nucleotides and Cas9 nucleases, can effectively generate FVII gene KO mice with a significantly higher efficiency in a site-dependent manner. In addition, the off-target frequency was much lower in KO mice than in cell lines via RGN expression vector-mediated genome editing.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep25199DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4853708PMC
May 2016

Efficient cryopreservation of mouse embryos by modified droplet vitrification (MDV).

Cryobiology 2015 Aug 27;71(1):70-6. Epub 2015 May 27.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Molecular and Medical Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, PR China; Renova Life Inc., College Park, MD 20742, USA. Electronic address:

The aim of this study was to assess modified droplet vitrification (MDV) for the cryopreservation of early developmental mouse embryos. Mouse embryos were equilibrated in holding solution for 3 min followed by immersion in vitrification solution for 30-45 s, and then three embryos per 3-μL vitrification droplet were directly dropped into liquid nitrogen. Vitrified embryos were warmed to examine their developmental potential both in vitro and in vivo. The results demonstrated that MDV vitrified and warmed embryos had a survival rate of 98.1-99.6% (P>0.05); however, blastocyst development post warming and culture in vitro demonstrated that vitrified 4-celled, 8-celled, 16-celled, morulae, and blastocyst embryos had significant higher developmental potentials (94.7-99.5%) than those from zygotes (9.2%) and 2-celled embryos (85.7%) (P<0.05). Compared to CryoLoop and CryoTech vitrification, MDV showed similar results with regards to rates of survival, blastocyst development, but with the higher hatching rate (76.1% vs. 64.0-67.3%) (P<0.05). Cryopreservation by MDV resulted in a similar blastocyst developmental potential in 4-celled and 16 celled embryos from ICR (94.7-99.5%), C57BL/6J (94.7-96.4%), and their crossbred F1 strain (97.9-98.9%) (P>0.05). After embryo transfer of vitrified ICR embryos from 4-celled, 16-celled, morulae and blastocyst stage, 40.7-43.7% of the embryos developed into live offspring (P>0.05), but MDV vitrification resulted in the highest birth rate (43.8%) compared to CryoLoop (38.3%) and CryoTech (35.4%) (P<0.05), when 4-celled mouse embryos were used for vitrification. Our study clearly demonstrated that MDV is the most efficient vitrification to cryopreserve embryos at least 4-celled and advanced stages, which can be used to preserve important mouse genomes from different strains and different developmental stages.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cryobiol.2015.05.067DOI Listing
August 2015

Effects of milk feeding, frequency and concentration on weaning and buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) calf growth, health and behaviour.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2013 Nov 28;45(8):1697-702. Epub 2013 May 28.

DISCIZIA Sez. "B. Ferrara"Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Studies of Naples "Federico II", V. Delpino 1, 80137, Naples, Italy.

Growth, weight at birth and daily weight gain (DWG) on 12 water buffalo calves, starting from 6 days of age until completion of weaning, was investigated in this study. Different feeding regimens were given to two groups of animals with regard to daily milk replacer: (1) group 1 (G1) received a double concentration in single administration; whereas (2) group 2 (G2) received the same amount of milk replacer split twice daily. Blood samples were collected from each calf on days 6, 30, 60 and 90 to evaluate acute phase proteins (haptoglobin), bactericide activity, lysozime, total protein content and biochemical parameters. No differences were observed between the two groups in terms of dry matter intake, feed efficiency and live body weight at the end of the study. Interestingly, a significantly (P < 0.05) reduced DWG was observed earlier in G1 (day 45) than in G2 (day 60). Gastrointestinal disorders were not recorded throughout the experimental period, and no significant differences were recorded between the two groups for all considered parameters. This study confirms the possibility of utilising one daily administration of milk replacer in water buffalo calf during weaning. This new approach facilitates calves management, without interfering with calves growing performances.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11250-013-0417-0DOI Listing
November 2013

Postpartum ovarian follicular dynamics in primiparous and pluriparous Mediterranean Italian buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis).

Theriogenology 2005 Mar;63(5):1430-9

ARSIAL, Centro Regionale per la Zootecnia, Via R. Lanciani 38, Rome 00162, Italy.

The objective of this study was to monitor ovarian function in postpartum primiparous and pluriparous Mediterranean Italian buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) during months of increasing daylength. Ovarian ultrasound monitoring was carried out for a total of 60 days from calving in 10 primiparous and 10 pluriparous buffaloes. Progesterone was determined from calving until a week after first postpartum ovulation. The study was undertaken during months of increasing day length. Time required for complete postpartum uterine involution was 31 +/- 1.0 and 33 +/- 1.3 days in primiparous and pluriparous buffaloes respectively (P = 0.1). The first postpartum ovulation was recorded on 4 primiparous and 8 pluriparous buffaloes (P = 0.16). Time for first postpartum ovulation to occur was 25.5 +/- 6.9 and 15.5 +/- 1.3 days in primiparous and pluriparous buffaloes, respectively (P = 0.07). Overall, 8 of the 12 first postpartum ovulations (66.6%) occurred in the ovary contra-lateral to the one bearing the gravidic CL, one out of 4 in primiparous and 3 out of 8 in pluriparous buffaloes (P = 1.0). Following a first postpartum ovulation, 3 primiparous and 4 pluriparous buffaloes displayed a complete wave of follicular development leading to a new ovulation. Ovulation following parturition was not recorded in 6 primiparous and two pluriparous buffaloes for the 60 days of ultrasound monitoring. Growth rate (mm/d) and largest size (mm) of first postpartum ovulating follicle was 0.95 +/- 0.18 and 1.07 +/- 0.07 (P = 0.4), and 13.5 +/- 0.8 and 14.1 +/- 0.4 (P = 0.4) in primiparous and pluriparous buffaloes, respectively. Following calving, the total number of available antral follicles (> or =2 mm) declined gradually towards the end of the study period. Follicles greater or equal to 3 mm in diameter on the contrary showed a prominent increase in the first 2 weeks from calving. The number of follicles greater or equal to 3 mm in diameter was significantly higher in the ovary contra-lateral to the one bearing the gravidic CL. A balance in the number of such follicles was reached toward the end of the first month. In conclusion, although some follicular activity was recorded in the ovaries of all buffaloes, true postpartum resumption of cyclicity in the months of increasing daylight hours was delayed in the majority of animals.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2004.07.003DOI Listing
March 2005

Ovarian follicular dynamics and hormonal profiles in heifer and mixed-parity Mediterranean Italian buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) following an estrus synchronization protocol.

Theriogenology 2004 May;61(7-8):1343-55

ARSIAL, Centro Sperimentale per la Zootecnia, Via R. Lanciani, 38 Rome, Italy.

The primary objective was to elucidate ovarian follicular dynamics and hormonal profiles in nulliparous heifer (HE; n = 11 ) and mixed-parity (MP; n=10 ) Mediterranean Italian water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) following an estrus synchronization protocol. Both groups received a progesterone releasing intravaginal device (PRID) implant for 10 days; a luteolytic dose of synthetic prostaglandin was given 7 days after PRID insertion. Daily ultrasound monitoring and collection of blood to determine plasma concentrations estradiol and progesterone started 1 day after PRID removal and lasted for 55 and 65 days in HE and MP buffaloes, respectively. Data analysis was restricted to the first 5 days after PRID removal and to one estrus cycle following induced ovulation. The HE buffaloes were not inseminated and only one ovulated within 5 days after PRID removal; the remainder ovulated between 8 and 48 days after PRID removal (except one in which ovulation was never detected). All HP buffaloes were inseminated 72, 96 and 120 h after PRID removal; seven buffaloes ovulated within 5 days after PRID removal and two were pregnant. Mean diameter of the largest follicle was significantly smaller in HE than MP buffaloes the first 4 days after PRID removal. There was a parity by time interaction ( P=0.0047 ) for plasma progesterone concentrations; progesterone was higher in HE than MP buffaloes 1 day after PRID removal, but the converse was true 2 days after PRID removal. After induced ovulation, HE buffaloes exhibited a one-wave ( n=5; length of cycle, 8-12 days), two-wave ( n=4; range: 20-26 days) or three-wave cycle ( n=1; 25 days). In contrast, all non-pregnant MP buffaloes ( n=8 ) had a two-wave cycle (range: 19-25 days). For buffaloes with two-wave cycles, the growth rate and diameter of the largest follicle was significantly smaller in HE than MP buffaloes for both the first follicular wave (1.3mm versus 1.7 mm per day and 10.5 mm versus 13.3 mm, respectively) and the second follicular wave (1.0 mm versus 1.3 mm per day and 11.0 mm versus 13.8 mm). In conclusion, there were many significant morphological and endocrine differences between HE and MP buffaloes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2003.08.013DOI Listing
May 2004

Hormonal dynamics and follicular turnover in prepuberal Mediterranean Italian buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis).

Theriogenology 2003 Aug;60(3):485-93

ARSIAL, Centro Sperimentale per la Zootecnia, Via R. Lanciani 38, 00162 Rome, Italy.

The aim of this study was the investigation of hormonal and ovarian follicular dynamics in prepuberal buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) bred in Italy. Eleven 5-9-month old buffalo calves ranging in weight from 122 to 270kg, maintained under controlled nutritional and environmental conditions, underwent 50 days of ultrasonographic ovarian follicular monitoring in the months of October-December. Blood sampling for E(2) and FSH determination and ultrasonographic monitoring using a 7.5MHz linear probe and an ALOKA SSD-500 monitor were performed daily. No differences in any of the parameters under study were highlighted when calves were divided into two weight categories (<200 and >200kg) and thus data were pooled. In this study, values are reported as mean+/-S.D. A range of two-six regular follicular waves was reported among calves with an average of 4+/-1.1. Overall interval (days) between wave emergence was 9.9+/-2.8 and largest diameters (mm) of dominant and first subordinate follicles were 8.4+/-1.2 and 4.8+/-0.6, respectively (P<0.05). With the exception of one calf, some minor follicular waves (short waves or SWs; 1.6+/-1), lasting <10 days (6.1+/-1.2) were reported. They were monitored contemporaneously on the ovary contralateral (n=7) or ipsilateral (n=3) to the main follicular wave. Growth rate (mm per day) of dominant follicles (DF) was significantly faster than for corresponding subordinate follicles (SF) and follicles of SWs (1.08+/-0.2 versus 0.79+/-0.1 and 0.83+/-0.1, respectively, P<0.05). The static phase (days) lasted longer in DF compared to SF and SW (5.4+/-1.8 versus 2.4+/-1.2 and 2.6+/-1, respectively, P<0.05). The regressing phase (mm per day) was similar among DF, SF and SW (0.86+/-0.2, 0.94+/-0.2 and 0.84+/-0.1, respectively, P=0.09). Episodic spikes of E(2) and FSH were reported, corresponding to wave development throughout the course of investigation. In conclusion, the majority of buffalo calves displayed a typical pattern of regular follicular development in conjunction with a dynamic trend of ovarian and hypophyseal hormones. Some minor follicle turnover was reported with parallel main follicular waves.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0093-691x(03)00034-7DOI Listing
August 2003

Bovine and buffalo in vitro embryo production using oocytes derived from abattoir ovaries or collected by transvaginal follicle aspiration.

Theriogenology 2003 Mar;59(5-6):1123-30

Dipartimento di Scienze Zootecniche e Ispezione degli Alimenti, Federico II University, Via Delpino 1, 80137, Napoli, Italy.

This study was undertaken in order to evaluate the effect of oocyte source (live animals and abattoir ovaries) on subsequent embryo development in buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). Cow ovaries were also collected as oocyte donors for in vitro embryo production (IVEP). Three hundred thirty-eight oocytes were recovered by ovum pick up (OPU, Group A) from 8 pluriparous buffalo cows, while 1127 and 1457 oocytes were aspirated, respectively, from buffalo (Group B) and bovine (Group C) slaughterhouse ovaries. Cumulus enclosed oocytes (COCs) suitable for IVEP were in vitro matured (IVM), fertilized (IVF) and cultured (IVC) to the tight morula (Tm) and blastocyst (Bl) stage. Within buffalo species Group A had a higher Bl yield (29.7 % versus 19.9%; P<0.05) and a lower proportion of embryos arrested at Tm stage (11.1% versus 22.3%; P<0.05) than Group B. Within slaughterhouse groups cattle oocytes had a higher cleavage rate (83.9% versus 64.8%; P<0.05) and yielded 49.2% more blastocysts than buffalo. However, when data are related to the total number of cleaved oocytes, only 13.7% more blastocysts were produced in cattle than in buffalo.In conclusion, in buffalo species the source of oocytes significantly affected post-fertilization embryo development, as demonstrated by the higher Bl yields derived from OPU-derived oocytes.A higher overall IVEP efficiency, mainly related to the higher cleavage rate, was recorded in cattle compared with buffalo when ovaries from an abattoir were used as oocyte donors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0093-691x(02)01170-6DOI Listing
March 2003

Hormonal stimulation and oocyte maturational competence in prepuberal Mediterranean Italian buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis).

Theriogenology 2002 Apr;57(7):1877-84

ARSIAL, Centro Sperimentale per la Zootecnia, Rome, Italy.

The objective of this study was to determine the best combined hormonal treatment to utilize in order to obtain a high number of good quality in vivo and in vitro matured oocytes from prepuberal Mediterranean Italian buffalo calves (Bubalus bubalis). Transvaginal ultrasound follicular aspiration was employed to recover oocytes from antral follicles. Fifteen barn housed buffalo calves, between 5 and 9 months of age were used in this study and randomly divided into control (Group A) and treated groups. A commercially available preparation of 2000 IU eCG was administered to animals in the treatment groups, followed by 2000 IU of hCG given either 12 h (Group B), or 24 h (Group C) before ovum pick up (OPU). From the time of administration of eCG treatments, the best timing for hCG administration before OPU was determined and integrated with the administration of 500 IU of FSH-LH in a decreasing dosage protocol over 4 days (Group D). Expanded cumulus oocyte complexes (COCs) recovered from all groups were immediately fixed for later aceto-orcein staining. All other COCs were processed for in vitro maturation using standard procedures and then fixed and stained for assessment of nuclear maturation. Collectively, hormonal stimulation did not increase the number of ovarian antral follicles available compared to the control group (P > 0.05), but did result in higher output of medium (Group B: 9.8 +/- 7.1; Group C: 3.4 +/- 6.7; Group D: 15.6 +/- 4.9 versus Group A: 1.6 +/- 2.2) and large follicles (Group B: 44.8 +/- 22.9; Group C: 8.7 +/- 6.1; Group D: 70.2 +/- 10 versus Group A: 6.1 +/- 6.3). Administration of hCG 12 h before follicle aspiration proved to be the best strategy to obtain high numbers of immature and mature oocytes from antral follicles (P < 0.05; Group B: 70.8 +/- 12 and Group D: 82 +/- 12.6 versus Group A: 43.6 +/- 13.9 and Group C: 27.2 +/- 13.9). A significantly higher number of expanded COCs was obtained from hormonally stimulated groups compared to the control group (P < 0.05; Group B: 28.7 +/- 16.8, Group C: 16.3 +/- 5.9 and Group D: 27.1 +/- 16.9 versus Group A: 6.2 +/- 6). A higher oocyte maturational competence (P < 0.05) was found in Groups A, B and D (80.8 +/- 7.9, 87.5 +/- 8.2, and 86.5 +/- 4.3, respectively) compared to Group C (60 +/- 26.2). In conclusion, in prepuberal buffalo calves combined gonadotrophin stimulation protocols yielded higher numbers of medium to large size follicles compared to a control group. A high number of good quality oocytes were recovered by transvaginal ultrasound follicle aspiration, and a high rate of metaphase II progression was reached after in vivo and in vitro maturation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0093-691x(02)00677-5DOI Listing
April 2002
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