Publications by authors named "George J Vlachojannis"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Provisional Stenting for the Treatment of Bifurcation Lesions: In Vitro Insights.

J Cardiovasc Transl Res 2021 08 6;14(4):595-597. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

National Heart Research Institute Singapore, National Heart Centre Singapore, 5 Hospital Drive, Singapore, 169609, Singapore.

Provisional stenting is considered the gold standard approach for most bifurcation lesions, but the benefit of routine side branch (SB) strut dilatation has not been fully elucidated. A benchtop model was used to determine the benefits of routine side branch (SB) dilatation techniques on strut apposition, acute thrombogenicity, and flow disruption. Three different provisional bifurcation techniques were compared: no SB dilatation "keep it open" method (KIO), sequential balloon dilatation (SBD), and kissing balloon inflation (KBI). Stents were deployed in a silicon bifurcation model and perfused with blood at a flow rate of 200 ml/min for 60 min. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) pullbacks were obtained before and after flow perfusion to conduct strut analysis and acute thrombus measurement respectively. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models were created using OCT pullbacks and simulated based on experimental conditions to analyze flow disruption. The strut analysis showed that KBI had the lowest percentage of floating (10.6 ± 2.3%) (p = 0.0004) and malapposed (41.2 ± 8.5%) struts (p = 0.59), followed by SBD and then KIO. This correlated to KBI having the lowest amount of thrombus formed at the SB, followed by SBD, with KIO being the most thrombogenic (KBI: 0.84 ± 0.22mm, SBD: 1.17 ± 0.25mm, KIO: 1.31 ± 0.36mm, p = 0.18). CFD models also predicted a similar trend, with KBI having the lowest amount of area of high shear rate as well as flow recirculation. Based on this benchtop model, SB intervention strategies demonstrated a reduction in number of struts and resulting thrombogenicity at the bifurcation ostia. Graphical abstract.
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August 2021

Coronary Angiography After Cardiac Arrest Without ST Segment Elevation: One-Year Outcomes of the COACT Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Cardiol 2020 Dec;5(12):1358-1365

Department of Cardiology, Scheper Hospital, Emmen, the Netherlands.

Importance: Ischemic heart disease is a common cause of cardiac arrest. However, randomized data on long-term clinical outcomes of immediate coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients successfully resuscitated from cardiac arrest in the absence of ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are lacking.

Objective: To determine whether immediate coronary angiography improves clinical outcomes at 1 year in patients after cardiac arrest without signs of STEMI, compared with a delayed coronary angiography strategy.

Design, Setting, And Participants: A prespecified analysis of a multicenter, open-label, randomized clinical trial evaluated 552 patients who were enrolled in 19 Dutch centers between January 8, 2015, and July 17, 2018. The study included patients who experienced out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with a shockable rhythm who were successfully resuscitated without signs of STEMI. Follow-up was performed at 1 year. Data were analyzed, using the intention-to-treat principle, between August 29 and October 10, 2019.

Interventions: Immediate coronary angiography and PCI if indicated or coronary angiography and PCI if indicated, delayed until after neurologic recovery.

Main Outcomes And Measures: Survival, myocardial infarction, revascularization, implantable cardiac defibrillator shock, quality of life, hospitalization for heart failure, and the composite of death or myocardial infarction or revascularization after 1 year.

Results: At 1 year, data on 522 of 552 patients (94.6%) were available for analysis. Of these patients, 413 were men (79.1%); mean (SD) age was 65.4 (12.3) years. A total of 162 of 264 patients (61.4%) in the immediate angiography group and 165 of 258 patients (64.0%) in the delayed angiography group were alive (odds ratio, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.63-1.28). The composite end point of death, myocardial infarction, or repeated revascularization since the index hospitalization was met in 112 patients (42.9%) in the immediate group and 104 patients (40.6%) in the delayed group (odds ratio, 1.10; 95% CI, 0.77-1.56). No significant differences between the groups were observed for the other outcomes at 1-year follow-up. For example, the rate of ICD shocks was 20.4% in the immediate group and 16.2% in the delayed group (odds ratio, 1.32; 95% CI, 0.66-2.64).

Conclusions And Relevance: In this trial of patients successfully resuscitated after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and without signs of STEMI, a strategy of immediate angiography was not found to be superior to a strategy of delayed angiography with respect to clinical outcomes at 1 year. Coronary angiography in this patient group can therefore be delayed until after neurologic recovery without affecting outcomes.

Trial Registration: Identifier: NTR4973.
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December 2020