Publications by authors named "Frederick P Ross"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Systemic osteoprotegerin does not improve peri-implant bone volume or osseointegration in rabbits.

J Orthop Res 2021 Aug 27;39(8):1611-1621. Epub 2020 Oct 27.

Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York, USA.

Anti-RANKL (receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand) agents function by blocking the differentiation of osteoclasts, thereby proving useful in the clinical management of postmenopausal osteoporosis. The effects of such agents on osseointegration is less well understood. The purpose of the current study was to investigate whether osteoprotegerin (OPG), an osteoclast inhibitor, enhances the known anabolic effects of mechanical loading (VEH) and intermittent PTH (iPTH) using a well-established rabbit model of osseointegration. In the first set of experiments, OPG was administered either alone or combined with iPTH to study its effects on measured bone mass. The second set of experiments was conducted using a higher dosage of OPG (10 mg/kg) to explore its early impact at the cellular and molecular levels. All subjects had mechanical load applied to the implant on one extremity, and no load applied on the contralateral side. In the first set of experiments, OPG alone decreased peri-implant bone mass compared to the mechanical loading group, whereas OPG + iPTH increased peri-implant bone mass compared to the OPG group. In the second set of experiments, high-dose OPG significantly decreased osteoclast number (-74.3%) at 1 week. However, this effect was not sustained as osteoclast number returned to baseline by 2 weeks. These results suggest that systemic administration of OPG does not enhance osseointegration, but rather has a detrimental effect.
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August 2021

Selected Heat-Sensitive Antibiotics Are Not Inactivated During Polymethylmethacrylate Curing and Can Be Used in Cement Spacers for Periprosthetic Joint Infection.

J Arthroplasty 2018 06 1;33(6):1930-1935. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY.

Background: Antibiotic use in polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) spacers has historically been limited to those which are "heat-stable" and thus retain their antimicrobial properties after exposure to the high temperatures which occur during PMMA curing.

Methods: This study examines the requirement of "heat stability" by measuring temperatures of Palacos and Simplex PMMA as they cure inside commercial silicone molds of the distal femur and proximal tibia. Temperature probes attached to thermocouples were placed at various depths inside the molds and temperatures were recorded for 20 minutes after PMMA introduced and a temperature curve for each PMMA product was determined. A "heat-stable" antibiotic, vancomycin, and a "heat-sensitive" antibiotic, ceftazidime, were placed in a programmable thermocycler and exposed to the same profile of PMMA curing temperatures. Antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus was compared for heat-treated antibiotics vs room temperature controls.

Results: Peak PMMA temperatures were significantly higher in tibial (115.2°C) vs femoral (85.1°C; P < .001) spacers. In the hottest spacers, temperatures exceeded 100°C for 3 minutes. Simplex PMMA produced significantly higher temperatures (P < .05) compared with Palacos. Vancomycin bioactivity did not change against S aureus with heat exposure. Ceftazidime bioactivity did not change when exposed to femoral temperature profiles and was reduced only 2-fold with tibial profiles.

Conclusion: The curing temperatures of PMMA in knee spacers are not high enough or maintained long enough to significantly affect the antimicrobial efficacy of ceftazidime, a known "heat-sensitive" antibiotic. Future studies should investigate if more "heat-sensitive" antibiotics could be used clinically in PMMA spacers.
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June 2018