Publications by authors named "Froukje Kafeja"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Long-term persistence of humoral and cellular immune responses induced by an AS03A-adjuvanted H1N1 2009 influenza vaccine: an open-label, randomized study in adults aged 18-60 years and older.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2013 Jul 9;9(7):1512-22. Epub 2013 Apr 9.

Vaccine and Infectious Disease Institute; Centre for the Evaluation of Vaccination; University of Antwerp; Antwerp, Belgium.

This manuscript presents data on the persistence of Hemagglutination Inhibition (HI) immune response against the A/California/7/2009 strain, six and 12 mo after adults received one dose (n = 138) or two doses (n = 102; 21 d apart) of a 3.75 µg Hemagglutinin antigen AS03-adjuvanted H1N1 2009 vaccine (NCT00968526). Two hundred forty subjects (18-60 y: 120;>60 y: 120) were vaccinated. Immunogenicity end points were based on the European licensure criteria for pandemic influenza vaccines. Exploratory analyses assessed the cell-mediated immune response (CMI) up to Month 12 and the influence of previous influenza vaccination on persistence of immune response. At Month 6, the CHMP criteria were met in subjects aged 18-60 y who received one or two vaccine doses and in subjects aged>60 y who received two vaccine doses. At Month 12, the CHMP criteria were met only in subjects aged 18-60 y who received two vaccine doses. Persistence of HI immune response against the vaccine strain was higher in subjects without prior influenza vaccination. Exploratory analyses showed that two doses of the H1N1 2009 vaccine induced persistence of H1N1-specific CD4+ T cells up to Month 6 and memory B cells up to Month 12. In conclusion, HI immune responses persisted up to 12 mo after vaccination with one-dose and two-dose regimens of the AS03-adjuvanted 3.75 µg HA H1N1 2009 pandemic influenza vaccine, although not all three CHMP guidance criteria for both groups were met at Month 6 and Month 12. The CD4+ T cell and B cell responses also persisted up to Month 12.
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July 2013

Safety, immunogenicity and dose ranging of a new Vi-CRM₁₉₇ conjugate vaccine against typhoid fever: randomized clinical testing in healthy adults.

PLoS One 2011 30;6(9):e25398. Epub 2011 Sep 30.

Center for the Evaluation of Vaccination, Vaccine & Infectious Disease Institute, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.

Background: Typhoid fever causes more than 21 million cases of disease and 200,000 deaths yearly worldwide, with more than 90% of the disease burden being reported from Asia. Epidemiological data show high disease incidence in young children and suggest that immunization programs should target children below two years of age: this is not possible with available vaccines. The Novartis Vaccines Institute for Global Health developed a conjugate vaccine (Vi-CRM₁₉₇) for infant vaccination concomitantly with EPI vaccines, either starting at 6 weeks with DTP or at 9 months with measles vaccine. We report the results from a Phase 1 and a Phase 2 dose ranging trial with Vi-CRM₁₉₇ in European adults.

Methodology: Following randomized blinded comparison of single vaccination with either Vi-CRM₁₉₇ or licensed polysaccharide vaccines (both containing 25·0 µg of Vi antigen), a randomised observer blinded dose ranging trial was performed in the same center to compare three concentrations of Vi-CRM₁₉₇ (1·25 µg, 5·0 µg and 12·5 µg of Vi antigen) with the polysaccharide vaccine.

Principal Findings: All vaccines were well tolerated. Compared to the polysaccharide vaccine, Vi-CRM₁₉₇ induced a higher incidence of mild to moderate short lasting local pain. All Vi-CRM₁₉₇ formulations induced higher Vi antibody levels compared to licensed control, with clear dose response relationship.

Conclusions: Vi-CRM₁₉₇ did not elicit safety concerns, was highly immunogenic and is therefore suitable for further clinical testing in endemic populations of South Asia.

Trial Registration: NCT01123941 NCT01193907.
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January 2012

Long-term immunogenicity and immune memory after two doses of the adult formulation of a combined hepatitis A and B vaccine in children 1 to 11 years of age.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2011 Aug;30(8):703-5

Centre for the Evaluation of Vaccination, Vaccine & Infectious Disease Institute (WHO Collaborating Centre), University of Antwerp, Antwerpen, Belgium.

Long-term persistence of antibodies against hepatitis A and B (anti-HAV and anti-HBs) were evaluated in 1- to 11-year-old children following 2 doses (0, 6 months) of hepatitis A and B vaccine. Ten years postvaccination, all subjects were anti-HAV seropositive (≥15 mIU/mL), 81.7% had anti-HBs antibody concentrations ≥10 mIU/mL. All subjects with anti-HBs concentrations <10 mIU/mL, mounted a vigorous anamnestic response to an HBV vaccine challenge dose indicating the presence of immunologic memory against hepatitis B.
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August 2011

AS03(A)-Adjuvanted influenza A (H1N1) 2009 vaccine for adults up to 85 years of age.

Clin Infect Dis 2010 Sep;51(6):668-77

GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals, Wavre.

Background: Vaccination of high-risk groups was started shortly after the emergence of the influenza A (H1N1)2009 pandemic virus.

Methods: Healthy adults were enrolled into 2 age strata: 18-60 years and 160 years, and received monovalent influenza vaccine containing 3.75 microg of A/California/2009 (H1N1) hemagglutinin antigen, adjuvanted with AS03A. Hemagglutination inhibition assay-based antibody titers against H1N1 vaccine were assessed after 1 vaccine dose(primary endpoint), after which subjects were randomized 1:1 to receive no further vaccination or a second dose.Immunogenicity endpoints were European licensure criteria for influenza vaccines. Exploratory analyses assessed the effect of previous seasonal influenza vaccination on responses to the H1N1 vaccine.

Results: Licensure criteria for immunogenicity were fulfilled after 1 dose of H1N1 vaccine (N=240). For subjects 18-60 years of age, previous vaccination against seasonal influenza within the preceding 2 seasons resulted in significantly lower geometric mean titers (adjusted for baseline antibody titer) after 1 or 2 doses of H1N1 vaccine (P <.001 and P=.003, respectively). Transient mild or moderate injection-site pain was reported by 87.5%and 65.0% of subjects 18-60 years of age and >60 years of age, respectively, after the first dose, and in 63% of subjects overall after the second dose.

Conclusions: A single dose of 3.75 microg hemagglutinin antigen, AS03A-adjuvanted H1N1 2009 vaccine was immunogenic and well tolerated in adults. In exploratory analyses (of subjects 18-60 years of age), postvaccination antibody titers were lower in subjects who had previously received seasonal influenza vaccination, compared with those who had not. This phenomenon warrants further investigation.

Clinical Trials Registration: NCT00968526.
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September 2010

Evaluation of non-inferiority of intradermal versus adjuvanted seasonal influenza vaccine using two serological techniques: a randomised comparative study.

BMC Infect Dis 2010 May 26;10:134. Epub 2010 May 26.

University of Antwerp, Wilrijk, Belgium.

Background: Although seasonal influenza vaccine is effective in the elderly, immune responses to vaccination are lower in the elderly than in younger adults. Strategies to optimise responses to vaccination in the elderly include using an adjuvanted vaccine or using an intradermal vaccination route. The immunogenicity of an intradermal seasonal influenza vaccine was compared with that of an adjuvanted vaccine in the elderly.

Methods: Elderly volunteers (age > or = 65 years) were randomised to receive a single dose of trivalent seasonal influenza vaccine: either a split-virion vaccine containing 15 microg haemagglutinin [HA]/strain/0.1-ml dose administered intradermally, or a subunit vaccine (15 microg HA/strain/0.5-ml dose) adjuvanted with MF59C.1 and administered intramuscularly. Blood samples were taken before and 21 +/- 3 days post-vaccination. Anti-HA antibody titres were assessed using haemagglutination inhibition (HI) and single radial haemolysis (SRH) methods. We aimed to show that the intradermal vaccine was non-inferior to the adjuvanted vaccine.

Results: A total of 795 participants were enrolled (intradermal vaccine n = 398; adjuvanted vaccine n = 397). Non-inferiority of the intradermal vaccine was demonstrated for the A/H1N1 and B strains, but not for the A/H3N2 strain (upper bound of the 95% CI = 1.53) using the HI method, and for all three strains by the SRH method. A post-hoc analysis of covariance to adjust for baseline antibody titres demonstrated the non-inferiority of the intradermal vaccine by HI and SRH methods for all three strains. Both vaccines were, in general, well tolerated; the incidence of injection-site reactions was higher for the intradermal (70.1%) than the adjuvanted vaccine (33.8%) but these reactions were mild and of short duration.

Conclusions: The immunogenicity and safety of the intradermal seasonal influenza vaccine in the elderly was comparable with that of the adjuvanted vaccine. Intradermal vaccination to target the immune properties of the skin appears to be an appropriate strategy to address the challenge of declining immune responses in the elderly.

Trial Registration: NCT00554333.
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May 2010

Humoral and cellular immune responses to split-virion H5N1 influenza vaccine in young and elderly adults.

Vaccine 2009 Nov 15;27(49):6918-25. Epub 2009 Sep 15.

Center for Vaccinology, Ghent University and Hospital, De Pintelaan 185, 9000 Ghent, Belgium.

We evaluated the humoral and cellular immunogenicity of adjuvanted and non-adjuvanted H5N1 influenza vaccine in two groups of 300 adults: aged 18-60 and >60 years in a randomized, open-label, uncontrolled phase 2 trial. Participants received two injections (D0, D21) of 7.5 microg hemagglutinin without adjuvant or 30 microg with aluminum hydroxide adjuvant. Antibody responses and cytokine secretion were assessed before and after vaccination. Excluding the 6/300 non-elderly and 47/300 elderly participants with pre-existing antibodies, geometric mean titers (dil(-1)) on D42 were higher with 30 microg+Ad and were comparable between age groups. Participants with pre-existing antibodies responded strongly to the first vaccination (GMTs in the range 147-228 on D21). Vaccination increased both Th1 and Th2 T-cell responses. The predominantly Th1 profile observed before vaccination was unaffected by vaccination. H5N1 influenza vaccine is no less immunogenic in elderly adults than in younger adults and, due to a higher proportion non-naïve elderly, immunogenicity was higher in this latter group.
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November 2009