Publications by authors named "Francesco Geraci"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Metabolic profiling of organic and fatty acids in chronic and autoimmune diseases.

Adv Clin Chem 2021 15;101:169-229. Epub 2020 Jul 15.

Metabolomic Medicine Clinic, Athens, Greece; European Institute of Nutritional Medicine, E.I.Nu.M, Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Metabolomics is a powerful tool of omics that permits the simultaneous identification of metabolic perturbations in several autoimmune and chronic diseases. Several parameters can affect a metabolic profile, from the population characteristics to the selection of the analytical method. In the current chapter, we summarize the main analytical methods and results of the metabolic profiling of fatty and organic acids performed in human metabolomic studies for asthma, COPD, psoriasis and Hashimoto's thyroiditis. We discuss the most significant metabolic alterations associated with these diseases, after comparison of either a single patient's group with healthy controls or several patient's subgroups of different disease severity and phenotype with healthy controls or of a patient's group before and after treatment. Finally, we present critical metabolic patterns that are associated with each disease and their potency for the unraveling of disease pathogenesis, prediction, diagnosis, patient stratification and treatment selection.
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July 2021

Validation of a Commercial Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Assay for the Rapid Detection of spp. DNA in Processed Fish Products.

Foods 2020 Jan 16;9(1). Epub 2020 Jan 16.

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Sicilia, via Gino Marinuzzi 3, 90129 Palermo, Italy.

Parasites belonging to the genera are organisms of interest for human health because they are responsible for the Anisakiasis zoonosis, caused by the ingestion of raw or undercooked fish. Furthermore, several authors have reported this parasite to be a relevant inducer of acute or chronic allergic diseases. In this work, a rapid commercial system based on Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) was optimised and validated for the sensitive and rapid detection of spp. DNA in processed fish products. The specificity and sensitivity of the LAMP assay for processed fish samples experimentally infected with spp. larvae and DNA were determined. The LAMP system proposed in this study was able to give positive amplification for all the processed fish samples artificially contaminated with spp., giving sensitivity values equal to 100%. Specificity tests provided no amplification for the , , or genera and uninfected samples. The limit of detection (LOD) of the LAMP assay proposed was 10 times lower than the real-time PCR method compared. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report regarding the application of the LAMP assay for the detection of spp. in processed fish products. The results obtained indicate that the LAMP assay validated in this work could be a reliable, easy-to-use, and convenient tool for the rapid detection of DNA in fish product inspection.
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January 2020

Seroprevalence of Coxiella burnetii in dairy cattle from Sicily.

Vet Ital 2019 Sep 20;55(3):247-252. Epub 2019 Sep 20.

Area Diagnostica Sierologica, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Sicilia "A. Mirri", Palermo, Italy. Tel.: +39 091 65 65 230, e-mail:

Q fever is a widespread zoonotic disease caused by Coxiella burnetii, an obligate intracellular bacterium with a wide range of hosts. The aim of this study was to estimate the seroprevalence of C. burnetii infection in cattle in Sicilian farms. A total of 4,661 serum samples, from cattle belonging to 198 Sicilian farms, were examined by ELISA test and 246 resulted positive. The average seroprevalence at the farm level was 38.8% (77/198) (95% CI), while at the animal level it was 5.28% (246/4,661) (95% CI). The present study highlights the need for continuous monitoring of C. burnetii spread as it represents a serious risk for human health.
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September 2019

Thirty and ninety days mortality predictive value of admission and in-hospital procalcitonin and mid-regional pro-adrenomedullin testing in patients with dyspnea. Results from the VERyfing DYspnea trial.

Am J Emerg Med 2014 Apr 3;32(4):334-41. Epub 2014 Jan 3.

Emergency Department, Sant'Andrea Hospital, School of Medicine and Psychology "Sapienza" Univesity, Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Introduction: Mid-regional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP), procalcitonin (PCT), and mid-regional pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) demonstrated usefulness for management of emergency department patients with dyspnea.

Methods: To evaluate in patients with dyspnea, the prognostic value for 30 and 90 days mortality and readmission of PCT, MR-proADM, and MR-proANP, a multicenter prospective study was performed evaluating biomarkers at admission, 24 and 72 hours after admission. Based on final diagnosis, patients were divided into acute heart failure (AHF), primary lung diseases, or both (AHF + NO AHF).

Results: Five hundred one patients were enrolled. Procalcitonin and MR-proADM values at admission and at 72 hours were significantly (P < .001) predictive for 30-day mortality: baseline PCT with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.70 and PCT at 72 hours with an AUC of 0.61; baseline MR-proADM with an AUC of 0.62 and MR-proADM at 72 hours with an AUC of 0.68. As for 90-day mortality, both PCT and MR-proADM baseline and 72 hours values showed a significant (P < .0001) predictive ability: baseline PCT with an AUC of 0.73 and 72 hours PCT with an AUC of 0.64; baseline MR-proADM with an AUC of 0.66 and 72 hours MR-proADM with an AUC of 0.71. In AHF, group biomarkers predicted rehospitalization and mortality at 90 days, whereas in AHF + NO AHF group, they predict mortality at 30 and 90 days.

Conclusions: In patients admitted for dyspnea, assessment of PCT plus MR-proADM improves risk stratification and management. Combined use of biomarkers is able to predict in the total cohort both rehospitalization and death at 30 and 90 days.
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April 2014

Spatial distribution of brucellosis in sheep and goats in Sicily from 2001 to 2005.

Vet Ital 2007 Jul-Sep;43(3):541-8

Area Sorveglianza Epidemiologica - Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Sicilia A. Mirri, Via Gino Marinuzzi 3, 90129 Palermo, Italy.

Spatial analysis is making an increasingly important contribution to surveillance measures due to its ability to enable immediate visualization of information on the phenomenon studied. The authors describe the spatial distribution of prevalence and incidence of brucellosis in small ruminants in Sicily between 2001 and 2005. The study was conducted by integrating geographic information systems (GIS) technology (MapInfo Professional 7.0) with SaTScan software to perform an epidemiological analysis of the municipalities and to locate problem areas. A comparison between the thematic maps produced for brucellosis in small ruminants on the basis of prevalence and incidence data for each individual year has shown that in terms of prevalence, the area identified as the secondary cluster in 2001 became the primary cluster from 2002 onwards whereas, in terms of incidence, the distribution of the clusters was irregular throughout the entire region during the years studied.
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May 2010