Publications by authors named "George Chakhava"

4 Publications

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Effects of Intravenous Eptinezumab vs Placebo on Headache Pain and Most Bothersome Symptom When Initiated During a Migraine Attack: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA 2021 06;325(23):2348-2356

Lundbeck La Jolla Research Center, San Diego, California.

Importance: Intravenous eptinezumab, an anti-calcitonin gene-related peptide antibody, is approved for migraine prevention in adults. It has established onset of preventive efficacy on day 1 after infusion.

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of and adverse events related to eptinezumab when initiated during a migraine attack.

Design, Setting, And Participants: Phase 3, multicenter, parallel-group, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial conducted from November 4, 2019, to July 8, 2020, at 47 sites in the United States and the country of Georgia. Participants (aged 18-75 years) with a greater than 1-year history of migraine and migraine on 4 to 15 days per month in the 3 months prior to screening were treated during a moderate to severe migraine attack.

Interventions: Eptinezumab, 100 mg (n = 238), or placebo (n = 242), administered intravenously within 1 to 6 hours of onset of a qualifying moderate to severe migraine.

Main Outcomes And Measures: Co-primary efficacy end points were time to headache pain freedom and time to absence of most bothersome symptom (nausea, photophobia, or phonophobia). Key secondary end points were headache pain freedom and absence of most bothersome symptom at 2 hours after start of infusion. Additional secondary end points were headache pain freedom and absence of most bothersome symptom at 4 hours and use of rescue medication within 24 hours.

Results: Of 480 randomized and treated patients (mean age, 44 years; 84% female), 476 completed the study. Patients treated with eptinezumab vs placebo, respectively, achieved statistically significantly faster headache pain freedom (median, 4 hours vs 9 hours; hazard ratio, 1.54 [P < .001]) and absence of most bothersome symptom (median, 2 hours vs 3 hours; hazard ratio, 1.75 [P < .001]). At 2 hours after infusion, in the respective eptinezumab and placebo groups, headache pain freedom was achieved by 23.5% and 12.0% (between-group difference, 11.6% [95% CI, 4.78%-18.31%]; odds ratio, 2.27 [95% CI, 1.39-3.72]; P < .001) and absence of most bothersome symptom by 55.5% and 35.8% (between-group difference, 19.6% [95% CI, 10.87%-28.39%]; odds ratio, 2.25 [95% CI, 1.55-3.25]; P < .001). Results remained statistically significant at 4 hours after infusion. Statistically significantly fewer eptinezumab-treated patients used rescue medication within 24 hours than did placebo patients (31.5% vs 59.9%, respectively; between-group difference, -28.4% [95% CI, -36.95% to -19.86%]; odds ratio, 0.31 [95% CI, 0.21-0.45]; P < .001). Treatment-emergent adverse events occurred in 10.9% of the eptinezumab group and 10.3% of the placebo group; the most common was hypersensitivity (eptinezumab, 2.1%; placebo, 0%). No treatment-emergent serious adverse events occurred.

Conclusions And Relevance: Among patients eligible for preventive migraine therapy experiencing a moderate to severe migraine attack, treatment with intravenous eptinezumab vs placebo shortened time to headache and symptom resolution. Feasibility of administering eptinezumab treatment during a migraine attack and comparison with alternative treatments remain to be established.

Trial Registration: Identifier: NCT04152083.
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June 2021

Eptinezumab for the Prevention of Episodic Migraine: Sustained Effect Through 1 Year of Treatment in the PROMISE-1 Study.

Clin Ther 2020 12 27;42(12):2254-2265.e3. Epub 2020 Nov 27.

Lundbeck Seattle BioPharmaceuticals Inc, Bothell, WA, USA.

Purpose: The Prevention of Migraine via Intravenous ALD403 Safety and Efficacy 1 (PROMISE-1) study was a phase III, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study designed to evaluate the efficacy, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic properties of repeat intravenous (IV) doses of the calcitonin gene-related peptide‒targeted monoclonal antibody eptinezumab (ALD403) for migraine prevention in adults with episodic migraine. Here we present the results of PROMISE-1 through 1 year of treatment (up to 4 doses).

Methods: Patients received up to 4 IV administrations of eptinezumab 30 mg, 100 mg, 300 mg, or placebo every 12 weeks. Patients recorded migraine and headache in an electronic diary daily. Additional assessments, including the patient-reported outcomes, were performed at regularly scheduled clinic visits throughout the 56-week study period.

Findings: A total of 888 adults (mean age, 39.8 years; 84.3% female; 83.8% white) received treatment: eptinezumab 30 mg, n = 219; eptinezumab 100 mg, n = 223; eptinezumab 300 mg, n = 224; and placebo, n = 222. During the primary 12-week study evaluation period, single doses of eptinezumab 100 mg and 300 mg led to significant reductions in mean monthly migraine-days versus placebo, beginning as early as the first day after the initial dose. The reduction in mean monthly migraine-days was maintained throughout the study (100 mg, -3.9, -4.5, -4.7, and -4.5 days; 300 mg, -4.3, -4.8, -5.1, and -5.3 days; and placebo, -3.2, -3.8, -4.0, and -4.0 days during weeks 1-12, 13-24, 25-36, and 37-48, respectively). Overall, the number of patients with a ≥50% or ≥75% reduction in migraine for each 12-week interval during the entire study was consistently numerically higher in the eptinezumab groups than in the placebo group. The proportions of patients with ≥50% reduction in migraine were similar across the eptinezumab groups. Eptinezumab was well tolerated throughout the study. Adverse events were similar across dosing periods, and there were no serious tolerability signals identified with continued dosing.

Implications: IV eptinezumab administered every 12 weeks for up to 4 doses was associated with early and sustained migraine-preventive effects and a favorable safety profile in adults with episodic migraine. identifier: NCT02559895.
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December 2020