Publications by authors named "Gelareh Khosravipour"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Mixed-phenotype acute leukemia characteristics: first report from Iran.

Clin Exp Med 2018 Nov 17;18(4):513-521. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Payvand Clinical and Specialty Laboratory, Tehran, Iran.

Mixed-phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) is the infrequent type of acute leukemia characterized by immunophenotypic and/or cytochemical features of both lineages, but the diagnosis of this disease still is a challenge. In this study, we analyzed immunophenotyping, cytochemistry and frequency of MPAL patients to better diagnosis of MPAL characteristics according to WHO 2016 criteria for the first time in Iran. In this retrospective study, 27 patients were diagnosed as MPAL based on WHO 2016 criteria during 2014-2017. Flow cytometric immunophenotyping was performed on PB and BM samples evaluation of different CD marker expressions in MPAL subsets. RT-PCR was performed for the analyses of BCR/ABL1 fusion in MPAL subsets. Among 27 cases, (70.4%) 19 cases were B + My, (22.22%) 6 cases were T + My, and 2 cases (7.40%) were B + T + My. CD34, CD19, HLA-DR, TdT, CD22, iMPO were positive in majority of B + My cases. CD45, iMPO, iCD3, CD7, CD2 and CD5 were positive in majority of T + My cases. HLA-DR, TdT, CD10, CD22, iCD79a, iMPO, CD45, iCD3, CD7, CD3, CD2, CD5 were positive in majority of B + T + My cases. BCR/ABL1 fusion was positive for 3 cases (11.1%) of p190 fusion and 2 cases (7.4%) of p210 fusion in B + My cases. WHO 2016 criteria are the current standard for diagnosing MPAL. Also, evaluation of TdT, CD2, CD5, CD7 expressions by flow cytometry in EGIL criteria is useful for the better diagnosis of MPAL subsets. In addition, evaluation of BCR/ABL1 and MLL rearrangements in patients should be part of standard work-up in MPAL.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10238-018-0520-7DOI Listing
November 2018

PCR Analysis of IgH and TCR-γ Gene Rearrangements as a Confirmatory Diagnostic Tool for Lymphoproliferative Disorders.

Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus 2015 Mar 4;31(1):38-45. Epub 2014 May 4.

Health Research Institute, Research Center of Thalassemia and Hemoglobinopathy, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

This study investigates PCR analysis of immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) and T cell receptor (TCR) gene rearrangements on paraffin-embedded tissue sections and bone marrow aspirates of patients suspected to have lymphoproliferative disorders but with inconclusive diagnosis in histopathological examination. 130 samples of patients with inconclusive immunohistochemistry results were evaluated for clonal rearrangement of IgH and TCR genes. Based on histopathology examination, the patients were divided into three groups: the first group without any definite diagnosis of lymphoproliferative disorders (60 cases, 46.2 %), the second group suspected to have a lymphoproliferative disorder but in favor of benign disorders (19 cases, 14.6 %) and the third group suspect to lymphoproliferative disorders but relatively in favor of malignant disorders (51 cases, 39.2 %). After DNA extraction and quality control, semi-nested PCR was performed using consensus primers for amplification of TCR-γ and CDR-3 regions of IgH genes. PCR products were analyzed after heteroduplex analysis using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and were subject to silver staining. Totally, in over half of the cases (55.4 %), a monoclonal pattern was found in IgH or TCR-γ genes rearrangements. Monoclonal IgH gene rearrangement was detected in 48.1 % of patients, whereas monoclonal TCR-γ gene rearrangement was found in 33.6 % of them, which was not statistically significant (P = 0.008). Only in 32 patients (24.6 %) were the results of TCR-γ and IgH gene rearrangements consistent with respect to the presence (2.3 %) or absence (22.3 %) of monoclonality. Finally, PCR analysis of TCR-γ and IgH gene rearrangements led to definite diagnosis in 105 patients (80.8 %), and only 25 cases (19.2 %) remained inconclusive. Our results emphasize the usefulness of gene rearrangement study in cases without a definite diagnosis in immunohistochemistry studies. Multiple PCR analysis results when combined with patient's clinical course and immunohistochemistry can lead to early diagnosis and subsequent therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12288-014-0387-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4275529PMC
March 2015

Pattern of immunoglobulin and T-cell receptor-δ/γ gene rearrangements in Iranian children with B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Hematology 2014 Jul 3;19(5):259-66. Epub 2014 Jan 3.

Introduction: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells have unique rearranged immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH), immunoglobulin light chain (IgK), and T-cell receptor (TCR) genes, which can be used as markers for clonality assay and evaluation of minimal residual disease. In this study, we have evaluated the pattern of IgH, IgK chains, and TCRG/D gene rearrangements in precursor-B ALL.

Materials And Methods: In our prospective study, hyper-variable regions (CDRI and III) of IgH, TCRD (Vδ2-Dδ3 and Dδ2-Dδ3), TCRG (Vγ, VγI, and VγII), and IgK (Vκ-Kde) were studied in 126 cases with diagnosis of B-precursor ALL.

Results: One hundred and fourteen (90.5%) out of 126 patients had clonal rearrangements of IgH using consensus primers for CDRI and/or CDRIII regions. Monoclonal, biclonal, and oligoclonal patterns were observed in 63 (57.8%), 38 (34.9%), and 6 (5.5%) patients with IgH (CDRIII) rearrangements, respectively. Clonal rearrangements of TCRG (Vγ) and VγI/II were present in 79.3 and 64.9% of patients, respectively, and only 5% of cases showed biclonal pattern. The VγII rearrangement was the most common (46.8%) type in TCRG. Vδ2-Dδ3 and Dδ2-Dδ3 partial gene rearrangements were observed in 47 (45.2%; n = 104) and 11 (16.6%; n = 66) patients, respectively. Biclonal/oligoclonal patterns were present in 13 (27.7%) and 2 (4.3%) cases with Vδ2-Dδ3 rearrangement, respectively. Only one patient had biclonal Dδ2-Dδ3 rearrangement. Clonal pattern of IgK-Kde was detected in 59 cases (67%; n = 88).

Conclusion: Our findings showed that clonal rearrangements of IgH and TCRD (Vδ2-Dδ3 and Dδ2-Dδ3) genes had similar patterns to other studies. Frequency of TCRG (VγI and VγII) and IgK rearrangements was found to be slightly higher than previous reports. Among the IgK rearrangements, VKI (25%) was the most common.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/1607845413Y.0000000126DOI Listing
July 2014