Publications by authors named "Francesca Siu Paredes"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

A qualitative study on experiences of persons with schizophrenia in oral-health-related quality of life.

Braz Oral Res 2021 22;35:e050. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

University Hospital of Besançon, Besançon, France.

Our study aimed to explore the views and experiences in oral health and oral-health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of persons with schizophrenia (PWS) in order to expand the understanding of the factors that either limit or facilitate their healthcare pathway, which can ultimately optimize their oral health and/or OHRQoL. A qualitative study was conducted in France in the Côte d'Or department (530 000 in habitants) centered on PWS's perceived meanings regarding oral health or OHRQoL, and semi-structured individual interviews were used. A conventional content analysis approach was chosen in order to highlight unrevealed themes. A sample of 20 PWS (12 males; 8 females) with a median age was 45.8 (± 9.5) were recruited to assess views and experiences regarding OHRQoL, which were focused on three dimensions: an individual dimension related to experience of "oral symptoms", a second dimension related to experience of "stress and its management", and a third related to "Autonomy dimension in oral health". We showed that PWS clearly expressed their mental representations of oral health and OHRQoL. This study supports that PWS were able to define their needs and had the ability to discuss their oral health and OHRQoL. These finding could be used to support specific interventions for this population to better manage the negative impact of antipsychotics and help them to consult dentists on a regular basis.
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March 2021

Oral health treatment habits of people with schizophrenia in France: A retrospective cohort study.

PLoS One 2020 9;15(3):e0229946. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Biostatistics and Bioinformatics (DIM), University Hospital, Dijon, France.

Objective: To identify the differences between persons with schizophrenia (PWS) and general population in France in terms of oral health treatment (tooth scaling, dental treatment and tooth extraction) and the factors associated with these differences.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study included PWS identified from a representative sample of 1/97th of the French population (general sample of beneficiaries). PWS were identified from 2014 data by an algorithm that included: F2 diagnostic codes in the register of long-term diseases in 2014 AND {(at least three deliveries of antipsychotics in 2014) OR (F20 diagnostic codes as a main or associated diagnosis in hospital discharge abstracts in 2012 or 2013 (hospital data for medicine, surgery and obstetrics)}. Follow-up dental care was explored for all people over a period of 3 years (2014 to 2017).

Results: In 2014, 580,219 persons older than 15 years were identified from the 96 metropolitan departments in France; 2,213 were PWS (0.4%). Fewer PWS were found along a diagonal line from north-east to south-west France, and the highest numbers were located in urban departments. PWS were more often male (58.6% vs 48.7%, p<0.001). They were less likely to have had tooth scaling but more likely to have undergone a dental extraction. In one third of departments, more than 50% of PWS had at least one tooth scaling over a three-year period; the rate of dental extraction in these departments ranged from 6 to 23%. Then, a quarter of the departments in which 40 to 100% of PWS had had at least one dental extraction (2/8) presented a rate of tooth scaling ranging from 0 to 28% over the study period.

Conclusions: Compared with the general population, PWS were less likely to have had tooth scaling and dental treatment but more likely to have undergone dental extraction.
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June 2020

Anticholinergic Drugs and Oral Health-related Quality of Life in Patients with Schizophrenia: A Pilot Study.

Transl Neurosci 2020 11;11:10-16. Epub 2020 Feb 11.

University Hospital of Tours ,Odontology Department, 37170 Chambray-lès-Tours, France.

Objective: The aim of this study was to explore, in a sample population of people with schizophrenia (PWS), the role of the anticholinergic burden on the perception of oral health-related quality of life (OHrQoL) in France.

Methods: A pilot study was performed between March 2014 and January 2016. PWS were recruited from a population in Côte d'Or department in France. Dental status was investigated using the Decayed, Missing, or Filled Teeth (DMFT) index, the Xerostomia Index (XI), and the Global Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) for OHrQoL. The anticholinergic impregnation score was recorded using the anticholinergic impregnation scale (AIS).

Results: A sample of 62 people was selected. The DMFT score was 16.5± 8.7, the XI score was 22.9±7.8, the GOHAI score was 43.0±8.8, and the AIS score was 3.1±2.8. In total, 169 drugs were prescribed to the people of our sample, and 114 different anticholinergic drugs were observed. The most frequently used anticholinergic drugs (51.40%), in the study had a low antimuscarinic potency (1 point according to AIS scale). The multiple linear regression model showed that the OHrQoL scores were significantly lower when the DMFT scores, XI score, and anticholinergic scores were high.

Conclusions: This pilot study highlighted the potential role of the anticholinergic burden on the OHrQoL of PWS. A study with a validated specific scale for the OHrQoL and a standard anticholinergic burden scale should be conducted to clarify the role of anticholinergic drugs on the OHrQoL for PWS.
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February 2020

Coping Strategies for Oral Health Problems by People with Schizophrenia.

Transl Neurosci 2019 7;10:187-194. Epub 2019 Aug 7.

Clinical research unit, La Chartreuse psychiatric center, Dijon, France.

Background: Persons with schizophrenia are particularity susceptible to poor oral health. Symptoms of schizophrenia often affect oral health behaviors and lifestyle. The aim was to explore coping strategies used by people with schizophrenia in oral health in order to understand and to best involve them in the management of their own oral health in daily life.

Materials And Methods: This is systematic review reported in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statements. We included cross-sectional and longitudinal quantitative and qualitative studies that 1) examined coping strategies regarding oral health in persons with schizophrenia or 2) examined coping strategies were used in dental care. We included studies conducted with at least one PWS aged 18 years old more and without restriction on sex, socioeconomic status, or language.

Results: The 8 studies included suggest that coping strategies depends on complex translation processes that can be either personal (e.g., psychological symptomatology, neuropsychological functioning to adversely affect hope, self-esteem, self-stigma, self-determination, sense of coherence, and resilience) and/or environmental factors (e.g., peer support and efficacy of rehabilitations programs). We further identified that the main factor influencing coping strategies was dental stress situation.

Conclusions: This review suggests that coping strategies play a crucial role in the recovery process for oral health of PWS. Translation processes in oral health should be more explored in the future to clarify the capacity of PWS to cope with essential self-care in oral health on daily life.
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August 2019

The Schizophrenia Oral Health Profile: Development and Feasibility.

Transl Neurosci 2018 22;9:123-131. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

EA 481 Integrative and Clinical Neurosciences, University Hospital of Besançon, F-25000 Besançon, France.

Background: The aim of this study was to present the different stages of development of the Schizophrenia Oral Health Profile (SOHP) questionnaire, aimed at assessing oral disorders and their impacts on functioning and psychosocial wellbeing for patients with schizophrenia (PWS) and to give the results of a feasibility study conducted in France.

Materials And Methods: The first step of this qualitative study was semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 PWS and 6 health professionals (HP). A focus group integrating 4 PWS and 4 HP was also organised to identify the items of the SOHP. The data were analysed using a thematic analysis. Second, a feasibility study was conducted in a sample of 30 PWS who answered the SOHP questionnaire. The acceptability and understanding of the SOHP were evaluated, using a specific questionnaire.

Results: The semi-structured interviews and focus groups included 34 individuals in total. Items' selection was done with several stages and led to a SOHP scale with 53 final items related to oral disorders and their impacts on functioning and psychosocial well-being. These items were classified in 13 preselected dimensions including one additional module related to the side effects of medications (11 items). The feasibility study showed good acceptability and understanding of the items of the SOHP scale.

Conclusions: The psychometric validation of the SOHP scale, involving a large sample of PWS, is currently in progress. The SOHP is important to evaluate PWS oral health needs and to offer appropriate strategies to improve oral health of this persons.

Trial Registration: Clinical Trials Gov NCT02730832. Date registered: 21 March, 2016.
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September 2018

The Schizophrenia Coping Oral Health Profile. Development and Feasibility.

Transl Neurosci 2018 20;9:78-87. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Clinical Research Unit, La Chartreuse Psychiatric Centre, 21033 Dijon, France.

Background: The aim of this work was to present the creation of appropriate tools to evaluate the coping strategies in Oral-Health-related Quality of Life (OHrQOL) implemented by persons with schizophrenia (PWS), the Schizophrenia Coping Oral Health Profile (SCOOHP), and the results of a feasibility study.

Methods: A qualitative investigation was conducted between June 2016 and May 2017.The first step included 26 semi-structured individual interviews, 20 with PWS and 6 with health professionals (HPs), and 2 focus groups (PWS and HPs) to explore the experiences of the participants and how they felt about coping strategies in OHrQOL. The second step was a feasibility study involving a statistical analysis to test the acceptability and internal consistency (Cronbach's α) of the SCOOHP.

Results: The analysis of these interviews allowed for us to obtain 277 items from 3545 verbatim transcriptions related to various dimensions of OHrQOL. We presented the items selected in coping concepts in this study. After selecting items in several stages, we drew up the SCOOHP scale with 23 items (15 items for positive coping and 8 items for negative coping). The feasibility study showed good acceptability, good understanding of the items and good consistency reliability (α = 0.59).

Conclusions: This is the first study that has enabled us to draw up a specific tool to assess coping strategies in OHrQOL of PWS. A multicentre study involving a larger sample of PWS is underway in order to perform the psychometric validation of the SCOOHP.

Trial Registration: Clinical Trials Gov NCT02730832. Date registered: 21 March 2016.
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June 2018