Publications by authors named "Giacomo Loseto"

23 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Comparison of ibrutinib and idelalisib plus rituximab in real-life relapsed/resistant chronic lymphocytic leukemia cases.

Eur J Haematol 2020 Dec 30. Epub 2020 Dec 30.

Biothecnology Research Unit, AO of Cosenza, Cosenza, Italy.

Objectives: To compare the capacity of ibrutinib (IB) and idelalisib-rituximab (IDELA-R) of prolonging overall survival (OS) as in CLL patients, previously treated with chemotherapy only.

Methods: A real-life cohort of 675 cases has been identified and investigated in the database of the groups participating in the study.

Results: At an unadjusted univariate analysis, a significant death risk reduction was observed favoring IB (IDELA-R vs IB HR = 0.5, 95% CI = 0.36-0.71) although with some limitations due to the non-randomized and retrospective nature of the study and to the lower number of patients in the IDELA-R group (112 cases) related to the current prescribing practice. To overcome the potential problem of confounding by indication, we adjusted the association between the type of therapy and mortality for all variables significantly associated with OS at Cox univariate analysis. Furthermore, those variables, differently distributed between the two study groups, were introduced into the multivariate Cox model to improve the effectiveness of the analysis. By introducing all these variables into the multiple Cox regression model, we confirmed the protective effect of IB vs IDELA-R (HR = 0.67, 95% CI = 0.45-0.98, P = .04) independent of potential confounders.

Conclusions: Although our analysis presents some constraints, that is, the unavailability of additional potential confounders, and the retrospective nature of the study, this observation may be of help for the daily clinical practice, particularly in the absence of randomized trials comparing the two schedules.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ejh.13573DOI Listing
December 2020

Psychological Distress in Outpatients With Lymphoma During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Front Oncol 2020 10;10:1270. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Hematology Unit, IRCCS Istituto Tumori "Giovanni Paolo II", Bari, Italy.

Cancer patients are a population at high risk of contracting COVID-19 and, also of developing severe complications due to the infection, which is especially true when they are undergoing immunosuppressive treatment. Despite this, they had still to go to hospital to receive chemotherapy during lockdown. In this context, we have evaluated the psychological status of onco-hematological outpatients receiving infusion and not deferrable anti-neoplastic treatment for lymphoproliferative neoplasms, with the aim of both measuring the levels of post-traumatic symptoms, depression, and anxiety during the pandemic and also of investigating the perception of risk of potential nosocomial infection. The Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) were administered to all patients. Moreover, patients were investigated about their worries regarding the impact of COVID-19 on their lives as onco-hematologic patients. Since the 2nd to the 29th April 2020 (during the first phase of the lockdown period in Italy), 77 outpatients were prospectively evaluated. They were diagnosed with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, classical Hodgkin lymphoma, and Chronic lymphocytic leukemia/Small lymphocytic lymphoma. The mean age was 56.6 (range 22-85). We found that 36% of patients had anxiety (HADS-A), 31% depression (HADS-D), and 43% were above the cut-off for the HADS-General Scale; 36% fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Women and younger patients were found to be more vulnerable to anxiety and PTSD. The study firstly analyzes the psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the frail population of patients affected by lymphoproliferative neoplasms, to underly the importance of screening patients for emotional and distress conditions and then offering them psychological support.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2020.01270DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7365920PMC
July 2020

ABVD vs BEACOPP escalated in advanced-stage Hodgkin's lymphoma: Results from a multicenter European study.

Am J Hematol 2020 09 30;95(9):1030-1037. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY.

The optimal first-line treatment for advanced-stage Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) is still a matter of debate. While ABVD is less toxic and as effective as other, more intensive chemotherapy regimens, escalated BEACOPP (BEACOPPesc) is superior to ABVD for initial disease control and prolonged time-to-relapse. However, this advantage is associated with higher rate of early and late toxicities. As most of these data have been accumulated from clinical trials, a retrospective analysis was conducted in a large database of patients treated outside clinical trials to investigate the advantages and disadvantages of these regimes in a real-world setting. From October 2009 to October 2018, 397 advanced-stage HL patients treated with either ABVD or BEACOPPesc were retrospectively assessed in 7 European cancer centers (2 Austrian and 5 Italian centers). Complete metabolic remission (CMR) by PET was achieved in 76% and 85% of patients in the ABVD and BEACOPPesc groups, respectively (p = .01). Severe adverse events occurred more frequently with BEACOPPesc than ABVD. At a median follow-up of 8 years, 9% of the patients who achieved CMR after BEACOPPesc relapsed compared to 16.6% in the ABVD group (p = .043). No statistical difference in progression free survival (PFS) was observed between the two cohorts overall (p = .11), but there was a trend towards a superior PFS in high-risk patients treated with BEACOPPesc (p = .074). Nevertheless, overall survival was similar between the two groups (p = .94). In conclusion, we confirm that ABVD is an effective and less toxic therapeutic option for advanced-stage HL. Although BEACOPP results in better initial tumor control, the long-term outcome remains similar between the two regimens.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajh.25871DOI Listing
September 2020

The Tumor Microenvironment of DLBCL in the Computational Era.

Front Oncol 2020 31;10:351. Epub 2020 Mar 31.

Unit of Hematology and Cell Therapy, Laboratory of Hematological Diagnostics and Cell Characterization, Istituto Tumori "Giovanni Paolo II"-IRCCS, Bari, Italy.

Among classical exemplifications of tumor microenvironment (TME) in lymphoma pathogenesis, the "effacement model" resembled by diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) implies strong cell autonomous survival and paucity of non-malignant elements. Nonetheless, the magnitude of TME exploration is increasing as novel technologies allow the high-resolution discrimination of cellular and extra-cellular determinants at the functional, more than morphological, level. Results from genomic-scale studies and recent clinical trials revitalized the interest in this field, prompting the use of new tools to dissect DLBCL composition and reveal novel prognostic association. Here we revisited major controversies related to TME in DLBCL, focusing on the use of bioinformatics to mine transcriptomic data and provide new insights to be translated into the clinical setting.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2020.00351DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7136462PMC
March 2020

Effects of Physical Exercise Intervention on Psychological and Physical Fitness in Lymphoma Patients.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2019 Jul 16;55(7). Epub 2019 Jul 16.

Haematology Unit, IRCCS Cancer Institute "Giovanni Paolo II", 70124 Bari, Italy.

Lymphoma patients experience a psychological and physiological decline that could be reversed by exercise. However, little is known about the effects of the exercise on psychological and physical fitness variables. Therefore, the purpose of this longitudinal study was to assess self-efficacy, fatigue and physical fitness before and after an eight-week exercise intervention. Thirty-six participants (54.4 ± 19.1 years) performed a supervised exercise program (~60 min, 2d·wk). Each session included a combined progressive training of cardiorespiratory, resistance, flexibility and postural education exercises. Self-efficacy and fatigue were measured with the Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy scale and 0-10 rating scale, respectively. Physical fitness was assessed with the body mass index, lower back flexibility, static balance, muscle strength and functional mobility. Adherence to exercise was high (91.2% ± 4.8%) and no major health problems were noted in the patients over the intervention period. At baseline, significant differences were found between Hodgkin's lymphoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients by age and all dependent measures ( < 0.05). Fatigue significantly decreased and the perceived capability to regulate negative affect and to express positive emotions improved after exercise ( < 0.001). Significant improvements were found for body mass index, trunk lateral flexibility, monopodalic balance, isometric handgrip force and functional mobility ( < 0.001). Fatigue was significantly correlated with handgrip force ( = -0.56, < 0.001) and functional mobility ( = -0.69, < 0.001). The supervised exercise program improved psychological and physical fitness without causing adverse effects and health problems. Therefore, exercise to improve fitness levels and reduce perceived fatigue should be considered in the management of lymphoma patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/medicina55070379DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6681308PMC
July 2019

Brentuximab vedotin as salvage treatment in Hodgkin lymphoma naïve transplant patients or failing ASCT: the real life experience of Rete Ematologica Pugliese (REP).

Ann Hematol 2018 Oct 27;97(10):1817-1824. Epub 2018 Jul 27.

Department of Hematology, Hospital University Riuniti, Foggia, Italy.

Brentuximab vedotin (BV) shows a high overall response rate (ORR) in relapsed/refractory (R/R) Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) after autologous transplant (ASCT). The aim of this multicenter study, conducted in nine Hematology Departments of Rete Ematologica Pugliese, was to retrospectively evaluate the efficacy and safety of BV as salvage therapy and as bridge regimen to ASCT or allogeneic transplant (alloSCT) in R/R HL patients. Seventy patients received BV. Forty-five patients (64%) were treated with BV as bridge to transplant:16 (23%) patients as bridge to ASCT and 29 (41%) as bridge to alloSCT. Twenty-five patients (36%), not eligible for transplant, received BV as salvage treatment. The ORR was 59% (CR 26%). The ORR in transplant naïve patients was 75% (CR 31%). In patients treated with BV as bridge to alloSCT, the ORR was 62% (CR 24%). In a multivariate analysis, the ORR was lower in refractory patients (p < 0.005). The 2y-OS was 70%. The median PFS was 17 months. Ten of the 16 (63%) naïve-transplant patients received ASCT, with 50% in CR before ASCT. In the 29 patients treated with BV as bridge to alloSCT, 28 (97%) proceeded to alloSCT with 25% in CR prior to alloSCT. The most common adverse events were peripheral neuropathy (50%), neutropenia (29%) and anemia (12%). These data suggest that BV is well tolerated and very effective in R/R HL, producing a substantial level of CR. BV may also be a key therapeutic agent to achieve good disease control before transplant, improving post- transplant outcomes, also in refractory and heavily pretreated patients, without significant overlapping toxicities with prior therapies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-018-3379-5DOI Listing
October 2018

A Comparison of the Conditioning Regimens BEAM and FEAM for Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in Lymphoma: An Observational Study on 1038 Patients From Fondazione Italiana Linfomi.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2018 09 29;24(9):1814-1822. Epub 2018 May 29.

Clinica Ematologica, Centro Trapianti e Terapie Cellulari "C. Melzi," Dipartimento di Area Medica, Università degli Studi di Udine, Udine, Italy.

BEAM (carmustine [bis-chloroethylnitrosourea (BCNU)]-etoposide-cytarabine-melphalan) chemotherapy is the standard conditioning regimen for autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in lymphomas. Owing to BCNU shortages, many centers switched to fotemustine-substituted BEAM (FEAM), lacking proof of equivalence. We conducted a retrospective cohort study in 18 Italian centers to compare the safety and efficacy of BEAM and FEAM regimens for ASCT in lymphomas performed from 2008 to 2015. We enrolled 1038 patients (BEAM = 607, FEAM = 431), of which 27% had Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), 14% indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), and 59% aggressive NHL. Baseline characteristics including age, sex, stage, B-symptoms, extranodal involvement, previous treatments, response before ASCT, and overall conditioning intensity were well balanced between BEAM and FEAM; notable exceptions were median ASCT year (BEAM = 2011 versus FEAM = 2013, P < .001), Sorror score ≥3 (BEAM = 15% versus FEAM = 10%, P = .017), and radiotherapy use (BEAM = 18% versus FEAM = 10%, P < .001). FEAM conditioning resulted in higher rates of gastrointestinal and infectious toxicities, including severe oral mucositis grade ≥3 (BEAM = 31% versus FEAM = 44%, P < .001), and sepsis from Gram-negative bacteria (mean isolates/patient: BEAM = .1 versus FEAM = .19, P < .001). Response status at day 100 post-ASCT (overall response: BEAM = 91% versus FEAM = 88%, P = .42), 2-year overall survival (83.9%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 81.5% to 86.1%) and progression-free survival (70.3%; 95% CI, 67.4% to 73.1%) were not different in the two groups. Mortality from infection was higher in the FEAM group (subhazard ratio, 1.99; 95% CI, 1.02 to 3.88; P = .04). BEAM and FEAM do not appear different in terms of survival and disease control. However, due to concerns of higher toxicity, fotemustine substitution in BEAM does not seem justified, if not for easier supply.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2018.05.018DOI Listing
September 2018

A Comparative Assessment of Quality of Life in Patients with Multiple Myeloma Undergoing Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation Through an Outpatient and Inpatient Model.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2018 03 13;24(3):608-613. Epub 2017 Oct 13.

Hematology and Cell Therapy Unit-IRCCS Istituto Tumori "Giovanni Paolo II", Bari, Italy.

Outpatient autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) has proven to be feasible in terms of physical morbidity and mortality outcomes, but little data exist on the impact of this procedure on quality of life (QoL). The purpose of this prospective, observational, longitudinal cohort study was to compare the effects of inpatient (n = 76) and outpatient (n = 64) modes of care on QoL in patients with multiple myeloma who underwent ASCT. Patients were treated according to their preference for the inpatient or outpatient model. QoL was assessed using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Bone Marrow Transplantation (FACT-BMT) at baseline (7 days before ASCT; T1) and at days +7 (T2) and +30 (T3) after ASCT. Overall, inpatients achieved higher mean values at each time point (86.05 ± 15.54 at T1, 89.23 ± 19.19 at T2, and 87.96 ± 13.6 at T3) compared with outpatients (85.62 ± 14.51 at T1, 87.42 ± 23.41 at T2, and 83.98 ± 20.2 at T3), although the differences did not reach statistical significance. Inpatients showed higher mean scores than outpatients in physical well-being (7.67 ± 5.7, 15.44 ± 6.34, and 12.96 ± 6.03, respectively, versus 5.89 ± 4.33, 13.92 ± 7.05, and 8.84 ± 6.33, respectively; P < .05). Mean scores on social/family well-being were significantly higher in the outpatient group compared with the inpatient group (22.93 ± 13.29, 21.14 ± 5.31, and 21.64 ± 4.58, respectively, versus 20.59 ± 3.79, 19.52 ± 5.12, and 20.01 ± 3.97, respectively; P = .003). There were no significant between-group differences with respect to functional well-being and emotional status. Among adults at a single institution undergoing ASCT for MM, the use of outpatient care compared with standard transplantation care did not result in improved QoL during transplantation. Further research is needed for replication and to assess longer-term outcomes and implications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2017.09.021DOI Listing
March 2018

Improving Provision of Care for Long-term Survivors of Lymphoma.

Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk 2017 Dec 17;17(12):e1-e9. Epub 2017 Aug 17.

Hematology and Cell Therapy Unit, IRCCS-Istituto Tumori "Giovanni Paolo II", Bari, Italy.

The progressive improvement of lymphoma therapies has led to a significant prolongation of patient survival and life expectancy. However, lymphoma survivors are at high risk of experiencing a range of early and late adverse effects associated with the extent of treatment exposure. Among these, second malignancies and cardiopulmonary diseases can be fatal, and neurocognitive dysfunction, endocrinopathy, muscle atrophy, and persistent fatigue can affect patients' quality of life for decades after treatment. Early recognition and reduction of risk factors and proper monitoring and treatment of these complications require well-defined follow-up criteria, close coordination among specialists of different disciplines, and a tailored model of survivorship care. We have summarized the major aspects of therapy-related effects in lymphoma patients, reviewed the current recommendations for follow-up protocols, and described a new hospital-based model of survivorship care provision from a recent multicenter Italian experience.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clml.2017.08.097DOI Listing
December 2017

Adverse drug reactions after intravenous rituximab infusion are more common in hematologic malignancies than in autoimmune disorders and can be predicted by the combination of few clinical and laboratory parameters: results from a retrospective, multicenter study of 374 patients.

Leuk Lymphoma 2017 11 3;58(11):2633-2641. Epub 2017 Apr 3.

o Scientific Direction, IRCCS-CROB , Referral Cancer Center of Basilicata , Rionero in Vulture , Italy.

Rituximab is an effective treatment for CD20 + B-cell malignancies and autoimmune disorders. However, adverse drug reactions (ADRs) may occur after rituximab infusion, causing, in rare cases, its discontinuation. In this multicenter, retrospective study, among 374 patients treated with rituximab i.v., 23.5% experienced ADRs. Mean follow-up was 20.6 months (range 8-135). Overall, ADRs were significantly more frequent in non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) and chronic lymphocytic leukemias (25-35.9%), than in autoimmune diseases (9.4-17.5%) (p < .0001). Grade 3-4 toxicity was observed in eight patients (2.1%), and in four of them (1% of all patients) definitive drug discontinuation was necessary. Interestingly, three groups of patients with different risk of developing ADR were identified, according to a predictive heat-map developed combining four parameters (splenomegaly, history of allergy, hemoglobin levels and gender) selected by multivariate analysis. This model may be useful in identifying patients at higher risk of ADRs, needing appropriate preventing therapies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10428194.2017.1306648DOI Listing
November 2017

Role of WB-MR/DWIBS compared to (18)F-FDG PET/CT in the therapy response assessment of lymphoma.

Radiol Med 2016 Feb 9;121(2):132-43. Epub 2015 Sep 9.

Department of Medicine and Health Science, University of Molise, Campobasso, Italy.

Introduction: This study prospectively evaluated whole-body magnetic resonance/diffusion-weighted imaging with body signal suppression (WB-MR/DWIBS) reliability compared to (18)F-FDG PET/CT in the treatment response assessment of classic Hodgkin lymphomas (HL) and aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphomas (aNHL).

Materials And Methods: Twenty-seven consecutive patients were prospectively enrolled at the time of diagnosis. Eighteen (11 HL and seven aNHL) were considered for the analysis. They received chemo/radiotherapy as induction and completed post-treatment evaluation performing both (18)F-FDG PET/CT and WB-MR/DWIBS. The revised response criteria for malignant lymphomas were used to assess the response to treatment. We evaluated the agreement between the two methods by Cohen's K test. Post-therapy WB-MR/DWIBS sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV and accuracy were then calculated, considering the 12 months of follow-up period as the gold standard.

Results: By using an evaluation on a lesion-by-lesion basis, WB-MR/DWIBS and (18)F-FDG PET/CT showed an overall good agreement (K = 0.796, 95% IC = 0.651-0.941), especially in the evaluation of the nodal basins in aNHL (K = 0.937, 95% IC = 0.814-1). In reference to the revised response criteria for malignant lymphomas, the two methods showed a good agreement (K = 0.824, 95% IC = 0.493-1). Post-therapy sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV and accuracy of WB-MR/DWIBS were 43, 91, 75, 71 and 72%, respectively.

Conclusion: WB-MR/DWIBS seems to be an appropriate method for the post-treatment assessment of patients affected by HL and aNHL. The small discrepancies between the two methods found within HL could be due to the biological and metabolic behavior of this group of diseases. Larger prospective studies are necessary to better define the role of WB-MR/DWIBS in this setting of patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11547-015-0581-6DOI Listing
February 2016

Azacitidine in the front-line treatment of therapy-related myeloid neoplasms: a multicenter case series.

Anticancer Res 2015 Jan;35(1):461-6

Haematology Unit, IRCCS National Cancer Research Centre "Giovanni Paolo II", Bari, Italy.

Background/aim: A continued increase in the incidence of therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (t-MN) is expected due to the improvement of chemotherapeutic treatments for solid and haematological malignancies. The use of 5-azacytidine (AZA) is emerging in these patients. We, therefore, analyzed the outcome of patients with t-MN ineligible for intensive chemotherapy treated in the front-line with AZA.

Patients And Methods: We retrospectively collected clinical data from consecutive patients with t-MN treated in the front-line with AZA at five Haematology Centers. Response to therapy, overall survival (OS) and safety were considered.

Results: The overall response rate was of 35.7% with a median OS of 9.6 months. Patients who were heavily pre-treated for their primary malignancy (more than 3 lines of chemotherapy) presented a significant inferior OS (4.9 months). The principal reported toxicity was haematological with severe infections occurring in a minority of patients. Fatigue was the most common extra-haematological toxicity.

Conclusion: New aspects emerged on the management of t-MN. AZA may represent a reasonable choice for patients ineligible for intensive treatment, with the exception of heavily pre-treated patients who presented -anyway- a worse outcome.
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January 2015

Challenges and opportunities of microRNAs in lymphomas.

Molecules 2014 Sep 17;19(9):14723-81. Epub 2014 Sep 17.

Haematology Unit, National Cancer Research Centre, Istituto Tumori "Giovanni Paolo II", Bari 70124, Italy.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that control the expression of many target messenger RNAs (mRNAs) involved in normal cell functions (differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis). Consequently their aberrant expression and/or functions are related to pathogenesis of many human diseases including cancers. Haematopoiesis is a highly regulated process controlled by a complex network of molecular mechanisms that simultaneously regulate commitment, differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC). Alterations on this network could affect the normal haematopoiesis, leading to the development of haematological malignancies such as lymphomas. The incidence of lymphomas is rising and a significant proportion of patients are refractory to standard therapies. Accurate diagnosis, prognosis and therapy still require additional markers to be used for diagnostic and prognostic purpose and evaluation of clinical outcome. The dysregulated expression or function of miRNAs in various types of lymphomas has been associated with lymphoma pathogenesis. Indeed, many recent findings suggest that almost all lymphomas seem to have a distinct and specific miRNA profile and some miRNAs are related to therapy resistance or have a distinct kinetics during therapy. MiRNAs are easily detectable in fresh or paraffin-embedded diagnostic tissue and serum where they are highly stable and quantifiable within the diagnostic laboratory at each consultation. Accordingly they could be specific biomarkers for lymphoma diagnosis, as well as useful for evaluating prognosis or disease response to the therapy, especially for evaluation of early relapse detection and for greatly assisting clinical decisions making. Here we summarize the current knowledge on the role of miRNAs in normal and aberrant lymphopoiesis in order to highlight their clinical value as specific diagnosis and prognosis markers of lymphoid malignancies or for prediction of therapy response. Finally, we discuss their controversial therapeutic role and future applications in therapy by modulating miRNA.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules190914723DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6271734PMC
September 2014

Targeted strategies in the treatment of primary gastric lymphomas: from rituximab to recent insights into potential new drugs.

Curr Med Chem 2014 ;21(8):1005-16

Department of Oncology, Haematology Unit, National Cancer Research Centre - Istituto Tumori Giovanni Paolo II, Viale Orazio Flacco, 65 70124 Bari, Italy.

Primary gastric non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (PG-NHL) are the most common extranodal lymphomas, representing between 47% and 74% of all gastrointestinal lymphoma cases. In Western countries two histological types, diffuse large B-cell (DLBC) NHL and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) NHL, are more frequently represented, accounting for the majority of gastric tumors after adenocarcinoma. For several years treatment of these PG lymphomas consisted of surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, alone or in combination. In the last two decades however, advances in our understanding of their pathogenesis and biology have changed the treatment strategy, at least as regards the early stages of disease. In addition to making tumor regression possible through the eradication of Helicobacter pylori, which is considered the main pathogenic agent, this understanding has also provided a solid rationale to assess the efficacy of targeted therapy, namely of drugs which interfere with specific molecules expressed by tumor cells or are involved in key growth pathways of these lymphomas. In particular, rituximab, a monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody, radioimmunotherapy, the first-generation proteasome inhibitor bortezomib and lenalidomide have been evaluated. Despite significant antitumor activity in this subset of NHL and manageable toxicity, many questions still remain however about the optimal dose, the best administration schedule and their combination with conventional chemotherapy. This review focuses on the pathogenesis of PG-MALT and DLBC lymphomas, and discusses the results of clinical trials on the impact of new agents on prognosis and survival in these patients, considering also potential new therapautic targets.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/09298673113209990235DOI Listing
September 2014

Small-Sized Clone of T Cells in Multiple Myeloma Patient after Auto-SCT: T-LGL Leukemia Type or Clonal T-Cell Aberration?

Case Rep Hematol 2013 21;2013:417353. Epub 2013 Apr 21.

Haematology Division and BMT Unit, Antonio Perrino Hospital, 72100 Brindisi, Italy.

Second cancers and particularly postransplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLDs) are extremely rare in patients undergoing autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (auto-SCT). We report the case of clonally rearranged T-cell expansion which occurred after auto-SCT for Multiple Myeloma (MM). Does asymptomatic clonal T-cell large granular lymphocytic proliferation, in our experience, represent either a secondary cancer after auto-SCT or clonal T cell aberration or derive from expansion of coexisting undetected small-sized clone of T cells?
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/417353DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3652047PMC
May 2013

Minimal residual disease after allogeneic stem cell transplant: a comparison among multiparametric flow cytometry, Wilms tumor 1 expression and chimerism status (Complete chimerism versus Low Level Mixed Chimerism) in acute leukemia.

Leuk Lymphoma 2013 Dec 15;54(12):2660-6. Epub 2013 May 15.

Department of Hematology and Stem Cell Transplantation Unit.

Relapse represents the main cause of treatment failure after allogeneic stem cell transplant (allo-SCT). The detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) by multiparametric flow cytometry (MFC), chimerism, cytogenetics and molecular analysis may be critical to prevent relapse. Therefore, we assessed the overall agreement among chimerism (low level mixed chimerism [LL-MC] vs. complete chimerism [CC]), MFC and Wilms tumor 1 (WT1) mRNA to detect MRD and investigated the impact of MRD obtained from the three methods on patient outcome. Sixty-seven fresh bone marrow (BM) samples from 24 patients (17 acute myeloid leukemia [AML], seven acute lymphoblastic leukemia [ALL]) in complete remission (CR) after allo-SCT were investigated at different time points. A moderate agreement was found among the three techniques investigated. A higher concordance between positive results from MFC (75.0% vs. 32.7%, p = 0.010) and WT1 (58.3% vs. 29.1%, p = 0.090) was detected among LL-MC rather than CC samples. Relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were found to be higher in MRD negative patients than in MRD positive patients analyzed with MFC and WT1. Our results discourage the use of low autologous signals as the only marker of MRD, and suggest the usefulness of MFC and WT1 real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) in stratifying patients with respect to risk of relapse.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/10428194.2013.789508DOI Listing
December 2013