Publications by authors named "Gary W Price"

13 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

SB-649915-B, a novel 5-HT1A/B autoreceptor antagonist and serotonin reuptake inhibitor, is anxiolytic and displays fast onset activity in the rat high light social interaction test.

Neuropsychopharmacology 2007 Oct 14;32(10):2163-72. Epub 2007 Mar 14.

Schizophrenia and Bipolar Research, Psychiatry Centre of Excellence in Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline, New Frontiers Science Park, Essex CM19 5AW, UK.

Preclinically, the combination of an SSRI and 5-HT autoreceptor antagonist has been shown to reduce the time to onset of anxiolytic activity compared to an SSRI alone. In accordance with this, clinical data suggest the coadministration of an SSRI and (+/-) pindolol can decrease the time to onset of anxiolytic/antidepressant activity. Thus, the dual-acting novel SSRI and 5-HT(1A/B) receptor antagonist, SB-649915-B, has been assessed in acute and chronic preclinical models of anxiolysis. SB-649915-B (0.1-1.0 mg/kg, i.p.) significantly reduced ultrasonic vocalization in male rat pups separated from their mothers (ED(50) of 0.17 mg/kg). In the marmoset human threat test SB-649915-B (3.0 and 10 mg/kg, s.c.) significantly reduced the number of postures with no effect on locomotion. In the rat high light social interaction (SI), SB-649915-B (1.0-7.5 mg/kg, t.i.d.) and paroxetine (3.0 mg/kg, once daily) were orally administered for 4, 7, and 21 days. Ex vivo inhibition of [(3)H]5-HT uptake was also measured following SI. SB-649915-B and paroxetine had no effect on SI after 4 days. In contrast to paroxetine, SB-649915-B (1.0 and 3.0 mg/kg, p.o., t.i.d.) significantly (p<0.05) increased SI time with no effect on locomotion, indicative of an anxiolytic-like profile on day 7. Anxiolysis was maintained after chronic (21 days) administration by which time paroxetine also increased SI significantly. 5-HT uptake was inhibited by SB-649915-B at all time points to a similar magnitude as that seen with paroxetine. In conclusion, SB-649915-B is acutely anxiolytic and reduces the latency to onset of anxiolytic behavior compared to paroxetine in the SI model.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.npp.1301341DOI Listing
October 2007

Characterisation of the selective 5-HT1B receptor antagonist SB-616234-A (1-[6-(cis-3,5-dimethylpiperazin-1-yl)-2,3-dihydro-5-methoxyindol-1-yl]-1-[2'-methyl-4'-(5-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methanone hydrochloride): in vivo neurochemical and behavioural evidence of anxiolytic/antidepressant activity.

Neuropharmacology 2006 Jun 31;50(8):975-83. Epub 2006 Mar 31.

Psychiatry Centre of Excellence for Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline, New Frontiers Science Park (North), 3rd Avenue, Harlow, Essex CM19 5AW, UK.

The 5-HT1B receptor has attracted significant interest as a potential target for the development of therapeutics for the treatment of affective disorders such as anxiety and depression. Here we present the in vivo characterisation of a novel, selective and orally bioavailable 5-HT1B receptor antagonist, SB-616234-A (1-[6-(cis-3,5-dimethylpiperazin-1-yl)-2,3-dihydro-5-methoxyindol-1-yl]-1-[2'-methyl-4'-(5-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methanone hydrochloride). SB-616234-A reversed the 5-HT1/7 receptor agonist, SKF-99101H-induced hypothermia in guinea pigs in a dose related manner with an ED50 of 2.4 mg/kg p.o. Using in vivo microdialysis in freely moving guinea pigs, SB-616234-A (3-30 mg/kg p.o.) caused a dose-related increase in extracellular 5-HT in the dentate gyrus. Evaluation of antidepressant- and anxiolytic-like effects of this 5-HT1B receptor antagonist was performed in a variety of models and species. SB-616234-A produced a decrease in immobility time in the mouse forced swim test; an effect suggestive of antidepressant activity. Furthermore, SB-616234-A produced dose-related anxiolytic effects in both rat and guinea pig maternal separation-induced vocalisation models with an ED50 of 1.0 and 3.3 mg/kg i.p., respectively (vs fluoxetine treatment ED50 = 2.2 mg/kg i.p. in both species). Also a significant reduction in posturing behaviours was observed in the human threat test in marmosets; an effect indicative of anxiolytic activity. In summary, SB-616234-A is a novel, potent and orally bioavailable 5-HT1B receptor antagonist which exhibits a neurochemical and behavioural profile that is consistent with both anxiolytic- and antidepressant-like activity in a variety of species. Taken together these data suggest that SB-616234-A may have therapeutic efficacy in the treatment of affective disorders.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropharm.2006.01.010DOI Listing
June 2006

SB-649915, a novel, potent 5-HT1A and 5-HT1B autoreceptor antagonist and 5-HT re-uptake inhibitor in native tissue.

Eur J Pharmacol 2006 Apr 28;536(1-2):54-61. Epub 2006 Feb 28.

Psychiatry and Neurology and GI Centres of Excellence for Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline, New Frontiers Science Park, Third Avenue, Harlow, Essex, CM19 5AW and Via Fleming 4, Verona, Italy.

An increase in brain 5-HT levels is thought to be the key mechanism of action which results in an antidepressant response. It has been proven that selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors are effective antidepressants but the delay to therapeutic onset of these agents is thought to be due to the time required for 5-HT1A, and possibly 5-HT1B, autoreceptor desensitisation. Therefore an agent incorporating 5-HT re-uptake inhibition coupled with 5-HT1A and/or 5-HT1B autoreceptor antagonism may provide a fast acting clinical agent. The current studies describe the in vitro profile of SB-649915 (6-[(1-{2-[(2-methylquinolin-5-yl)oxy]ethyl}piperidin-4-yl)methyl]-2H-1,4-benzoxazin-3(4H)-one), a novel compound which has high affinity for human recombinant 5-HT1A, 5-HT1B and 5-HT1D receptors (pKi values of 8.6, 8.0, 8.8, respectively) and the human recombinant 5-HT transporter (pKi value of 9.3). SB-649915 also displays high affinity for rat, guinea pig, mouse and marmoset native tissue 5-HT1A, 5-HT1B and 5-HT1D receptors and rat native tissue 5-HT transporters (pKi values>or=7.5). In functional [35S]GTPgammaS binding studies, SB-649915 (up to 1 microM) does not display intrinsic activity in HEK293 cells expressing human recombinant 5-HT1A receptors but acts as a partial agonist at human recombinant 5-HT1B and 5-HT1D receptors with intrinsic activity values of 0.3 and 0.7, respectively, as compared to the full agonist 5-HT. From Schild analysis, SB-649915 caused a concentration-dependent, rightward shift of 5-HT-induced stimulation of basal [35S]GTPgammaS binding in cells expressing human recombinant 5-HT1A or 5-HT1B receptors to yield pA2 values of 9.0 and 7.9, respectively. In electrophysiological studies in rat dorsal raphe nucleus, SB-649915 did not affect the cell firing rate up to 1 microM but attenuated (+)8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino) tetralin-induced inhibition of cell firing with an apparent pKb value of 9.5. SB-649915 (1 microM) significantly attenuated exogenous 5-HT-induced inhibition of electrically-stimulated [3H]5-HT release from guinea pig cortex. In studies designed to enhance endogenous 5-HT levels, and therefore increase tone at 5-HT1B autoreceptors, SB-649915 significantly potentiated [3H]5-HT release at 100 and 1000 nM. In LLCPK cells expressing human recombinant 5-HT transporters and in rat cortical synaptosomes, SB-649915 inhibited [3H]5-HT re-uptake with pIC50 values of 7.9 and 9.7, respectively. In summary, SB-649915 is a novel, potent 5-HT1A/1B autoreceptor antagonist and 5-HT re-uptake inhibitor in native tissue systems and represents a novel mechanism that could offer fast acting antidepressant action.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2006.02.042DOI Listing
April 2006

SB-616234-A (1-[6-(cis-3,5-dimethylpiperazin-1-yl)-2,3-dihydro-5-methoxyindol-1-yl]-1-[2'methyl-4'-(5-methyl-1,2,3-oxadiazol-3-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methanone hydrochloride): a novel, potent and selective 5-HT1B receptor antagonist.

Neuropharmacology 2006 Jun 20;50(8):984-90. Epub 2006 Mar 20.

Department of Biology, Psychiatry Centre of Excellence for Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline, Harlow, Essex, UK.

SB-616234-A possesses high affinity for human 5-HT1B receptors stably expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells (pKi 8.3+/-0.2), and is over 100-fold selective for a range of molecular targets except h5-HT1) receptors (pKi 6.6+/-0.1). Similarly, affinity (pKi) for rat and guinea pig striatal 5-HT1B receptors is 9.2+/-0.1. In [35S]-GTPgammaS binding studies in the human recombinant cell line, SB-616234-A acted as a high affinity antagonist with a pA2 value of 8.6+/-0.2 whilst providing no evidence of agonist activity in this system. In [35S]-GTPgammaS binding studies in rat striatal membranes, SB-616234-A acted as a high affinity antagonist with an apparent pKB of 8.4+/-0.5, again whilst providing no evidence of agonist activity in this system. SB-616234-A (1 microM) potentiated electrically stimulated [3H]-5-HT release from guinea pig and rat cortical slices (S2/S1) ratios of 1.8 and 1.6, respectively). SB-616234-A (0.3-30 mg kg(-1) p.o.) caused a dose-dependent inhibition of ex vivo [3H]-GR125743 binding to rat striatal 5-HT1B receptors with an ED50 of 2.83+/-0.39 mg kg(-1) p.o. Taken together these data suggest that SB-616234-A is a potent and selective 5-HT(1B) autoreceptor antagonist that occupies central 5-HT1B receptors in vivo following oral administration.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropharm.2006.01.008DOI Listing
June 2006

Adverse reactions to ants other than imported fire ants.

Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2005 Nov;95(5):418-25

Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside 92521, USA.

Objective: To identify ants other than Solenopsis invicta and Solenopsis richteri reported to cause adverse reactions in humans.

Data Sources: We conducted a literature review to identify reports of medical reactions to ants other than S. invicta and S. richteri. Our review of medical and entomological literature on stinging ants was generated from MEDLINE and FORMIS, respectively, using the key words stinging ants and ant stings. The search was limited to articles in English published from 1966 to 2004 on MEDLINE and all years on FORMIS. We also present 3 new case reports of severe reactions to stings by 2 different species of ants, Pseudomyrmex ejectus and Hypoponera punctatissima.

Study Selection: Articles that concerned anaphylactic (IgE-mediated) or anaphylactic-like (resembling anaphylaxis but mechanism unknown) immediate reactions to ant stings or bites were included in this review.

Results: Taken together, our data demonstrate that S. invicta and S. richteri are not alone in their capability to cause serious allergic or adverse reactions. A diverse array of ant species belonging to 6 different subfamilies (Formicinae, Myrmeciinae, Ponerinae, Ectatomminae, Myrmicinae, and Pseudomyrmecinae) and 10 genera (Solenopsis, Formica, Myrmecia, Tetramorium, Pogonomyrmex, Pachycondyla, Odontomachus, Rhytidoponera, Pseudomyrmex, and Hypoponera) have now been shown to have this capability.

Conclusion: Awareness that species other than imported fire ants may cause severe reactions should lead to more rapid evaluation and treatment and further investigation of the medical entomology of these ants.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1081-1206(10)61165-9DOI Listing
November 2005

Identification of a potent and selective 5-HT1B receptor antagonist.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2005 Nov;15(21):4708-12

Psychiatry CEDD, New Frontiers Science Park, GlaxoSmithKline, Third Avenue, Harlow, Essex CM19 5AW, UK.

An SAR study around the mixed 5-HT1ABD receptor antagonist SB-272183 found that introduction of cis-2,6-dimethyl substitution onto the piperazine ring was a key structural change, which imparted a combination of both excellent selectivity over the 5-HT1A and 5-HT1D receptors and low intrinsic activity. This led to the identification of the selective 5-HT1B receptor antagonist SB-616234.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2005.07.085DOI Listing
November 2005

8-Piperazinyl-2,3-dihydropyrrolo[3,2-g]isoquinolines: potent, selective, orally bioavailable 5-HT1 receptor ligands.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2005 Oct;15(19):4370-4

High Throughput Chemistry, Discovery Research, GlaxoSmithKline, New Frontiers Science Park, Third Avenue, Harlow Essex CM19 5AW, UK.

The novel 8-piperazinyl-2,3-dihydropyrroloisoquinoline template was synthesized in nine steps. The template was N-substituted to give a series of compounds showing binding to human cloned 5-HT1A, 5-HT1B and 5-HT1D receptors with pKi's greater than 9 and selectivities up to 1000-fold against other serotonin, dopamine and adrenergic receptors. Several compounds were shown to possess weak partial agonist activity in cloned receptors, which translated to antagonism in in vitro studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2005.06.042DOI Listing
October 2005

3,4-Dihydro-2H-benzoxazinones are 5-HT(1A) receptor antagonists with potent 5-HT reuptake inhibitory activity.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2005 Feb;15(3):737-41

Psychiatry Center of Excellence for Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline, New Frontiers Science Park, Third Avenue, Harlow, Essex CM19 5AW, UK.

Starting from a high throughput screening hit, a series of 3,4-dihydro-2H-benzoxazinones has been identified with both high affinity for the 5-HT(1A) receptor and potent 5-HT reuptake inhibitory activity. The 5-(2-methyl)quinolinyloxy derivative combined high 5-HT(1A/1B/1D) receptor affinities with low intrinsic activity and potent inhibition of the 5-HT reuptake site (pK(i)8.2). This compound also had good oral bioavailability and brain penetration in the rat.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2004.11.030DOI Listing
February 2005

Differences in the central nervous system distribution and pharmacology of the mouse 5-hydroxytryptamine-6 receptor compared with rat and human receptors investigated by radioligand binding, site-directed mutagenesis, and molecular modeling.

Mol Pharmacol 2003 Dec;64(6):1295-308

Neurology and GI Centre of Excellence for Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline, New Frontiers Science Park, Third Avenue, Harlow, Essex, CM19 5AW, United Kingdom.

There is increasing evidence for a role of 5-hydroxytrypta-mine-6 (5-HT6) receptors in cognitive function. In the rat and human brain, 5-HT6 receptors are widely expressed and highly enriched in the basal ganglia. However, in the mouse brain, only very low levels of 5-HT6 receptor mRNA and receptor protein, measured by TaqMan reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and selective radioligand binding, could be detected, with no evidence of enrichment in the basal ganglia. The mouse receptor was cloned and transiently expressed in human embryonic kidney 293 cells to characterize its pharmacological profile. Despite significant sequence homology between human, rat, and mouse 5-HT6 receptors, the pharmacological profile of the mouse receptor was significantly different from the rat and human receptors. Four amino acid residues, conserved in rat and human and divergent in mouse receptors, were identified, and various mutant receptors were generated and their pharmacologies studied. Residues 188 (tyrosine in mouse, phenylalanine in rat and human) in transmembrane region 5 and 290 (serine in mouse, asparagine in rat and human) in transmembrane region 6 were identified as key amino acids responsible for the different pharmacological profiles. Molecular modeling of the receptor and docking of selective and nonselective compounds was undertaken to elucidate the ligand receptor interactions. The binding pocket was predicted to be different in the mouse compared with rat and human 5-HT6 receptors, and the models were in excellent agreement with the observed mutation results and have been used extensively in the design of further selective 5-HT6 antagonists.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1124/mol.64.6.1295DOI Listing
December 2003

SB-656104-A, a novel selective 5-HT7 receptor antagonist, modulates REM sleep in rats.

Br J Pharmacol 2003 Jun;139(4):705-14

Psychiatry Centre of Excellence for Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline, New Frontiers Science Park (North), Harlow, Essex.

1 (6-((R)-2-[2-[4-(4-Chloro-phenoxy)-piperidin-1-yl]-ethyl]-pyrrolidine-1-sulphonyl)-1H-indole hydrochloride) (SB-656104-A), a novel 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT(7)) receptor antagonist, potently inhibited [(3)H]-SB-269970 binding to the human cloned 5-HT(7(a)) (pK(i) 8.7+/-0.1) and 5-HT(7(b)) (pK(i) 8.5+/-0.2) receptor variants and the rat native receptor (pK(i) 8.8+/-0.2). The compound displayed at least 30-fold selectivity for the human 5-HT(7(a)) receptor versus other human cloned 5-HT receptors apart from the 5-HT(1D) receptor ( approximately 10-fold selective). 2 SB-656104-A antagonised competitively the 5-carboxamidotryptamine (5-CT)-induced accumulation of cyclic AMP in h5-HT(7(a))/HEK293 cells with a pA(2) of 8.5. 3 Following a constant rate iv infusion to steady state in rats, SB-656104 had a blood clearance (CL(b)) of 58+/-6 ml min(-1) kg(-1) and was CNS penetrant with a steady-state brain : blood ratio of 0.9 : 1. Following i.p. administration to rats (10 mg kg(-1)), the compound displayed a t(1/2) of 1.4 h with mean brain and blood concentrations (at 1 h after dosing) of 0.80 and 1.0 micro M, respectively. 4 SB-656104-A produced a significant reversal of the 5-CT-induced hypothermic effect in guinea pigs, a pharmacodynamic model of 5-HT(7) receptor interaction in vivo (ED(50) 2 mg kg(-1)). 5 SB-656104-A, administered to rats at the beginning of the sleep period (CT 0), significantly increased the latency to onset of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep at 30 mg kg(-1) i.p. (+93%) and reduced the total amount of REM sleep at 10 and 30 mg kg(-1) i.p. with no significant effect on the latency to, or amount of, non-REM sleep. SB-269970-A produced qualitatively similar effects in the same study. 6 In summary, SB-656104-A is a novel 5-HT(7) receptor antagonist which has been utilised in the present study to provide further evidence for a role for 5-HT(7) receptors in the modulation of REM sleep.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjp.0705290DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1573887PMC
June 2003

Pharmacological characterisation of a cell line expressing GABA B1b and GABA B2 receptor subunits.

Biochem Pharmacol 2003 Apr;65(7):1103-13

Neurology and GI Centre of Excellence for Drug Discovery, New Frontiers Science Park, Third Avenue, Harlow, Essex CM19 5AW, UK.

The gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA(B)) receptor has been shown to be a heterodimer consisting of two receptor subunits, GABA(B1) and GABA(B2). We have stably co-expressed these two subunits in a CHO cell line, characterised its pharmacology and compared it to the native receptor in rat brain membranes. Radioligand binding using [3H]CGP54626A demonstrated a similar rank order of potency between recombinant and native receptors: CGP62349>CGP54626A>SCH 50911>3-aminopropylphosphinicacid(3-APPA)>GABA>baclofen>saclofen>phaclofen. However, differences were observed in the affinity of agonists, which were higher at the native receptor, suggesting that in the recombinant system a large number of the receptors were in the low agonist affinity state. In contrast, [35S]GTPgammaS binding studies did not show any differences between recombinant and native receptors with the full agonists GABA and 3-APPA. Measurement of cAMP accumulation in the cells revealed a degree of endogenous coupling of the receptors to G-proteins. This is most likely to be due to the high expression levels of receptors (B(max)=22.5+/-2.5pmol/mg protein) in this experimental system. There was no evidence of GABA(B2) receptors, when expressed alone, binding [3H]CGP54626A, [3H]GABA, [3H]3-APPA nor of GABA having any effect on basal [35S]GTPgammaS binding or cAMP levels.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0006-2952(02)01658-1DOI Listing
April 2003

Pharmacological profile of SB-357134: a potent, selective, brain penetrant, and orally active 5-HT(6) receptor antagonist.

Pharmacol Biochem Behav 2002 Apr;71(4):645-54

Neurology-CEDD, GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals, New Frontiers Science Park, Third Avenue, Essex CM19 5AW, Harlow, UK.

N-(2,5-Dibromo-3-fluorophenyl)-4-methoxy-3-piperazin-1-ylbenzenesulfonamide (SB-357134) potently inhibited [125I]SB-258585 and [3H]LSD binding in a HeLa cell line expressing human 5-HT(6) receptors (pK(i)=8.6 and 8.54, respectively). Furthermore, SB-357134 inhibited [125I]SB-258585 binding in human caudate--putamen and in rat and pig striatum membranes (pK(i)=8.82, 8.44, and 8.61, respectively). SB-357134 displayed over 200-fold selectivity for the 5-HT(6) receptor versus 72 other receptors and enzymes. 5-HT-stimulated cyclic AMP (cAMP) accumulation in human 5-HT(6) receptors was competitively antagonised by SB-357134 (pA(2)=7.63). SB-357134 inhibited ex vivo [125I]SB-258585 binding in the rat with an ED(50) of 4.9 +/- 1.3 mg/kg po, 4 h postdose. In the rat maximal electroshock seizure threshold (MEST) test, SB-357134 produced a potent and dose-dependent increase in seizure threshold, with a minimum effective dose of 0.1 mg/kg po. At 10 mg/kg po, maximum activity occurred between 4 and 6 h postdose. Good exposure was observed with SB-357134 at 10 mg/kg po, reaching maximal blood and brain concentrations of 4.3 +/- 0.2 and 1.3 +/- 0.06 microM, respectively, 1 h postdose. In addition, SB-357134 (10 mg/kg po) enhanced memory and learning following chronic administration (twice a day for 7 days) in the rat water maze. Overall, these studies demonstrate that SB-357134 is a potent, selective, brain penetrant, and orally active 5-HT(6) receptor antagonist.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0091-3057(01)00742-0DOI Listing
April 2002

Serotonergic targets in depression.

Curr Opin Pharmacol 2002 Feb;2(1):18-22

Psychiatry Centre of Excellence for Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline, Third Avenue, Harlow, Essex CM19 5AW, UK.

Serotonin reuptake inhibitors have proved to be a very effective treatment for depression and have strengthened the hypothesis that impaired 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) neurotransmission may contribute to the underlying cause of depressive disorders. Extensive research has been carried out to investigate other 5-HT targets associated with the disease and studies involving combination treatments with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and 5-HT(1A) receptor ligands are currently being carried out in the clinic. Whether other 5-HT receptor subtypes are involved in the aetiology of depression remains to be seen.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s1471-4892(01)00116-3DOI Listing
February 2002