Publications by authors named "Gabriela K Muschitz"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Sexual dimorphism in the anatomy of the ulnar collateral thumb ligament.

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2019 May 1;131(9-10):216-220. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

, Laudongasse 25, 1080, Vienna, Austria.

Background: Treatment of ruptured ulnar collateral thumb metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint ligaments (UCL) necessitate a profound anatomic knowledge for optimal surgical repair in order to preserve range of motion and ensure postoperative joint stability. Therefore, knowledge of the angle between the UCL and the longitudinal axis of the first metacarpal bone could be useful.

Methods: In this study 46 ulnar collateral thumb MCP joint ligaments in 15 male and 15 female embalmed anatomic specimens were dissected and the angles between the longitudinal axis of the first metacarpal bone and the proper (PUCL) as well as the accessory ulnar collateral thumb MCP ligament (AUCL) were measured.

Results: In male specimens the angle for the PUCL measured on average 133.5° (±2.35°) and 122.75° (±3.8°) for the AUCL. A significantly different angle was measured for female specimens which showed on average 137.88° (±3.51°) for the PUCL and 128.65° (±4.14°) for the AUCL.

Conclusions: Optimal surgical repair or reconstruction of torn ulnar collateral thumb MCP joint ligaments should aim for an angle of approximately 135° in PUCL and 126° in AUCL in relation to the longitudinal axis of the metacarpal bone. Differences in men and women should be considered if possible.

Level Of Evidence: IV (anatomic study).
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May 2019

Influence of antithymocyte globulin treatment of brain-dead organ donor on inflammatory response in cardiac grafts: an experimental study in mice.

Transpl Int 2016 Dec 30;29(12):1329-1336. Epub 2016 Sep 30.

Ludwig Boltzmann Cluster for Cardiovascular Research, Core Unit for Biomedical Research, Medical University Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

The expression of proinflammatory cytokines in donor hearts after antithymocyte globulin (ATG) treatment given prior to organ removal was evaluated to analyze changes in inflammatory response. Adult female OF-1 mice were randomized into brain death (BD) groups (BD Control, BD ATG) with or without treatment, and Controls (Control, ATG). BD induction was performed through gradual inflation of an intracranial positioned balloon catheter. At the end of a 6-h observation period, ATG (1 mg/kg BW) was given intravenously. After 45 min, the donor hearts were removed. Proinflammatory markers IL-2 and IL-6 were examined using ELISA and immunohistochemistry staining. After single administration of ATG, the inflammatory reaction in the myocardium showed a significant reduction in IL-2 expression (BD Control vs. BD ATG, P = 0.033). Our investigation showed expected increase in proinflammatory mediators after BD. This increase was abolished by single infusion of ATG, indicated by significant reduction in IL-2 levels in the myocardium. We observed a reduction of IL-6 deposition in media cells in ATG-treated specimens. Further research is necessary to evaluate the role of ATG in donor management considering a potentially positive effect of ATG on IL-2-directed inflammatory response and possible reduction of IL-6-mediated vascular changes.
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December 2016

Atypical Femoral Fractures-Ongoing and History of Bone-Specific Therapy, Concomitant Diseases, Medications, and Survival.

J Clin Densitom 2016 Jul-Sep;19(3):359-67. Epub 2015 Jun 23.

Department of Pathophysiology and Allergy Research, Center for Pathophysiology, Infectiology, and Immunology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Although atypical femoral fractures (AFFs) are generally rare events; several studies have indicated a potential link between AFF and long-term bone-specific therapies (BSTs). The aim of this study was to analyze the frequency of AFF and potential associations with prior or ongoing BST. A total of 8851 Caucasian female and male patients with de novo hip fractures treated in the largest Austrian level 1 trauma center from 2000 to 2013 were selected. Of the total, 194 patients with a de novo low-traumatic subtrochanteric or shaft fractures were identified: 35 atypical and 159 typical fractures. Of these patients, concomitant diseases, medication, previous fractures, and survival data were retrieved and analyzed. Female patients in both groups were significantly older. The median survival was significantly shorter in patients with AFF (9 vs 18 months; p < 0.0001). Cardiovascular disease, sarcopenia, chronic kidney disease, type 2 diabetes, smoking (past or current history), and prevalent fragility fractures were more frequent in AFF patients, as well as the concomitant use of phenprocoumon, furosemide, and sulfonylurea. Although the number of patients with current BST was less in (14.5%) both groups, more patients in the AFF group were previously treated with BST (71% vs 49%; p = 0.016), and they received these therapies for a longer time period. A combination of severe comorbidities, long-term pharmaceutical therapies, and a history of previous or ongoing BST was associated with an increased individual risk for AFF.
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February 2018

Non-occlusive mesenteric ischaemia: the prevalent cause of gastrointestinal infarction in patients with severe burn injuries.

Injury 2015 Jan 29;46(1):124-30. Epub 2014 Aug 29.

Head of Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Medical University Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Background: Gastrointestinal complications occur frequently in intensive care patients with severe burns. Intestinal infarction and its deleterious consequences result in high mortality despite rapid surgical intervention. Our objective was to evaluate the aetiology of gastrointestinal infarction in intensive care patients with severe burns.

Study Design: We retrospectively evaluated all of the severe-burn victims at the burn unit of the Medical University of Vienna from 01/2002 to 06/2012 for whom a gastrointestinal infarction was diagnosed during their inpatient stay on computed-tomography, in the context of acute laparotomy, or upon autopsy by aetiology.

Results: After a severe thermal injury, 17 patients suffered a gastrointestinal infarction during their stay. In 82% of those patients, non-occlusive mesenteric ischaemia (NOMI) was identified as the cause of the gastrointestinal infarction. Patients with an embolic infarction tended to be older (78.0years embolism vs. 53.4 NOMI, mean, p<0.01), with a lower abbreviated burn severity index (8.7 embolism vs. 10.4 NOMI, mean, p<0.02) and a smaller total body surface area burned (20% embolism vs. 48% NOMI, mean, p<0.01) than those with a non-occlusive mesenterial ischaemia. No patients with an embolic infarction or any of the females in the entire gastrointestinal infarction group survived this event, resulting in a mortality rate of 100% for the embolic infarction group and female group. The decisive factor for surviving a NOMI was age (median age: male survivors 28years vs. nonsurvivors 66years (of this median, males=72years and females=60years), p<0.02).

Conclusion: The results of our study clearly demonstrate that in severe-burn intensive care patients, non-occlusive mesenteric ischaemia is the most frequent cause of gastrointestinal infarction and that the decisive factor for survival is the patient's age.
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January 2015