Publications by authors named "Funda Seher Özalp Ateş"

14 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Transretinal biopsy via 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy for retinal and choroidal tumors: cytopathological results, surgical complications, and patient outcomes.

Jpn J Ophthalmol 2021 Mar 9;65(2):250-260. Epub 2021 Jan 9.

Department of Biostatistics, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: To evaluate the cytopathological results, surgical complications, and patient outcomes after transretinal biopsy (TRB) for diagnosis of retinal/choroidal tumors METHODS: Records of 40 cases who underwent TRB via 23-gauge (23 G) pars plana vitrectomy between March 2011 and March 2020 were reviewed.

Study Design: Retrospective.

Results: Twenty-six (65.0%) cases were women and 14 (35.0%) were men. The mean age at diagnosis was 57.2 (range: 18-83) years. The mean tumor base diameter was 12.0×9.8 mm and the mean tumor thickness was 4.9 mm. According to cytopathological examination, 29 (72.5%) cases had choroidal melanoma, 2 (5.0%) had non-small cell lung cancer metastasis, 1 (2.5%) had adenoma of retinal pigment epithelium, 1 (2.5%) had small cell lung cancer metastasis, 1 (2.5%) had invasive breast cancer metastasis, 1 (2.5%) had retinal astrocytic hamartoma, and 1 (2.5%) had pseudoneoplastic gliosis. Cytopathological examination of 4 (10.0%) cases revealed findings consistent with macular and extramacular degeneration. Postoperative complications were mild vitreous hemorrhage in 16 (40.0%) cases, gradually worsening cataract in 4 (11.8%), retinal detachment in 1 (2.5%), hyphema in 1 (2.5%), glaucoma in 1 (2.5%), and macular hole in 1 (2.5%). During the mean 11.1 (range: 1-55) months follow-up, 1 (3.4%) patient with choroidal melanoma developed liver metastasis. All patients were alive at the end of follow-up.

Conclusions: TRB using 23 G pars plana vitrectomy can be used to make the cytopathologic diagnosis of retinal/choroidal tumors whenever the clinical diagnosis is not certain or in cases with known diagnosis to obtain information on cell type/cytogenetics. In our series, the most common diagnosis after cytopathologic examination was choroidal melanoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10384-020-00795-4DOI Listing
March 2021

MRI quantification techniques in fatty liver: the diagnostic performance of hepatic T1, T2, and stiffness measurements in relation to the proton density fat fraction.

Diagn Interv Radiol 2021 Jan;27(1):7-14

Department of Gastroenterology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) can progress to liver cirrhosis and is predicted to become the most frequent indication for liver transplantation in the near future. Noninvasive assessment of NAFLD is important for diagnosis and patient management. This study aims to prospectively determine the liver stiffness and T1 and T2 values in patients with NAFLD and to compare the diagnostic performance of magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) and mapping techniques in relation to the proton density fat fraction (PDFF).

Methods: Eighty-three patients with NAFLD and 26 participants with normal livers were imaged with a 1.5 T scanner. PDFF measurements obtained from the multiecho Dixon technique were used to quantify the liver fat. MRE, native T1 mapping (modified Look-Locker inversion recovery [MOLLI] schemes 5(3)3, 3(3)3(3)5, and 3(2)3(2)5 and the B1-corrected variable flip angle [VFA] method), and T2 mapping values were correlated with PDFF. The diagnostic performance of MRE and the mapping techniques were analyzed and compared.

Results: T1 values measured with the MOLLI schemes and the B1-corrected VFA (P < 0.001), and the stiffness values from MRE (P = 0.047) were significantly higher in the NAFLD group. No significant difference was found between the groups in terms of T2 values (P = 0.127). In differentiation of the NAFLD and control groups, the B1-corrected VFA technique had slightly higher accuracy and area under the curve (AUC) than the MOLLI schemes. In the NAFLD group, there was a good correlation between the PDFF, MOLLI 3(3)3(3)5 and 3(2)3(2)5, and VFA T1 measurements (r=0.732; r=0.735; r=0.716, P < 0.001, respectively).

Conclusion: Liver T1 mapping techniques have the potential to distinguish steatotic from nonsteatotic livers, and T1 values seem to have a strong correlation with the liver fat content.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/dir.2020.19654DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7837725PMC
January 2021

Sarcopenia in rheumatoid arthritis: Is it a common manifestation?

Int J Rheum Dis 2020 Dec 26;23(12):1685-1691. Epub 2020 Sep 26.

Gulhane Faculty of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Health Sciences Turkey, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: To evaluate the presence of sarcopenia in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Method: This cross-sectional study included 100 patients with RA and 100 gender-matched healthy individuals. Sarcopenia was assessed by performing tests evaluating muscle strength, muscle mass, and physical performance, using the criteria determined by The European Working Group on Sarcopenia. Sarcopenia is defined as a decrease in muscle strength and muscle mass. On the other hand, presarcopenia is defined as a decrease in muscle strength with a normal muscle mass.

Results: The participants comprised of 70 females and 30 males. The frequency of presarcopenia was 35% in the RA group and 9% in the control group (P < .001). Results of handgrip and gait speed tests were lower in the RA group than in the healthy control group (P = .002 and P < .001, respectively). Presarcopenia was seen at higher rates among female and older patients, and patients with longer disease duration. Disease activity scores were higher in patients with presarcopenia than in patients without sarcopenia (P < .05). In multivariate regression analysis for presarcopenia; a statistically significant association was found between handgrip test results and age, gender, and disease activity (P < .001, R  = .62).

Conclusions: Longer disease duration and higher disease activity may provoke the development of sarcopenia due to chronic inflammation in patients with RA. Physicians should be aware of the development of sarcopenia during the course of disease and take into account the preservative and preventive methods against sarcopenia by encouraging them about exercise along with controlling disease activity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1756-185X.13976DOI Listing
December 2020

Secondary intra-arterial chemotherapy and/or intravitreal chemotherapy as salvage treatment for retinoblastoma.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2020 Sep 22:1120672120957587. Epub 2020 Sep 22.

Department of Pediatrics, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: To evaluate the results of secondary intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) and/or intravitreal chemotherapy (IVC) as a salvage treatment for retinoblastoma (RB).

Materials And Methods: The medical records of 31 (20 male, 11 female) cases (with 38 eyes) who underwent secondary IAC and/or IVC between February 2010 and June 2019 were retrospectively reviewed.

Results: Thirteen (41.9%) cases had unilateral and 18 (58.1%) had bilateral RB. According to the International Classification of RB, 6 (15.8%) eyes had group B, 9 (23.7%) eyes had group C, 16 (42.1%) eyes had group D, and 7 (18.4%) eyes had group E RB at diagnosis. All patients underwent six-cycle intravenous chemotherapy as primary treatment and 8 eyes received external radiotherapy before IAC/IVC. Secondary IAC was performed in 21 (55.3%) eyes, IVC in 10 (26.3%) eyes, and IAC + IVC in 7 (18.4%) eyes. External radiotherapy was applied in 2 (5.3%) eyes after IAC/IVC, one of which was later enucleated. In total, 17 (44.7%) eyes undergoing secondary IAC/IVC treatments were enucleated. Metastasis and death were not observed in any case during the mean follow-up period of 59.3 (median 61, range: 10-98) months.

Discussion: Although 60.5% of the eyes undergoing IAC/IVC consisted of groups D and E RB, globe salvage and survival rates were 55.3% and 100.0%, respectively. External radiotherapy was required in 5.3% of the eyes after IAC/IVC. In conclusion, IAC and IVC are safe and effective treatment methods in eyes with RB unresponsive to other eye-preserving treatments and those demonstrating recurrence.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1120672120957587DOI Listing
September 2020

Swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography findings in choroidal and retinal tumors.

Eye (Lond) 2021 Jan 7;35(1):4-16. Epub 2020 Sep 7.

Department of Biostatistics, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: To report the swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) findings in choroidal and retinal tumors.

Methods: A retrospective noncomparative interventional case series of 60 eyes having various choroidal and retinal tumors imaged with SS-OCTA (Topcon DR1 Triton Plus, Tokyo, Japan) between September 2018 and February 2020 was conducted. Inclusion criteria were tumor thickness <4 mm, tumor base diameter <10 mm, and tumor location at the posterior pole.

Results: Choroidal nevi usually demonstrated well-defined borders, hyperreflective internal structure, and no outer retinal involvement on SS-OCTA. Choroidal melanoma, in contrast to nevi, usually had ill-defined borders (p = 0.018), mixed hyperreflective-hyporeflective or hyperreflective internal structure (p = 0.014), and demonstrated outer retinal involvement (p < 0.001). Circumscribed choroidal hemangioma usually presented with well-defined borders, a hyperreflective internal tumor structure with multiple dilated interconnected tumor vessels intermixed with signal void areas representing connective tissue. Optic disc melanocytomas showed a hyporeflective plexus related to blocking of signal by the pigment and an intact radial peripapillary capillary network. There was flow on the surface and slightly deeper within the lesion on B-scan angiography overlay. Retinal astrocytic hamartomas had well-defined borders and a hyperreflective vascular plexus in the superficial and deep retina. Outer retina and choriocapillaris showed hyporeflective change due to shadowing/masking from calcium or high blood flow in the lesion.

Conclusions: Each of the different retinal and choroidal tumors studied in this series presented with different SS-OCTA features to aid in the differential diagnosis of these conditions. Good quality images are obtained in patients with good fixation and tumors <3 mm in thickness located at the posterior pole.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41433-020-01151-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7853135PMC
January 2021

Correction: A 20-year audit of retinoblastoma treatment outcomes.

Eye (Lond) 2020 10;34(10):1940

Şanlıurfa Balıklıgöl State Hospital, Şanlıurfa, Turkey.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41433-020-1119-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7608207PMC
October 2020

A 20-year audit of retinoblastoma treatment outcomes.

Eye (Lond) 2020 10 6;34(10):1916-1924. Epub 2020 May 6.

Şanlıurfa Balıklıgöl State Hospital, Şanlıurfa, Turkey.

Objectives: To evaluate the long-term treatment outcomes in intraocular retinoblastoma (RB) including the associated factors for eventual treatment with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) and enucleation as well as to analyse the risk factors for metastasis and death in extraocular RB.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of 390 eyes from 256 (89.8%) intraocular RB and 29 (10.2%) extraocular RB cases diagnosed and treated between October 1998 and May 2018 at one of the largest tertiary care centers in Turkey.

Results: Of 351 intraocular RB eyes, 53.3% had group D/E disease at presentation. 75 (21.4%) of 351 eyes underwent primary enucleation. Of the remaining 276 eyes undergoing eye-conserving treatments, 201 (72.8%) were salvaged. Most of these eyes were treated using intravenous chemotherapy and/or focal treatments [transpupillary thermotherapy (TTT) and cryotherapy] initially. EBRT was eventually required in 48 (17.4%) eyes and secondary enucleation in 75 (27.2%) eyes. At mean follow-ups of 76.7 and 39.7 months for intraocular and extraocular RB cohorts, respectively, 180 (46.2%) eyes underwent primary/secondary enucleation and exenteration. Overall, 13 cases developed metastasis and 9 died. Two patients with trilateral RB also expired. Multivariable risk factors for enucleation were the presence of vitreous seeds (p < 0.001), absence of EBRT administration (p = 0.033), 5-9 TTT applications compared with no TTT (p = 0.031), and each 1 mm increase in tumour base diameter (p < 0.001). Univariate factors predictive of metastasis were the presence of extraocular RB detected by imaging methods (p < 0.001) and extrascleral/optic nerve cut end involvement at histopathological examination (p < 0.001).

Conclusions: In our series, 72.8% of the intraocular RB eyes undergoing eye-conserving treatments were saved. The globe salvage rate for all intraocular and extraocular RB eyes was 53.8% and the overall survival rate was 96.1%.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41433-020-0898-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7608123PMC
October 2020

Responsiveness of the Turkish KOOS-PS and HOOS-PS in knee and hip joint arthroplasty patients.

J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil 2020 ;33(6):977-981

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Adaptation to Turkish language and validation studies of Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score - Physical Function Short Form (KOOS-PS) and Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score - Physical Function Short Form (HOOS-PS) were done previously but responsiveness to changes of these questionnaires could not be tested in these studies.

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the responsiveness of the Turkish versions of the KOOS-PS and HOOS-PS in a patient group who underwent knee or hip joint arthroplasty operation.

Methods: Sixty-three patients who underwent total knee arthroplasties and sixteen patients who underwent total hip arthroplasties for primary osteoarthritis were included in this study. The preoperative and 3-month postoperative KOOS-PS, HOOS-PS, and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) Osteoarthritis Index hip and knee scores were collected from the hospital records, and the effect sizes (ESs) and standardized response means (SRMs) were calculated.

Results: The ESs and SRMs, respectively, were as follows: -1.954 and -2.156 for the KOOS-PS, -1.833 and -2.464 for the HOOS-PS, -4.848 and -4.210 for the WOMAC-knee, and -3.835 and -4.625 for the WOMAC-hip.

Conclusions: The Turkish versions of the KOOS-PS and HOOS-PS exhibited strong responsiveness to change in the arthroplasty patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/BMR-181420DOI Listing
May 2021

Factors affecting recurrence after surgical treatment in cases with ocular surface squamous neoplasia.

Int J Ophthalmol 2019 18;12(9):1426-1431. Epub 2019 Sep 18.

Şanlıurfa Balıklıgöl State Hospital, Şanlıurfa 63100, Turkey.

Aim: To evaluate the risk factors leading to recurrence in patients with ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN).

Methods: The records of 112 patients with OSSN who underwent treatment and follow-up between February 1999 and August 2018 were reviewed retrospectively.

Results: Totally 67 patients (59.8%) were male and 45 patients (40.2%) were female. The mean age at presentation was 63.7y (range 22-87y). Partial lamellar scleroconjunctivectomy (PLSC) was performed in 105 (93.7%) cases and enucleation was performed in 7 (6.3%) cases due to bulbus invasion as the first step treatment. Treatments used in addition to PLSC included cryotherapy in 78 eyes (74.3%), alcohol epitheliectomy in 57 eyes (54.3%) for presence of corneal involvement, and amniotic membrane transplantation in 17 eyes (16.2%) for ocular surface reconstruction. Topical mitomycin C was used in 10 patients (9.5%) and strontium-90 (Str-90) treatment in 4 (3.8%) patients because surgical margins were tumor positive at the histopathological examination. Postoperative histopathologic diagnoses were squamous cell carcinoma (52 cases), carcinoma (44 cases), moderate conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia (11 cases), and mild conjunctiva intraepithelial neoplasia (5 cases). At a mean follow-up of 20.1mo, tumor recurrence was observed in 21 (18.8%) cases. The rate of recurrence was found to be lower in cases that underwent supplemental cryotherapy compared to those that did not (<0.001). There was no metastasis in any case.

Conclusion: In our series, the recurrence rate is 18.8% and overall globe salvage rate is 90.2% for OSSN at relatively short-term follow-up.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18240/ijo.2019.09.09DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6739578PMC
September 2019

Fibromyalgia in the Patients With Allergic Rhinitis: Its Prevalence and Impact on the Quality of Life.

Am J Rhinol Allergy 2019 Nov 29;33(6):716-722. Epub 2019 Jul 29.

Department of Biostatistics, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1945892419864526DOI Listing
November 2019

SONOGRAPHIC FOLLOW-UP OF PATIENTS WITH DIFFERENTIATED THYROID CARCINOMA: A COMPARISON OF THE ULTRASOUND ELASTOGRAPHY, POWER DOPPLER ULTRASOUND, AND B-MODE ULTRASOUND FEATURES IN DETECTING MALIGNANT LYMPH NODES.

Endocr Pract 2019 Oct 26;25(10):1049-1055. Epub 2019 Jun 26.

The aim of this study was to assess and compare the diagnostic power of B-mode ultrasonography (US), power Doppler US (PD), and ultrasound elastography (USE) in detecting malignant lymph nodes (LNs) during follow-up of patients who were operated on for differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). In this prospective study, a total of 103 cervical LNs having suspicious malignant features from 72 patients with DTC were examined using US, PD, and USE. USE scores were classified from 1 to 3 according to the presence of elasticity (1, soft; 2, intermediate; 3, hard). The strain ratios (SRs) of all LNs were calculated according to adjacent muscle tissue. The most-sensitive ultrasonographic features were hilum loss and hypoechogenicity, with 94.4% and 80.6% sensitivity and 93.5% and 84.4% negative predictive value, respectively. The most-specific feature was the presence of cystic component, with 98.5% specificity and 85.7% positive predictive value. Presence of diffuse/chaotic or irregular vascularity in PD had 47.2% sensitivity and 83.6% specificity in predicting metastasis. In USE, the sensitivity and specificity of score 3 were 56.7% and 74.2%, respectively. The median SR of metastatic LNs was higher than that of benign LNs (median SR [min-max], 3.0 [0.16 and 29] vs. 1.89 [0.26 and 37.9]), but the difference was not significant ( = .07). Multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed 4.9-, 6.6-, and 10-fold increases in metastasis risk for short/long axis ratio ≥0.5, nodal vascularity, and score 3 USE, respectively (<.05). While USE had higher sensitivity, PD had higher specificity in detecting malignant LNs, but none of these techniques was as sensitive and specific as gray-scale US features. = confidence interval; = differentiated thyroid cancer; = lymph node; = lymph node-thyroglobulin; = negative predictive value; = power Doppler; = positive predictive value; = region of interest; = strain ratio; = ultrasonography; = ultrasound elastography.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4158/EP-2018-0567DOI Listing
October 2019

A retrospective analysis of children with Henoch-Schonlein purpura and re-evaluation of renal pathologies using Oxford classification.

Clin Exp Nephrol 2019 Jul 20;23(7):939-947. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Dr. Sami Ulus Maternity and Child Health and Diseases Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is the most common vasculitis in childhood. The long-term prognosis is variable and depends on renal involvement. The aims of this study were to investigate the clinical and laboratory characteristics of our HSP patients, to identify the risk factors for the development of Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) and to assess the efficacy of the Oxford Classification system for predicting renal outcomes.

Methods: We performed a retrospective review of HSP patients who admitted to our center between 2001 and 2016, and were < 18 years on admission.

Results: A total of 1120 children with HSP were analyzed. Their mean age was 7.4 ± 3.4 years. At onset, purpura was present in all cases, arthritis/arthralgia in 42.4%, abdominal involvement in 39% and renal involvement in 37%. Risk factors for the development of nephritis were age ≥ 8 years, atypical distribution of purpura, ESR > 20 mm/h and abdominal pain. Renal biopsy was performed on 75 patients before immunosuppressive treatment. The mesangial score was strongly associated with proteinuria. Segmental glomerulosclerosis, tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis, and crescent formation of ≥ 50% were associated with reduced eGFR at the time of biopsy. A Kaplan-Meier plot showed that segmental glomerulosclerosis and tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis significantly predict poor renal outcome.

Conclusion: The long-term morbidity of HSP is predominantly attributed to renal involvement. Patients with HSP, who have a high risk to develop nephritis, could be followed for longer periods of time. The Oxford classification is useful in predicting long-term outcomes of HSPN.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10157-019-01726-5DOI Listing
July 2019

Backwash ileitis in ulcerative colitis: Are there MR enterographic features that distinguish it from Crohn disease?

Eur J Radiol 2019 Jan 1;110:212-218. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Ankara University, Talatpaşa Bulvarı, Sıhhiye, 06100 Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address:

Objective: To reveal the MR enterography (MRE) findings that distinguish backwash ileitis (BWI) from terminal ileitis due to Crohn's disease (CD) and to determine the usability of barium studies manifestations (ileocecal valve (ICV) gaping, terminal ileum dilatation) in MRE for the diagnosis of BWI in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients by pointing at the diagnostic performance of these imaging findings.

Subjects-methods: The study population consisted of patients who were diagnosed as ulcerative colitis (UC), and underwent 1.5 T MRI between August 2011 and November 2017 to rule out small bowel involvement. The matched controls were comprised of Crohn's patients examined at the same period. Ileocolonoscopic/ histopathologic findings were accepted as reference standard. Mural/extramural changes in bowel segments, ileocecal valve (ICV) gaping, terminal ileum dilatation, restricted diffusion and anatomical extent of involvement were evaluated. In UC patients, the association between ICV gaping and terminal ileum dilatation and BWI was assessed by χ2 test. The diagnostic accuracy of these two findings in BWI was determined.

Results: Sixty patients were included in the study (30 UC; 30 CD; mean age, 43 years in both groups). Ileocecal valve gaping and terminal ileum dilatation were significantly more frequent among BWI patients (p < 0.001) in UC. Patients with BWI showed a higher rate of pancolitis (88.9%). Median terminal ileum wall thickness was found to be significantly greater in patients with CD (p < 0.001).

Conclusion: In patients with definite diagnosis of UC, ileocecal valve gaping and terminal ileum dilatation suggest the development of BWI. However, these findings cannot be use to differentiate cause of terminal ileitis in patients with unconfirmed diagnosis and do not give reliable information about the causative factor of ileitis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2018.11.027DOI Listing
January 2019

Serum interleukin-37 level and interleukin-37 gene polymorphism in patients with Behçet disease.

Clin Rheumatol 2019 Feb 18;38(2):495-502. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Immunology and Allergy, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Behçet's disease (BD) is a chronic inflammatory disease. The etiopathogenesis of BD is not well understood and several cytokines and genetic factors have been investigated. Interleukin (IL)-37, which a member of IL-1 family is an anti-inflammatory cytokine. The aim of the study was to analyze serum IL-37 level and IL-37 gene polymorphisms to assess its possible role in BD. Two hundred twenty-three patients with BD and 80 healthy controls (HC) were enrolled. Serum IL-37 level was measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Deoksiribo Nucleic acids (DNA) were extracted using a genomic DNA isolation kit. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of IL-37 gene (rs3811047) was performed using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR/RFLP) methods. Serum IL-37 level was not significantly different in BD and HC (p > 0.05). Serum IL-37 level was not associated with the disease activity (p > 0.05). However, its level was higher in mucocutaneous involvement compared with systemic involvement (p = 0.002) and HC (p = 0.005). IL-37 gene polymorphisms were similar in BD and HC (p > 0.05). IL-37 may play a role in the etiopathogenesis of BD by contributing to manifestation with more moderate clinical symptoms.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10067-018-4288-7DOI Listing
February 2019