Publications by authors named "Georgi K Georgiev"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

L3 rootlet recurrent melanocytic schwannoma - case report and literature review.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2021 Jun;63(3):448-456

Military Medical Academy, Sofia, Bulgaria.

First described by Miller in 1932, melanocytic schwannoma (MS) (melanotic schwannoma, pigmented schwannoma) is a rare variation of peripheral nerve sheet tumours with ectodermal origin occurring predominantly in somatic, but also in the autonomic peripheral system with around two hundred cases in the literature. Predominantly benign tumours, MS are still imaging and pathological challenge and can be easily misdiagnosed with more aggressive peripheral nerve tumours.We report a case of melanocytic schwannoma on L3 sensory rootlet with systematic literature review of nearly 200 cases presented in intracranial, paraspinal region, thoracic, abdominal or pelvic cavities and skin. Two-thirds of cases are part of Carney complex.We present a case of a 61-year-old male with a 3-month history of low back pain, progressive numbness and stiffness in the right thigh, shin and knee, tibial and peroneal paresis causing gait disturbance and neurological claudication. MRI findings present "sand clock" type intradural extramedullary tumour formation with extension to the L3 rootlet through right L3-L4 foramen, hypointense on T2 and hyperintense on T1. Pathological diagnosis of sporadic type melanocytic schwannoma was made via immunohistological and ultrastructural analysis. Thirteen months after total resection there was clinical and MRI evidence of recurrence of the tumour. Total resection and radiosurgery was performed with a recurrence free period of 14 months.A gold standard for melanocytic schwannoma treatment is gross total surgical resection. Despite being considered benign tumours, MS have a local or metastatic recurrence of around 13%. MRI imaging in most of the cases is insufficient and only exhaustive pathological and immunohistological examination is the key to diagnosis. Need of postoperative radiation therapy is still controversial. For the first time, a criterion for postoperative adjuvant therapy was established.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
June 2021

Comparative Evaluation of the Diagnostic Value of Procalcitonin and hsCRP for the Presence of Mild-to-Moderate Diabetic Foot Infections.

Int J Low Extrem Wounds 2021 Apr 28:15347346211011849. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

159238Medical University of Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria.

The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of procalcitonin (PCT) and high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) as diagnostic biomarkers in patients with diabetes and mild-to-moderate diabetic foot infections. A total of 119 patients (102 with type 2 diabetes and 17 with type 1 diabetes), of mean age 60.29 ± 10.05 years, divided into 3 groups-diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) with active infection (IDFU group, n = 41), DFU without clinical signs of infection (non-IDFU group, n = 35), and a control group with diabetes without DFU (n = 43). Infection severity was graded according to the International Working Group on the Diabetic Foot guideline-non-IDFU group as Grade 1, IDFU group as Grade 2 (n = 22), and Grade 3 (n = 19). Serum hsCRP was assessed by the immunoturbidimetric method and PCT by the enzyme chemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA) method. Levels of white blood cells (WBC) were assessed using the Medonic hematology analyzer and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) by the Westergren method. Serum hsCRP, WBC count, and ESR were significantly higher in the IDFU group as compared to non-IDFU and control groups, whereas PCT levels did not differ between the groups. hsCRP presented with higher sensitivity (80%), specificity (79%), area under the curve (AUC) 0.856, in comparison to PCT (sensitivity 63%, specificity 62%, AUC 0.617) for the presence of IDFU, as well as in the Grade 3 subgroup (84% sensitivity and specificity, AUC 0.911). The combined model of both markers did not present with better accuracy than using hsCRP alone. In conclusion, hsCRP appears to be a better diagnostic biomarker than PCT in the diagnosis of moderate foot ulcer infection. Both markers fail to distinguish mild infection.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
April 2021

Reconstruction of the transmission history of RNA virus outbreaks using full genome sequences: foot-and-mouth disease virus in Bulgaria in 2011.

PLoS One 2012 30;7(11):e49650. Epub 2012 Nov 30.

Division of Livestock Viral Diseases, The Pirbright Institute, Pirbright, Surrey, United Kingdom.

Improvements to sequencing protocols and the development of computational phylogenetics have opened up opportunities to study the rapid evolution of RNA viruses in real time. In practical terms, these results can be combined with field data in order to reconstruct spatiotemporal scenarios that describe the origin and transmission pathways of viruses during an epidemic. In the case of notifiable diseases, such as foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), these analyses provide important insights into the epidemiology of field outbreaks that can support disease control programmes. This study reconstructs the origin and transmission history of the FMD outbreaks which occurred during 2011 in Burgas Province, Bulgaria, a country that had been previously FMD-free-without-vaccination since 1996. Nineteen full genome sequences (FGS) of FMD virus (FMDV) were generated and analysed, including eight representative viruses from all of the virus-positive outbreaks of the disease in the country and 11 closely-related contemporary viruses from countries in the region where FMD is endemic (Turkey and Israel). All Bulgarian sequences shared a single putative common ancestor which was closely related to the index case identified in wild boar. The closest relative from outside of Bulgaria was a FMDV collected during 2010 in Bursa (Anatolia, Turkey). Within Bulgaria, two discrete genetic clusters were detected that corresponded to two episodes of outbreaks that occurred during January and March-April 2011. The number of nucleotide substitutions that were present between, and within, these separate clusters provided evidence that undetected FMDV infection had occurred. These conclusions are supported by laboratory data that subsequently identified three additional FMDV-infected livestock premises by serosurveillance, as well as a number of antibody positive wild boar on both sides of the border with Turkish Thrace. This study highlights how FGS analysis can be used as an effective on-the-spot tool to support and help direct epidemiological investigations of field outbreaks.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

May 2013