Publications by authors named "Gabriella D"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Effect of personality traits on the oral health-related quality of life in patients with oral lichen planus undergoing treatment.

Clin Oral Investig 2021 Apr 14;25(4):2381-2389. Epub 2020 Sep 14.

Competence Center for Empirical Research Methods, WU Vienna University of Economics and Business, Vienna, Austria.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between personality traits and perceived treatment success in oral lichen planus.

Material And Methods: A total of 53 patients with diagnosed oral lichen planus were evaluated at the time of diagnosis and along the course of their treatment. The visual analogue scale (VAS) was used for evaluating pain and burning sensation, along with an evaluation of the oral health-related quality of life (OHIP) and the clinical severity. In order to determine the personality trait, the NEO-FFI questionnaire was applied. Data were assessed with the statistical software Stata by a multiple linear regression.

Results: A significant relationship between the two personality traits: "conscientiousness" and "extraversion" and a perceived improvement in oral lichen planus could be observed. The higher the "conscientiousness," the better the perceived oral health-related quality of life. Furthermore, "extraversion" had a significant influence on the improvement in clinical severity index (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: Personality traits, especially conscientiousness and extraversion, have a significant impact on the perception of therapeutic intervention in oral lichen planus.

Clinical Relevance: As personalized patient management is gaining importance and psychosocial factors play a significant role in mucosal diseases, the patient's psychological profile should be considered in the oral lichen planus management.
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April 2021

Vaccination against hepatitis b virus: are Italian medical students sufficiently protected after the public vaccination programme?

J Occup Med Toxicol 2015 4;10:41. Epub 2015 Nov 4.

Department of Mental Health and Public Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.

Background: The development of a vaccine against hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been a major achievement in terms of prevention of HBV infection. For the present study, we analysed the long-term immunogenicity and effectiveness of HBV vaccination among healthcare students with different working seniorities.

Methods: A cross-sectional study of undergraduate and postgraduate students attending the Medical School of the Second University of Naples was conducted between September 2012 and December 2014. HBV serum markers were determined and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with the level of long-term immunogenicity.

Results: Of the 2,932 subjects evaluated, only 33 (1.1 %) declared no history of vaccination. All vaccinated subjects were HBsAg/anti-HBc negative, 459 of which had an anti-HBs titre <10 IU/L. The latter were younger, more likely to be attending a healthcare profession school (i.e., dental hygienists, nursing, paediatric nursing, radiography and midwifery) than a medical school (at either undergraduate or postgraduate level) and more likely to have been vaccinated in infancy.

Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that assessment of HBV serum markers in workers potentially exposed to hospital infections is useful to identify small numbers of unvaccinated subjects or vaccinated subjects with low antibody titre, all of whom should be referred to a booster series of vaccinations.
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November 2015

Two subtypes of mucinous adenocarcinoma of the colorectum: clinicopathological and genetic features.

Ann Surg Oncol 2008 May 27;15(5):1429-39. Epub 2008 Feb 27.

Department of Surgical Sciences, Section of General Surgical Clinics and Surgical Therapy, Parma University, Medical School, Parma, Italy.

Background: This work is aimed at comparing mucinous colorectal adenocarcinomas (MUC) and non-mucinous colorectal adenocarcinomas (non-MUC), and at verifying the existence of two different subgroups of MUC, in terms of clinicopathological features, chromosomal alterations, and outcome, in a geographical area where mucinous colorectal cancer resulted as being very frequent.

Methods: One hundred and fifty-six unselected patients who underwent curative colorectal resection for sporadic colorectal cancer over a 4-year period were evaluated for histological classification as to MUC and non-MUC subtype, for microsatellite instability (MSI) using six microsatellite markers, and for the presence of p27, Fhit, and cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2). Molecular data, immunohistochemical results, recurrence frequency, and patient survival were analyzed statistically in relation to histological subtypes.

Results: MUC accounted for 38.5% of all colorectal carcinomas. Compared to non-MUCs, MUCs were more frequently located in the proximal colon (p < 0.001), and more frequently showed MSI phenotype (p < 0.001), altered protein expression of hMlh1 (p = 0.030), Fhit (p <0.001), and p27 (p < 0.001). Compared to MUC with microsatellite-stable (MSS) phenotype, MUC with MSI more frequently resulted as being located in the proximal colon (p = 0.013), and more frequently showed altered expression of hMlh1 (p < 0.001), hMsh2 (p = 0.008), Fhit (p < 0.001), and p27 (p = 0.015). Significantly better survival of patients with proximal MUC (p = 0,012), with MSI MUC (p = 0.017), and with MUC with altered p27 expression (p = 0.02).

Conclusion: The results of the present study confirm that MUC represents distinct clinicopathological and genetic features as compared to non-mucinous tumors and support the hypothesis that MUC includes two subtypes with different genetic pathways and behavior.
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May 2008