Publications by authors named "Francois Xavier Perrin"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Molecularly imprinted films and quaternary ammonium-functionalized microparticles working in tandem against pathogenic bacteria in wastewaters.

J Hazard Mater 2020 11 27;399:123026. Epub 2020 May 27.

National Institute for Research & Development in Chemistry and Petrochemistry ICECHIM, Advanced Polymer Materials and Polymer Recycling Group, Splaiul Independentei 202, 060021, Bucharest, Romania. Electronic address:

Despite major efforts to combat pollution, the presence of pathogenic bacteria is still detected in surface water, soil and even crops due to poor purification of domestic and industrial wastewaters. Therefore, we have designed molecularly imprinted polymer films and quaternary ammonium-functionalized- kaolin microparticles to target specifically Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) and Gram-positive bacteria (GPB) in wastewaters and ensure a higher purification rate by working in tandem. According to the bacteriological indicators, a reduction by 90 % was registered for GNB (total coliforms and Escherichia coli O157) and by 77 % for GPB (Clostridium perfringens) in wastewaters. The reduction rates were confirmed when using pathogen genetic markers to quantify particular types of GNB and GPB, like Salmonella typhimurium (reduction up to 100 %),Campylobacter jejuni (reduction up to 70 %), Enterococcus faecalis (reduction up to 81 %), Clostridium perfringens (reduction up to 97 %) and Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (reduction up to 64 %). In order to understand the bactericidal activity of prepared films and microparticles, we have performed several key analyses such as Cryo-TEM, to highlight the auto-assembly mechanism of components during the films formation, and Si/ C CP/MAS NMR, to reveal the way quaternary ammonium groups are grafted on the surface of kaolin microparticles.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.123026DOI Listing
November 2020

Composite Nanogels Based on Zeolite-Poly(ethylene glycol) Diacrylate for Controlled Drug Delivery.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2020 Jan 22;10(2). Epub 2020 Jan 22.

Advanced Polymer Materials and Polymer Recycling Group, National Institute for Research and Development in Chemistry and Petrochemistry-ICECHIM, 202 Spl. Independentei, 6th District, P.O. Box 35/174, 060021 Bucharest, Romania.

This study presents the design of novel composites nanogels, based on poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate and natural zeolite particles, that are able to act as materials with controlled drug delivery properties. Natural zeolite‒nanogels composite, with varying zeolite contents, were obtained by an inverse mini-emulsion technique and loaded with 5-fluorouracil, a widely used chemotherapeutic drug. Herein, the possibility of adjusting final properties by means of modifying the preparation conditions was investigated. The prepared composite nanogels are characterized by dynamic light scattering (DLS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). In light of this tunable drug-loading capability, swelling behaviour, and cytotoxicity, these composite nanogels could be highly attractive as drug reservoirs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nano10020195DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7075022PMC
January 2020

New hybrid materials based on poly(ethyleneoxide)-grafted polysilazane by hydrosilylation and their anti-fouling activities.

Beilstein J Nanotechnol 2013 21;4:671-7. Epub 2013 Oct 21.

Danang University of Science and Technology, University of Danang, 54 Nguyen Luong Bang, Danang, Vietnam ; Institut des Sciences de l'Ingénieur de Toulon - Var (ISITV), Université du Sud Toulon - Var, Av. G. Pompidou, BP 56, 83162 La Valette Cedex, France.

The objective of this work was to develop new coating materials based on poly(ethyleneoxide) (PEO), which was grafted onto polysilazane (PSZ) by hydrosilylation. Three types of PEO with different molecular weights (350, 750, 2000 g/mol) were studied. The kinetics and yields of this reaction have been surveyed by (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy. The PEO grafting-density onto PSZ by hydrosilylation increases with a reduction of the S-H/allyl ratio and a decrease of the PEO chain-length. The PEO-graft-PSZ (PSZ-PEO) hybrid coatings, which can be used to prevent the adhesion of marine bacteria on surfaces, were applied by moisture curing at room temperature. The anti-adhesion performance, and thus the anti-fouling activity, of the coatings against three marine bacteria species, Clostridium sp. SR1, Neisseria sp. LC1 and Neisseria sp. SC1, was examined. The anti-fouling activity of the coatings depends on the grafting density and the chain length of PEO. The shortest PEO(350 g/mol)-graft-PSZ with the highest graft density was found to have the best anti-fouling activity. As the density of grafted PEO(750 g/mol) and PEO(2000 g/mol) chains onto the PSZ surface is approximately equal, the relative effectiveness of these two types of PEO is controlled by the length of the PEO chain. The PEO(2000 g/mol)-graft-PSZ coatings are more efficient than the PEO(750 g/mol)-graft-PSZ coatings for the bacterial anti-adhesion.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3762/bjnano.4.75DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3817630PMC
November 2013

Silane coupling agent for attaching fusion-bonded epoxy to steel.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2013 Jul 3;5(14):6751-61. Epub 2013 Jul 3.

Laboratory MAPIEM, Université du Sud Toulon Var, Avenue Georges Pompidou - BP56, 83957, La Garde, France.

We describe the possibility of using γ-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (γ-APS) to increase the durability of epoxy powder coating/steel joints. The curing temperature of epoxy powder coatings is frequently above 200 °C, which is seen so far as a major limitation for the use of the heat-sensitive aminosilane coupling agent. Despite this limitation, we demonstrate that aminosilane is a competitive alternative to traditional chromate conversion to enhance the durability of epoxy powder coatings/steel joints. Fourier-transform reflection-absorption infrared spectroscopy (FT-RAIRS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and atomic force microscopy (AFM) were used to identify the silane deposition conditions that influence the adhesion of epoxy powder coatings on steel. We show that AFM analysis provides highly sensitive measurements of mechanical property development and, as such, the degree of condensation of the silane. The joint durability in water at 60 °C was lower when the pH of the γ-APS solution was controlled at 4.6 using formic acid, rather than that at natural pH (10.6). At the curing temperature of 220 °C, oxidation of the carbon adjacent to the amine headgroup of γ-APS gives amide species by a pseudofirst-order kinetics. However, a few amino functionalities remain to react with oxirane groups of epoxy resin and, thus, strengthen the epoxy/silane interphase. The formation of ammonium formate in the acidic silane inhibits the reaction between silane and epoxy, which consequently decreases the epoxy/silane interphase cohesion. We find that the nanoroughness of silane deposits increases with the cure temperature which is beneficial to the wet stability of the epoxy/steel joints, due to increased mechanical interlocking.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/am401689sDOI Listing
July 2013

Supercoiled circular DNA and protein retention in non-equilibrium chromatography temperature and velocity dependence: testimony of a transition.

J Chromatogr A 2002 Mar;950(1-2):281-5

Laboratoire de Chemie Appliquée, La Valette du Var, France.

Non-equilibrium chromatography (NEC) is a chromatographic mode for the rapid separation of polymers. The retention behavior of various proteins (human, chicken, bovine serum albumin) and supercoiled circular double-stranded DNA (plasmids) was investigated using a phosphate buffer as a mobile phase at different velocities and column temperatures with a C1 column with very low-packing particle diameter as a stationary phase. It was shown that the two factors (temperature and velocity) constituted important parameters in the retention mechanism of plasmids and proteins in NEC. The protein was retained more than the plasmid. At all the temperatures (5, 10, 15, 20, 25 degrees C) the plasmid retention increased over the entire flow-rate range (0.02-1.8 ml/min). For the protein, the retention curve presented a decrease in the relative retention time until a critical value of the mobile phase flow-rate, followed by an increase. The transition between the two well known NEC methods, slalom chromatography and hydrodynamic chromatography was clearly visualized for proteins at the lowest temperature, but did not appear for plasmids due to their strong compact structure.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0021-9673(02)00023-7DOI Listing
March 2002

Separation in slalom chromatography: stretching and velocity dependence.

Anal Chem 2002 Mar;74(6):1217-22

Laboratoire de Chimie Analytique, Faculté de Médecine-Pharmacie, Université de Besancon, Besançon, France.

Slalom chromatography (SC) is used for the separation of large double-stranded DNA molecules. In this technique, the progression of the DNA fragments through the closed column packing follows the flow direction and is like a snake edging is way into long grass. A novel mathematical model is developed in this paper to describe this hydrodynamic phenomenon. The results obtained provided a model for the resolution between two adjacent peaks on a chromatogram. As well, a chromatographic response function was used to obtain the most efficient separation conditions for a mixture of DNA fragments with sizes higher than 15 kbp in a minimum analysis time.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac010852xDOI Listing
March 2002
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