Publications by authors named "G N Zubrikhina"

68 Publications

Оxidative stress and endogenous intoxication in cancer patients.

Klin Lab Diagn 2021 Jul;66(7):401-406

Federal State Budgetary Institution "National Medical Research Center of Oncology N.N. Blokhin", under the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.

In the blood serum of 93 patients with various localities of the malignant process, the content of nitric oxide (NO), indicators of lipid peroxidation (POL): superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione in red blood cells were determined. 9 patients with ovarian cancer were examined during chemotherapy (6 courses), 40 patients with colon cancer, previously operated, were with malignant liver damage. In 39 patients with anemia, NO indicators were compared with the level of interleukin 6 (IL-6) and hepcidin-25 (GP-25). As a control, 60 practically healthy individuals were examined. It was shown that the NO content was significantly reduced in 69.7% of patients, regardless of the location of the primary tumor. There was a gradual increase in the NO content before each course of chemotherapy. A high concentration of NO (more than 22 µM) was detected in 22 patients with functional iron deficiency (FJ) against the background of anemia of chronic diseases (AHZ), which was accompanied by hyperexpression of IL-6 (27.0±10.5 pg/ml) and GP-25 (25.2±7.1 ng/ml). In contrast, the lowest NO values (less than 22 µM) were observed in 17 patients with IDA. There is no doubt that there is a certain relationship between the development of oxidative stress with the accumulation of highly toxic lipoperoxidation products that affect the overall homeostasis of the body, and the development of anemic syndrome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.51620/0869-2084-2021-66-7-401-406DOI Listing
July 2021

The role of interleukin-6 and hepcidin 25 in the pathogenesis of anemic syndrome associated with malignant neoplasms with breast cancer patients before neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

Klin Lab Diagn 2021 Mar;66(3):147-153

FSBI «National Medical Research Center of Oncology N.N. Blokhin» Ministry of Health of Russia.

A study of interleukin-6 (IL-6), hepcidin-25 (GP-25) was conducted in 22 patients with breast cancer before neoadjuvant chemotherapy and in 27 healthy women in the control group. Significant expression of the GP-25 protein was revealed in breast cancer patients, compared to control. The rates were high both in patients with anemic sindrome (AS) and without it (p <0.01). Latent iron deficiency, AS, IDA and functional iron deficiency (FJ) were more often detected in patients with stage III disease. A significant difference in the parameters of GP-25 and IL-6 was noted, the indicators were higher in patients with stage III (p <0.01). No close correlation was found between IL-6, GP-25 and other acute-phase proteins (FR, CRP) at the initial stages of AS formation. On the contrary, a positive correlation was observed in patients with IDA and FJ between IL-6 and all acute-phase proteins (GP-25, FR, CRP). However, a small number of observations do not allow an unambiguous conclusion about the role of IL-6 and GP-25 expression in the development of AS in cancer patients with breast cancer and requires further study.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.51620/0869-2084-2021-66-3-147-153DOI Listing
March 2021

Morphological and functional features of peripheral blood neutrophils in cancer patients with sepsis in the early postoperative period (review of literature and results of our own studies).

Klin Lab Diagn 2021 Feb;66(1):15-21

FSBI «National Medical Research Center of Oncology N.N. Blokhin» Ministry of Health of Russia.

The study was performed in 9 cancer patients with sepsis. A clinical blood test of patients with sepsis was accompanied by a neutrophilic leukemoid reaction, with the appearance in the differential count of white blood cells of young cells (myelocytes, metamyelocytes). According to the literature, it is shown that in severe sepsis, a local infection is accompanied by systemic of neutrophil activation (NF). Moreover, excessive activation and location of NF in the microvasculature, especially its young forms and the formation of extracellular trap networks (NETs), can contribute to pathological manifestations of multiple organ failure and thrombosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18821/0869-2084-2021-66-1-15-21DOI Listing
February 2021

[Characterization of anemic syndrome in cancer patients with sepsis in the early postoperative period.]

Klin Lab Diagn 2020 ;65(3):169-173

Federal State Budgetary Institution "National Medical Research Center of Oncology N.N. Blokhin", under the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, 115478, Moscow, Russian Federation.

A study of the main indicators of red blood (RBC, HGB, HCT, MCV, MCH) and the concentration of EPO, sTfR in 9 cancer patients with anemic syndrome (AS) against sepsis was carried out. Among them, patients with chronic disease anemia (ACh), with normocytic, normochromic characteristics of red blood cells and low hematocrit predominated. In 2 patients, microcytosis and erythrocyte hypochromia were noted, the concentration of sTfR was significantly higher than normal (0.9 ± 0.07 μg / ml), amounted to 2.7 μg / ml in one of them and 1.9 μg / ml in the other, which testified to t iron deficiency erythropoiesis (IDE) on the background of the ACh,. In 7 patients with ACh without IDE, sTfR values were within the normal range (0.1-1.2) μg / ml, the median was 0.5 μg/ml. In all patients with sepsis, the production of EPO was inadequate for the severity of the AS, to a lesser extent in patients with IDE. The average EPO production in the group was 19.4 ± 5.1 (7.7-52.8) mU / ml, median = 12.1 mE / ml. Further studies of EPO, sTfR are planned in order to determine their role in therapeutic tactics in the correction of AS in cancer patients with sepsis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18821/0869-2084-2020-65-3-169-173DOI Listing
July 2020

[Modern ferrokinetics metabolites in the diagnostics of anemic in patients with disseminated stages of Hodgkin's lymphoma when conducting intensive chemotherapy.]

Klin Lab Diagn 2019 ;64(5):277-283

FSBI «National Medical Research Center of Oncology N.N. Blokhina», Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow.

Evaluation of anemic syndrome (AS) was performed in 79 patients with advanced stages of Hodgkin's lymphoma (LH) at various stages of chemotherapy (CT) according to the EACOPP-14 scheme. Against the background of the treatment, the number of erythrocytes and, accordingly, the HCT indices decreased with each subsequent cycle of chemotherapy (CTC) and reached the maximum reduction to 5, 6 th CCT. Absolute iron deficiency (IDA), which was combined with a low level of EPO and an inadequate degree of anemia, was found in a few LH patients (5 people, 6.3%). Functional iron deficiency (FDZH) was diagnosed in 9 patients (11.4%), had the same morphological signs as IDA. Namely, microcytosis, erythrocyte hypochromia and low hemoglobin content in reticulocytes (RET-HE). In contrast to IDA, patients with FDZh concentration of FR, GP-25 and IL-6 were high. Despite the fairly large reserves of iron, the level of rRTF testified to the "iron hunger" of the erythrocariocytes of the bone marrow, its index exceeded the upper limit of the norm, while RET-HE was low. In 34 (43%) patients, LH revealed a deficiency of endogenous erythropoietin (EPO), which was observed not only in patients with AHZ, but also in patients with IDA. Lower levels of EPO were detected in patients with leukopenia and very low erythropoietic activity of the bone marrow.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18821/0869-2084-2019-64-5-277-283DOI Listing
August 2019
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