Publications by authors named "Georgia Katsou"

2 Publications

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Analysis of 39 cases of xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis with emphasis on CT findings.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2003 ;37(4):342-7

Department of Urology, Evangelismos Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Objective: In this retrospective study a review of the clinical, laboratory and radiologic features of 39 cases of xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is presented. CT characteristics of XGP are analyzed in detail and the relevant literature is reviewed in order to determine the most typical among them.

Material And Methods: Pathologic material from 39 patients suffering from XGP was reviewed in order to confirm the initial diagnosis. Data compiled from the previous history of the patients, clinical, laboratory, urographic and CT findings, preoperative diagnosis, operative findings and postoperative period were analyzed.

Results: Diffuse and focal forms of XGP were recognized in 38 and 1 cases, respectively. Fever, pain in the flank or abdomen, chills and malaise were the commonest symptoms. A non-functioning kidney and/or staghorn calculus were the commonest urographic findings. When available (15 cases), CT revealed multiple fluid-filled cavities in the affected kidney and demonstrated the extension of the disease to the perinephric spaces in all cases. All patients had undergone nephrectomies, which were characterized as difficult in 60% of cases, whereas two patients developed postoperative complications requiring re-exploration.

Conclusions: Nephrectomy for XGP may be followed by severe complications and appropriate patient preparation and operation planning is of great importance. CT is considered the imaging technique of choice for diagnosing the disease preoperatively and a plethora of CT characteristics have been described to date. Low-density fluid-filled areas within the renal parenchyma and findings indicating perinephric extension should be considered the most typical CT features of XGP.
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April 2004

Acute appendicitis: effect of increased use of CT on selecting patients earlier.

Radiology 2003 Feb;226(2):521-6

Department of Radiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, 330 Brookline Ave, Boston, MA 02215, USA.

Purpose: To explore the possibility of a relationship between increased use of computed tomography (CT) for diagnosis of appendicitis and increased occurrence of minimal or subtle CT and surgical findings.

Materials And Methods: Two groups, each with 50 consecutive patients who underwent CT before appendectomy in 1997 and 2000, were compared. CT scans and surgery-pathology reports were evaluated on a six-grade scale from normal to abscess or inflammatory mass. The demographics, surgical techniques, hospital stay, and grade distribution for the two groups were compared, and the CT results were correlated with surgical findings.

Results: In 1997, CT was performed in 33% (50 of 152) of patients undergoing appendectomy, as compared with 59% (50 of 85) 3 years later (P <.001). There was excellent correlation between surgical-pathologic and CT grades (weighted kappa, 0.75; P <.001; Spearman rank correlation, 0.83). There was no significant difference in demographics, rate of surgery, or surgical techniques used, but there was a significant decrease in the median surgical-pathologic grades, from 3.0 to 2.5 (P =.05) for all patients and from 3.5 to 2.6 (P =.003) for patients who underwent CT. Similarly, the median CT grade decreased from 4 to 3 (P <.001). Seven patients had subtle CT findings in 1997 compared with 16 in 2000 (P =.004), and there was a significant decrease in mean hospital stay, from 2.8 days +/- 4 (SD) to 1.5 days +/- 2 (P =.008).

Conclusion: With increased CT use, there were less severe imaging findings, including absence of periappendiceal stranding, and a significant decrease in surgical-pathologic severity of appendiceal disease and hospital stay.
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February 2003