Publications by authors named "Geraldo G S Oliveira"

13 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Collectins and galectins in the abomasum of goats susceptible and resistant to gastrointestinal nematode infection.

Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports 2018 05 19;12:99-105. Epub 2017 Dec 19.

Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Biology, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, BA, Brazil.

Originally described in cattle, conglutinin belongs to the collectin family and is involved in innate immune defense. It is thought that conglutinin provides the first line of defense by maintaining a symbiotic relationship with the microbes in the rumen while inhibiting inflammatory reactions caused by antibodies leaking into the bloodstream. Due to the lack of information on the similar lectins and sequence detection in goats, we characterized the goat conglutinin gene using RACE and evaluated the differences in its gene expression profile, as well as in the gene expression profiles for surfactant protein A, galectins 14 and 11, interleukin 4 and interferon-gamma in goats. We used Saanen and Anglo Nubian F2 crossbred goats monitored over a period of four months and characterized them as resistant (R) or susceptible (S) based on the average values of EPG counts. Goat conglutinin was similar to bovine conglutinin, but its gene expression varied among different tissues. However, as with bovine conglutinin, it was most highly expressed in the liver. Variation in conglutinin (R=24.3±3.9; S=23.5±2.6, p=0.059), protein surfactant A (R=23.8±5.2, S=24.4±2.3, p=0.16), galectin 14 (R=15.9±3.5, S=14.7±6.2, p=0.49) and galectin l1 gene expression (R=25.4±2.6, S=25.8±3.7, p=0.53) was not significant between groups. However, there were weak correlations between interleukin 4 and the protein surfactant A gene (r=0.459, p=0.02) and between interleukin 4 and galectin 11 (r=0.498, p=0.01). Strong correlation between interferon-gamma and galectin 14 (r=0.744, p=0.00) was observed. Galectin 14 was negatively correlated with the number of nematodes in the goat (r=-0.416, p=0.04) as well as the EPG count (r=-0.408, p=0.04). This is the first study to date that identifies the gene expression of conglutinin, surfactant protein A and galectins 14 and 11 in the goat abomasum. In conclusion, we present evidence that lectin is involved in the immune response to gastrointestinal nematodes, which suggests that collectins and galectins are involved in the molecular recognition of helminths.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vprsr.2017.12.001DOI Listing
May 2018

The sickle cell trait and end stage renal disease in Salvador, Brazil.

PLoS One 2018 17;13(12):e0209036. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Instituto Gonçalo Moniz-FIOCRUZ-Bahia, Salvador, Brazil.

Background: Carriers of the sickle cell trait (HbAS) usually remain asymptomatic. However, under conditions of low tissue oxygenation, red blood cell sickling and vascular obstruction may develop. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) can arise from conditions promoting low-oxygen in kidney tissue, which may be aggravated by the presence of the sickle cell trait. In addition, CKD can arise from other genetic traits.

Aim: To compare the frequency of HbAS among hemodialysis patients and the general newborn population of Salvador (Bahia-Brazil), as well as to investigate the frequencies of apolipoprotein L1 risk variants in patients undergoing hemodialysis.

Methods: A cross-sectional study included 306 patients with ESRD (End Stage Renal Disease) on hemodialysis for no more than three years. Hemoglobin profiles were characterized by high-performance liquid chromatography. To estimate the sickle cell trait frequency in the general population of Salvador, we analyzed data collected by a local neonatal screening program between 2011 and 2016. To exclude the potential contributing effect of the apolipoprotein L1 (APOL1) gene variants, we performed genotyping by PCR and DNA sequencing of 45 patients.

Results: The frequency of HbAS was significantly higher in hemodialysis patients (9.8%) than in the general population (4.6%): Odds Ratio = 2.32 (95% CI = 1.59-3.38). No differences in demographic, clinical or laboratory data were found among patients with or without the sickle cell trait. The frequency of patients with none, one or two APOL1 risk haplotypes (G1 and G2) for CKD were 80%, 18% and 2%, respectively.

Conclusions: The frequency of the sickle cell trait is higher in patients with ESRD on hemodialysis compared to the general population. APOL1 haplotypes do not seem to be the determinant of ESRD in these patients.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0209036PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6296547PMC
May 2019

Evaluation of a new set of recombinant antigens for the serological diagnosis of human and canine visceral leishmaniasis.

PLoS One 2017 28;12(9):e0184867. Epub 2017 Sep 28.

Centro de Pesquisas Aggeu Magalhães, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz-Pernambuco), Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.

Current strategies for the control of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (VL) rely on its efficient diagnosis in both human and canine hosts. The most promising and cost effective approach is based on serologic assays with recombinant proteins. However, no single antigen has been found so far which can be effectively used to detect the disease in both dogs and humans. In previous works, we identified Leishmania infantum antigens with potential for the serodiagnosis of VL. Here, we aimed to expand the panel of the available antigens for VL diagnosis through another screening of a genomic expression library. Seven different protein-coding gene fragments were identified, five of which encoding proteins which have not been previously studied in Leishmania and rich in repetitive motifs. Poly-histidine tagged polypeptides were generated from six genes and evaluated for their potential for diagnosis of VL by ELISA (Enzyme Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay) with sera from infected humans and dogs. None of those was valid for the detection of human VL (26-52% sensitivity) although their performance was increased in the canine sera (48-91% sensitivity), with one polypeptide useful for the diagnosis of canine leishmaniasis. Next, we assayed a mixture of three antigens, found to be best for human or canine VL, among 13 identified through different screenings. This "Mix" resulted in similar levels of sensitivity for both human (84%) and canine (88%) sera. With improvements, this validates the use of multiple proteins, including antigens identified here, as components of a single system for the diagnosis of both forms of leishmaniasis.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0184867PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5619722PMC
October 2017

Disruption of Splenic Lymphoid Tissue and Plasmacytosis in Canine Visceral Leishmaniasis: Changes in Homing and Survival of Plasma Cells.

PLoS One 2016 31;11(5):e0156733. Epub 2016 May 31.

Fundação Oswaldo Cruz - BA, Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz, Salvador, BA, Brazil.

Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a disease caused by Leishmania infantum, which is transmitted by phlebotomine sandflies. Dogs are the main urban reservoir of this parasite and the disease presents similar characteristics in both humans and dogs. In this paper, we investigated the potential pathways involved in plasma cell replacement of normal cell populations in the spleen, with respect to disease severity in dogs from an endemic area for visceral leishmaniasis. To this end, canine spleen samples were grouped into three categories: TYPE1SC- (non-infected dogs or without active infection with organized white pulp), TYPE1SC+ (infected dogs with organized white pulp) or TYPE3SC+ (infected animals with disorganized white pulp). We analyzed the distribution of different plasma cell isotypes (IgA, IgG and IgM) in the spleen. The expression of cytokines and chemokines involved in plasma cell homing and survival were assessed by real time RT-PCR. Polyclonal B cell activation and hypergammaglobulinemia were also evaluated. The proportion of animals with moderate or intense plasmacytosis was higher in the TYPE3SC+ group than in the other groups (Fisher test, P<0.05). This was mainly due to a higher density of IgG+ plasma cells in the red pulp of this group. The albumin/globulin ratio was lower in the TYPE3SC+ animals than in the TYPE1SC- or TYPE1SC+ animals, which evidences VL-associated dysproteinemia. Interestingly, TYPE3SC+ animals showed increased expression of the BAFF and APRIL cytokines, as well as chemokine CXCL12. Aberrant expression of BAFF, APRIL and CXCL12, together with amplified extrafollicular B cell activation, lead to plasma cell homing and the extended survival of these cells in the splenic red pulp compartment. These changes in the distribution of immunocompetent cells in the spleen may contribute to the progression of VL, and impair the spleen's ability to protect against blood borne pathogens.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0156733PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4887081PMC
July 2017

Temporal distribution of positive results of tests for detecting Leishmania infection in stray dogs of an endemic area of visceral leishmaniasis in the Brazilian tropics: a 13 years survey and association with human disease.

Vet Parasitol 2012 Dec 26;190(3-4):591-4. Epub 2012 Jun 26.

Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz, Rua Waldemar Falcão 121, Candeal, Salvador 40-296-710, BA, Brazil.

Human visceral leishmaniasis occurs in periodic waves in endemic areas of Brazil. In this study we followed the prevalence of human visceral leishmaniasis and of Leishmania infantum infection in stray dogs of an endemic area of visceral leishmaniasis at periods of time between 1997 and 2010. Prevalence of human visceral leishmaniasis had two peaks (40 cases) in 1997 and 2006 with sharp declines to 2 cases in 2001 and to 5 cases in 2008. Similar fluctuations were also observed in the occurrence of positive spleen culture and anti-Leishmania serology in dogs, although the proportion of dogs with active spleen parasitism remained relatively high even in the periods of low prevalence of human disease. These observations support the notion that stray dogs may constitute a renewable source of parasites, capable of sustaining the persistence of the infection in urban areas, even in periods of low transmission by phlebotomines.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2012.06.025DOI Listing
December 2012

Characterization of novel Leishmania infantum recombinant proteins encoded by genes from five families with distinct capacities for serodiagnosis of canine and human visceral leishmaniasis.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2011 Dec;85(6):1025-34

Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil.

To expand the available panel of recombinant proteins that can be useful for identifying Leishmania-infected dogs and for diagnosing human visceral leishmaniasis (VL), we selected recombinant antigens from L. infantum, cDNA, and genomic libraries by using pools of serum samples from infected dogs and humans. The selected DNA fragments encoded homologs of a cytoplasmic heat-shock protein 70, a kinesin, a polyubiquitin, and two novel hypothetical proteins. Histidine-tagged recombinant proteins were produced after subcloning these DNA fragments and evaluated by using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays with panels of canine and human serum samples. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays with different recombinant proteins had different sensitivities (67.4-93.0% and 36.4-97.2%) and specificities (76.1-100% and 90.4-97.3%) when tested with serum samples from Leishmania-infected dogs and human patients with VL. Overall, no single recombinant antigen was sufficient to serodiagnosis all canine or human VL cases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2011.11-0102DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3225146PMC
December 2011

A piezoelectric immunosensor for Leishmania chagasi antibodies in canine serum.

Anal Bioanal Chem 2011 Aug 14;401(3):917-25. Epub 2011 Jun 14.

Laboratório de Engenharia Biomédica, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Av. Prof. Moraes Rego, 1235-Cidade Universitária, Recife, Pernambuco 50670-901, Brazil.

The American visceral leishmaniasis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in Brazil for both humans and dogs. Attempts to make a diagnosis of this disease need to be improved, especially in endemic areas, and in the tracking and screening of asymptomatic dogs, which are their main host in urban areas. A quartz crystal microbalance immunosensor for the diagnosis of the canine visceral leishmaniasis using a recombinant antigen of Leishmania chagasi (rLci2B-NH6) was developed. The rLci2B-NH6 was tightly immobilized on a quartz crystal gold electrode by self-assembled monolayer based on short-chain length thiol. The strategy was the use of the antigen-histidine tail covalently linked to glutaraldehyde performing a Schift base which permits a major exposure of epitopes and a reduced steric hindrance. The immunosensor showed good results regarding sensitivity and reproducibility, being able to distinguish positive and negative canine serum for L. chagasi. Furthermore, the immunosensor can be reused through exposure to sodium dodecyl sulfate solution, which promotes the dissociation of antigen-antibody binding, restoring the sensor surface with immobilized biologically active antigens for further analysis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00216-011-5136-7DOI Listing
August 2011

Activity of physalin F in a collagen-induced arthritis model.

J Nat Prod 2010 Aug;73(8):1323-6

Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Salvador, BA, Brazil.

The effects of physalin F (1), a steroid derivative purified from Physalis angulata, were investigated in models of collagen-induced arthritis in DBA/1 mice and allergic airway inflammation in BALB/c mice. Oral treatment with 1 or dexamethasone caused a marked decrease in paw edema and joint inflammation when compared to vehicle-treated arthritic mice. In contrast, treatment with 1 had no effect in mice with allergic airway inflammation caused by ovalbumin immunization, whereas dexamethasone significantly reduced the number of inflammatory cells and eosinophils in the broncoalveolar lavage fluid and in lung sections of challenged mice. To further demonstrate that 1 acts through a mechanism different from that of glucocorticoids, a nuclear translocation assay was performed of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) using COS-7 cells transfected with a plasmid encoding for a yellow fluorescent protein (YFP)-GR fusion protein. Untreated or treated cells with 1 had YFP staining mainly in the cytoplasm, whereas in dexamethasone-treated cells the YFP staining was concentrated in the nuclei. It is concluded that the mechanism of the immunosuppressive activity of physalin F is distinct from that of the glucocorticoids.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/np900691wDOI Listing
August 2010

A strategy for identifying serodiagnostically relevant antigens of Leishmania or other pathogens in genetic libraries.

Biologicals 2007 Mar 31;35(1):51-4. Epub 2006 Mar 31.

Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rua Valdemar Falcão 121, 40295-001, Salvador, Brazil.

Different individuals, when infected with the same parasite, rarely produce antibodies against the same set of antigens. Indeed, unless a particular antigen happens to be recognized by antibodies in all individuals, the use of a single antigen in the serodiagnosis of parasitic diseases leads, invariably, to false-negative results. A straightforward method for pin-pointing, in genetic libraries, the precise antigens that would increase serodiagnostic assay sensitivities is presented. The method is based on the utilization of sera that produced false-negative results against previously available antigens. Employing this false-negative serum-selection methodology for the identification of new Leishmania infantum recombinant antigens (rAgs), the sensitivity of a dipstick assay for anti-Leishmania antibodies in a panel of sera from patients with visceral leishmaniasis was increased from 83.3% to 98.1%, without affecting its specificity, by the inclusion of a fifth and a sixth L. infantum rAg.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biologicals.2006.01.005DOI Listing
March 2007

Montenegro's skin reactions and antibodies against different Leishmania species in dogs from a visceral leishmaniosis endemic area.

Vet Parasitol 2006 Jun 29;139(1-3):21-8. Epub 2006 Mar 29.

Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz-Fiocruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rua Waldemar Falcão 121, 40295-001 Salvador (BA), Brazil.

In this study, humoral (circulating anti-Leishmania antibodies) and cellular (Montenegro's skin test) immune responses of dogs from an endemic area of visceral leishmaniosis were tested using Leishmania chagasi, Leishmania amazonensis and Leishmania braziliensis antigens. The antibody response was tested in three animal groups, selected according to their anti-L. chagasi antibody activity, as measured by ELISA in the serum: 19 negative (O.D. below 0.30), seven with undefined (O.D. between 0.40 and 0.70) and 12 positive (O.D. above 1.0) ELISA result. In the group of animals with positive ELISA, the antibody activity against L. chagasi antigens (mean O.D.=1.31) was significantly higher (ANOVA, P<0.01) than against L. amazonensis (mean O.D.=0.88) or L. braziliensis (mean O.D.=0.87) antigens. The Montenegro's skin test results obtained with L. chagasi and L. braziliensis antigens showed a fair agreement (kappa=0.309). The same was observed when antigens from L. braziliensis and L. amazonensis were compared (kappa=0.374), whereas a moderate agreement between the results from tests performed with L. chagasi and L. amazonensis antigens was observed (kappa=0.530). The induration areas obtained with L. braziliensis antigen were smaller than those obtained with the other antigens. The data presented herein indicate that the use of antigens from different Leishmania species may interfere with the results of the immunological tests performed in dogs in an endemic area of visceral leishmaniosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2006.02.033DOI Listing
June 2006

A follow-up of Beagle dogs intradermally infected with Leishmania chagasi in the presence or absence of sand fly saliva.

Vet Parasitol 2003 May;114(2):97-111

Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rua Waldemar Falcão 121, 40295-001 Salvador, BA, Brazil.

In this study, we compare the development of infection and/or disease in Beagle dogs intradermally infected with Leishmania chagasi, in the presence or absence of Lutzomyia longipalpis saliva, with those of intravenously infected animals. Spleen samples of all the animals inoculated with parasites had positive polymerase chain reaction tests for Leishmania DNA. Positive spleen cultures for Leishmania were detected earlier (P < or = 0.018) and were more frequent (five out of the five animals) in intravenously infected animals than in the intradermally infected animals, in presence (two out of the six animals) or absence (three out of the five animals) of salivary gland lysate of L. longipalpis. Significant increase in serum antibodies against Leishmania was observed only in the intravenously infected group (P = 0.004). In addition, dogs with infection confirmed by isolation of amastigotes or detection of parasite DNA were, nevertheless, negative for anti-Leishmania antibodies up to 5 months or more after infection. Only animals of the intravenously infected group developed progressive decreases in hematocrit (Pearson r = -0.8076, P = -0.0026) and hemoglobin (Pearson r = -0.8403, P = 0.0012) during the infection period. No significant difference in the course of infection was observed between groups of intradermally infected animals. The data presented herein confirms that the intradermal inoculation of dogs with Leishmania produces an asymptomatic form of infection. It also fails to show an advantage in using L. longipalpis saliva as an infection-enhancing agent in experimental canine leishmaniasis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0304-4017(03)00132-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7126804PMC
May 2003

Experimental chronic Chagas' disease myocarditis is an autoimmune disease preventable by induction of immunological tolerance to myocardial antigens.

J Autoimmun 2002 Mar;18(2):131-8

Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz, Salvador, Brazil.

The protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi causes chronic Chagas' disease myocarditis (CCDM) in infected mammals. The pathogenesis of CCDM, however, is still unclear. Indirect evidence for either parasite- or heart-specific immune responses playing a pathogenic role is available. In this work, the participation of autoimmunity in the development of CCDM is demonstrated in mice in which immunological tolerance to heart antigens was induced or strengthened prior to their infection by T. cruzi. Tolerance was induced by heart antigen administration in the presence of complete Freund's adjuvant and anti-CD4 antibodies. Tolerized mice developed less intense CCDM than control non-tolerized animals that had received only anti-CD4 and adjuvant. This result confirms the important notion that tolerance to self, and in particular to heart antigens, may be reinforced/induced in normal animals, and raises the possibility that analogous interventions may prevent the development of CCDM in millions of T. cruzi -infected human beings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jaut.2001.0574DOI Listing
March 2002
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