Publications by authors named "Geneviève Ameye"

21 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The CADM1 tumor suppressor gene is a major candidate gene in MDS with deletion of the long arm of chromosome 11.

Blood Adv 2021 Oct 12. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Belgian Cancer Registry, Brussels, Belgium.

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) represent a heterogeneous group of clonal hematopoietic stem-cell disorders characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis leading to peripheral cytopenias and in a substantial proportion of cases to acute myeloid leukemia. The deletion of the long arm of chromosome 11, del(11q), is a rare but recurrent clonal event in MDS. Here, we detail the largest series of 113 cases of MDS and myelodysplastic syndromes/myeloproliferative neoplasms (MDS/MPN) harboring a del(11q) analyzed at clinical, cytological, cytogenetic and molecular levels. Female predominance, a survival prognosis similar to other MDS, a low monocyte count and dysmegakaryopoiesis were the specific clinical and cytological features of del(11q) MDS. In most cases, del(11q) was isolated, primary and interstitial encompassing the 11q22-23 region containing ATM, KMT2A and CBL genes. The common deleted region at 11q23.2 is centered on an intergenic region between CADM1 (also known as TSLC1, Tumour Suppressor in Lung Cancer 1) and NXPE2. CADM1 was expressed in all myeloid cells analyzed in contrast to NXPE2. At the functional level, the deletion of Cadm1 in murine Lineage-Sca1+Kit+ cells modifies the lymphoid to myeloid ratio in bone marrow although not altering their multi-lineage hematopoietic reconstitution potential after syngenic transplantation. Together with the frequent simultaneous deletions of KMT2A, ATM and CBL and mutations of ASXL1, SF3B1 and CBL, we show that CADM1 may be important in the physiopathology of the del(11q) MDS, extending its role as tumor-suppressor gene from solid tumors to hematopoietic malignancies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/bloodadvances.2021005311DOI Listing
October 2021

Ultra-low depth sequencing of plasma cell DNA for the detection of copy number aberrations in multiple myeloma.

Genes Chromosomes Cancer 2020 08 5;59(8):465-471. Epub 2020 May 5.

Center for Human Genetics, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Cytogenetic abnormalities are powerful prognostic factors in multiple myeloma (MM) and are routinely analyzed by FISH on bone marrow (BM) plasma cells (PC). Although considered the gold standard, FISH experiments can be laborious and expensive. Therefore, array-CGH (aCGH) has been introduced as an alternative approach for detecting copy number aberrations (CNA), reducing the number of FISH experiments per case and yielding genome-wide information. Currently, next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies offer new perspectives for the diagnostic workup of malignant disorders. In this study, we examined ultra-low depth whole genome sequencing (LDS) as a valid alternative for aCGH for the detection of CNA in BM PC in MM. To this end, BM aspirates obtained in a diagnostic setting from 20 MM cases were analyzed. CD138+ cell-sorted samples were subjected to FISH analysis. DNA was extracted for subsequent aCGH and LDS analysis. CNA were detected by aCGH and LDS in all but one case. Importantly, all CNA identified by parallel first generation aCGH analysis were also detected by LDS, along with six additional CNA in five cases. One of these additional aberrations was in a region of prognostic importance in MM and was confirmed using FISH. However, risk stratification in these particular cases was unaffected. Thus, a perfectly concordant prognostication between array-CGH and LDS was observed. This validates LDS as a novel and cost-efficient tool for the detection of CNA in MM.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/gcc.22848DOI Listing
August 2020

Characterization of two new high-grade B-cell lymphoma cell lines with MYC and BCL2 rearrangements that are suitable for in vitro drug sensitivity studies.

Leuk Lymphoma 2019 04 2;60(4):1043-1052. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

a Cellular Genetics Unit , de Duve Institute, Université Catholique de Louvain , Brussels , Belgium.

High-grade B-cell lymphomas with MYC and BCL2 or BCL6 rearrangements are highly aggressive B-cell lymphomas called double-hit lymphomas (HGBL-DH). They are particularly refractory to standard treatments and carry a poor prognosis. Fragments of resected tumoral lymph nodes from two HGBL-DH patients were put in culture. Continuously proliferating cells were characterized and compared with the original tumors. In both cases, the proliferating cells and the tumor displayed MYC and BCL2 rearrangements. Both cell lines (called LB5848-LYMP and LB5871-LYMP) presented a high proliferation rate and were maintained in culture for more than one year. Upon injection in immunodeficient mice, LB5848-LYMP gave rise to lymphoid tumors. In vitro treatment of these cell lines with a BCL2-inhibitory drug (ABT-199) selectively stopped their proliferation. These new cell lines represent valuable tools for studying HGBL-DH and for the in vitro testing of candidate therapies targeting HGBL-DH. LB5848-LYMP is also suitable for similar experiments in vivo.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10428194.2018.1508663DOI Listing
April 2019

Impact of cytogenetic abnormalities in adults with Ph-negative B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Blood 2017 10 8;130(16):1832-1844. Epub 2017 Aug 8.

Department of Hematology, University Hospital Saint-Louis, AP-HP, University Paris Diderot, Paris, France.

Multiple cytogenetic subgroups have been described in adult Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-negative B-cell precursor (BCP) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), often comprising small numbers of patients. In this study, we aimed to reassess the prognostic value of cytogenetic abnormalities in a large series of 617 adult patients with Ph-negative BCP-ALL (median age, 38 years), treated in the intensified Group for Research on Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (GRAALL)-2003/2005 trials. Combined data from karyotype, DNA index, fluorescence in situ hybridization, and polymerase chain reaction screening for relevant abnormalities were centrally reviewed and were informative in 542 cases (88%), allowing classification in 10 exclusive primary cytogenetic subgroups and in secondary subgroups, including complex and monosomal karyotypes. Prognostic analyses focused on cumulative incidence of failure (including primary refractoriness and relapse), event-free survival, and overall survival. Only 2 subgroups, namely t(4;11)/ and 14q32/ translocations, displayed a significantly worse outcome in this context, still observed after adjustment for age and after censoring patients who received allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) in first remission at SCT time. A worse outcome was also observed in patients with low hypodiploidy/near triploidy, but this was likely related to their higher age and worse tolerance to therapy. The other cytogenetic abnormalities, including complex and monosomal karyotypes, had no prognostic value in these intensive protocols designed for adult patients up to the age of 60 years.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood-2017-05-783852DOI Listing
October 2017

Cytogenetics in the management of multiple myeloma: an update by the Groupe francophone de cytogénétique hématologique (GFCH).

Ann Biol Clin (Paris) 2016 Oct;74(5):588-595

Laboratoire de cytogénétique, Centre de transfusion sanguine, Le Chesnay, France.

Cytogenetics of multiple myeloma has evolved in recent years by the emergence of Interphasic fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) performed on sorted plasma cells detecting abnormalities independently of a proliferative and infiltrative index. Cytogenetic analysis plays a major part in the risk stratification of myeloma diagnosis due to prognostic impact of various cytogenetic abnormalities as well as to the association between emerging therapeutic approaches in MM. Thus, practice guidelines now recommend interphasic FISH or alternative molecular technics as the initial analysis for multiple myeloma. The Groupe francophone de cytogénétique hématologique (GFCH) proposes in this issue an update of managing multiple myeloma cytogenetics.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1684/abc.2016.1178DOI Listing
October 2016

Genetic differences between paediatric and adult Burkitt lymphomas.

Br J Haematol 2016 Apr 16;173(1):137-44. Epub 2016 Feb 16.

Department of Haematology, Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc - Université catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium.

Dysregulation of MYC is the genetic hallmark of Burkitt lymphoma (BL) but it is encountered in other aggressive mature B-cell lymphomas. MYC dysregulation needs other cooperating events for BL development. We aimed to characterize these events and assess the differences between adult and paediatric BLs that may explain the different outcomes in these two populations. We analysed patterns of genetic aberrations in a series of 24 BLs: 11 adults and 13 children. We looked for genomic imbalances (copy number variations), copy-neutral loss of heterozygosity (CN-LOH) and mutations in TP53, CDKN2A, ID3 (exon 1), TCF3 (exon17) and CCND3 (exon 6). Young patients displayed more frequent 13q31.3q32.1 amplification, 7q32q36 gain and 5q23.3 CN-LOH, while 17p13 and 18q21.3 CN-LOH were only detected in adult BLs. ID3 mutations were present in all adult samples, but only in 42% of childhood cases. CCND3 and ID3 double-hit mutations, as well as 18q21 CN-LOH, seemed to be associated with poorer outcome. For the first time, we report different genetic anomalies between adult and paediatric BLs, suggesting age-related heterogeneity in Burkitt lymphomagenesis. This may explain the poorer prognosis of adult BLs. Additional studies are needed to confirm these results in the setting of clinical trials.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjh.13925DOI Listing
April 2016

The peculiar 11q-gain/loss aberration reported in a subset of MYC-negative high-grade B-cell lymphomas can also occur in a MYC-rearranged lymphoma.

Cancer Genet 2016 Mar 15;209(3):117-8. Epub 2015 Dec 15.

Center for Human Genetics, Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc, Université catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium; Human Molecular Genetics (GEHU), de Duve Institute, Université catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cancergen.2015.12.005DOI Listing
March 2016

Overexpression of NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) and genomic gain of the NQO1 locus modulates breast cancer cell sensitivity to quinones.

Life Sci 2016 Jan 10;145:57-65. Epub 2015 Dec 10.

Université catholique de Louvain, Louvain Drug Research Institute, Toxicology and Cancer Biology Research Group, Brussels, Belgium; Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Arturo Prat, Iquique, Chile. Electronic address:

Aims: Alterations in the expression of antioxidant enzymes are associated with changes in cancer cell sensitivity to chemotherapeutic drugs (menadione and β-lapachone). Mechanisms of acquisition of resistance to pro-oxidant drugs were investigated using a model of oxidative stress-resistant MCF-7 breast cancer cells (Resox cells).

Main Methods: FISH experiments were performed in tumor biopsy and breast cancer cells to characterize the pattern of the NQO1 gene. SNP-arrays were conducted to detect chromosomal imbalances. Finally, the importance of NQO1 overexpression in the putative acquisition of either drug resistance or an increased sensitivity to quinones by cancer cells was investigated by immunoblotting and cytotoxicity assays.

Key Findings: Genomic gain of the chromosomal band 16q22 was detected in Resox cells compared to parental breast cancer MCF-7 cells and normal human mammary epithelial 250MK cells. This genomic gain was associated with amplification of the NQO1 gene in one tumor biopsy as well as in breast cancer cell lines. Using different breast cell models, we found that NQO1 overexpression was a main determinant for a potential chemotherapy resistance or an increased sensitivity to quinone-bearing compounds.

Significance: Because NQO1 is frequently modified in tumors at genomic and transcriptomic levels, the impact of NQO1 modulation on breast cancer cell sensitivity places NQO1 as a potential link between cancer redox alterations and resistance to chemotherapy. Thus, the NQO1 gene copy number and NQO1 activity should be considered when quinone-bearing molecules are being utilized as potential drugs against breast tumors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2015.12.017DOI Listing
January 2016

Patterns of genomic aberrations suggest that Burkitt lymphomas with complex karyotype are distinct from other aggressive B-cell lymphomas with MYC rearrangement.

Genes Chromosomes Cancer 2013 Jan 25;52(1):81-92. Epub 2012 Sep 25.

Center for Human Genetics, Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, de Duve Institute, Université catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium.

We previously showed that complex karyotypes (CK) and chromosome 13q abnormalities have an adverse prognostic impact in childhood Burkitt lymphomas/leukemias (BL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL). The aim of our study was to identify recurrent alterations associated with MYC rearrangements in aggressive B-cell lymphomas with CK. Multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization (M-FISH) was performed in 84 patient samples (59 adults and 25 children), including 37 BL (13 lymphomas and 24 acute leukemias), 12 DLBCL, 28 B-cell lymphomas with intermediate features (DLBCL/BL), 4 B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemias (BCP-ALL), and 3 unclassifiable B-cell lymphomas. New (cytogenetically undetected) abnormalities were identified in 80% of patients. We also refined one-third of the chromosomal aberrations detected by karyotyping. M-FISH proved to be more useful in identifying chromosomal partners involved in unbalanced translocations and in revealing greater complexity of 13q rearrangements. Most of the newly identified or refined recurrent alterations involved 1q, 13q and 3q (gains/losses), 7q and 18q (gains), or 6q (losses), suggesting that these secondary aberrations may play a role in lymphomagenesis. Several patterns of genomic aberrations were identified: 1q gains in BL, trisomies 7 in DLBCL, and 18q-translocations in adult non-BL. BCP-ALL usually displayed an 18q21 rearrangement. BL karyotypes were less complex and aneuploid than those of other MYC-rearranged lymphomas. BCP-ALL and DLBCL/BL were associated with a higher rate of early death than BL and DLBCL. These findings support the categorization of DLBCL/BL as a distinct entity and suggest that BL with CK are indeed different from other aggressive MYC-rearranged lymphomas, which usually show greater genetic complexity. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/gcc.22008DOI Listing
January 2013

Report from the European Myeloma Network on interphase FISH in multiple myeloma and related disorders.

Haematologica 2012 Aug 27;97(8):1272-7. Epub 2012 Feb 27.

Wessex Regional Genetics Laboratory, Salisbury District Hospital, Salisbury, UK.

The European Myeloma Network has organized two workshops on fluorescence in situ hybridization in multiple myeloma. The first aimed to identify specific indications and consensus technical approaches of current practice. A second workshop followed a quality control exercise in which 21 laboratories analyzed diagnostic cases of purified plasma cells for recurrent abnormalities. The summary report was discussed at the EHA Myeloma Scientific Working Group Meeting 2010. During the quality control exercise, there was acceptable agreement on more than 1,000 tests. The conclusions from the exercise were that the primary clinical applications for FISH analysis were for newly diagnosed cases of MM or frank relapse cases. A range of technical recommendations included: 1) material should be part of the first draw of the aspirate; 2) samples should be sent at suitable times to allow for the lengthy processing procedure; 3) most importantly, PCs must be purified or specifically identified; 4) positive cut-off levels should be relatively conservative: 10% for fusion or break-apart probes, 20% for numerical abnormalities; 5) informative probes should be combined to best effect; 6) in specialist laboratories, a single experienced analyst is considered adequate; 7) at least 100 PC should be scored; 8) essential abnormalities to test for are t(4;14), t(14;16) and 17p13 deletions; 9) suitable commercial probes should be available for clinically relevant abnormalities; 10) the clinical report should be expressed clearly and must state the percentage of PC involved and the method used for identification; 11) a retrospective European based FISH data bank linked to clinical data should be generated; and 12) prospective analysis should be centralized for upcoming trials based on the recommendations made. The European Myeloma Network aims to build on these recommendations to establish standards for a common European data base to define subgroups with prognostic significance.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3324/haematol.2011.056176DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3409827PMC
August 2012

Characterization of Abcc4 gene amplification in stepwise-selected mouse J774 macrophages resistant to the topoisomerase II inhibitor ciprofloxacin.

PLoS One 2011 5;6(12):e28368. Epub 2011 Dec 5.

Université catholique de Louvain, Louvain Drug Research Institute, Pharmacologie cellulaire et moléculaire, Brussels, Belgium.

Exposure of J774 mouse macrophages to stepwise increasing concentrations of ciprofloxacin, an antibiotic inhibiting bacterial topoisomerases, selects for resistant cells that overexpress the efflux transporter Abcc4 (Marquez et al. [2009] Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 53: 2410-2416), encoded by the Abcc4 gene located on Chromosome 14qE4. In this study, we report the genomic alterations occurring along the selection process. Abcc4 expression progressively increased upon selection rounds, with exponential changes observed between cells exposed to 150 and 200 µM of ciprofloxacin, accompanied by a commensurate decrease in ciprofloxacin accumulation. Molecular cytogenetics experiments showed that this overexpression is linked to Abcc4 gene overrepresentation, grading from a partial trisomy of Chr 14 at the first step of selection (cells exposed to 100 µM ciprofloxacin), to low-level amplifications (around three copies) of Abcc4 locus on 1 or 2 Chr 14 (cells exposed to 150 µM ciprofloxacin), followed by high-level amplification of Abcc4 as homogeneous staining region (hsr), inserted on 3 different derivative Chromosomes (cells exposed to 200 µM ciprofloxacin). In revertant cells obtained after more than 60 passages of culture without drug, the Abcc4 hsr amplification was lost in approx. 70% of the population. These data suggest that exposing cells to sufficient concentrations of an antibiotic with low affinity for eukaryotic topoisomerases can cause major genomic alterations that may lead to the overexpression of the transporter responsible for its efflux. Gene amplification appears therefore as a mechanism of resistance that can be triggered by non-anticancer agents but contribute to cross-resistance, and is partially and slowly reversible.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0028368PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3230599PMC
July 2012

PRDM16 (1p36) translocations define a distinct entity of myeloid malignancies with poor prognosis but may also occur in lymphoid malignancies.

Br J Haematol 2012 Jan 3;156(1):76-88. Epub 2011 Nov 3.

Centre for Human Genetics, Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc, Université catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium.

The PRDM16 (1p36) gene is rearranged in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with t(1;3)(p36;q21), sharing characteristics with AML and MDS with MECOM (3q26.2) translocations. We used fluorescence in situ hybridization to study 39 haematological malignancies with translocations involving PRDM16 to assess the precise breakpoint on 1p36 and the identity of the partner locus. Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed in selected cases in order to confirm the partner locus. PRDM16 expression studies were performed on bone marrow samples of patients, normal controls and CD34(+) cells using TaqMan real-time quantitative PCR. PRDM16 was rearranged with the RPN1 (3q21) locus in 30 cases and with other loci in nine cases. The diagnosis was AML or MDS in most cases, except for two cases of lymphoid proliferation. We identified novel translocation partners of PRDM16, including the transcription factors ETV6 and IKZF1. Translocations involving PRDM16 lead to its overexpression irrespective of the consequence of the rearrangement (fusion gene or promoter swap). Survival data suggest that patients with AML/MDS and PRDM16 translocations have a poor prognosis despite a simple karyotype and a median age of 65 years. There seems to be an over-representation of late-onset therapy-related myeloid malignancies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2141.2011.08918.xDOI Listing
January 2012

Refinement of 1p36 alterations not involving PRDM16 in myeloid and lymphoid malignancies.

PLoS One 2011 21;6(10):e26311. Epub 2011 Oct 21.

Center for Human Genetics, Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium.

Fluorescence in situ hybridization was performed to characterize 81 cases of myeloid and lymphoid malignancies with cytogenetic 1p36 alterations not affecting the PRDM16 locus. In total, three subgroups were identified: balanced translocations (N = 27) and telomeric rearrangements (N = 15), both mainly observed in myeloid disorders; and unbalanced non-telomeric rearrangements (N = 39), mainly observed in lymphoid proliferations and frequently associated with a highly complex karyotype. The 1p36 rearrangement was isolated in 12 cases, mainly myeloid disorders. The breakpoints on 1p36 were more widely distributed than previously reported, but with identifiable rare breakpoint cluster regions, such as the TP73 locus. We also found novel partner loci on 1p36 for the known multi-partner genes HMGA2 and RUNX1. We precised the common terminal 1p36 deletion, which has been suggested to have an adverse prognosis, in B-cell lymphomas [follicular lymphomas and diffuse large B-cell lymphomas with t(14;18)(q32;q21) as well as follicular lymphomas without t(14;18)]. Intrachromosomal telomeric repetitive sequences were detected in at least half the cases of telomeric rearrangements. It is unclear how the latter rearrangements occurred and whether they represent oncogenic events or result from chromosomal instability during oncogenesis.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0026311PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3198844PMC
February 2012

Improved detection of chromosomal abnormalities in chronic lymphocytic leukemia by conventional cytogenetics using CpG oligonucleotide and interleukin-2 stimulation: A Belgian multicentric study.

Genes Chromosomes Cancer 2009 Oct;48(10):843-53

Centrum voor Menselijke Erfelijkheid, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

We performed a multicentric study to assess the impact of two different culture procedures on the detection of chromosomal abnormalities in 217 consecutive unselected cases with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) referred for routine analysis either at the time of diagnosis (n = 172) or during disease evolution (n = 45). Parallel cultures of peripheral blood or bone marrow were set up with the addition of either the conventional B-cell mitogen 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) or a combination of CpG oligonucleotide (CpG) and interleukin-2 (IL-2). Cytogenetic analyses were performed on both cultures. Clonal abnormalities were identified in 116 cases (53%). In 78 cases (36%), the aberrant clone was detected in both cultures. Among these, the percentages of aberrant metaphases were similar in both conditions in 17 cases, higher in the CpG/IL-2 culture in 43 cases, and higher in the TPA culture in 18 cases. Clonal aberrations were detected in only one culture, either in CpG/IL-2 or TPA in 33 (15%) and 5 (2%) cases, respectively. Taken together, abnormal karyotypes were observed in 51% with CpG/IL-2 and 38% with TPA (P < 0.0001). Application of FISH (n = 201) allowed the detection of abnormalities not visible by conventional cytogenetic analysis in 80 cases: del(13q) (n = 71), del(11q) (n = 5), +12 (n = 2), del(14q) (n = 1), and del(17p) (n = 1). In conclusion, our results confirm that CpG/IL-2 stimulation increases the detection rate of chromosomal abnormalities in CLL compared with TPA and that further improvement can be obtained by FISH. However, neither conventional cytogenetics nor FISH detected all aberrations, demonstrating the complementary nature of these techniques.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/gcc.20691DOI Listing
October 2009

A gene expressed exclusively in acute B lymphoblastic leukemias.

Genomics 2004 Jan;83(1):85-94

Laboratoire d'Immunologie des Tumeurs, Institut Paoli-Calmettes, Université de la Méditerranée, Marseille, France.

Representational difference analysis, a cDNA subtraction approach, was used to identify genes that are expressed in acute leukemia but not in normal hematological tissues. We isolated a cDNA fragment from a cell line derived from a B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia bearing two Philadelphia chromosomes. The cDNA derives from an orphan gene that was named BLACE. BLACE is located in region 7q36 and encodes a major 5.3-kb transcript and several alternatively spliced minor transcripts. Significant expression of BLACE was detected by RT-PCR and quantitative RT-PCR in bone marrow samples from B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients. BLACE was not or was scarcely expressed in other types of hematological malignancies, in normal tissues, and in solid tumors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0888-7543(03)00209-xDOI Listing
January 2004

The radioenhancement of two human head and neck squamous cell carcinomas by 2'-2' difluorodeoxycytidine (gemcitabine; dFdC) is mediated by an increase in radiation-induced residual chromosome aberrations but not residual DNA DSBs.

Mutat Res 2003 Jun;527(1-2):15-26

Department of Radiation Oncology, UCL St-Luc University Hospital, Avenue Hippocrate 10, 1200, Brussels, Belgium

Purpose: The present study aimed at investigating if 2'-2' difluorodeoxycytidine (dFdC) radioenhancement was mediated by an effect on induction and/or repair of radiation-induced DNA DSBs and chromosome aberrations in cells with different intrinsic radiosensitivity.

Methods: Confluent human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell lines designated SCC61 and SQD9 were treated with 5 microM dFdC for 3 or 24 h prior to irradiation. DNA DSBs induction and repair were analyzed by PFGE. Radiation-induced chromosome aberrations were examined with a FISH technique.

Results: In both cell lines, dFdC did not modify radiation-induced DNA DSBs in a dose range between 0 and 40 Gy. After a single dose of 40 Gy, dFdC affected neither the kinetic of repair nor the residual amount of DNA DSBs up to 4 h after irradiation. Whereas dFdC did not increase the induction of chromosome aberrations, after a single dose of 5 Gy, the percentage of aberrant cells and the number of aberrations per aberrant cells were significantly higher in combination with dFdC.

Conclusion: Our data suggest that under experimental conditions yielding substantial radioenhancement, dFdC decreases the repair of genomic lesions inducing secondary chromosome breaks but has no effect on DNA DSBs repair as measured by PFGE.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0027-5107(03)00053-8DOI Listing
June 2003
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