Publications by authors named "Fu-Rong Hao"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Bone Metastases of Glioblastoma: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Front Oncol 2021 27;11:705455. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Weifang People's Hospital, Weifang, China.

Background: Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common primary intracranial tumor and originates from the small pool of adult neural stem and progenitor cells (NSPCs). According to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of brain tumors, gliomas are classified into grades I-IV, and GBM is defined as the highest grade (IV). GBM can be disseminated by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), but extracranial metastasis is rare. Additionally, the pathway and mechanism involved remain unclear.

Case Presentation: We report a rare case of left temporal lobe GBM with multiple bone metastases and soft tissue metastasis. This 49-year-old right-handed man who was diagnosed with GBM underwent surgery on May 9, 2017, followed by radiochemotherapy in June 2017. On August 13, 2019, local relapse was found. Then, the patient received a second surgery but not radiochemotherapy. In November 2019, the patient was reported to be suffering from low back pain for nearly 1 month. On December 6, 2019, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the thoracolumbar vertebrae and abdominal computed tomography (CT) confirmed metastases on the ninth posterior rib on the right, the third anterior rib on the left, and the T7 and T10 vertebrae and their appendages. CT-guided rib space-occupying puncture biopsy was performed, and GBM was identified by pathology.

Conclusion: We should pay attention to extracranial metastasis of GBM. Timely detection and early treatment improve overall quality of patients' life. The extracranial metastasis in this patient may have occurred through the spinal nerve root or intercostal nerve. Further clinical observations are required to clarify the pathway and mechanism involved.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2021.705455DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8504694PMC
September 2021

A Potential Predictive Biomarker for Miller/Payne Grading: PD-L1 Expression before Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Breast Cancer.

Oncol Res Treat 2020 21;43(11):573-583. Epub 2020 Sep 21.

Department of Pathology, Weifang People's Hospital, Weifang, China.

Background And Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the value of programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression as a predictive biomarker for Miller/Payne grading before neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) in breast cancer.

Patients And Methods: The expression of PD-L1 in pretreatment biopsies of breast cancer was assessed by immunohistochemistry in tissue microarrays. The results were analyzed using SPSS 22.0 statistical software.

Results: Of 53 female patients, 10 (18.9%) patients had a grade 5 (G5) response, and 12 (22.6%) patients showed PD-L1 expression, including 7 (13.2%) patients with staining in tumor cells (TCs) and 8 (15.1%) patients with staining in peritumoral lymphocytes (PTLCs). Logistic regression analysis revealed that G5 response to NACT was significantly associated with TCs or PTLCs PD-L1 positivity, whether with univariate analysis (TCs PD-L1: p = 0.00, OR 20.50, 95% CI 3.11-134.94; PTLCs PD-L1: p = 0.02, OR 6.50, 95% CI 1.27-33.20) or with multivariate analysis (TCs PD-L1: p = 0.00, OR 42.23, 95% CI 3.36-530.90; PTLCs PD-L1: p = 0.02, OR 9.07, 95% CI 1.37-60.02). The same trend was found in the luminal subgroup analysis (TCs PD-L1: p = 0.02, OR 23.43, 95% CI 1.66-331.58; PTLCs PD-L1: p = 0.01, OR 47.89, 95% CI 2.47-927.41).

Conclusion: G5 response to NACT in breast cancer was significantly associated with TCs or PTLCs PD-L1-positive expression in pretreatment biopsies; it can be expected that PD-L1 will become a new independent biomarker of response to NACT in breast cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000508139DOI Listing
March 2021

The Prognostic Value of Deficient Mismatch Repair in Stage II-IVa Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma in the Era of IMRT.

Sci Rep 2020 06 16;10(1):9690. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Weifang People's Hospital, Weifang, China.

In the era of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), it is important to analyse the prognostic value of deficient mismatch repair (dMMR) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). In this study, in pretreatment biopsies of 69 patients with stage II-IVa NPC, the expression levels of MMR proteins, including MLH1, MSH2, MSH6 and PMS2, were assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The median follow-up time was 37.5 months (3.1-87.4 months). 50.7% of cases (35/69) showed preserved expression of all 4 MMR proteins, which was interpreted as proficient mismatch repair (pMMR). Only 1.5% of cases (1/69) lost expression of all 4 MMR proteins, 26.1% of cases (18/69) have PMS2 loss alone and 21.7% of cases (15/69) lost expression of both PMS2 and MLH1. Thus, 49.3% of cases (34/69) lost expression of one or more MMR proteins, which was interpreted as dMMR. There was no significant difference (P > 0.05) in terms of sex, age, clinical stage, T category, N category or therapy regimens between the dMMR and pMMR groups. The multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that dMMR was an independent significant prognostic factor for distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) (dMMR vs pMMR: P = 0.01, HR = 0.25, 95% CI: 0.09~0.75). Therefore, NPC patients with dMMR had significantly superior DMFS compared with patients with pMMR. It can be expected that dMMR will become a new independent prognostic factor for NPC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-66678-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7298002PMC
June 2020

Recombinant adenovirus p53 combined with radiotherapy improves efficacy and safety in the treatment of head and neck lymphoma.

Cancer Biomark 2018 ;23(2):213-220

The 2n⁢d Department of Cardiology, Weifang People's Hospital, Weifang 261000, Shandong, China.

Objective: Lymphoma is considered to be a kind of malignant tumour. Gene therapy and radiotherapy have been reported as treatment methods for head and neck lymphoma. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety for the treatment of head and neck lymphoma by a combination of recombinant adenovirus p53 (rAd-p53) and radiotherapy.

Methods: A total of 156 patients with head and neck lymphoma were selected. All patients received an intratumor injection of rAd-p53 of four different doses, namely, 0, 1 × 1010 VP, 1 × 1011 VP and 1 × 1012 VP, once a week for 8 weeks, and radiotherapy was administered 3 days after the rAd-p53 injection using the same dosage and method. Four, eight and twelve weeks after treatment, tumor reduction and complete response (CR) rates, special laboratory examination and adverse reaction assessment were detected to evaluate the efficacy and safety of combined treatment with rAd-p53 injection and radiotherapy for head and neck lymphoma.

Results: At week 4, 8 and 12 of treatment with rAd-p53 at the 1 × 1010 VP, 1 × 1011 VP and 1 × 1012 VP doses, the average tumour reduction and CR rates were evidently elevated, the anti rAd-p53 antibody in the serum of patients was expressed positively, and the T cell subsets (CD3/CD4/CD8) increased and interleukin 2 receptor (IL-2R) level decreased markedly. Additionally, rAd-p53 was proven to be clinically safe in the treatment.

Conclusion: Altogether, we conclude that rAd-p53 combined with radiotherapy improves the efficacy and safety in treating head and neck lymphoma, which has a broad scope in future clinical application.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/CBM-181286DOI Listing
February 2019

[Relationship between the level of waist circumference and the impaired fasting glucose of pre-diabetes].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2013 Sep;34(9):884-7

Affiliated Kailuan General Hospital.

Objective: To explore the relationship between the level of waist circumference (WC) and the impaired fasting glucose (IFG) in people working for the Kailuan Enterprise.

Methods: A total of 101 510 subjects from the employees of Kailuan Group who took part in the health examination between 2006 to 2007, with fasting plasma glucose (FPG) < 6.1 mmol/L, no history of diabetes, completed data on FPG and WC examination and without using hypoglycemic agents, were selected as the observation cohort. Subjects who did not participate in the health examination from 2010 to 2011 and had incomplete data were finally excluded, ended up with 52 099 subjects available for final analysis. According to the baseline WC measurements and its quartile in the health examinations during 2006 to 2007, people under observation were divided into four groups (first, second, third and the forth quartile groups). Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to test the relation between the increasing of WC and IFG.

Results: (1) The incidence rate of IFG in the obese group was higher than that in non-obese group (10.5% vs. 6.8% , P < 0.01), along with an increasing WC noticed in the 4 quartile groups and the incidence rates of IFG were progressively increased, being 6.0%, 7.1%, 8.6% and 11.0% respectively in the total population(7.0%, 7.9%, 9.1% and 11.4% in males, 2.5%, 4.6%, 6.8% and 9.8% in females). (2)Results from the multiple logistic regression analysis showed that, when compared with the first quartile group, the second, third and fourth quartile groups had increased risks of IFG after adjustment on age, gender and other risk factors in the total population, with the OR values being 1.03, 1.15 and 1.30 respectively. After adjusting the above factors in genders, we also noticed the increased risks of IFG, with the OR value being 1.45, 1.66 and 2.08 in males, while 1.00, 1.09 and 1.23 in females, respectively. The influence of the second and third quartile groups on IFG was not significant in females, however.

Conclusion: The incidence of IFG showed an increasing trend with the increase of WC.
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September 2013

[Effect of constitutive androstane receptor on the cytotoxicity of mitomycin C and 5-(aziridin-1-yl)-3-hydroxymethyl-1-methylindole-4,7-dione].

Yao Xue Xue Bao 2007 Apr;42(4):371-5

Institute of Radiation Medicine, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China.

This study is to evaluate the cytotoxicity of mitomycin C (MMC) and its analogue 5-(aziridin-1-yl)-3-hydroxymethyl-1-methylindole-4,7-dione (629) as well as the effect of transfection of constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) on their biological effects. HepG2 cells were transfected with the plasmids mCAR1/pCR3 mediated by liposome. Vector pCR3 was used as control. Transfected cells were screened by G418 resistance and limiting dilution. The expressions of plasmid mCAR1/pCR3 and CYP2B6 mRNA were detected by RT-PCR; Cytotoxicities of MMC and 629 in vitro were evaluated in g2car cells and HepG2 cells by MTT method under anaerobic and aerobic conditions. mRNA expression of CAR and CYP2B6 can not be detected in HepG2 cells and HepG2/pCR3 cells but can in g2car cells. It is shown that plasmid mCAR1/pCR3 was transfected into g2car cells successfully and target CYP2B6 was transactivated by CAR. To compare with aerobic and anaerobic, the cytotoxicities of MMC and 629 to HepG2 cells and g2car cells had significantly enhanced (P < 0.05), and transfect CAR gene can improve the cytotoxicity of MMC (P < 0.05), but not 629 (P > 0.05). Furthermore, CYP2B6 is one master enzyme for the metabolism of MMC and not 629. Transfection of CAR can increase expression of CYP2B6 mRNA in HepG2 cells, and can affect cytotoxicities of MMC and 629.
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April 2007

[Metabolism of mitomycin C by human liver microsomes in vitro].

Yao Xue Xue Bao 2007 Feb;42(2):221-5

Department of Radiotherapy, Weifang People' s Hospital, Weifang 261000, China.

To provide the profiles of metabolism of mitomycin C (MMC) by human liver microsomes in vitro, MMC was incubated with human liver microsomes, then the supernatant component was isolated and detected by HPLC. Types of metabolic enzymes were estimated by the effect of NADPH or dicumarol (DIC) on metabolism of MMC. Standard, reaction, background control (microsomes was inactivated), negative control (no NADPH), and inhibitor group (adding DIC) were assigned, the results were analyzed by Graphpad Prism 4. 0 software. Reaction group compared with background control and negative control groups, 3 NADPH-dependent absorption peaks were additionally isolated by HPLC after MMC were incubated with human liver microsomes. Their retention times were 10. 0, 14. 0, 14. 8 min ( named as Ml, M2, M3) , respectively. Their formation was kept as Sigmoidal dose-response and their Km were 0. 52 (95% CI, 0. 40 - 0.67) mmol x L(-1), 0. 81 (95% CI, 0. 59 - 1. 10) mmol x L(-1), 0. 54 (95% CI, 0. 41 -0. 71) mmol x L(-1) , respectively. The data indicated that the three absorption peaks isolated by HPLC were metabolites of MMC. DIC can inhibit formation of M2, it' s dose-effect fitted to Sigmoidal curve and it' s IC50 was 59. 68 (95% CI, 40. 66 - 87. 61) micromol x L(-1) , which indicated DT-diaphorase could take part in the formation of M2. MMC can be metabolized by human liver microsomes in vitro, and at least three metabolites of MMC could be isolated by HPLC in the experiment, further study showed DT-diaphorase participated in the formation of M2.
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February 2007

Effect of in vitro and in vivo treatment with mitomycin C on activities of CYP2D1/2, CYP2C11, and CYP1A2 in rat liver.

Yao Xue Xue Bao 2004 Nov;39(11):897-903

Institute of Radiation Medicine, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China.

Aim: To evaluate the effect of in vitro and in vivo treatment with mitomycin C (MMC) on activities of CYP2D1/2, CYP2C1 , and CYP1A2 in the liver of male rats.

Methods: Using HPLC to determine the activities of the three isoenzymes in rat liver microsomes by detecting the specific metabolites of their substrates after treatment with inducers in vivo or inhibitors in vitro.

Results: In vitro, MMC inhibited the activity of CYP2D1/2, CYP2C11, and CYP1A2 in dexamethasone-induced microsomes by (19 +/- 6)% (P < 0.05), (85 +/- 10)% (P < 0.01), and (36 +/- 6)% (P < 0.05), respectively, and decreased the activity of CYP1A2 in beta-naphthoflavone-induced microsomes by (58 +/- 6)% (P < 0.01). Rats were injected intraperitoneally with 20% of the LD50 of MMC for 3 or 6 d. The treatment showed no significant effect on microsomal activities of CYP2D1/2, CYP2C11 or CYP1A2.

Conclusion: MMC can inhibit the activities of CYP2D1/2, CYP2C11, and CYP1A2 in rat liver microsomes in vitro, but it showed no significant effect on the activities of the three isoenzymes in vivo.
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November 2004
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