Publications by authors named "Francesco Maria Sbano"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Laparoscopic colposuspension using sutures or prolene meshes: a 3-year follow-up.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2004 Dec;117(2):201-3

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Magna Graecia of Catanzaro, Via Nicolardi 188, I-80131 Naples, Italy.

Objective(s): To compare the long-term effectiveness of two different laparoscopic colposuspension procedures.

Study Design: Sixty women affected by genuine stress incontinence (GSI) were enrolled in a prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) and treated by transperitoneal laparoscopic colposuspension using nonabsorbable sutures (group A) or prolene mesh fixed with tackers or staplers (group B). In each group the subjective and objective failure rates were evaluated at 12, 24, and 36 months after surgery. For the subjective evaluation patients were asked whether they had experienced urine leakage and any urine loss they reported was recorded on a visual analogue scale (VAS). The objective evaluation was performed by means of a clinical examination and multichannel urodynamic studies. The data were analyzed by the intention-to-treat method.

Results: The subjective failure rate was significantly (P < 0.05) lower in group A than in group B at 12 months (3.3% versus 13.3%, respectively), 24 months (20.0% versus 36.7%, respectively), and 36 months (33.3% versus 53.3%, respectively) after surgery. The objective failure rate also differed significantly (P < 0.05) between the two groups after 12 (10.7% versus 25.0% for group A and group B, respectively), 24 (29.6% versus 57.7%, respectively), and 36 (42.3% versus 61.5%, respectively) months of follow-up.

Conclusion(s): Laparoscopic colposuspension performed with sutures is more effective than laparoscopic colposuspension accomplished with the use of prolene meshes in the long term, and the use of prolene meshes should be avoided in treatment of GSI.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
December 2004

Lipid, glucose and homocysteine metabolism in women treated with a GnRH agonist with or without raloxifene.

Hum Reprod 2004 Feb;19(2):415-21

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, University of Catanzaro Magna Graecia, Catanzaro, Italy.

Background: Although GnRH analogues are widely used to treat a variety of sex hormone-related diseases, little is known about their effect on metabolism. Therefore, we have evaluated the effect of a GnRH analogue, administered with or without raloxifene, on serum levels of lipoproteins, glucose, insulin and homocysteine (Hcy).

Methods: One hundred premenopausal women with symptomatic uterine leiomyomas were initially enrolled and randomized to receive 3.75 mg/28 days leuprolide acetate depot associated with 60 mg/day raloxifene hydrochloride (group A) or 1 placebo tablet/day (group B) for six cycles of 28 days. At entry and at cycle 6, subjects underwent anthropometric measurements, including body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio measurements, and blood chemistry assays for serum total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), triglycerides (TG), glucose, insulin, Hcy, vitamin B(12) and folate concentrations. Insulin resistance was evaluated with the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) score.

Results: Baseline parameters were similar in the two groups. At cycle 6, TC, HDL-C, LDL-C and TG levels were significantly increased (P < 0.05) in group B. In group A, LDL-C levels were unchanged, and TC, HDL-C and TG levels were increased (P < 0.05). Serum TC and LDL-C levels differed (P < 0.05) between the groups. Glucose levels were unchanged between and within groups, whereas insulin levels and HOMA scores increased (P < 0.05) versus baseline in group B. Post-treatment Hcy levels were higher (P < 0.05) versus baseline in group B; they were unchanged in group A. Serum vitamin B(12) and folate concentrations were unchanged in both groups.

Conclusions: GnRH analogues alter serum lipoprotein and Hcy levels and increase insulin resistance. These acute metabolic changes may be prevented or reduced by raloxifene.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
February 2004