Publications by authors named "G Sivadas"

8 Publications

Knowledge and attitude on infant oral health among graduating medical students in kulasekaram.

J Educ Health Promot 2020 31;9:207. Epub 2020 Aug 31.

Department of Paedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Asian Institute of Medicine, Science and Technology University, Kedah, Malaysia.

Aim: This study was intended to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes regarding infant's oral health care among graduating medical students from Kulasekaram, Tamil Nadu.

Materials And Methods: A cross-sectional survey research design was employed in this study. Self-administered questionnaire of the validated "Graduating medical students' Knowledge and Attitudes Survey Regarding Infant's oral health care" were utilized to ascertain the baseline levels of knowledge and attitudes of graduating medical students' in Kulasekaram hospital. In this regard, a preliminary study with a convenience sample of 100 medical students was conducted so as to assess the knowledge of infant oral health care among graduating medical students in Kulasekaram. This study, while limited in sample size, benefits the general practitioners as target readers to assess the abnormalities in children at early stages of life.

Results: The results of the study revealed that the mean percentage score overall was 65.7%. Only 3.2% of participants obtained a passing score of 80% or greater. Widespread knowledge deficits and poor attitudes among graduating medical students were noted in this study, particularly in the domain of pharmacological management of pain. Positive correlations were observed between the respondents' score and level of education. Further analysis revealed respondents had an inaccurate self-evaluation of their pain management knowledge.

Conclusion: The results of this study reveal that there is dearth of knowledge and attitudes of graduating medical students' regarding infant oral health care. Educational and quality improvement initiatives in oral health care of infants could enhance medical student's knowledge baseline in the area of oral health care and possibly improve practices.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jehp.jehp_194_20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7530422PMC
August 2020

Endodontic Management of a Severely Dilacerated Mandibular Third Molar: Case Report and Clinical Considerations.

Case Rep Dent 2018 8;2018:7594147. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Oral Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Asian Institute of Medicine, Science and Technology (AIMST) University, Kedah, Malaysia.

This article aims at providing an insight to the clinical modifications required for the endodontic management of severely dilacerated mandibular third molar. A 35-year-old patient was referred for the root canal treatment of the mandibular left third molar. An intraoral periapical radiograph revealed a severe curvature in both the canals. A wide trapezoidal access was prepared following the use of intermediate-sized files for apical preparation. Owing to increased flexibility, Hero Shaper NITI files were used for the biomechanical preparation and single cone obturation was carried out. Third molars owing to their most posterior location-limited access coupled with a severe curvature pose utmost clinical challenges require meticulous skill, advanced technology, and patience to achieve success.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7594147DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6196887PMC
October 2018

Detection of Adherence of in Infected Dentin of Extracted Human Teeth Using Confocal Laser Scanning Microscope: An Study.

J Pharm Bioallied Sci 2017 Nov;9(Suppl 1):S41-S44

Department of Oral Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Asian Institute of Medicine, Science and Technology University, Malaysia.

Aim: The aim of this study is to detect adherence of to the infected dentinal tubules of human extracted teeth using confocal laser scanning microscope.

Subjects And Methods: Roots from human premolar teeth ( = 40) were infected with strain the American Type Culture Collection 29212 in brain heart infusion for 21 days. After the experimental period, specimens were divided into two groups, Group A ( = 20), Group B ( = 20), and Group A specimens were stained with fluorescein diacetate dye for the detection of viability and adherence Group B were stained with acridine orange dye for detection of metabolic activity and adherence. Samples were washed, thoroughly sectioned and examined by confocal laser scanning microscopy. Computer-assisted determinants of fluorescence, bacterial viability, metabolic activity, and adherence were compared statistically.

Results: was able to invade the dentinal tubules to a depth of 1-400 μm and adhere to 1-200 μm depth. Adherence (90%) was significantly higher in 1-100 μm using fluorescein diacetate and acridine orange dye.

Conclusion: Adherence of as evaluated by confocal laser scanning microscope was highest at the depth of 1-100 μm which may have an impact on the shaping and cleaning procedures on the root canal.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jpbs.JPBS_92_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5731042PMC
November 2017

Ameloblastic Fibroodontoma: Uncommon Case Presentation in a 6-Year-Old Child with Review of the Literature.

Case Rep Med 2017 13;2017:9483738. Epub 2017 Aug 13.

Department of Oral Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Asian Institute of Medicine, Science & Technology (AIMST) University, Kedah Darul Aman, Malaysia.

Ameloblastic fibroodontoma is a benign mixed odontogenic neoplasm considered in patients with asymptomatic swelling and unerupted teeth that exhibit histologic features between ameloblastic fibroma and complex odontoma. Radiographically, this lesion appears as radiolucency admixed with focal radio opaque masses of irregular shapes and sizes. This lesion is confirmed by the presence of proliferating odontogenic epithelium, ectomesenchyme, and dental hard tissue formation on pathological analysis supplementing clinical and radiographic findings. As this tumour is less commonly seen in routine clinical practice, ameloblastic fibroodontoma with detailed orofacial features and periodic approach to its diagnosis is discussed. This paper reports a case of ameloblastic fibroodontoma of the mandible in a 6-year-old male patient with an uncommon case presentation and review of the literature.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/9483738DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5572577PMC
August 2017

Effect of anti-asthmatic drugs on dental health: A comparative study.

J Pharm Bioallied Sci 2016 Oct;8(Suppl 1):S77-S80

Department of Pediatrics, Sree Mookambika Institute of Medical Sciences, Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu, India.

Aims: Bronchial asthma constitutes important problem worldwide. This chronic lung disease has detrimental effect in the oral cavity like reduction of salivary secretion, change in salivary composition and pH.

Materials And Methods: This study was conducted to compare the prevalence of dental caries in asthmatic children and healthy children, and also to evaluate the correlation between the , and dental caries in both the groups.

Results: In this study, the mean decayed, missing, filled teeth score of children in the study group was (4.53 ± 3.38) higher than the control group (1.51 ± 1.58) ( < 0.01). The count of the study group was (59574.47 ± 28510.67) higher than the control group (19777.78 ± 17899.83) < 0.01. The count in study group was (43553.19 ± 58776.96) higher than the control group (8843.84 ± 7982.72) < 0.01. Subjects using inhaled corticosteroids were more prone to develop dental caries than the control group with odds ratio = 6.26 and 95% confidence interval.

Conclusions: The dental caries prevalence increases with the usage of β agonist and corticosteroid inhalers for the treatment of asthma. Thus in asthmatic children, increase in caries prevalence might be due to the drug treatment and not due to the disease by itself. It can be concluded that asthmatic children have a higher prevalence of dental caries than healthy children. Hence, special oral health care is needed for asthmatic children.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0975-7406.191973DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5074046PMC
October 2016
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