Publications by authors named "Gabriele Vandelli"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Platelet Function Monitoring Performed after Carotid Stenting during Endovascular Stroke Treatment Predicts Outcome.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2021 Jul 5;30(7):105800. Epub 2021 May 5.

Stroke Unit, Neurology Unit, Department of Neuroscience, Ospedale Civile, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena, Via Giardini 1355, Modena, Emilia Romagna 41126, Italy. Electronic address:

Objectives: Many studies showed that platelet reactivity testing can predict ischemic events after carotid stenting or ischemic stroke. The aim of our study was to assess the role of early platelet function monitoring in predicting 90-days functional outcome, stent thrombosis and hemorrhagic transformation in patients with ischemic stroke treated with endovascular procedures requiring emergent extracranial stenting.

Materials And Methods: We performed a retrospective study on consecutive patients with acute anterior circulation stroke admitted to our hospital between January 2015 and March 2020, in whom platelet reactivity testing was performed within 10 days from stenting. Patients were divided according to validated cutoffs in acetylsalicylic acid and Clopidogrel responders and not responders. Group comparison and regression analyses were performed to identify differences between groups and outcome predictors.

Results: We included in the final analysis 54 patients. Acetylsalicylic acid resistance was an independent predictor of poor 90 days outcome (OR for modified Rankin scale (mRS) ≤ 2: 0.10 95% CI: 0.02 - 0.69) whereas Clopidogrel resistance was an independent predictor of good outcome (OR for mRS ≤ 2: 7.09 95%CI: 1.33 - 37.72). Acetylsalicylic acid resistance was also associated with increased 90-days mortality (OR: 18.42; 95% CI: 1.67 - 203.14).

Conclusion: We found a significant association between resistance to acetylsalicylic acid and poor 90-days functional outcome and between resistance to Clopidogrel and good 90-days functional outcome. If confirmed, our results might improve pharmacological management after acute carotid stenting.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2021.105800DOI Listing
July 2021

Liver Angiopoietin-2 Is a Key Predictor of De Novo or Recurrent Hepatocellular Cancer After Hepatitis C Virus Direct-Acting Antivirals.

Hepatology 2018 09;68(3):1010-1024

Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Rome 'La Sapienza', Rome, Italy.

Recent reports suggested that direct acting antivirals (DAAs) might favor hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In study 1, we studied the proangiogenic liver microenvironment in 242 DAA-treated chronic hepatitis C patients with advanced fibrosis. Angiopoietin-2 (ANGPT2) expression was studied in tissue (cirrhotic and/or neoplastic) from recurrent, de novo, nonrecurrent HCC, or patients never developing HCC. Circulating ANGPT2,vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and C-reactive protein (CRP) were also measured. In study 2, we searched for factors associated with de novo HCC in 257 patients with cirrhosis of different etiologies enrolled in a dedicated prospective study. Thorough biochemical, clinical, hemodynamic, endoscopic, elastographic, and echo-Doppler work-up was performed in both studies. In study 1, no patients without cirrhosis developed HCC. Of 183 patients with cirrhosis, 14 of 28 (50.0%) with previous HCC recurred whereas 21 of 155 (13.5%) developed de novo HCC. Patients with recurrent and de novo HCCs had significantly higher liver fibrosis (LF) scores, portal pressure, and systemic inflammation than nonrecurrent HCC or patients never developing HCC. In recurrent/de novo HCC patients, tumor and nontumor ANGPT2 showed an inverse relationship with portal vein velocity (PVv; r = -0.412, P = 0.037 and r = -0.409, P = 0.047 respectively) and a positive relationship with liver stiffness (r = 0.526, P = 0.007; r = 0.525, P = 0.003 respectively). Baseline circulating VEGF and cirrhotic liver ANGPT2 were significantly related (r = 0.414, P = 0.044). VEGF increased during DAAs, remaining stably elevated at 3-month follow-up, when it significantly related with serum ANGPT2 (r = 0.531, P = 0.005). ANGPT2 expression in the primary tumor or in cirrhotic tissue before DAAs was independently related with risk of HCC recurrence (odds ratio [OR], 1.137; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.044-1.137; P = 0.003) or occurrence (OR, 1.604; 95% CI, 1.080-2.382; P = 0.019). In study 2, DAA treatment (OR, 4.770; 95% CI, 1.395-16.316; P = 0.013) and large varices (OR, 3.857; 95% CI, 1.127-13.203; P = 0.032) were independent predictors of de novo HCC.

Conclusion: Our study indicates that DAA-mediated increase of VEGF favors HCC recurrence/occurrence in susceptible patients, that is, those with more severe fibrosis and splanchnic collateralization, who already have abnormal activation in liver tissues of neo-angiogenetic pathways, as shown by increased ANGPT2. (Hepatology 2018; 00:000-000).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hep.29911DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6175123PMC
September 2018