Publications by authors named "Gemma Fernánez-García"

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Goals and Challenges in Bacterial Phosphoproteomics.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Nov 13;20(22). Epub 2019 Nov 13.

Área de Microbiología, Departamento de Biología Funcional, IUOPA, ISPA, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Oviedo, 33006 Oviedo, Spain.

Reversible protein phosphorylation at serine, threonine and tyrosine is a well-known dynamic post-translational modification with stunning regulatory and signalling functions in eukaryotes. Shotgun phosphoproteomic analyses revealed that this post-translational modification is dramatically lower in bacteria than in eukaryotes. However, Ser/Thr/Tyr phosphorylation is present in all analysed bacteria (24 eubacteria and 1 archaea). It affects central processes, such as primary and secondary metabolism development, sporulation, pathogenicity, virulence or antibiotic resistance. Twenty-nine phosphoprotein orthologues were systematically identified in bacteria: ribosomal proteins, enzymes from glycolysis and gluconeogenesis, elongation factors, cell division proteins, RNA polymerases, ATP synthases and enzymes from the citrate cycle. While Ser/Thr/Tyr phosphorylation exists in bacteria, there is a consensus that histidine phosphorylation is the most abundant protein phosphorylation in prokaryotes. Unfortunately, histidine shotgun phosphorproteomics is not possible due to the reduced phosphohistidine half-life under the acidic pH conditions used in standard LC-MS/MS analysis. However, considering the fast and continuous advances in LC-MS/MS-based phosphoproteomic methodologies, it is expected that further innovations will allow for the study of His phosphoproteomes and a better coverage of bacterial phosphoproteomes. The characterisation of the biological role of bacterial Ser/Thr/Tyr and His phosphorylations might revolutionise our understanding of prokaryotic physiology.
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November 2019