Publications by authors named "Gaurav Dalela"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Association of SARS CoV-2 Cycle Threshold (Ct) with Outcomes in COVID-19: Hospital-Based Study.

J Assoc Physicians India 2021 07;69(7):20-23

Academic Research Development Unit, Rajasthan University of Health Sciences, Jaipur, Rajasthan.

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July 2021

Characteristics and Outcomes of Hospitalized Young Adults with Mild Covid -19.

J Assoc Physicians India 2020 Aug;68(8):62-65

Department of Research, RUHS College of Medical Sciences, Rajasthan.

Background: Stormy course has been reported among hospitalized adults with COVID-19 in high- and middle-income countries. To assess clinical outcomes in consecutively hospitalized patients with mild covid-19 in India we performed a study.

Methods: We developed a case registry of successive patients admitted with suspected covid-19 infection to our hospital (n=501). Covid-19 was diagnosed using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Demographic, clinical, investigations details and outcomes were recorded. Descriptive statistics are presented.

Results: Covid-19 was diagnosed in 234 (46.7%) and data compared with 267 (53.3%) negative controls. Mean age of covid-19 patients was 35.1±16.6y, 59.4% were <40y and 64% men. Symptoms were in less than 10% and comorbidities were in 4-8%. History of BCG vaccination was in 49% cases vs 10% controls. Cases compared to controls had significantly greater white cell (6.96+1.89 vs 6.12+1.69x109 cells/L) and lower lymphocyte count (1.98+0.79 vs 2.32+0.91x109 cells/L). No radiological and electrocardiographic abnormality was observed. All these were isolated or quarantined in the hospital and observed. Covid-19 patients received hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin according to prevalent guidelines. One patient needed oxygen support while hospital course was uncomplicated in the rest. All were discharged alive. Conversion to virus negative status was in 10.2±6.4 days and was significantly lower in age >40y (9.1±5.2) compared to 40-59y (11.3±6.1) and ≥60y (16.4±13.3) (p=0.001).

Conclusions: This hospital-based registry shows that mildly symptomatic or asymptomatic young covid-19 patients have excellent prognosis.
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August 2020

Prevalence of LRTI in Patients Presenting with Productive Cough and Their Antibiotic Resistance Pattern.

J Clin Diagn Res 2016 Jan 1;10(1):DC09-12. Epub 2016 Jan 1.

Associate Professor and HOD, Department of Microbiology, RUHS College of Medical Sciences , Jaipur, Rajasthan, India .

Aim: To find out the prevalence of Lower Respiratory Tract Infection (LRTI) such as bacterial, fungal, mycobacterial infections etc. in patients with productive cough of duration less than 15 days and to rule out the patients having previous history of tuberculosis or having treatment of tuberculosis.

Materials And Methods: Outdoor and Indoor patients of Department of Medicine and Chest & TB, SRG hospital and Jhalawar Medical College, Jhalawar were included. After sample collection the specimens were sent to the Microbiology department, for processing of Gram staining, Acid fast staining, KOH mount and bacteriological culture and sensitivity.

Results: A total of 200 samples were obtained from the outpatient and inpatient Department of Medicine and Chest & TB of which 66% were male and 34% were female. Seventy seven percent of samples were culture positive for both single pathogen and mixed infection of which 56.5% were male and 20.5% were female as males are more at risk for LRTI. Klebsiella pneumoniae was the most prevalent pathogen (71/193), followed by coagulase positive Staphylococci i.e. COPS (43/193). More resistant pattern was found in coagulase negative Staohylococci (CONS) showed 61.11% Methicillin Resistant Staohylococci (MRS) incidence compared to 41.86% in COPS, also regarding Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase (ESBL) production Escherichia coli showed incidence of 36.36% as compared to other gram negative bacilli. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the most resistant organism found based on the antibiotic susceptibility pattern while Proteus mirabilis was the most sensitive organism.

Conclusion: Lower respiratory tract infections can spread easily among community and indiscriminate use of antibiotics contributes to their therapeutic failure. Area-wise studies on antimicrobial susceptibility profiles are essential to guide policy on the appropriate use of antibiotics to reduce the morbidity and mortality and also to control the emergence of antimicrobial resistance in local area.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2016/17855.7082DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4740592PMC
January 2016

Herpes Zoster Duplex Bilateralis in Immuno-Competent Patients: Report of Two Cases.

J Clin Diagn Res 2015 Dec 1;9(12):WR01-3. Epub 2015 Dec 1.

Associate Professor and HOD, Department of Microbiology, RUHS College of Medical Sciences , Jaipur, Rajasthan, India .

Herpes Zoster is a common viral disorder, occurs due to reactivation of latent Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV) usually in adults or elderly patients, usually confined to a single dermatome. Herpes zoster duplex is a rare but well established entity which is simultaneous, occurring of herpes zoster at two different non contiguous dermatomes, can be unilateralis or bilateralis. Here we are reporting two cases of herpes zoster duplex bilateralis, in case-1 lesions occurs in two different distant dermatomes while in case-2 it appeared in a single dermatome but both sides were involved. Both the patients were healthy immuno-competent male.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2015/15728.6957DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4717711PMC
December 2015

HIV 2: A Benign Onlooker or A Subtle Threat?

J Clin Diagn Res 2014 May 15;8(5):DM01-2. Epub 2014 May 15.

Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology, Jhalawar Medical College , Jhalawar, Rajasthan, India .

HIV-2 infection, originally discovered in West Africa, has now been found in many countries throughout the world including India. Despite it being a long acquaintance with the virus, not much is known about it conclusively. The present study was conducted at the ICTC of a tertiary care hospital catering to the needs of Jaipur and adjoining districts, to find the prevalence of HIV 2 among ICTC attendees. A total of 8190 clients accessed ICTC services during the study period, out of which 135 were HIV-seropositive, giving a prevalence of 1.64%. There was only a single positive case for HIV 2, giving a seroprevalence of 0.01% and none was reactive for antibodies of both HIV-1 and HIV-2. We suggest that in low prevalence areas like ours, assays capable of detecting both HIV 1 and HIV 2 must continue to be used to make our understanding of the deadly virus better and also make our combat more effective.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2014/8022.4340DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4080007PMC
May 2014
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