Publications by authors named "Ghareeb Bahari"

6 Publications

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A multisite survey of managerial competence and organizational commitment among nurses working at public hospitals in Saudi Arabia.

J Nurs Manag 2021 Sep 6. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Nursing Administration and Education Department, College of Nursing, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Aims: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between managerial competence level and organizational commitment among nurses in Saudi Arabia.

Background: Nurse managers who have a high degree of managerial competency and/or organizational commitment are seen as role models by their employees and can affect employees' sense of belonging to the organization.

Methods: A cross-sectional, multisite study was conducted with 226 eligible nurses working at six public hospitals in Saudi Arabia. Data were collected from March through June 2021 through an online self-administered survey. Multivariate regression was used to determine the relationship between managerial competence and organizational commitment while controlling for demographic variables.

Results: Both managerial competence (M = 152.9, SD = 48.41, range: 54-216) and organizational commitment (M = 49.4, SD = 22.15, range: 18-121) were reported to be slightly moderate among the sample. A significant positive association also existed between managerial competence and organizational commitment variables (r = .510, p < .05).

Conclusions: Future studies addressing potential issues for improving managerial competence and organizational commitment in clinical environments are recommended.

Implications For Nursing Management: Nurse administrations should use highly standard guidelines to improve nurses' managerial competence and organizational commitment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jonm.13453DOI Listing
September 2021

Development and Pilot Analysis of the Bruise Visibility Scale.

SAGE Open Nurs 2021 Jan-Dec;7:23779608211020931. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

College of Health and Human Services, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia, United States.

The accuracy of assessing and documenting injuries is crucial to facilitate ongoing clinical care and forensic referrals for victims of violence. The purpose of this cross-sectional, pilot study was to evaluate the inter-rater reliability and criterion validity of a newly developed Bruise Visibility Scale (BVS). The instrument was administered to a diverse sample (n = 30) with existing bruises. Bruises were assessed under fluorescent lighting typical of an examination room by three raters who were randomly selected from a pool of eight experienced clinical nurses. Colorimetry values of the bruise and surrounding tissue were obtained using a spectrophotometer. The BVS demonstrated good single (ICC = 0.71, 95% CI = 0.54 - 0.84) and average agreement (ICC = 0.88, 95% CI = 0.78 - 0.94) between raters. A significant, positive moderate correlation was found between mean BVS scores and overall color difference between the bruise and surrounding skin (Pearson's r = 0.614,  < 0.001). With further research, the BVS has the potential to be a reliable and valid tool for documenting the degree of clarity in bruise appearance.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/23779608211020931DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8371286PMC
June 2021

Prevalence and factors associated with psychological distress among family caregivers: A cross-sectional study.

Authors:
Ghareeb Bahari

Perspect Psychiatr Care 2021 Oct 25;57(4):1960-1965. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Nursing Administration and Education Department, College of Nursing, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: This study was aimed to examine the prevalence and factors associated with psychological distress among Saudi family caregivers.

Design And Methods: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive correlational study conducted on 163 participants. The Kessler Psychological Distress Scale-6 was used to collect data. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were run in SPSS.

Findings: Results indicated that psychological distress was significantly associated with employment status, education level, monthly money spent on caring, time spent on caregiving, and chronic disease type variables.

Practice Implications: Implementing effective programs to raise family caregivers' understanding of psychological distress and improve their engagement in treatment is important.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ppc.12772DOI Listing
October 2021

Virtual Education During COVID-19: Exploring Factors Associated With E-Learning Satisfaction Among Saudi Nursing Students.

Nurse Educ 2021 Mar-Apr 01;46(2):E18-E22

Author Affiliations: Assistant Professors, Department of Nursing Administration and Education, College of Nursing, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, education and learning processes have been shifted to a completely virtual, online format. Students' satisfaction has been linked to better learning outcomes.

Purpose: The purpose was to determine factors associated with students' satisfaction with e-learning among Saudi nursing students.

Methods: A cross-sectional, correlational descriptive study was conducted among 139 nursing students from different nursing programs in Saudi Arabia using a self-reported online survey.

Results: Previous experience with and readiness for e-learning influenced students' overall satisfaction with e-learning and satisfaction with assessment. Only readiness for e-learning was associated with satisfaction with teaching and generic skills and learning experiences.

Conclusions: This study may enhance faculty members' understandings of factors influencing students' satisfaction with e-learning. Therefore, the urgent national distance education plan may need further development to meet students' needs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NNE.0000000000000954DOI Listing
March 2021

Assessment of Hypertension Self-Care Behaviors and Self-Efficacy Among Men in Saudi Arabia.

J Nurs Meas 2020 08 20;28(2):283-302. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD.

Background And Purpose: Hypertension is rapidly increasing in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), particularly among men. Assessment of hypertension self-care behaviors is a critical step to promoting blood pressure control. This study aimed to evaluate the Hypertension Self-Care Profile (HBP-SCP) among Saudi men in KSA.

Methods: The HBP-SCP self-efficacy and behavior scales were translated into Arabic and tested on a convenience sample of 160 Saudi men with hypertension. Cronbach's alpha and factor analysis were conducted using SPSS.

Results: Internal consistency of the Arabic HBP self-care and self-efficacy scales was 0.84 and 0.90, respectively. Factor loading ranged from 0.25 to 0.70 for HBP self-care behaviors and from 0.28 to 0.77 for HBP self-efficacy.

Conclusions: The Arabic HBP-SCP is acceptable in its reliability and validity for measuring HBP self-care behaviors and self-efficacy among Saudi men with hypertension.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1891/JNM-D-18-00112DOI Listing
August 2020

Mediating role of self-efficacy in the relationship between family social support and hypertension self-care behaviours: A cross-sectional study of Saudi men with hypertension.

Int J Nurs Pract 2019 Dec 16;25(6):e12785. Epub 2019 Sep 16.

Department of Global and Community Health, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia.

Background: Self-efficacy and family social support are significantly associated with hypertension self-care behaviours. However, little is known about their mechanism in Saudi Arabia. This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the relationships among family social support, self-efficacy, and self-care behaviours among men with hypertension in Saudi Arabia.

Methods: Data were collected from May to August of 2018. The Hypertension Self-Care Profile and the Perceived Social Support from Friends and Family scales were used to measure the study variables. Multiple linear regression was used to analyse the relationships between the variables, and the Baron and Kenny test was used to assess if self-efficacy mediated the relationship between family social support and hypertension self-care behaviours.

Results: Respondents (N = 158) from the Jizan and Al-Sharqia regions of Saudi Arabia completed the survey. Family social support and self-efficacy were significantly associated with hypertension self-care behaviours. In regression, self-efficacy was the only variable significantly associated with hypertension self-care behaviours. Self-efficacy fully mediated the relationship between family social support and hypertension self-care behaviours.

Conclusions: Interventions to enhance hypertension self-care behaviours among Saudi men could focus on increasing individual's self-confidence to perform specific healthy behaviours. Family support can also contribute to the performance of hypertension self-care behaviours.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijn.12785DOI Listing
December 2019
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