Publications by authors named "Gholamali Godazandeh"

13 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Corticosteroids in idiopathic granulomatous mastitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Surg Today 2021 Feb 15. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Student Research Committee, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is an inflammatory disease of the breasts with an unknown etiology. Corticosteroids are one the primary options for treating this disease, but the results of previous studies concerning their efficacy have been controversial. We, therefore, decided to assess the effectiveness of corticosteroids on IGM using a systematic review and meta-analysis. We conducted a systematic search using MeSH terms and all relevant keywords in PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library and Web of Science until May 21, 2019. Data were analyzed using the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis (CMA) V.2 software program and presented as the event rate, risk ratio (RR) and risk difference (RD). Twelve studies including 559 IGM patients were entered into the meta-analysis. Our analysis showed that the RR and RD of recurrence in the steroid-only group compared with the surgery-only group were 2.99 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.28-31.33) and 0.14 (95% CI - 0.01-0.30), respectively, showing no statistical significance. The meta-analysis of the steroid-only group and steroid + surgery group showed that the RR of recurrence was 6.13 (95% CI 0.41-81.62) with no significance. However, the meta-analysis of the RD showed that the risk of recurrence in the steroid group was significantly higher than that in the steroids + surgery group (RD: 0.28, 95% CI 0.11-0.44). This meta-analysis showed that managing IGM with only steroids may be less effective than the combination of steroids and surgery. This combination approach may result in a lower rate of recurrence and side effects in these patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00595-021-02234-4DOI Listing
February 2021

The comparison of the effect of flaxseed oil and vitamin E on mastalgia and nodularity of breast fibrocystic: a randomized double-blind clinical trial.

J Pharm Health Care Sci 2021 Jan 6;7(1). Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Km 18 Khazarabad Road, Khazar sq., Sari, Mazandaran Province, 4815733971, Iran.

Background: Fibrocystic changes are a common benign condition in women aged 20-50. The medical intervention aims to stop fibrocystic disease progress and relieve the breast's pain and tenderness. In the long-term, reversing the fibrocystic changes is also desirable.

Methods: In this randomized double-blind clinical trial, the effect of flaxseed oil on the severity of pain and breast nodularity was investigated against vitamin E. This study was conducted on 100 women with mastalgia. The intervention group received Flaxseed oil pearls and the control group received vitamin E pearl 200 IU twice a day for 2 months. The duration and severity of breast pain were evaluated by Cardiff chart and VAS (Visual Analogue Scale). The nodularity was assessed by Lucknow-Cardiff scale at baseline, then the first and second months of intervention.

Results: At baseline, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in characteristics. The breast pain improved in both groups during the first and second months of intervention (P-value within group< 0.001). However, the mean breast pain was not significantly different between the two groups at the end of the first and second month (P1= 0.54, P2= 0.73). Furthermore, the breast pain during four phases of the menstrual cycle showed no difference between vitamin E and flaxseed oil groups (menstruation phase= 0.76, follicular phase= 0.48, the first week of luteal phase= 0.86, the second week of luteal phase=0.30). The breast nodularity also decreased during the first and second months of intervention, yet no significant difference between the two groups was found (p= 0.9).

Conclusions: This study showed that flaxseed oil and vitamin E both could be effective in breast pain-relieving and decreasing nodularity with minimal side effects in contrast with the baseline. But there are no significant differences between these two agents. Larger scale prospective studies are needed to evaluate these effects in the long-term.

Trial Registration: IRCT201612243014N18 , Registration date: 2017-10-15.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40780-020-00186-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7789497PMC
January 2021

Sentinel Node Biopsy in Early Breast Cancer Patients with Palpable Axillary Node.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2020 Jun 1;21(6):1631-1636. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

School of Medicine, Student Research Committee of Mazandaran University of Medical, Sari, Iran.

Background: Sentinel lymph node biopsy is a reliable method for evaluation of the axillary lymph node status in early stage breast cancer patients with non-palpable lymph nodes. The present study evaluated the status of sentinel and non-sentinel lymph nodes in T1T2 patients with palpable axillary lymph nodes.

Materials And Methods: One hundred and two women with early breast cancer were investigated in this study. Patients were selected for axillary sentinel lymph node biopsy and then surgery .Then the rates of false negative and true positive, and diagnostic accuracy of sentinel lymph nodes biopsy were evaluated. In addition, the hormone receptors status of the tumor was determined through IHC and data was analyzed in SPSS21.

Results: In this study, the mean age of the patients was 49 years, 85% had invasive ductal carcinoma  in their pathology reports, 77% were ER/PR positive, 30% HER2 positive and 9.8% triple negative and 69% had KI67<14%. In frozen pathology, 15.7 and 84.3% were sentinel positive and negative, respectively, and in the final pathology, 41 and 58.8% were sentinel positive and negative, respectively. This difference arises from the false negative rate of the frozen pathology, which was about 31.3%. The sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy of the frozen section were 24, 90 and 43%, respectively. Lymphovascular invasion is an important effective factor in the involvement of sentinel and non-sentinel lymph nodes. Statistical analysis showed that the probability of sentinel and non-sentinel lymph nodes involvement was higher in receptor positive patients and those with KI67>14% (p<0.002) whereas the rate of involvement was lower in triple negative patients.

Conclusion: Sentinel node biopsy can be used in a significant percentage of breast cancer patients with palpable and reactive axillary lymph nodes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.31557/APJCP.2020.21.6.1631DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7568865PMC
June 2020

Primary Thoracic Wall Hydatid Cyst Extended to the Abdominal wall: A Case Report.

Iran J Med Sci 2020 May;45(3):220-223

Department of Health Care, School of Medicine, Iranshahr University of Medical Sciences, Iranshahr, Iran.

Hydatid disease (HD) is an infectious disease caused by echinococcosis. Hydatid cyst (HC) most commonly invades the liver (60-70%) and the lungs (20-25%). However, other parts of the body and even unusual locations can be infected, mimicking a benign lesion that could be easily missed. Primary HC of the chest wall is extremely rare, even in countries where echinococcosis is endemic. We herein present a case of a 40-year-old man with a right-sided growing thoracic wall mass. The patient did not present the relevant history (living in rural areas or being in contact with farm animals) and the serological examination with the indirect hemagglutination test was negative. During surgery, a cystic mass between the eleventh and twelfth ribs was observed. The thoracic wall mass extended to the posterior abdominal wall and was entirely extrapulmonary and extraperitoneal. All cystic structures of the thoracic wall and intrathoracic region were removed, and the primary defect was reconstructed. In endemic areas such as Iran, HD should be considered in the differential diagnosis of mass lesions located in the chest wall or other parts of the body, even without the relevant history or serologic evidence.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.30476/ijms.2019.82036.DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7253488PMC
May 2020

Epigenetic alterations of CYLD promoter modulate its expression in gastric adenocarcinoma: A footprint of infections.

J Cell Physiol 2019 04 21;234(4):4115-4124. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Department of Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common causes of cancer-related death in the world, with multiple genetic and epigenetic alterations involved in disease development. CYLD tumor suppressor gene encodes a multifunctional deubiquitinase which negatively regulates various signaling pathways. Deregulation of this gene has been found in different types of cancer. This study aimed to evaluate for the first time the CpG island methylation pattern of CYLD gene promoter, and its expression level in gastric adenocarcinoma. CYLD messenger RNA expression and promoter methylation in 53 tumoral and their non-neoplastic counterpart tissues were assessed using quantitative polymerase chain reaction and bisulfite sequencing. Also, we investigated the impacts of the infectious agents including Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), EBV, and CMV on CYLD expression and promoter methylation in GC. Results showed that the expression level of CYLD was downregulated in GC, and was significantly associated with gender (female), patient's age (<60), high grade, and no lymph-node metastasis (p = 0.001, 0.002, 0.03, and 0.003, respectively). Among the 31 analyzed CpG sites located in about 600 bp region within the promoter, two CpG sites were hypermethylated in GC tissues. We also found a significant inverse association between DNA promoter methylation and CYLD expression (p = 0.02). Furthermore, a direct association between H. pylori, EBV, and CMV infections with hypermethylation and reduced CYLD expression was observed (p = 0.04, 0.03, and 0.03, respectively). Our findings indicate that CYLD is downregulated in GC. Infectious agents may influence CYLD expression.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcp.27220DOI Listing
April 2019

The effect of intravenous dextrose administration for prevention of post-operative nausea and vomiting after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A double-blind, randomised controlled trial.

Indian J Anaesth 2017 10;61(10):803-810

Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Background And Aims: Post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common and distressing complication after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of intravenous (IV) dextrose administration for the prophylaxis of PONV after LC.

Methods: In a double-blind, randomised controlled trial, a total of 150 female patients who were scheduled for elective LC were randomly assigned into two groups (A and B). Thirty minutes before induction of anaesthesia, patients received an infusion of 500 cc lactated Ringer's solution (Group A) and 5% dextrose in lactated Ringer's solution (Group B) and over a period of 30 min. All patients rated their nausea and vomiting intensity using the verbal rating scale immediately at post-anaesthesia care unit (PACU) arrival; 30, 60, 90 and 120 min after arriving at the PACU and 6, 12 and 24 h after surgery.

Results: There was a statistically significant time trend and group effect along with significant differences in time/group interaction effect in both groups for nausea and vomiting scores ( < 0.05). A low negative correlation coefficient was found ( = -0.394, < 0.001) between blood glucose levels and nausea scores upon PACU arrival. Dextrose administration reduced the odds of vomiting events compared to placebo (estimate: -0.87, odds ratio = 0.42, 95% confidence interval: 0.28-0.64).

Conclusion: Administration of IV dextrose before anaesthesia induction may be recommended as an effective, and safe method for the prophylaxis of PONV after LC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ija.IJA_420_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5664885PMC
October 2017

Evaluation the Relationship Between Thyroid Nodule Size with Malignancy and Accuracy of Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy (FNAB).

Acta Inform Med 2016 Oct 1;24(5):347-350. Epub 2016 Nov 1.

Valiasr Hospital of Kazeroon, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Introduction: Some studies have shown largest thyroid nodule size, especially ≥4cm that can predict malignancy and reduce fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) accuracy. Therefore, this study is designed to evaluate relationship between thyroid nodule sizes with malignancy and its effect on FNBA accuracy.

Materials And Methods: a retrospective analytical study design aims to investigate all patients with thyroid nodules who referred to surgery department of Imam-Khomeini Hospital of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences in Sari from 20 March 2008 to 22 March 2014. We collected patient's demographic data, nodules size, FNAB reports and final pathology (after surgery) reports from their medical records. All data were analyses performed by SPSS18.

Results: 167 patients (153 women) with mean age of 41.56±13.24 years old were enrolled for this study. In final pathology; 38 patients (22.8%) had malignant nodules. The mean age of patients with or without malignant nodules were 34.93±11.86 and 42.37±12.26 years old, respectively (P=0.002). The mean size of benign and malignant nodules were 2.91±1.29 cm and 3.38±1.86 cm, respectively (P=0.15). 25.2% of <4 cm nodules and 17.9% of ≥4 cm nodules were diagnosed as a malignant (P=0.29). FNAB was done on 95 patients that reported benign in 60 patients (63.2%), malignant in 18 patients (18.9%) and suspicious in 17 patients (17.9%). Positive and negative results of FNAB in all nodules were 3.5% and 6.3%, in <4cm nodules were 5.8% and 6.2% and in ≥4cm nodules were zero and 6.7%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, Positive predict value (PPV), negative predict value (NPV) and overall accuracy (OA) of FNAB in all nodules were 76.19%, 96.49%, 88.88%, 91.66% and 91.02%, and in <4cm nodules were 78.57%, 94.11%, 84.61%, 91.42% and 89.58%, and in ≥4cm nodules were 71.4%, 100%, 100%, 92% and 93.33%, respectively.

Conclusion: the results of this study revealed that the size of the thyroid nodules is not reliable at predicting malignancy and should not be applied in medical decision making. FNAB showed good specificity but the sensitivity was low in our study. In ≥4cm nodules; FNAB sensitivity was decreased and accompanied by higher false-negative results. Furthermore, FNABs with suspicious results were associated with high probability of malignancy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/aim.2016.24.347-350DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5203751PMC
October 2016

Laparoscopic Repair of Morgagni Hernia: Three-Case Presentation and the Literature.

Case Rep Surg 2016 10;2016:4268539. Epub 2016 Nov 10.

Department of Surgery, Emam Khomeyni Hospital, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Mazandaran, Iran.

. Morgagni hernia is a rare form of congenital diaphragmatic hernia. . We present three cases of Morgagni hernia with GI symptoms treated by laparoscopic surgery. . Hernial sac was excised in two cases and left in situ in one case. There was no recurrence in symptoms after 30 months from surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4268539DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5121438PMC
November 2016

Coinfection of Pulmonary Hydatid Cyst and Aspergilloma: Case Report and Systematic Review.

Mycopathologia 2016 Apr 14;181(3-4):255-65. Epub 2015 Dec 14.

Student Research Committee, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Aspergilloma infection consists of a mass of fungal hyphae, inflammatory cells, fibrin, mucus, and tissue debris and can colonize lung cavities due to underlying diseases such as tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, bronchiectasis, cavitary lung cancer, neoplasms, ankylosing spondylitis, bronchial cysts, and pulmonary infarction. Here we report coinfection of pulmonary hydatid cyst and aspergilloma in a 34-year-old female who had had history of minor thalassemia and suffered from chest pain, dyspnea, non-productive cough for at least five months, and hemoptysis for 20 days. Radiographic sign showed a large cavitary lesion (5 × 6 × 6 cm) involving left lower lobe (LLL). Dichotomous septate hyphae were observed in bronchoalveolar lavage and biopsy specimens from LLL. The patient subsequently improved after combined anti-helminth therapies with albendazole (400 mg/bd) and lobectomy. According to morphological and molecular characterization, Aspergillus niger was confirmed. In vitro antifungal susceptibility tests revealed that the MIC values for the antifungals used in this case in increasing order were posaconazole (0.125 µg/ml), itraconazole and voriconazole (0.5 µg/ml), and amphotericin B (1 µg/ml). The minimum effective concentration for caspofungin was 0.125 µg/ml. Subsequently, we systematically reviewed 22 confirmed cases of pulmonary hydatid cyst and aspergilloma during a period of 19 years (1995-2014) and discussed the epidemiology, clinical features, and treatment of this disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11046-015-9974-2DOI Listing
April 2016

Influence of thyroidectomy on postoperative serum calcium level regarding serum vitamin D status. A prospective study.

Caspian J Intern Med 2015 ;6(2):72-6

Social Determinant of Health Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

Background: Hypocalcemia is a well-recognized complication after total thyroidectomy. Hypovitaminosis D may have additional effect in the development of hypocalcemia. This study aimed to determine the effect of total thyroidectomy on postoperative serum calcium in patients with and without hypovitaminosis D.

Methods: This prospective study was performed on patients who underwent total thyroidectomy from 2011 to 2014 in Imam Khomeini General Hospital of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. Serum calcium and vitamin D values were recorded before and after surgery. The patients were classified according to serum vitamin D concentrations as less 10 ng/ml (vitamin D deficiency) or higher (control group). The mean values of postoperative calcium level for each class of serum vitamin D were determined and compared. Hypocalcemia was defined as a postoperative calcium level <8 mg/dl.

Results: 125 patients due to thyroid disease underwent total thyroidectomy. The incidence of symptomatic and asymptomatic hypocalcemia after surgery was 12% (n=15) and 3.2% (n=4) respectively. 82 (65.6%) patients had vitamin D deficiency and 43 (34.4%) patients had sufficient vitamin D level. There was not any significant difference in calcium level (8.67±0.58 mg/dl vs. 8.70±0.59 mg/dl) between two vitamin D studied groups after thyroid surgery (p>0.05).

Conclusion: The findings of this study indicated that vitamin D deficiency had no significant effect on post-thyroidectomy serum calcium level.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4478454PMC
July 2015

Pleurodesis with povidone-iodine, as an effective procedure in management of patients with malignant pleural effusion.

J Thorac Dis 2013 Apr;5(2):141-4

Department of Thoracic Surgery, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Objective: Overtime, malignant pleural effusion (MPE) arises in advanced-stages of malignancies and frequently heralds a poor prognosis. If the underlying malignancy is chemo sensitive, systemic chemotherapy may control pleural effusion. A common method for the management of the patients with refractory MPE is pleurodesis through the introduction of sclerosing agents such as talc, bleomycin administered/instilled into the pleural cavity. However, the present prospective study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of pleurodesis with povidone-iodine (Betadine) in patients with MPE admitted in Sari General Hospital during 2008-2011.

Methods: Thirty-six patients who underwent pleurodesis by instilling povidone-iodine through a thoracostomy tube, as a bedside procedure were enrolled in the study. For evaluating the effect of povidone-iodine on thyroid gland, the authors measured the thyroid function tests before and after the pleurodesis at 1 week.

Results: The response to this procedure was complete in 26 patients (72.2%) and partial in 7 patients (19.4%). Treatment failure was displayed in 3 patients (8.3%). The overall success rate was 91.6%. In post-procedure, the most common complaints of the patients were pain (35.9%) followed by dyspnea, burning and fever. Povidone-iodine does not affect on thyroid function tests.

Conclusions: Povidone-iodine is an effective, inexpensive, safe and feasible agent for chemical pleurodesis in management of MPE.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3978/j.issn.2072-1439.2013.02.02DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3621929PMC
April 2013

Laparoscopic Repair of Morgagni Hernia Using Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) Mesh.

Middle East J Dig Dis 2012 Oct;4(4):232-5

Department of Surgery, Emam Khomeyni Hospital, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences Sari, Iran.

We report the cases of two patients diagnosed with Morgagni hernia who presented with nonspecific abdominal symptoms. Both underwent laparoscopic surgery that used a dual-sided mesh, polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF; Dynamesh IPOM®). The procedures were successful and both patients were discharged with no complications. There was no recurrence in 18 months of follow up.Herein is the report of these cases and a literature review.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3990122PMC
October 2012

Gross hematuria as the presentation of an inguinoscrotal hernia: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2011 Dec 4;5:561. Epub 2011 Dec 4.

Department of General Surgery, Firoozgar Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: Several complications have been reported with inguinal hernias. Although hematuria and flank pain, either as the presentation or as a complication of inguinal hernia, are infrequent, this condition may lead to the development of obstructive uropathy, which can have diverse manifestations.

Case Presentation: A 71-year-old Iranian man with Persian ethnicity presented with new onset episodes of gross hematuria and left-sided flank pain. A physical examination revealed a large and non-tender inguinal hernia on his left side. An initial workup included an abdominal ultrasound, an intravenous pyelogram and cystoscopy, which showed left hydronephrosis and a bulging on the left-side of his bladder wall. On further evaluation, computed tomography confirmed that his sigmoid colon was the source of the pressure effect on his bladder, resulting in hydroureteronephrosis and hematuria. No tumoral lesion was evident. Herniorrhaphy led to the resolution of his signs and symptoms.

Conclusion: Our case illustrates a rare presentation of inguinal hernia responsible for gross hematuria and unilateral hydronephrosis. Urologic signs and symptoms can be caused by the content of inguinal hernias. They can also present as complications of inguinal hernias.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1752-1947-5-561DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3275640PMC
December 2011