Publications by authors named "Günther Tekautz"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

1,2-Dibromoethyl-trichlorosilane (CH2BrCHBrSiCl3): conformational structure and vibrational properties by gas-phase electron diffraction, infrared and Raman spectroscopy, and ab initio molecular orbital and density functional theory calculations.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2005 May;61(7):1307-19

Department of Chemistry, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NTNU, Hoegskoleringen 5, N-7491 Trondheim, Norway.

The molecular structure and conformational properties of 1,2-dibromoethyl-trichlorosilane (CH2BrCHBrSiCl3) have been investigated using gas-phase electron diffraction (GED) data recorded at a temperature of 100 degrees C, together with ab initio molecular orbital (MO) and density functional theory (DFT) calculations, infrared (IR) and Raman spectroscopy in the liquid and solid phases, and normal coordinate analysis (NCA). The molecule exists in the gas- and liquid phases as a mixture of three conformers, gauche(-) [G(-)], with a refined torsion angle phi(BrCCBr)=-71(6) degrees, anti [A], with a torsion angle phi(BrCCBr) approximately -170 degrees , and gauche(+) [G(+)], with a torsion angle phi(BrCCBr) approximately +70 degrees . The second torsion angle of importance, the rotation about the CSi bond, has been refined to a value of +175(13) degrees . Torsion angles were only refined for the more abundant G(-) conformer. In the solid phase, only the G(-) conformer was observed. The temperature-dependent Raman spectra have provided an estimate of the relative conformational entropies, DeltaS. The obtained composition from GED refinements was (%) G(-)/A/G(+)=64(27)/23(13)/13(18) (values with estimated 2sigma uncertainties), giving a conformational stability order in agreement with both the Raman enthalpy measurements and the ab initio MO and DFT calculations using the 6-311G(d) basis set and scaled zero-point energies. Relevant structural parameter values obtained from the GED refinements (with the ab initio HF values used as constraints) were as follows (G(-) values with estimated 2sigma uncertainties): bond lengths (r(g)):r(C-C)=1.501(18)A, r(SiC)=1.865(15)A, r(CBr)=1.965(8)A (average), r(SiCl)=2.028(3)A (average). Bond angles ( anglealpha):angleCCSi=114.1(33) degrees , angleC1C2Br=114.0(21) degrees , angleCSiCl=109.6(7) degrees (average). Experimental IR/Raman and obtained vibrational wavenumbers based on both the unscaled, fixed-scaled as well as the scale-refined quantum-mechanical force fields [HF/6-311G(d)] are presented. The results are discussed and compared with some similar molecules from the literature.
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May 2005

Molecular structure of 1,1,2,2-tetra-tert-butyldisilane: unusual structural motifs in sterically crowded disilanes.

Dalton Trans 2004 Mar 9(5):759-66. Epub 2004 Feb 9.

School of Chemistry, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, UK EH9 3JJ.

The molecular structure of 1,1,2,2-tetra-tert-butyldisilane has been determined by gas-phase electron diffraction supported by ab initio calculations, in the solution phase by Raman spectroscopy, and in the solid phase by Raman spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography. The gas-phase structure (C2 symmetry) was found to be almost anticlinal, a most unusual and unexpected result. In the favoured conformation, contact between tert-butyl groups at each end of the molecule is avoided by a large deviation of the angles around the silicon atoms from the parent tetrahedral angle of 109.5 degrees. In fact, the Si-Si-C angles returned from the gas electron diffraction refinement are 117.0(5) and 110.7(6) degrees, indicating the large degree of flexibility about the silicon centres. The ab initio methods and gas electron diffraction results indicate that there is only one conformer of But2HSiSiHBut2 in the gaseous mixture. Variable temperature Raman studies indicate the possibility of a further higher energy conformer existing in the liquid phase. However, this seems quite improbable from other observations made for the Raman spectra at all temperatures. The X-ray structure is close to that observed in the gas phase, with phiHSiSiH = 94.2(18) degrees. There is a large amount of disorder about one of the silicon postions and one of the tert-butyl groups within the crystal structure, which makes detailed direct comparison with the gaseous structure difficult.
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March 2004