Publications by authors named "Francisco Cabaleiro"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Biochemical changes in the cingulum in patients with schizophrenia and chronic bipolar disorder.

Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2008 Oct 24;258(7):394-401. Epub 2008 Apr 24.

Department of Psychiatry, Complejo Hospitalario, Carretera Bailén-Motril sn, Jaén, CP 23009, Spain.

Biochemical changes have been reported in vivo in the brain in schizophrenia patients using 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). The aim of this study was to assess the specificity of biochemical changes occurring in schizophrenia patients, in a direct comparison with bipolar disorder patients. Fourteen patients with chronic paranoid schizophrenia, 17 euthymic type I bipolar patients with no previous history of psychotic symptoms and 15 healthy controls were included, most of them were female. They underwent a study with MRS: proton spectra were acquired using a Signa 1.5 T CVI scanner, with a localised single voxel PRESS sequence. N-acetyl aspartate (NAA), Creatine (Cr), and Choline (Cho) metabolite resonance intensities were all quantified in the cingulum, a region of interest in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Schizophrenia patients showed a significantly higher Cho/Cre as well as lower NAA/Cho ratios as compared with controls and bipolar patients. No significant differences were found among the three groups as regards NAA/Cre levels. These data are consistent with an increase in the concentration of choline in the cingulum in chronic schizophrenia, at least in this predominantly female group. Such an increase seems to be more intense than in psychosis-free bipolar disorder patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00406-008-0808-9DOI Listing
October 2008

The first genomewide interaction and locus-heterogeneity linkage scan in bipolar affective disorder: strong evidence of epistatic effects between loci on chromosomes 2q and 6q.

Am J Hum Genet 2007 Nov 17;81(5):974-86. Epub 2007 Sep 17.

Institute of Human Genetics, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.

We present the first genomewide interaction and locus-heterogeneity linkage scan in bipolar affective disorder (BPAD), using a large linkage data set (52 families of European descent; 448 participants and 259 affected individuals). Our results provide the strongest interaction evidence between BPAD genes on chromosomes 2q22-q24 and 6q23-q24, which was observed symmetrically in both directions (nonparametric LOD [NPL] scores of 7.55 on 2q and 7.63 on 6q; P<.0001 and P=.0001, respectively, after a genomewide permutation procedure). The second-best BPAD interaction evidence was observed between chromosomes 2q22-q24 and 15q26. Here, we also observed a symmetrical interaction (NPL scores of 6.26 on 2q and 4.59 on 15q; P=.0057 and .0022, respectively). We covered the implicated regions by genotyping additional marker sets and performed a detailed interaction linkage analysis, which narrowed the susceptibility intervals. Although the heterogeneity analysis produced less impressive results (highest NPL score of 3.32) and a less consistent picture, we achieved evidence of locus heterogeneity at chromosomes 2q, 6p, 11p, 13q, and 22q, which was supported by adjacent markers within each region and by previously reported BPAD linkage findings. Our results provide systematic insights in the framework of BPAD epistasis and locus heterogeneity, which should facilitate gene identification by the use of more-comprehensive cloning strategies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/521690DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2265644PMC
November 2007

Genomewide scan and fine-mapping linkage studies in four European samples with bipolar affective disorder suggest a new susceptibility locus on chromosome 1p35-p36 and provides further evidence of loci on chromosome 4q31 and 6q24.

Am J Hum Genet 2005 Dec 2;77(6):1102-11. Epub 2005 Nov 2.

Institute of Human Genetics, Life & Brain Center, University of Bonn, D-53105 Bonn, Germany.

We present the findings of a large linkage study of bipolar affective disorder (BPAD) that involved genomewide analysis of 52 families (448 genotyped individuals) of Spanish, Romany, and Bulgarian descent and further fine mapping of the 1p34-p36, 4q28-q31, and 6q15-q24 regions. An additional sample of 56 German families (280 individuals) was included for this fine-mapping step. The highest nonparametric linkage scores obtained in the fine mapping were 5.49 for 4q31 and 4.87 for 6q24 in the Romany families and 3.97 for 1p35-p36 in the Spanish sample. MOD-score (LOD scores maximized over genetic model parameters) analysis provided significant evidence of linkage to 4q31 and at least borderline significance for the 1p and 6q regions. On the basis of these results and previous positive research findings, 4q31 and 6q24 should now be considered confirmed BPAD susceptibility loci, and 1p35-p36 is proposed as a new putative locus that requires confirmation in replication studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/498619DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1285167PMC
December 2005
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