Publications by authors named "Gi Hwan Byeon"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Validation of the Korean Version of the Anosognosia Questionnaire for Dementia.

Psychiatry Investig 2021 Apr 25;18(4):324-331. Epub 2021 Apr 25.

Department of Neuropsychiatry, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objective: Anosognosia is a common phenomenon in individuals with dementia. Anosognosia Questionnaire for dementia (AQ-D) is a well-known scale for evaluating anosognosia. This study aimed to establish a Korean version of the AQ-D (AQ-D-K) and to evaluate the reliability and validity of the AQ-D-K in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia.

Methods: We translated the original English version of AQ-D into Korean (AQ-D-K). Eighty-four subjects with very mild or mild AD dementia and their caregivers participated. Reliability of AQ-D-K was assessed by internal consistency and one-month test-retest reliability. Construct validity and concurrent validity were also evaluated.

Results: Internal consistencies of the AQ-D-K patient form and caregiver form were high (Cronbach alpha 0.95 and 0.93, respectively). The test-retest reliability of AQ-D-K measured by intra-class correlation coefficient was 0.84. Three factors were identified: 1) anosognosia of instrumental activity of daily living; 2) anosognosia basic activity of daily living; and 3) anosognosia of depression and disinhibition. AQ-D-K score was significantly correlated with the clinician-rated anosognosia rating scale (ARS), center for epidemiological studies-depression scale (CES-D) and state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI).

Conclusion: The findings suggest that the AQ-D-K is a reliable and valid scale for evaluating anosognosia for AD dementia patients using Korean language.
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April 2021

Decreased Alpha Reactivity from Eyes-Closed to Eyes-Open in Non-Demented Older Adults with Alzheimer's Disease: A Combined EEG and [18F]florbetaben PET Study.

J Alzheimers Dis 2020 ;77(4):1681-1692

Department of Neuropsychiatry, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: The degree of alpha attenuation from eyes-closed (EC) to eyes-open (EO) has been suggested as a neural marker of cognitive health, and its disruption has been reported in patients with clinically defined Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia.

Objective: We tested if EC-to-EO alpha reactivity was related to cerebral amyloid-β (Aβ) deposition during the early stage of AD.

Methods: Non-demented participants aged ≥55 years who visited the memory clinic between March 2018 and June 2019 (N = 143; 67.8% female; mean age±standard deviation, 74.0±7.6 years) were included in the analyses. Based on the [18F]florbetaben positron emission tomography assessment, the participants were divided into Aβ+ (N = 70) and Aβ- (N = 73) groups. EEG was recorded during the 7 min EC condition followed by a 3 min EO phase, and a Fourier transform spectral analysis was performed.

Results: A significant three-way interaction was detected among Aβ positivity, eye condition, and the laterality factor on alpha-band power after adjusting for age, sex, educational years, global cognition, depression, medication use, and white matter hyperintensities on magnetic resonance imaging (F = 5.987, p = 0.016); EC-to-EO alpha reactivity in the left hemisphere was significantly reduced in Aβ+ subjects without dementia compared with the others (F = 3.984, p = 0.048).

Conclusion: Among mild cognitive impairment subjects, alpha reactivity additively contributed to predict cerebral Aβ positivity beyond the clinical predictors, including vascular risks, impaired memory function, and apolipoprotein E ɛ4. These findings support that EC-to-EO alpha reactivity acts as an early biomarker of cerebral Aβ deposition and is a useful measurement for screening early-stage AD.
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January 2020

Depressive symptoms are associated with worse cognitive prognosis in patients with newly diagnosed idiopathic Parkinson disease.

Psychogeriatrics 2020 Nov 24;20(6):880-890. Epub 2020 Aug 24.

Department of Neurology, Kangwon National University Hospital, Kangwon National University College of Medicine, Chuncheon, South Korea.

Background: Although depression is very common in patients with Parkinson disease (PD), only a few studies have investigated the longitudinal effects of initial depression on cognitive decline in these patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of depression on cognitive functions in patients with PD.

Methods: We used data from the Parkinson Progression Markers Initiative (PPMI) to investigate the relationship between depression and PD. Depressive symptoms were measured in patients with PD based on the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) or Neuropsychiatric Inventory-Questionnaire (NPI-Q) scores obtained at baseline. We evaluated cognitive decline as whether a patient with PD progressed to PD with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) during a 4-year follow-up period. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was done to know whether depression can predict the conversion to MCI. In addition, a voxel-based morphometric analysis using volumetric brain magnetic resonance imaging was used to compare structural changes related to future cognitive decline as well as to reveal longitudinal effect of baseline depression on cortical atrophy.

Results: Data from 263 patients with cognitively normal de novo PD who were available for longitudinal cognitive testing were analysed. The multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that the depressive symptoms were independent risk factors for conversion to MCI in patients with de novo PD after adjusting for covariates (hazards ratio (95% CI)) of depression defined by the GDS (1.753 (1.084-2.835)) and the NPI (1.815 (1.083-3.042)) scores, respectively. The significant structural changes in PD with MCI as well as longitudinal effect of baseline depression on subsequent cortical atrophy were found in multiple areas on the voxel-based morphometric analysis (P < 0.001, family-wise error rate corrected).

Conclusions: Our study indicates that the presence of depressive symptoms in patients with early PD is associated with a higher risk of progression to MCI and early depression may reflect subsequent cortical atrophy.
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November 2020