Publications by authors named "Frank Fuechtner"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Evaluation of [18F]fluoro-L-DOPA positron emission tomography-computed tomography for surgery in focal congenital hyperinsulinism.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2008 Mar 11;93(3):869-75. Epub 2007 Dec 11.

Clinic for Pediatric Surgery, Institute for Pathology, Charité University Medicine Berlin, Campus Virchow Klinikum, Augustenburger Platz 1, Mittelallee 8, D-13353 Berlin, Germany.

Context: In congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI), the identification and precise localization of a focal lesion is essential for successful surgery.

Objective: Our objective was to evaluate the predictive value and accuracy of integrated [18F]fluoro-L-DOPA ([18F]FDOPA) positron emission tomography (PET)-computed tomography (CT) for the surgical therapy of CHI.

Design: This was an observational study.

Setting: The study was performed in the Department of Pediatric Surgery at a university hospital.

Patients: From February 2005 to September 2007, 10 children with the clinical signs of CHI and an increased radiotracer uptake in a circumscribed area of the pancreas in the [18F]FDOPA PET-CT were evaluated.

Interventions: Guided by the [18F]FDOPA PET-CT report, all children underwent partial pancreatic resection, in two cases twice.

Main Outcome Measures: Correlation of the anatomical findings at surgery with the report of the [18F]FDOPA PET-CT, and the results of surgery and clinical outcome were determined.

Results: In nine children the intraoperative situation corresponded exactly to the description of the [18F]FDOPA PET-CT. A limited resection of the pancreas was curative in eight cases at the first surgery, in one case at the second intervention. We observed no diabetes mellitus or exocrine insufficiency in the follow up so far. In one child, hypoglycemia persisted even after two partial resections of the pancreatic head. Histological analysis finally revealed an atypical intermediate form of CHI.

Conclusions: The integrated [18F]FDOPA PET-CT is accurate to localize the lesion in focal CHI and is a valuable tool to guide the surgeon in limited pancreatic resection.
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March 2008

L-type amino acid transporters LAT1 and LAT4 in cancer: uptake of 3-O-methyl-6-18F-fluoro-L-dopa in human adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma in vitro and in vivo.

J Nucl Med 2007 Dec;48(12):2063-71

Department of Radiopharmaceutical Biology, Institute of Radiopharmacy, Research Center Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden, Germany.

Unlabelled: Expression of system L amino acid transporters (LAT) is strongly increased in many types of tumor cells. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate that (18)F-labeled amino acids, for example, 3-O-methyl-6-(18)F-fluoro-L-dopa ((18)F-OMFD), that accumulate in tumors via LAT represent an important class of imaging agents for visualization of tumors in vivo by PET.

Methods: (18)F-OMFD uptake kinetics, transport inhibition, and system L messenger RNA expression were studied in vitro in human adenocarcinoma (HT-29), squamous cell carcinoma (FaDu), macrophages (THP-1), and primary aortic endothelial cells (HAEC) and in vivo in the corresponding mouse tumor xenograft models.

Results: Uptake of (18)F-OMFD in all cell lines tested was mediated mainly by the sodium-independent high-capacity LAT. We found higher uptake in FaDu cells (V(max), 10.6 +/- 1.1 nmol/min x mg of cell protein) and in the corresponding FaDu tumor xenografts than in the other cells and corresponding xenograft models studied. Quantitative messenger RNA analysis revealed that tumor cells and xenografts have a higher expression of LAT1 than do HAEC and THP-1 macrophages. However, only in the FaDu tumor model did an increased (18)F-OMFD uptake seem to be explained by increased LAT expression. Furthermore, we demonstrated a high expression of LAT4, a recently identified LAT.

Conclusion: Our findings support the hypothesis that (18)F-OMFD is a tracer for visualization of tumor cells. (18)F-OMFD particularly seems to be a suitable tracer for diagnostic imaging of amino acid transport in poorly differentiated squamous cell head and neck carcinoma with increased LAT1 and LAT4 expression.
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December 2007

3-O-methyl-6-18F-fluoro-L-dopa, a new tumor imaging agent: investigation of transport mechanism in vitro.

J Nucl Med 2004 Dec;45(12):2116-22

Institut fuer Bioanorganische und Radiopharmazeutische Chemie, PET Zentrum Rossendorf, Forschungszentrum Rossendorf, Dresden, Germany.

Unlabelled: (18)F-Labeled amino acids represent a promising class of imaging agents in tumors, particularly brain tumors. However, the determination of their potential to image peripheral tumors, possibly depending on individual transport characteristics, still remains an area of investigation. The present study investigated the transport mechanism for 3-O-methyl-6-(18)F-fluoro-L-dopa (OMFD), a novel (18)F-labeled phenylalanine derivative, into tumor cells.

Methods: OMFD has routinely and reliably been prepared for clinical use in 20%-25% radiochemical yield (decay corrected, related to (18)F-F(2)) using 6-(18)F-fluoro-L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine preparation devices with minor modifications. In vitro uptake assays with HT-29 (human colon adenocarcinoma) cells, FaDu (squamous cell carcinoma) cells, and RBE4 (immortalized rat brain endothelial) cells were performed with OMFD under physiologic amino acid concentrations without and with the competitive transport inhibitors 2-aminobicyclo-[2,2,1]-heptane-2-carboxylic acid and alpha-(methylamino)isobutyric acid plus serine and without or with Na(+).

Results: Transport inhibition experiments using specific competitive inhibitors demonstrated that uptake of OMFD in all cell lines tested was mediated mainly by the sodium-independent high-capacity amino acid transport systems. The highest OMFD uptake was in FaDu cells.

Conclusion: OMFD seems to be a promising PET tracer for imaging of amino acid transport in tumors.
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December 2004