Publications by authors named "Gabriela Souto Vieira de Mello"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

New Oxazolidines Inhibit the Secretion of IFN-γ and IL-17 by PBMCS from Moderate to Severe Asthmatic Patients.

Med Chem 2021 ;17(3):289-297

Laboratorio de Imunomodulacao e Novas Abordagens Terapeuticas (LINAT), Nucleo de Pesquisa em Inovacao Terapeutica Suely Galdino (NUPIT-SG), Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brazil.

Background: Moderate to severe asthma could be induced by diverse proinflammatory cytokines, as IL-17 and IFN-γ, which are also related to treatment resistance and airway hyperresponsiveness. Oxazolidines emerged as a novel approach for asthma treatment, since some chemical peculiarities were suggested by previous studies.

Objective: The present study aimed to evaluate the IL-17A and IFN-γ modulatory effect of two new oxazolidine derivatives (LPSF/NB-12 and -13) on mononucleated cells of patients with moderate and severe asthma.

Methods: The study first looked at potential targets for oxazolidine derivatives using SWISS-ADME. After the synthesis of the compounds, cytotoxicity and cytokine levels were analyzed.

Results: We demonstrated that LPSF/NB-12 and -13 reduced IFN-γ and IL-17 production in peripheral blood mononucleated cells from asthmatic patients in a concentrated manner. Our in silico analysis showed the neurokinin-1 receptor as a common target for both compounds, which is responsible for diverse proinflammatory effects of moderate and severe asthma.

Conclusion: The work demonstrated a novel approach against asthma, which deserves further studies of its mechanisms of action.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573406416666200910151950DOI Listing
June 2021

N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferase III (GnT-III) but not N-Acetylgalactosaminyltransferase-6 and 8 are Differentially Expressed in Invasive and In Situ Ductal Carcinoma of the Breast.

Pathol Oncol Res 2019 Apr 28;25(2):759-768. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Biomarkers in cancer Laboratory, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, 50670-901, Brazil.

Mammary carcinoma is the most common malignant tumor in women, and it is the leading cause of mortality. In tumor context, glycosylation promotes post translational modifications necessary for cell progression, emerging as a relevant tumor hallmarker. This study aimed to analyze the association between polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase-6 (ppGalNAc-T6), -T8, N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase III (GnT-III) expression, Phaseolus vulgaris-leucoagglutinin (PHA-L), wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) and peanut agglutinin (PNA) staining with clinic-histopathological factors from patients with pure ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and DCIS with invasive ductal carcinoma (DCIS-IDC) of breast. Formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded samples (n = 109) were analyzed. In pure DCIS samples GnT-III was over-expressed in comedo lesions (p = 0.007). In DCIS-IDC, GnT-III expression was associated with high nuclear grade tumors (p = 0.039) while the presence of PHA-L and WGA were inversely related to HER-2 expression (p = 0.001; p = 0.036, respectively). These findings pointed to possible involvement of GnT-III, ppGalNAc-T8, L-PHA and WGA as probes in prognostic evaluation of DCIS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12253-019-00593-5DOI Listing
April 2019

PgTeL, the lectin found in Punica granatum juice, is an antifungal agent against Candida albicans and Candida krusei.

Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Mar 7;108:391-400. Epub 2017 Dec 7.

Departamento de Bioquímica, Centro de Biociências, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, 50670-420, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. Electronic address:

The pomegranate (Punica granatum) sarcotesta contains a chitin-binding lectin (PgTeL) with antibacterial activity against human pathogenic species. In this work, the structural stability of PgTeL was evaluated by fluorimetric analysis and the lectin was evaluated for cytotoxicity to human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and antifungal activity against Candida albicans and Candida krusei. PgTeL folding was impaired when lectin was incubated at pH≥6.0. On the other hand, the lectin did not undergo unfolding even when heated at 100°C. PgTeL (1, 10, and 100μg/mL) was not cytotoxic to PBMCs. Antifungal activity was detected for C. albicans (MIC: 25μg/mL; MFC: 50μg/mL) and C. krusei (MIC and MFC of 12.5μg/mL). Treatment of yeast cells with PgTeL resulted in decrease of intracellular ATP content even at sub-inhibitory concentrations (½MIC and ¼MIC) and induced lipid peroxidation. In addition, PgTeL damaged the integrity of fungal cell wall of both species, with more pronounced effects in C. krusei. The lectin showed significant antibiofilm activity on C. albicans at sub-inhibitory concentrations (0.195 and 0.39μg/mL). In conclusion, PgTeL is an anti-Candida agent whose action mechanism involves oxidative stress, energetic collapse, damage to the cell wall and rupture of yeast cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2017.12.039DOI Listing
March 2018

Evaluation of Antibacterial, Antineoplastic, and Immunomodulatory Activity of Seeds Crude Extract and Ethyl-Acetate Fraction.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2016 7;2016:1203274. Epub 2016 Dec 7.

Laboratory of Immunomodulation and New Therapeutical Approaches, Research Centre for Therapeutic Innovation Suely Galdino (NUPIT-SG), Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brazil.

(Guarana) is a native plant of Amazon region that has very traditional importance. Its seeds are rich in bioactive compounds, including tannins, which exhibit relevant properties. This study aimed to evaluate antibacterial, antineoplastic, and immunomodulatory activity of seeds crude extract (CE) and ethyl-acetate fraction (EAF). Antibacterial activity was evaluated by determination of minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC). Antineoplastic activity was evaluated by MTT assays in hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2), breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7), ductal carcinoma (T47-D), non-Hodgkin's B cell lymphoma (Toledo), T cell leukemia (Jukart), and Acute Leukemia (HL-60) cell lines. BALB/c mice splenocytes were treated to assess IFN-, IL-6, IL-17, and IL-10 levels by sandwich ELISA. CE and EAF were not toxic to peripheral blood cells and splenocytes. CE and EAF fractions showed a bacteriostatic activity (MIC = 250 g/mL) and presented IC values of 70.25 g/mL and 61.18 g/mL in HL-60 leukemia cell line. All cytokines evaluated had their levels reduced after treatment, following dose-response model. Different biological activities were observed for both CE and EAF, suggesting as a source of bioactive substances, especially tannins that may be used for several diseases treatments.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1203274DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5174172PMC
December 2016

Evaluation of antimicrobial, cytotoxic, and hemolytic activities from venom of the spider Lasiodora sp.

Toxicon 2016 Nov 29;122:119-126. Epub 2016 Sep 29.

Departamento de Bioquímica, Centro de Biociências, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brazil. Electronic address:

This study characterized the protein/peptide profile of venom isolated from the spider Lasiodora sp. (Mygalomorphae, Theraphosidae) found in northeastern Brazil and determined its antimicrobial activity, toxicity against human cells, and hemolytic activity. Protein concentration of the Lasiodora sp. venom was 4.53 ± 0.38 mg/mL. SDS-PAGE showed proteins with molecular masses up to 75 kDa, some of which contained disulfide bridges. RP-HPLC analysis separate at least 12 peaks that were identified by mass spectrometry as peptides U-theraphotoxin-Lp1a (lasiotoxin-1), U-theraphotoxin-Lp1c (lasiotoxin-3), U-theraphotoxin-Lsp1a (LTx5), and ω-theraphotoxin-Asp3a as well as the proteins phospholipase A (PLA) and hyaluronidase. The crude venom exhibited bactericidal effect against Aeromonas sp., Bacillus subtilis, and Micrococcus luteus and fungicidal effect against Candida parapsilosis and Candida albicans. In addition, the venom exerted bacteriostatic effect against Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus aureus and fungistatic effect against Candida tropicalis and Candida krusei. The minimum inhibitory (MIC), minimum bactericidal (MBC), and minimum fungicidal (MFC) concentrations ranged from 3.9 to 500 μg/mL. The Lasiodora sp. venom decreased the viability of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) by 50%-90% at concentrations of 0.1, 1, 10, and 100 μg/mL, promoting apoptosis of these cells. On the other hand, the venom showed weak hemolytic activity against Mus musculus erythrocytes (EC: 757 μg/mL). In conclusion, the Lasiodora sp. spider venom is a rich source of antimicrobial agents. Future studies will focus on identifying antimicrobial agents present in this venom and evaluating whether these agents contribute to its cytotoxic effects against PBMCs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxicon.2016.09.019DOI Listing
November 2016

Evaluation of WGA and Concanavalin A (Con A) lectin as biomarkers of hepatosplenic schistosomiasis in human biopsies with no evidence of egg-granuloma system.

Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2013 ;55(3)

Keizo Asami Immunopathology Laboratory, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brazil.

Introduction: Colonic lesions are predominant in patients with schistosomiasis. However, carbohydrate alterations in colonic schistosomiasis remain unclear. Lectin-ligands allow us to identify changes in the saccharide patterns of cells.

Methods: Biopsies of descending and rectosigmoid colon of patients were submitted to WGA and Con A lectin histochemistry.

Results: WGA stained stroma and gland cells of descending colon and rectosigmoid tissues in a granular strong cytoplasmatic pattern in schistosomiasis specimens differing from normal control and Con A failing to recognize all samples analyzed.

Conclusions: WGA ligands are expressed differently in patients with hepatosplenic schistosomiasis and no evidence of egg-granuloma system.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46652013000300014DOI Listing
October 2013

Implications on glycobiological aspects of tumor hypoxia in breast ductal carcinoma in situ.

Med Mol Morphol 2013 Jun 5;46(2):92-6. Epub 2013 Feb 5.

Pathology Sector of Keizo Asami Immunopathology Laboratory-Federal University of Pernambuco (LIKA-UFPE), Recife, Brazil.

Breast carcinoma is one of the most common neoplasia and the first cause of women cancer related deaths worldwide. In the past few years with diagnostic increment, the number of patients diagnosed with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) increased considerably and opened up new ways in research and new dilemmas in diagnostic and clinical practice. This work aimed to evaluate differences in Galectin-1 and Galectin-3 expression and lectins ligands profile on DCIS cells in hypoxic microenvironment. Lectin histochemistry and immunohistochemistry were performed with Concanavalin A, Wheat Germ Agglutinin, Peanut Agglutinin and Ulex europaeus Agglutinin lectins and with anti-Galectin-1 and anti-Galectin-3 antibodies. Lectin ligands were more recognized in hypoxic lesions by Concanavalin A (p = 0.0019), Wheat Germ Agglutinin (p < 0.001) and Ulex europaeus Agglutinin (p = 0.0014), but not by Peanut Agglutinin (p = 0.5779) when compared to non-hypoxic. Galectin-1 was not observed in all cases analyzed on both groups, differing from Galectin-3 that was overexpressed on cytoplasm of DCIS hypoxic group in relation to control group (p = 0.031). As far as we are concerned, this is the first paper that describes glycobiological alterations in breast cancer hypoxic environment in vivo that could be used to validate in vitro models on this aspect. Moreover, comedogenic/necrotic carcinomas were usually associated with poor-prognostic than others, and our results show that glycosylation may play an important role in this event.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00795-013-0013-4DOI Listing
June 2013
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