Publications by authors named "Geetha Jonnala"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

RANTES deficiency attenuates autoantibody-induced glomerulonephritis.

J Clin Immunol 2011 Feb 1;31(1):128-35. Epub 2010 Oct 1.

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Mail Code 8884, Y8.212, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75390-8884, USA.

Experimental autoimmune nephritis in mice and spontaneous lupus nephritis are both associated with elevated expression of several chemokines in the kidneys. Nevertheless, the role that different chemokines play in mediating renal inflammation is far from complete. This study focuses on elucidating the functional role of RANTES, a chemokine that has been noted to be hyper-expressed within the kidneys, both in experimental renal disease as well as in spontaneous lupus nephritis. To elucidate if RANTES was essential for immune-mediated glomerulonephritis, DBA/1 mice that are highly sensitive to nephrotoxic serum nephritis were rendered RANTES-deficient and then tested for disease susceptibility. Nephritis-sensitive DBA/1 mice expressed more RANTES within the diseased kidneys. Compared to wild-type DBA/1 mice, RANTES-deficient DBA/1 mice developed significantly less proteinuria, azotemia, and renal inflammation, with reduced crescent formation and tubulo-interstitial nephritis. These findings indicate that RANTES ablation attenuates immune-mediated nephritis and suggest that this chemokine could be a potential therapeutic target in these diseases.
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February 2011

Phase 1, placebo-controlled, dose escalation trial of chicory root extract in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2010 Jul 9;11:156. Epub 2010 Jul 9.

Rheumatic Diseases Division, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.

Background: Extracts of chicory root have anti-inflammatory properties in vitro and in animal models of arthritis. The primary objective of this investigator-initiated, Phase 1, placebo-controlled, double blind, dose-escalating trial was to determine the safety and tolerability of a proprietary bioactive extract of chicory root in patients with osteoarthritis (OA). Secondary objectives were to assess effects on the signs and symptoms of this disorder.

Methods: Individuals greater than 50 years of age with OA of the hip or knee were eligible for trial entry. A total of 40 patients were enrolled in 3 cohorts and were treated with escalating chicory doses of 600 mg/day, 1200 mg/day and 1800 mg/day for 1 month. The ratio of active treatment to placebo was 5:3 in cohorts 1 and 2 (8 patients) each and 16:8 in cohort 3 (24 patients). Safety evaluations included measurement of vital signs and routine lab tests at baseline and the end of the treatment period. Efficacy evaluations at baseline and final visits included self-assessment questionnaires and measurement of the 25-foot walking time.

Results: In the highest dose cohort, 18 patients who completed treatment per protocol were analyzed for efficacy. In this group, 13 patients showed at least 20% improvement in the defined response domains of pain, stiffness and global assessment: 9 of 10 (90%) patients randomized to active treatment with chicory and 4 of 8 (50%) patients randomized to placebo (P = 0.06). In general, the treatment was well-tolerated. Only one patient who was treated with the highest dose of chicory had to discontinue treatment due to an adverse event.

Conclusions: The results of this pilot study suggest that a proprietary bioactive extract of chicory root has a potential role in the management of OA and merits further investigation. identifier: NCT 01010919.
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July 2010

Enhanced susceptibility to immune nephritis in DBA/1 mice is contingent upon IL-1 expression.

Clin Immunol 2007 Jul 17;124(1):49-56. Epub 2007 May 17.

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390-8884, USA.

The DBA/1 mouse strain is particularly sensitive to experimental immune-mediated nephritis. Previous studies have indicated that various chemokines/cytokines are elevated in strains of mice susceptible to immune-mediated glomerulonephritis. One of the many elevated cytokines is IL-1. This study was designed to determine if IL-1 is essential for the development of immune-mediated nephritis in the DBA/1 mouse strain that is particularly sensitive to this disease. Both male and female DBA/1 mice and DBA/1.IL-1R1(-/-) mice were challenged with anti-GBM sera. We then compared DBA/1 mice to DBA/1.IL-1R1(-/-) mice to determine the influence of IL-1 on immune-mediated nephritis. Compared to DBA/1 mice, DBA/1.IL-1R1(-/-) mice excreted significantly less protein post anti-GBM serum challenge. None of the DBA/1.IL-1R1(-/-) mice, male or female, had a BUN higher than 22 mg/dl post-challenge whereas wild-type DBA/1 mice had significantly elevated BUN. Wild-type DBA/1 mice exhibited pronounced glomerulonephritis, with crescent formation, as well as tubulo-interstitial disease compared to DBA/1.IL1R1(-/-) mice. These findings indicate that IL-1 is necessary for the development of nephritis in DBA/1 mice and suggest that the elevated IL-1 levels in these mice may be one reason why the DBA/1 strain is particularly sensitive to multiple end organ diseases.
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July 2007