Publications by authors named "Ge Bian"

3 Publications

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PSMA conjugated combinatorial liposomal formulation encapsulating genistein and plumbagin to induce apoptosis in prostate cancer cells.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2021 Jul 26;203:111723. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Urology, Second Division of The First Hospital of Jilin University, 3302 Jilin Rd, Changchun, 130031, Jilin, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Although the biomedical sciences have achieved tremendous success in developing novel approaches to managing prostate cancer, this disease remains one of the major health concerns among men worldwide. Liposomal formulations of single drugs have shown promising results in cancer treatment; however, the use of multi drugs has shown a better therapeutic index than individual drugs. The identification of cancer-specific receptors has added value to design targeted drug delivering nanocarriers. We have developed genistein and plumbagin co-encapsulating liposomes (∼120 nm) with PSMA specific antibodies to target prostate cancer cells selectively in this work. These liposomes showed >90 % decrease in PSMA expressing prostate cancer cell proliferation without any appreciable toxicity to healthy cells and human red blood cells. Release of plumbagin and genistein was found to decrease the expression of PI3/AKT3 signaling proteins and Glut-1 receptors (inhibited glucose uptake and metabolism), respectively. The decrease in migration potential of cells and induced apoptosis established the observed anti-proliferative effect in prostate cancer cell lines. The discussed strategy of developing novel, non-toxic, and PSMA specific antibody conjugated liposomes carrying genistein and plumbagin drugs may also be used for encapsulating other drugs and inhibit the growth of different types of cancers.
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July 2021

A novel GPCR target in correlation with androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer drug discovery.

Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 2021 Feb 1;128(2):195-203. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

Department of Urology, Second Division of The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, People's Republic of China.

Most prostate carcinomas require androgen stimulation to grow, and for nearly 70 years, androgen ablation therapy has been one of the central therapeutic strategies against advanced prostate cancer. Although most tumours initially respond to this therapy, some will be acquired resistant and progress to metastatic castration-resistant (mCRPC) disease which clinically tends to progress more rapidly than earlier disease manifestations. The underlying molecular biology of mCRPC is highly complex, and numerous mechanisms have been proposed that promote and retain androgen independence. In various clinical and preclinical data explored, the nature of intracellular signalling pathways mediating mitogenic acquired resistant effects of GPCRs in prostate cancer is poorly defined. G-protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) contributes to the modulation of basic cellular functions-such as cell proliferation, survival or motility-and is involved in metabolic homeostasis, inflammation or angiogenic processes. Moreover, altered GRK2 levels are starting to be reported in different tumoural contexts and shown to promote breast tumourigenesis or to trigger the tumoural angiogenic switch. Thus, we are exploring recent findings that present unexpected opportunities to interfere with major tumourigenic signals by manipulating GPCR-mediated pathways.
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February 2021

Variant angina induced by carbon monoxide poisoning: A CARE compliant case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Apr;98(16):e15056

Department of Emergency.

Rationale: Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning can cause severe damage to the nervous system, and can also cause serious damage to organs, such as the heart, kidneys, and lungs. CO damage to myocardial cells has been previously reported. This can lead to serious complications, such as myocardial infarction.

Patient Concerns: A 47-year-old female patient complained of sudden chest pain for 30 minutes. Before admission, the patient had non-radiating burning chest pain after inhalation of soot.

Diagnosis: An electrocardiogram showed that myocardial ischemia was progressively aggravated, manifested by progressive ST-segment elevation, and accompanied by T wave inversion and other changes. No obvious coronary stenosis was observed in a coronary angiographic examination. Therefore, the patient was considered to have developed variant angina resulting from CO poisoning-induced coronary artery spasm.

Interventions: The patient was treated with drugs for improving blood circulation and preventing thrombosis, and underwent hyperbaric oxygen therapy.

Outcomes: Clinical symptoms relieved after the treatment.

Lessons: Findings from this case suggest that CO can cause coronary artery spasm and it is one of the predisposing factors of variant angina. For these patients, hyperbaric oxygen therapy can improve blood circulation and prevent formation of thrombus and encephalopathy.
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April 2019