Publications by authors named "Francisca Gilmara de Mesquita Vieira"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Synthesis and mechanistic investigation of iron(II) complexes of isoniazid and derivatives as a redox-mediated activation strategy for anti-tuberculosis therapy.

J Inorg Biochem 2018 02 21;179:71-81. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

CNRS, LCC (Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination), 205, route de Narbonne, BP 44099, F-31077 Toulouse, Cedex 4, France; Université de Toulouse, UPS, INPT, F-31077 Toulouse, Cedex 4, France. Electronic address:

The emergence of multidrug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) represents a major threat to global health. Isoniazid (INH) is a prodrug used in the first-line treatment of tuberculosis. It undergoes oxidation by a catalase-peroxidase KatG, leading to generation of an isonicotinoyl radical that reacts with NAD(H) forming the INH-NADH adduct as the active metabolite. A redox-mediated activation of isoniazid using an iron metal complex was previously proposed as a strategy to overcome isoniazid resistance due to KatG mutations. Here, we have prepared a series of iron metal complexes with isoniazid and analogues, containing alkyl substituents at the hydrazide moiety, and also with pyrazinamide derivatives. These complexes were activated by HO and studied by ESR and LC-MS. For the first time, the formation of the oxidized INH-NAD adduct from the pentacyano(isoniazid)ferrate(II) complex was detected by LC-MS, supporting a redox-mediated activation, for which a mechanistic proposition is reported. ESR data showed all alkylated hydrazides, in contrast to non-substituted hydrazides, only generated alkyl-based radicals. The structural modifications did not improve minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) against MTB in comparison to isoniazid iron complex, providing support to isonicotinoyl radical formation as a requirement for activity. Nonetheless, the pyrazinoic acid hydrazide iron complex showed redox-mediated activation using HO with generation of a pyrazinoyl radical intermediate and production of pyrazinoic acid, which is in fact the active metabolite of pyrazinamide prodrug. Thereby, this strategy can also unveil new opportunities for activation of this type of drug.
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February 2018

[Fe(CN)5(isoniazid)](3-): an iron isoniazid complex with redox behavior implicated in tuberculosis therapy.

J Inorg Biochem 2014 Nov 12;140:236-44. Epub 2014 Aug 12.

Department of Chemistry, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Tuberculosis has re-emerged as a worldwide threat, which has motivated the development of new drugs. The antituberculosis complex Na3[Fe(CN)5(isoniazid)] (IQG607) in particular is of interest on account of its ability to overcome resistance. IQG607 has the potential for redox-mediated-activation, in which an acylpyridine (isonicotinoyl) radical could be generated without assistance from the mycobacterial KatG enzyme. Here, we have investigated the reactivity of IQG607 toward hydrogen peroxide and superoxide, well-known intracellular oxidizing agents that could play a key role in the redox-mediated-activation of this compound. HPLC, NMR and electronic spectroscopy studies showed a very fast oxidation rate for bound isoniazid, over 460-fold faster than free isoniazid oxidation. A series of EPR spin traps were used for detection of isonicotinoyl and derived radicals bound to iron. This is the first report for an isonicotinoyl radical bound to a metal complex, supported by (14)N and (1)H hyperfine splittings for the POBN and PBN trapped radicals. POBN and PBN exhibited average hyperfine coupling constants of aN=15.6, aH=2.8 and aN=15.4, aH=4.7, respectively, which are in close agreement to the isonicotinoyl radical. Radical generation is thought to play a major role in the mechanism of action of isoniazid and this work provides strong evidence for its production within IQG607, which, along with biological and chemical oxidation data, support a redox-mediated activation mechanism. More generally the concept of redox activation of metallo prodrugs could be applied more widely for the design of therapeutic agents with novel mechanisms of action.
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November 2014