Publications by authors named "Fumiko Aonuma"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Effect of aging on bone metabolism: the involvement of complemen t C1q.

J Prosthodont Res 2020 Oct 29. Epub 2020 Oct 29.

Division of Applied Pharmacology, Kyushu Dental University, Kitakyushu.

Purpose: Impairment of normal bone remodeling affects the successful osseointegration of dental implants. Recently, it has been reported that complement C1q level increases with age and delays wound healing by modulating Wnt signaling. As Wnt signaling is known to play an essential role in bone remodeling, we hypothesized that aging-dependent increases in C1q affect bone remodeling. In this study, we examined whether C1q affects the differentiation of bone-forming osteoblasts and bone-resorbing osteoclasts, and investigated whether C1q could modify cellular signaling, including the Wnt/β-catenin pathway in these cells.

Methods: Osteogenic differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells was assessed using alkaline phosphatase staining. Differentiation of osteoclasts from mouse bone marrow cells was assessed using tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining. Activation of canonical Wnt signaling and protein phosphorylation was monitored using Western blotting.

Results: C1q, at 5-15 µg/mL promoted osteoclast fusion, whereas it did not affect the differentiation of osteoblasts. On the other hand, a higher concentration of C1q (50 µg/mL) suppressed both bone morphogenetic protein-2-induced osteogenic differentiation and osteoclast formation. C1q did not induce an obvious activation of Wnt/ β-catenin signaling in either pre-osteoblasts or pre-osteoclasts, contrary to previous reports using other tissues. Instead, C1q upregulated the receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (RANKL)-induced phosphorylation of Akt.

Conclusions: C1q could affect cellular signaling and modify the differentiation of osteoblasts and osteoclasts, depending on the concentration. Therefore, an increase in C1q with age could be one of the factors that determine the prognosis of treatment of elderly patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2186/jpr.JPOR_2019_644DOI Listing
October 2020

Effects of metformin on the prevention of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw-like lesions in rats.

J Prosthodont Res 2020 Sep 15. Epub 2020 Sep 15.

Division of Oral Reconstruction and Rehabilitation, Kyushu Dental University, Fukuoka.

Purpose: In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of glucose metabolism on bone healing after tooth extraction in an osteoporosis rat model administered zoledronic acid (ZA) and dexamethasone (DX).

Methods: In total, 24 male Wistar rats (4 weeks old) were randomly assigned to four groups: Control (subcutaneous physiological saline), ZD (subcutaneous ZA and DX twice a week), Ins+ZD (subcutaneous insulin followed by ZD treatment), and Met+ZD (oral metformin followed by ZD treatment). Blood was collected every two weeks . Two weeks after treatment initiation, the first molar tooth on the right maxilla was extracted from all rats. Four weeks later, the rats were sacrificed, and bone healing was assessed. Maxillae samples were fixed and scanned using micro-computed tomography for quantifying areas of bone defects. Hematoxylin-eosin and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining were performed to evaluate bone apoptosis and osteoclast number.

Results: In all experimental groups, body weight was statistically lower than that in the Control group, with no changes observed in uncarboxylated osteocalcin concentrations. The radiological analysis revealed that insulin or metformin administration improved healing in the tooth extraction socket (p < 0.01). Histological examination revealed that the osteonecrosis area was reduced in the Ins+ZD and Met+ZD groups (p < 0.01). TRAP staining presented increased osteoclast numbers in the ZD group when compared with that observed in the Control.

Conclusions: Tooth extraction with long-term ZA and DX administration inhibited bone remodeling and induced bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw-like lesions. Metformin exerted protective effects ag ainst osteonecrosis of the jaw.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2186/jpr.JPOR_2019_629DOI Listing
September 2020

Implant-supported fixed prosthesis improves nutrient intake in patients with partial edentulous posterior regions.

J Prosthodont Res 2019 Oct 18;63(4):411-414. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Division of Oral Reconstruction and Rehabilitation, Kyushu Dental University, Kitakyushu, Japan.

Purpose: This study investigated changes in food and nutrient intake after implant-supported fixed prosthesis treatment in patients with partial edentulous posterior regions.

Methods: This study included 30 patients who received implant treatment with fixed prostheses in the posterior region. Food and nutrient intake was evaluated using a brief self-administered diet history questionnaire at baseline and post-implant treatment, and the results were statistically analyzed.

Results: Treatment with implant-supported fixed prostheses in patients with posterior edentulous conditions tended to increase the amounts of soy products and vegetables consumed: in particular, intake of carrot and squash was significantly increased. The total energy, protein, lipid, and carbohydrate intakes were comparable between baseline and post-implant treatment. On the other hand, the vegetable protein, α-carotene, daidzein, and genistein intakes were significantly increased, and dietary fiber and β-carotene intakes tended to be increased in patients with implant-supported fixed prostheses.

Conclusions: Implant-supported fixed prostheses in patients with posterior edentulous conditions affected food intake, resulting in improved nutrient intake.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpor.2019.03.007DOI Listing
October 2019

Efficacy of electric-powered cleaning instruments in edentulous patients with implant-supported full-arch fixed prostheses: a crossover design.

Int J Implant Dent 2019 Mar 26;5(1). Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Division of Oral Reconstruction and Rehabilitation, Kyushu Dental University, 2-6-1 Manazuru, Kokurakita-Ku, Kitakyushu City, Fukuoka, 803-8580, Japan.

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the plaque removal efficacies of electric toothbrushes and electric dental floss compared with conventional manual toothbrushing in cleaning the fitting surface of an All-on-4™ concept (Nobel Biocare, Zürich-Flughafen, Switzerland) implant-supported fixed dental prosthesis (FDP).

Methods: Nine patients with maxillary edentulous arches participated in the study. We investigated two electric-powered brushes (Sonicare Diamond Clean®, Koninklijke Philips N.V., Amsterdam, the Netherlands [SD group], and the Oral-B Professional Care Smart Series 5000®, Braun GmbH, Kronberg, Germany [OralB group]) and one electric dental floss unit (Air Floss®, Koninklijke Philips N.V. [AF group]). A manual toothbrush (Tuft24® MS, OralCare Inc., Tokyo, Japan) was used by the control group. The fitting surface of the FDP was stained to allow visualization of the entire accumulated plaque area. Both the buccal and palatal portions of the plaque area were assessed before and after brushing to evaluate each instrument's plaque removal rate using a crossover study design. Two-week washout periods were employed between each evaluation.

Results: The plaque removal rates were 53.5 ± 8.5%, 70.9 ± 6.5%, 75.4 ± 6.3%, and 74.4 ± 4.2% for the control, AF, OralB, and SD groups, respectively. When participants were divided into two groups based on their plaque removal rates with a manual toothbrush (poor brushing and good brushing), the poor brushing group showed significant improvement in the plaque removal rate when using electric-powered toothbrushes. The plaque removal rates for the buccal area were significantly higher for the OralB and SD groups than for the manual brushing group (control group), with rates of 52.8 ± 7.9%, 70.1 ± 7.3%, 77.7 ± 6.5%, and 79.5 ± 3.7% for the control, AF, OralB, and SD groups, respectively. The plaque removal rates in the palatal area were consistently lower than those in the buccal area for each of the three electric instruments.

Conclusions: The results suggest that patients who are not adept at manual toothbrushing may potentially improve their removal of plaque from the fitting surfaces of FDPs by using electric toothbrushes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40729-019-0164-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434005PMC
March 2019

Long-term dexamethasone treatment diminishes store-operated Ca entry in salivary acinar cells.

Int J Oral Sci 2019 01 3;11(1). Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Division of Oral Reconstruction and Rehabilitation, Kyushu Dental University, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka, 803-8580, Japan.

Corticosteroids are used in the treatment of many diseases; however, they also induce various side effects. Dexamethasone is one of the most potent corticosteroids, and it has been reported to induce the side effect of impaired salivary gland function. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of dexamethasone on mouse submandibular gland function to gain insight into the mechanism of dexamethasone-induced salivary hypofunction. The muscarinic agonist carbachol (CCh) induced salivary secretion and was not affected by short-term dexamethasone treatment but was decreased following long-term dexamethasone administration. The expression levels of the membrane proteins Na-K-2Cl cotransporter, transmembrane member 16A, and aquaporin 5 were comparable between the control and long-term dexamethasone treatment groups. The CCh-induced increase in calcium concentration was significantly lower in the presence of extracellular Ca in the long-term dexamethasone treatment group compared to that in the control group. Furthermore, CCh-induced salivation in the absence of extracellular Ca and Ca ionophore A23187-induced salivation was comparable between the control and long-term dexamethasone treatment groups. Moreover, salivation induced by the Ca-ATPase inhibitor thapsigargin was diminished in the long-term dexamethasone treatment group. In summary, these results demonstrate that short-term dexamethasone treatment did not impair salivary gland function, whereas long-term dexamethasone treatment diminished store-operated Ca entry, resulting in hyposalivation in mouse submandibular glands.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41368-018-0031-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6315037PMC
January 2019

Ten-year survival of immediate-loading implants in fully edentulous mandibles in the Japanese population: a multilevel analysis.

J Prosthodont Res 2019 Jan 12;63(1):35-39. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Division of Oral Reconstruction and Rehabilitation, Kyushu Dental University, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka, Japan.

Purpose: To evaluate the long-term clinical results of and risk factors for immediate-loading implant treatment of completely edentulous mandibles.

Methods: We retrospectively studied 220 implants in 52 patients who received immediate-loading implants in fully edentulous mandibles. Kaplan-Meier survival analyses, log-rank tests, and multilevel mixed-effects parametric survival analysis was used for statistical analyses.

Results: Thirteen of implants in seven patients failed, and the 10-year cumulative implant survival rate was 93.9 % and significantly (p=0.049) higher in women than in men. None of the predictor variables were significantly associated with implant survival, although sex tended to be associated with implant survival.

Conclusions: Immediate-loading implant treatment for completely edentulous mandibles had acceptable clinical results in the long term. Although we could not identify significant risk factors, we established a multilevel mixed-effects parametric survival analysis with the immediate-loading implant survival data.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpor.2018.04.001DOI Listing
January 2019

Promotion of insulin-induced glucose uptake in C2C12 myotubes by osteocalcin.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2015 Apr 28;459(3):437-42. Epub 2015 Feb 28.

Division of Applied Pharmacology, Kyushu Dental University, Kitakyushu 803-8580, Japan. Electronic address:

A close relationship between the bone and systemic glucose metabolism has recently been the center of attention, since the uncarboxylated form of osteocalcin (GluOC), a bone-derived protein, but not the γ-carboxylated form, is involved in glucose metabolism. However, the analysis of GluOC effect using isolated organs and related cell lines are required to understand its roles in a whole systemic metabolic status. In the present study, we examined the effect of GluOC on cell lines derived from skeletal muscle to explore the mechanisms by which GluOC regulates glucose uptake. In the differentiated C2C12 myotubes, GluOC dose-dependently induced the phosphorylation of ERK without affecting intracellular cAMP and Ca(2+) levels. This effect was inhibited by U0126, an inhibitor of ERK kinase (MEK). Additionally, U73122, an inhibitor of phospholipase C tended to inhibit it as well. Furthermore, cell treatment with GluOC for a long period promoted insulin-induced Akt phosphorylation and glucose uptake in the myotubes, which was abolished by ERK signaling inhibition. These results indicate that GluOC does not triggered Akt phosphorylation and glucose uptake by itself but promotes insulin-induced glucose uptake in myotubes, probably by up-regulating Akt signaling through ERK activation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2015.02.123DOI Listing
April 2015