Publications by authors named "Frédéric Maloisel"

68 Publications

Long-term outcome of imatinib 400 mg compared to imatinib 600 mg or imatinib 400 mg daily in combination with cytarabine or pegylated interferon alpha 2a for chronic myeloid leukaemia: results from the French SPIRIT phase III randomised trial.

Leukemia 2021 Aug 22;35(8):2332-2345. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Inserm CIC 1427, Université de Paris, Paris, France.

The STI571 prospective randomised trial (SPIRIT) French trial is a four-arm study comparing imatinib (IM) 400 mg versus IM 600 mg, IM 400 mg + cytarabine (AraC), and IM 400 mg + pegylated interferon alpha2a (PegIFN-α2a) for the front-line treatment of chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). Long-term analyses included overall and progression-free survival, molecular responses to treatment, and severe adverse events. Starting in 2003, the trial included 787 evaluable patients. The median overall follow-up of the patients was 13.5 years (range 3 months to 16.7 years). Based on intention-to-treat analyses, at 15 years, overall and progression-free survival were similar across arms: 85%, 83%, 80%, and 82% and 84%, 87%, 79%, and 79% for the IM 400 mg (N = 223), IM 600 mg (N = 171), IM 400 mg + AraC (N = 172), and IM 400 mg + PegIFN-α2a (N = 221) arms, respectively. The rate of major molecular response at 12 months and deep molecular response (MR4) over time were significantly higher with the combination IM 400 mg + PegIFN-α2a than with IM 400 mg: p = 0.0001 and p = 0.0035, respectively. Progression to advanced phases and secondary malignancies were the most frequent causes of death. Toxicity was the main reason for stopping AraC or PegIFN-α2a treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41375-020-01117-wDOI Listing
August 2021

Severe Neutropenia and Agranulocytosis Related to Antithyroid Drugs: A Study of 30 Cases Managed in A Single Reference Center.

Medicines (Basel) 2020 Mar 19;7(3). Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Departments of Internal Medicine, Strasbourg University Hospitals, 67000 Strasbourg, France.

Background: The most important series devoted to antithyroid drug-induced severe neutropenia and agranulocytosis are Japanese studies, almost specifically in relation to the intake of methimazole. The clinical data of 30 Caucasian patients followed up for antithyroid drug-induced neutropenia at a third-level hospital are reported. The data of 30 patients with idiosyncratic antithyroid drug-induced neutropenia and agranulocytosis from a cohort study on drug-induced neutropenia and agranulocytosis conducted at the University Hospital of Strasbourg (France) were retrospectively reviewed. The mean patient age was 61.7 years old (range: 20-87), and the gender ratio (F/M) was 4. Several comorbidities were reported in 23 patients (76.7%), with the mean Charlson comorbidity index of 1. The causative drugs were carbimazole and benzylthiouracil, in 28 (93.3%) and 2 cases, respectively, prescribed primarily for multi-hetero-nodular goiter or thyroid nodule to 18 patients (60%). Sore throat and acute tonsillitis (40%), isolated fever (20%), septicemia (13.3%), documented pneumonia (6.7%), and septic shock (6.7%) were the main clinical features upon admission. The mean neutrophil count at nadir was 0.02 and 0 × 10/L (range: 0-0.3). Regarding the patients' hospital course: 13 cases (43.3%) worsened during hospitalization, severe sepsis was found in 26.7%, systemic inflammatory response syndrome-in 13.3%, and septic shock-in 3.3% of the cases, respectively. Broad-spectrum antibiotics were indicated for all the patients, and 21 (73.3%) of them received hematopoietic growth factors. Hematological recovery (neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 × 10/L) was seen at 8.3 days (range: 2-24), but faster in those receiving hematopoietic growth factors (4.9 days, = 0.046). Two patients died during hospitalization, and the rest had a favorable clinical outcome. Antithyroid drug-induced neutropenia represents a serious complication resulting from the rates of severe infections especially in those cases severe neutropenia. In this setting, an established procedure for the management of patients seems useful or even indispensable in view of potential mortality.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/medicines7030015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7151575PMC
March 2020

Tuberculosis and atypical mycobacterial infections in ruxolitinib-treated patients with primary or secondary myelofibrosis or polycythemia vera.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 11;80:134-136. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Oncology and Haematology, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France; Université de Strasbourg, Inserm UMR-S1113/IRFAC, Strasbourg, France.

Ruxolitinib is a JAK-1/JAK-2 inhibitor indicated for the treatment of polycythemia vera and primary or secondary myelofibrosis. Only one patient (0.2%) was diagnosed with tuberculosis among the 485 patients receiving ruxolitinib in the four pivotal trials. Fourteen cases of tuberculosis have since been reported. We observed two (3%) mycobacterial infections (one due to Mycobacterium tuberculosis and one due to Mycobacterium avium complex) in our cohort of 65 patients receiving ruxolitinib. This observation suggests that the rate of mycobacterial infection might be higher than that observed in the pivotal trials and that atypical mycobacterial infections can also occur.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.01.002DOI Listing
March 2019

Dyserythropoiesis evaluated by the RED score and hepcidin:ferritin ratio predicts response to erythropoietin in lower-risk myelodysplastic syndromes.

Haematologica 2019 03 4;104(3):497-504. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of Hematology, CHU Grenoble-Alpes, Grenoble.

Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents are generally the first line of treatment of anemia in patients with lower-risk myelodysplastic syndrome. We prospectively investigated the predictive value of somatic mutations, and biomarkers of ineffective erythropoiesis including the flow cytometry RED score, serum growth-differentiation factor-15, and hepcidin levels. Inclusion criteria were no prior treatment with erythropoiesis-stimulating agents, low- or intermediate-1-risk myelodysplastic syndrome according to the International Prognostic Scoring System, and a hemoglobin level <10 g/dL. Patients could be red blood cell transfusion-dependent or not and were given epoetin zeta 40 000 IU/week. Serum erythropoietin level, iron parameters, hepcidin, flow cytometry Ogata and RED scores, and growth-differentiation factor-15 levels were determined at baseline, and molecular analysis by next-generation sequencing was also conducted. Erythroid response (defined according to the International Working Group 2006 criteria) was assessed at week 12. Seventy patients, with a median age of 78 years, were included in the study. There were 22 patients with refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia, 19 with refractory cytopenia with unilineage dysplasia, 14 with refractory anemia with ring sideroblasts, four with refractory anemia with excess blasts-1, six with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, two with del5q-and three with unclassifiable myelodysplastic syndrome. According to the revised International Prognostic Scoring System, 13 had very low risk, 47 had low risk, nine intermediate risk and one had high-risk disease. Twenty patients were transfusion dependent. Forty-eight percent had an erythroid response and the median duration of the response was 26 months. At baseline, non-responders had significantly higher RED scores and lower hepcidin:ferritin ratios. In multivariate analysis, only a RED score >4 (=0.05) and a hepcidin:ferritin ratio <9 (=0.02) were statistically significantly associated with worse erythroid response. The median response duration was shorter in patients with growth-differentiation factor-15 >2000 pg/mL and a hepcidin:ferritin ratio <9 (=0.0008 and =0.01, respectively). In multivariate analysis, both variables were associated with shorter response duration. Erythroid response to epoetin zeta was similar to that obtained with other erythropoiesis-stimulating agents and was correlated with higher baseline hepcidin:ferritin ratio and lower RED score. .
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3324/haematol.2018.203158DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395339PMC
March 2019

Moxetumomab pasudotox in relapsed/refractory hairy cell leukemia.

Leukemia 2018 08 20;32(8):1768-1777. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, CA, USA.

This is a pivotal, multicenter, open-label study of moxetumomab pasudotox, a recombinant CD22-targeting immunotoxin, in hairy cell leukemia (HCL), a rare B cell malignancy with high CD22 expression. The study enrolled patients with relapsed/refractory HCL who had ≥2 prior systemic therapies, including ≥1 purine nucleoside analog. Patients received moxetumomab pasudotox 40 µg/kg intravenously on days 1, 3, and 5 every 28 days for ≤6 cycles. Blinded independent central review determined disease response and minimal residual disease (MRD) status. Among 80 patients (79% males; median age, 60.0 years), durable complete response (CR) rate was 30%, CR rate was 41%, and objective response rate (CR and partial response) was 75%; 64 patients (80%) achieved hematologic remission. Among complete responders, 27 (85%) achieved MRD negativity by immunohistochemistry. The most frequent adverse events (AEs) were peripheral edema (39%), nausea (35%), fatigue (34%), and headache (33%). Treatment-related serious AEs of hemolytic uremic syndrome (7.5%) and capillary leak syndrome (5%) were reversible and generally manageable with supportive care and treatment discontinuation (6 patients; 7.5%). Moxetumomab pasudotox treatment achieved a high rate of independently assessed durable response and MRD eradication in heavily pretreated patients with HCL, with acceptable tolerability.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41375-018-0210-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6087717PMC
August 2018

History and Outcome of Febrile Neutropenia Outside the Oncology Setting: A Retrospective Study of 76 Cases Related to Non-Chemotherapy Drugs.

J Clin Med 2017 Sep 26;6(10). Epub 2017 Sep 26.

Departments of Onco-hematology, Strasbourg University Hospitals, Strasbourg 67000, France.

Background: Despite major advances in its prevention and treatment, febrile neutropenia remains a most concerning complication of cancer chemotherapy. Outside the oncology setting, however, only few data are currently available on febrile neutropenia related to non-chemotherapy drugs. We report here data on 76 patients with febrile neutropenia related to non-chemotherapy drugs, followed up in a referral center within a university hospital.

Patients And Methods: Data from 76 patients with idiosyncratic drug-induced febrile neutropenia were retrospectively reviewed. All cases were extracted from a cohort study on agranulocytosis conducted at the Strasbourg University Hospital (Strasbourg, France).

Results: Mean patient age was 52.2 years old (range: 18-93) and gender ratio (F/M) 1.6, with several comorbidities present in 86.8% of patients. The most common causative drugs were: antibiotics (37.4%), antithyroid drugs (17.2%), neuroleptic and anti-epileptic agents (13.1%), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents and analgesics (8%), and platelet aggregation inhibitors (8%). Main clinical presentations upon hospitalization included isolated fever (30%), sore throat, acute tonsillitis and sinusitis (18.4%), documented pneumonia (18.4%), septicemia (14.5%), and septic shock (6.6%). Mean neutrophil count at nadir was 0.13 × 10(9)/L (range: 0-0.48). While in hospital, 22 patients (28.9%) worsened clinically and required intensive care unit placement. All patients were promptly treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics, and 45 (59.2%) with hematopoietic growth factors. Mean duration of hematological recovery (neutrophil count ≥1.5 × 10(9)/L) was 7.5 days (range: 2-21), which was reduced to 0.7 days (range: 2-16) ( = 0.089) with hematopoietic growth factors. Outcome was favorable in 89.5% of patients, whereas eight died.

Conclusions: Like in oncology and myelosuppressive chemotherapy settings, idiosyncratic febrile neutropenia is typically serious, about 40% of patients exhibiting severe pneumonia, septicemia, and septic shock, with a mortality rate of 10%. Like in febrile, chemotherapy-related neutropenia, modern and timely management (immediate broad spectrum antibiotherapy, hematopoietic growth factors) may reduce infection-related mortality. All practitioners should be aware of this potential side-effect that may even occur in the event of "daily medication" exposure.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm6100092DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5664007PMC
September 2017

Natural killer-cell counts are associated with molecular relapse-free survival after imatinib discontinuation in chronic myeloid leukemia: the IMMUNOSTIM study.

Haematologica 2017 08 18;102(8):1368-1377. Epub 2017 May 18.

INSERM UMRS-1160, Paris, France.

Despite persistence of leukemic stem cells, patients with chronic myeloid leukemia who achieve and maintain deep molecular responses may successfully stop the tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib. However, questions remain unanswered regarding the biological basis of molecular relapse after imatinib cessation. In IMMUNOSTIM, we monitored 51 patients from the French Stop IMatinib trial for peripheral blood T cells and natural killer cells. Molecular relapse-free survival at 24 months was 45.1% (95% CI: 31.44%-58.75%). At the time of imatinib discontinuation, non-relapsing patients had significantly higher numbers of natural killer cells of the cytotoxic CD56 subset than had relapsing patients, while CD56 natural killer cells, T cells and their subsets did not differ significantly. Furthermore, the CD56 natural killer-cell count was an independent prognostic factor of molecular-relapse free survival in a multivariate analysis. However, expression of natural killer-cell activating receptors, leukemia cell line K562-specific degranulation and cytokine-induced interferon-gamma secretion were decreased in non-relapsing and relapsing patients as compared with healthy individuals. After imatinib cessation, the natural killer-cell count increased significantly and stayed higher in non-relapsing patients than in relapsing patients, while receptor expression and functional properties remained unchanged. Altogether, our results suggest that natural killer cells may play a role in controlling leukemia-initiating cells at the origin of relapse after imatinib cessation, provided that these cells are numerous enough to compensate for their functional defects. Further research will decipher mechanisms underlying functional differences between natural killer cells from patients and healthy individuals and evaluate the potential interest of immunostimulatory approaches in tyrosine kinase inhibitor discontinuation strategies. .
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3324/haematol.2017.165001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6643734PMC
August 2017

Idiosyncratic drug-induced neutropenia & agranulocytosis.

QJM 2017 05 9;110(5):299-305. Epub 2017 Jan 9.

Onco-hematology.

Backgroud: Few data is currently available on neutropenia and agranulocytosis related to drug intake. We report here data on 203 patients with established idiosyncratic drug-induced agranulocytosis, followed up in a referral centre within a university hospital.

Patients And Methods: Data from 203 patients with idiosyncratic drug-induced agranulocytosis were retrospectively reviewed. All cases were extracted from a cohort study on agranulocytosis in the Strasbourg University Hospital (Strasbourg, France) RESULTS: : The mean age was 61.6 years old (range: 18-95), the gender ratio (F/M) was 1.3. Several comorbidities were present in 63.5%. The most frequent causative drugs were: antibiotics (49.3%), especially ß-lactams and cotrimoxazole; antithyroid drugs (16.7%); neuroleptic and anti-epileptic agents (11.8%); antiviral agents (7.9%); and platelet aggregation inhibitors as ticlopidine and acid acetylsalicylic (6.9%). The main primary clinical manifestations during hospitalization included: isolated fever (26.3%); septicaemia (13.9%); documented pneumonia (13.4%); sore throat and acute tonsillitis (9.3%); and septic shock (6.7%). The mean neutrophil count at nadir was 0.148 x 10/L (range: 0-0.48). All febrile patients were treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics and 107 (52.7%) with hematopoietic growth factors. The mean duration of haematological recovery (neutrophil count ≥1.5 x 10/L) was 7.8 (range: 2-20). This mean duration was reduced to 2.1 days (range: 2-16) (p = 0.057) with hematopoietic growth factors. Outcome was favourable in 91.6% of patients; seventeen died. Thirty-seven patients (18.2%) required intensive care.

Conclusions: The present study demonstrated that idiosyncratic drug-induced agranulocytosis is a relative rare events; that antibiotics, antithyroid, neuroleptic and anti-epileptic agents, and platelet aggregation inhibitors are the main incriminated drug classes; that agranulocytosis typically serious, with at least 50% exhibiting severe sepsis and a mortality rate <10%; and that modern management of such disorder may reduce the infection-related mortality.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/qjmed/hcw220DOI Listing
May 2017

Idiosyncratic Drug-Induced Severe Neutropenia and Agranulocytosis in Elderly Patients (≥75 years): A Monocentric Cohort Study of 61 Cases.

Drugs Real World Outcomes 2016 Dec;3(4):393-399

Department of Internal Medicine, Strasbourg University Hospitals, Strasbourg, France.

Background: Little data is currently available in the literature on neutropenia and agranulocytosis in the elderly, and, to our knowledge, idiosyncratic drug-induced agranulocytosis is particularly poorly covered, or not at all.

Objective: We herein describe the clinical picture and outcome of patients aged ≥75 years with established idiosyncratic drug-induced agranulocytosis.

Patients And Methods: Data from 61 patients over 75 years old with idiosyncratic drug-induced agranulocytosis were retrospectively reviewed. All cases were extracted from a cohort study on agranulocytosis (n = 203) in the Strasbourg University Hospitals (Strasbourg, France), a referral center.

Results: The mean age was 84.9 years (range 75-95), the gender ratio (F/M) was 2.4. Underlying diseases were present in 74 %. The most frequent causative drugs were antibiotics (43.8 %), antithyroid drugs (15.8 %), neuroleptic and anti-epileptic agents (12.3 %), and antiaggregant platelet agents (10.5 %). The primary clinical features during hospitalization included isolated fever (27.6 %), septicemia or septic shock (24.1 %), and pneumonia (20.7 %). The mean neutrophil count at nadir was 0.15 × 10/L (range 0-0.4). All febrile patients were treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics and 36 with hematopoietic growth factors. Outcome was favorable in 85.3 % of patients; nine patients died. Two elderly patients (3.3 %) died of uncontrolled septic shock relating to the depth of the neutropenia. Comparison of mortality between <75- and ≥75-year-old patients revealed a statistical difference: 4.2 % versus 14.8 % (p = 0.023).

Conclusions: Our study demonstrates that 30 % of idiosyncratic drug-induced agranulocytosis concerned elderly patients. Antibiotic, antithyroid, neuroleptic, anti-epileptic, and antiaggregant platelet agents are the primary causative drug classes. Idiosyncratic drug-induced agranulocytosis is typically serious in this frail population of elderly patients, with at least 50 % suffering from severe sepsis and with a mortality rate of approximately 15 %. Modern management of agranulocytosis may reduce the infection-related mortality (3.3 %).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40801-016-0091-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5127888PMC
December 2016

Impact of ELN recommendations in the management of first-line treated chronic myeloid leukaemia patients: a French cross-sectional study.

Br J Haematol 2016 Jul 7;174(1):71-80. Epub 2016 Apr 7.

Centre Hospitalier Annecy Genevois, Pringy, France.

The availability of tyrosine kinase inhibitors has extended therapeutic options for chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) patients. Monitoring recommendations and clinical response goals have recently been updated. The objective of this study was to describe the profile of CML patients in chronic phase currently receiving first-line therapy, including treatment, monitoring and response kinetics. A multicentre, cross-sectional, epidemiological survey in unselected chronic phase CML patients in France attending consultations during a one-month period was performed. 438 of 697 (62·8%) reported patients were currently receiving first-line treatment and were analysed. Imatinib was the most frequently received treatment (72·4% of patients). Retrospective cytogenetic and molecular assessments at 3, 6, 12 or 18 months were available in 88·4% of patients. At the 12-month assessment, 32·2% were not in major molecular response (MMR). At last assessment, among 355 patients with duration of treatment ≥ 12 months, 91·5% had achieved MMR and 66·5% were in deep molecular response. This study, performed in everyday practice population of CML patients, suggests that monitoring of molecular responses in real-life practice is aligned with European LeukaemiaNet recommendations. The majority of patients still receiving first-line treatment are in optimal response, with a few being classified as in the warning area or responding to failure.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjh.14022DOI Listing
July 2016

Incidence of ATRX mutations in myelodysplastic syndromes, the value of microcytosis.

Am J Hematol 2015 Aug;90(8):737-8

Service D'hématologie, Groupe Hospitalier De L'institut Catholique De Lille, Lille, France.

Acquired α-thalassemia myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) (ATMDS) is an acquired syndrome characterized by a somatic point mutation or splicing defect in the ATRX gene in patients with myeloid disorders, primarily MDS. In a large MDS patient series, the incidence of ATMDS was below 0.5%. But no large series has yet assessed the incidence of ATMDS in microcytic MDS. In this study, we focused on patients with MDS and unexplained microcytosis, which was defined as absence of iron deficiency, inflammatory disease, or history of inherited hemoglobinopathy. Our data confirm the low frequency of ATRX mutations in MDS: 0% in an unselected clinical trial cohort of 80 low risk MDS, 0.2-0.8% in a multicenter registry of 2,980 MDS and 43% of MDS with unexplained microcytosis in this same registry. In addition, we reported four novel mutations of the ATRX gene in ATMDS. This study further determines the frequency of ATRX mutations and highlights the importance of microcytosis to detect ATRX mutations within MDS patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajh.24073DOI Listing
August 2015

Rituximab therapy for hairy cell leukemia: a retrospective study of 41 cases.

Ann Hematol 2015 Jan 7;94(1):89-95. Epub 2014 Sep 7.

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CHU) de Reims, Hôpital Robert Debré, Service d'Hématologie Clinique, Reims, France,

The purine analogs (PAs) cladribine and pentostatin have transformed the prognosis of hairy cell leukemia (HCL). However, some patients still relapse after PAs, or fail to reach an optimal response, and new agents are needed to further improve treatment outcome. We retrospectively studied 41 HCL patients from 10 centers in France and Belgium, who received 49 treatment courses with the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab. Most of the patients were treated at relapse (84 % of cases) and rituximab was combined to a PA in 41 % of cases. Overall, response rate is 90 % including 71 % complete hematologic responses (CHRs). Frontline treatment, combination therapy, and absolute neutrophil count were associated with response in multivariate analysis. Three-year relapse-free and overall survivals are 68 and 90 %, respectively. When combined to a PA, rituximab yields a 100 % response rate, even beyond frontline therapy. In contrast, response rate is only 82 % (59 % CHR) when rituximab is used alone. In this latter setting, relapse rate is 56 % and median time to relapse is 17.5 months. All eight patients who were treated two times with the antibody responded again to re-treatment. We confirm the high efficacy of the combination rituximab + PA. However, when rituximab is used as monotherapy, response rate is lower and the high relapse rate is a concern. Prospective clinical trials are needed to confirm the superiority of the combination rituximab + PA over PA alone, both as frontline therapy and at relapse.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-014-2175-0DOI Listing
January 2015

BiOsimilaRs in the management of anaemia secondary to chemotherapy in HaEmatology and Oncology: results of the ORHEO observational study.

BMC Cancer 2014 Jul 10;14:503. Epub 2014 Jul 10.

Service d'Hématologie, Pavillon Marcel Bérard 1G, Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, 165 Chemin du Grand Revoyet, Lyon- Pierre Bénite 69495, France.

Background: The approval of epoetin biosimilars in the European Union requires extensive scientific evaluation and stringent regulatory procedures, including post-marketing studies. The ORHEO (place of biOsimilaRs in the therapeutic management of anaemia secondary to chemotherapy in HaEmatology and Oncology) study was an observational, longitudinal, multicentre study performed in France to evaluate the efficacy and safety of biosimilar epoetins for the treatment of chemotherapy-induced anaemia (CIA) in the clinical setting.

Methods: Patients >18 years with CIA (haemoglobin [Hb] <11 g/dL) in association with solid tumours, lymphoma or myeloma and eligible for treatment with an epoetin biosimilar were included in this study. Patient characteristics were recorded at baseline along with anaemia-related information, such as observed and target Hb (as chosen by the treating clinician), brand and dose of epoetin biosimilar prescribed, and details of any other treatments. Patients were then followed-up at 3 and 6 months. The primary endpoint was Hb response (defined as Hb reaching ≥10 g/dL, an increase of Hb ≥1 g/dL since inclusion visit or reaching physician-defined target Hb, with no blood transfusions in the 3 weeks prior to measurement). Other endpoints included adverse events, achievement of target Hb and associated treatments.

Results: Overall, 2333 patients >18 years (mean age 66.5 years) with CIA (haemoglobin [Hb] <11 g/dL) in association with solid tumours, lymphoma or myeloma and eligible for biosimilar epoetin treatment were included. 99.9% of patients received epoetin zeta (median dose 30,000 IU/week). Mean baseline Hb was 9.61 g/dL, with 35.6% of patients having moderate anaemia (Hb 8-9.5 g/dL). Hb response was achieved in 81.6% and 86.5% of patients at 3 and 6 months, respectively. Overall mean change in Hb level was 1.52 ± 1.61 and 1.72 ± 1.61 g/dL at 3 and 6 months, respectively. Transfusion and thromboembolic event rates were 9.4% and 2.4% at 3 months, and 5.8% and 1.5% at 6 months, respectively.

Conclusions: Epoetin zeta was effective and well tolerated in the management of CIA in patients with solid tumours, lymphoma and myeloma.

Trial Registration:

Trial Registration Number: NCT02140736 (date of registration: 14 May 2014).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2407-14-503DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4227033PMC
July 2014

Recommendations of the SFH (French Society of Haematology) for the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of hairy cell leukaemia.

Ann Hematol 2014 Dec 5;93(12):1977-83. Epub 2014 Jul 5.

Haematology Laboratory, Caen University Hospital, 14033, Caen Cedex, France.

Hairy cell leukaemia (HCL) is a rare haematological malignancy, with approximately 175 new incident cases in France. Diagnosis is based on a careful examination of the blood smear and immunophenotyping of the tumour cells, with a panel of four markers being used specifically to screen for hairy cells (CD11c, CD25, CD103 and CD123). In 2011, the V600E mutation of the BRAF gene in exon 15 was identified in HCL; being present in HCL, it is absent in the variant form of HCL (HCL-v) and in splenic red pulp lymphoma (SRPL), two entities related to HCL. The management of patients with HCL has changed in recent years. A poorer response to purine nucleoside analogues (PNAs) is observed in patients with more marked leukocytosis, bulky splenomegaly, an unmutated immunoglobulin variable heavy chain (IgVH) gene profile, use of VH4-34 or with TP53 mutations. We present the recommendations of a group of 11 experts belonging to a number of French hospitals. This group met in November 2013 to examine the criteria for managing patients with HCL. The ideas and proposals of the group are based on a critical analysis of the recommendations already published in the literature and on an analysis of the practices of clinical haematology departments with experience in managing these patients. The first-line treatment uses purine analogues: cladribine or pentostatin. The role of BRAF inhibitors, whether or not combined with MEK inhibitors, is discussed. The panel of French experts proposed recommendations to manage patients with HCL, which can be used in a daily practice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-014-2140-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4221655PMC
December 2014

Phase 2 randomized study of bortezomib-melphalan-prednisone with or without siltuximab (anti-IL-6) in multiple myeloma.

Blood 2014 Jun 15;123(26):4136-42. Epub 2014 May 15.

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX.

Because interleukin-6 (IL-6) is considered important in the proliferation of early multiple myeloma (MM), we hypothesized that the addition of the anti-IL-6 monoclonal antibody siltuximab to the bortezomib-melphalan-prednisone (VMP) regimen would improve outcomes in transplant-ineligible patients with newly diagnosed MM. One hundred and six patients were randomized to receive 9 cycles of VMP or VMP plus siltuximab (11 mg/kg every 3 weeks) followed by siltuximab maintenance. Baseline characteristics were well balanced except for immunoglobulin A subtype and 17p deletions. With a complete response (CR) rate of 27% on siltuximab plus VMP (S+VMP) and 22% on VMP, the study did not confirm its hypothesis that the addition of siltuximab would increase the CR rate by at least 10%. Overall response rate was 88% on S+VMP and 80% on VMP, and at least very good partial response rates were 71% and 51% (P = .0382), respectively. Median progression-free survival (17 months) and 1-year overall survival (88%) were identical in the 2 arms. Grade ≥3 adverse-event incidence was 92% on S+VMP and 81% on VMP (P = .09), with trends toward more hematologic events and infections on S+VMP. Maintenance therapy with siltuximab was well tolerated. In conclusion, the addition of siltuximab to VMP did not improve the CR rate or long-term outcomes. This study was registered at http://clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00911859.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood-2013-12-546374DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4123433PMC
June 2014

Study design: two long-term observational studies of the biosimilar filgrastim Nivestim™ (Hospira filgrastim) in the treatment and prevention of chemotherapy-induced neutropenia.

BMC Cancer 2013 Nov 16;13:547. Epub 2013 Nov 16.

AFSOS and Hôpital Privé de l'Ouest Parisien, 78190 Trappes, France.

Background: Nivestim™ (filgrastim) is a follow-on biologic agent licensed in the EU for the treatment of neutropenia and febrile neutropenia induced by myelosuppressive chemotherapy. Nivestim™ has been studied in phase 2 and 3 clinical trials where its efficacy and safety was found to be similar to its reference product, Neupogen®. Follow-on biologics continue to be scrutinised for safety. We present a design for two observational phase IV studies that are evaluating the safety profile of Nivestim™ for the prevention and treatment of febrile neutropenia (FN) in patients treated with cytotoxic chemotherapy in general clinical practice.

Methods/design: The NEXT (Tolérance de Nivestim chez les patiEnts traités par une chimiothérapie anticancéreuse cytotoXique en praTique courante) and VENICE (VErträglichkeit von NIvestim unter zytotoxischer Chemotherapie in der Behandlung malinger Erkrankungen) trials are multicentre, prospective, longitudinal, observational studies evaluating the safety profile of Nivestim™ in 'real-world' clinical practice. Inclusion criteria include patients undergoing cytotoxic chemotherapy for malignancy and receiving Nivestim as primary or secondary prophylaxis (NEXT and VENICE), or as treatment for ongoing FN (NEXT only). In accordance with European Union pharmacovigilance guidelines, the primary objective is to evaluate the safety of Nivestim™ by gathering data on adverse events in all system organ classes. Secondary objectives include obtaining information on patient characteristics, efficacy of Nivestim™ therapy (including chemotherapy dose intensity), patterns of use of Nivestim™, and physician knowledge regarding filgrastim prescription and the reasons for choosing Nivestim™. Data will be gathered at three visits: 1. At the initial inclusion visit, 2. At a 1-month follow-up visit, and 3. At the end of chemotherapy.Recruitment for VENICE commenced in July 2011 and in November 2011 for NEXT. VENICE completed recruitment in July 2013 with 407 patients, and NEXT in September 2013 with 2123 patients. Last patient, last visit for each study will be December 2013 and March 2014 respectively.

Discussion: The NEXT and VENICE studies will provide long-term safety, efficacy and practice pattern data in patients receiving Nivestim™ to support myelosuppressive chemotherapy in real world clinical practice. These data will improve our understanding of the performance of Nivestim™ in patients encountered in the general patient population.

Trial Registration: NEXT NCT01574235, VENICE NCT01627990.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2407-13-547DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3832750PMC
November 2013

MELISSE, a large multicentric observational study to determine risk factors of venous thromboembolism in patients with multiple myeloma treated with immunomodulatory drugs.

Thromb Haemost 2013 Oct 1;110(4):844-51. Epub 2013 Aug 1.

Xavier Leleu, MD, PhD, Service des Maladies du Sang, Hôpital Huriez, CHRU Lille, Rue Michel Polonovski, 59037 Lille cedex, France, Tel : + 33 3 20 44 68 83, Fax: + 33 3 20 44 40 94, E-mail:

Immunomodulatory drugs (IMiDs) are associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in multiple myeloma (MM) patients. We designed MELISSE, a multicentre prospective observational study, to evaluate VTE incidence and identify risk factors in IMiDs-treated MM. Our objective was to determine the real-life practice of VTE prophylaxis strategy. A total of 524 MM patients were included, and we planned to collect information at baseline, at four and at 12 months, on MM therapy, on VTE risk factors and management. VTE incidence was 7% (n=31), including 2.5% pulmonary embolism (PE) (n=11), similar at four or 12 months. VTE was observed at all risk assessment levels, although the increased risk assessment level correlated to a lower rate of VTE, maybe due to the implemented thromboprophylaxis strategy. VTE occurred in 7% on aspirin vs 3% on low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) prophylaxis, and none on vitamin K antagonists (VKA). New risk factors for VTE in IMiDs-treated MM were identified. In conclusion, VTE prophylaxis is compulsory in IMiDs-treated MM, based on individualised VTE risk assessment. Anticoagulation prophylaxis with LMWH should clearly be prioritised in MM patients with high VTE risk, along with VKA. Further prospective studies will identify most relevant VTE risk factors in IMiDs-treated MM to select accurately which MM patients should receive LMWH prophylaxis and for which duration to optimise VTE risk reduction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1160/TH13-02-0140DOI Listing
October 2013

Gender-related analysis of the clinical presentation, treatment response and outcome in patients with immune thrombocytopenia.

Presse Med 2012 Sep 28;41(9 Pt 1):e426-31. Epub 2012 Mar 28.

University hospital of Strasbourg, department of internal medicine B, 67091 Strasbourg cedex, France.

Background: Immune thrombocytopenia (idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura [ITP]) frequently occurs in young adults, particularly women in their third or fourth decade. The female predominance suggests that sex hormones may play a role in the different aspects of ITP. In this paper, we report a gender-related analysis of patients with ITP, specifically examining the clinical manifestations, responses to treatment and overall outcomes of the patients.

Methods: We included patients with "ITP" attending the departments of onco-hematology or internal medicine B (university hospital of Strasbourg, France) between 1990 and December 2010 The gender-related analysis was retrospective.

Results: We studied in 225 consecutive cases of established ITP with a follow-up period of 1.7 to 112 months The mean age of the patients was 44 years; 156 patients were female. The analysis revealed no significant statistical differences regarding patient characteristics between the female and male groups, with the exception of the following characteristics: the bleeding score, which altered in the presence of meno- and/or metrorrhagia and hematuria in female patients (P=0.03); the presence of anemia (P=0.04); and the detection of antinuclear and/or antiphospholipid antibodies (P=0.02). During the follow-up, no statistically significant difference was found regarding outcome or treatment response in relation to gender among these 225 patients (all P>0.05).

Discussion: Gender does not appear to affect the manifestation of immune thrombocytopenia, the outcome or response to treatment. However, further large-scale randomized trials are needed to confirm these findings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lpm.2012.02.010DOI Listing
September 2012

Low-dose vs. high-dose thalidomide for advanced multiple myeloma: a prospective trial from the Intergroupe Francophone du Myélome.

Eur J Haematol 2012 Mar 4;88(3):249-59. Epub 2012 Jan 4.

Service des Maladies du Sang, CHU, Lille, France.

This multicentre prospective randomised trial compared the efficacy and safety of two doses of thalidomide in patients with relapsed or refractory myeloma. The study was designed to test the non-inferior efficacy and to confirm the better tolerability of low-dose thalidomide as compared to a higher dose. Four hundred patients were randomly assigned to receive either 100 or 400 mg/day of thalidomide. Dexamethasone treatment was added in both arms for patients with stable disease or treatment failure at 12 weeks. The primary endpoint was 1-year overall survival (OS). Thalidomide 100 mg/day was better tolerated than 400 mg/day with less high-grade somnolence, constipation, nausea/vomiting and peripheral neuropathy (P < 0.001, P = 0.007, P = 0.03 and P = 0.007, respectively). In the per-protocol population (PP), the estimated 1-year OS rates were of 74.5% (n = 149) and 67.3% (n = 156) in the 400 and 100 groups, respectively. The upper limit of the difference between these rates was of 15.6% higher than the non-inferiority acceptable limit of 12.75%, and the hypothesis of non-inferiority of 100 could not be established (P = 0.14). On the other hand, when intent-to-treat (ITT) population was analysed, the non-inferiority was demonstrated because the 1-year OS rates were of 72.8% (n = 195) and 68.8% (n = 205) in the same groups, leading to an upper limit of the difference of 11.49% lower than the non-inferiority acceptable limit. In addition, in patients alive 12 weeks postrandomisation and those who received thalidomide plus dexamethasone, there were no significant differences in response rates, time to progression, progression-free survival and OS between the two groups. Collectively, low-dose thalidomide 100 mg/day has significant activity in advanced myeloma with an improved safety profile and can be a good salvage therapy in combination with dexamethasone.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0609.2011.01729.xDOI Listing
March 2012

Clinical presentation and management of drug-induced agranulocytosis.

Expert Rev Hematol 2011 Apr;4(2):143-51

Department of Internal Medicine B, University Hospital of Strasbourg, 1 Porte de l'Hôpital, Strasbourg Cedex, France.

Objective: In this article, we report and discuss the clinical presentation and management of idiosyncratic drug-induced agranulocytosis (neutrophil count <0.5 × 10(9)/l).

Results/conclusions: Idiosyncratic drug-induced agranulocytosis remains a potentially serious adverse event owing to the frequency of severe sepsis with severe deep tissue infections (e.g., pneumonia), septicemia and septic shock in approximately two-thirds of all hospitalized patients. However, several prognostic factors have recently been identified that may be helpful in practice to identify 'susceptible' patients. Old age (>65 years), septicemia or shock, metabolic disorders such as renal failure and a neutrophil count below 0.1 × 10(9)/l are currently consensually accepted as poor prognostic factors. In this potentially life-threatening disorder, modern management with broad-spectrum antibiotics and hematopoietic growth factors (particularly granulocyte colony-stimulating factor) is likely to improve prognosis. Thus, with appropriate management, the mortality rate from idiosyncratic drug-induced agranulocytosis is currently approximately 5%.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1586/ehm.11.12DOI Listing
April 2011

Autologous stem cell transplantation as a first-line treatment strategy for chronic lymphocytic leukemia: a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial from the SFGM-TC and GFLLC.

Blood 2011 Jun 15;117(23):6109-19. Epub 2011 Mar 15.

Department of Clinical Hematology, Victor Dupouy Hospital, Argenteuil, France.

Long-term responses have been reported after autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). We conducted a prospective, randomized trial of ASCT in previously untreated CLL patients. We enrolled 241 patients < 66 years of age with Binet stage B or C CLL. They received 3 courses of mini-CHOP (cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin, oncovin, and prednisone/prednisolone) and then 3 courses of fludarabine. Patients in complete response (CR) were then randomized to ASCT or observation, whereas the other patients were randomized to dexamethasone, high-dose aracytin, cisplatin (DHAP) salvage followed by either ASCT or 3 courses of fludarabine plus cyclophosphamide (FC). The primary end point was event-free survival (EFS). After up-front treatment, 105 patients entered CR and were randomized between ASCT (n = 52) and observation (n = 53); their respective 3-year EFS rates were 79.8% and 35.5%; the adjusted hazard ratio was 0.3 (95% CI: 0.1-0.7; P = .003). Ninety-four patients who did not enter CR were randomized between ASCT (n = 46) and FC (n = 48); their respective 3-year EFS rates were 48.9% and 44.4%, respectively; the adjusted hazard ratio was 1.7 (95% CI: 0.9-3.2; P = .13). No difference in overall survival was found between the 2 response subgroups. In young CLL patients in CR, ASCT consolidation markedly delayed disease progression. No difference was observed between ASCT and FC in patients requiring DHAP salvage.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood-2010-11-317073DOI Listing
June 2011

Imatinib plus peginterferon alfa-2a in chronic myeloid leukemia.

N Engl J Med 2010 Dec;363(26):2511-21

Laboratoire d'Hématologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Lille, and INSERM Unité 837, Lille, France.

Background: Imatinib (400 mg daily) is considered the best initial therapy for patients with newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in the chronic phase. However, only a minority of patients treated with imatinib have a complete molecular remission.

Methods: We randomly assigned 636 patients with untreated chronic-phase CML to receive imatinib alone at a dose of 400 mg daily, imatinib (400 mg daily) plus cytarabine (20 mg per square meter of body-surface area per day on days 15 through 28 of each 28-day cycle) or pegylated interferon (peginterferon) alfa-2a (90 μg weekly), or imatinib alone at a dose of 600 mg daily. Molecular and cytogenetic responses, time to treatment failure, overall and event-free survival, and adverse events were assessed. An analysis of molecular response at 12 months was planned. A superior molecular response was defined as a decrease in the ratio of transcripts of the tyrosine kinase gene BCR-ABL to transcripts of ABL of 0.01% or less, corresponding to a reduction of 4 log(10) units or more from the baseline level, as assessed by means of a real-time quantitative polymerase-chain-reaction assay.

Results: At 12 months, the rates of cytogenetic response were similar among the four groups. The rate of a superior molecular response was significantly higher among patients receiving imatinib and peginterferon alfa-2a (30%) than among patients receiving 400 mg of imatinib alone (14%) (P=0.001). The rate was significantly higher among patients treated for more than 12 months than among those treated for 12 months or less. Gastrointestinal events were more frequent among patients receiving cytarabine, whereas rash and depression were more frequent among patients receiving peginterferon alfa-2a.

Conclusions: As compared with other treatments, the addition of peginterferon alfa-2a to imatinib therapy resulted in significantly higher rates of molecular response in patients with chronic-phase CML. (Funded by the French Ministry of Health and others; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00219739.).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1004095DOI Listing
December 2010

Bortezomib plus dexamethasone is superior to vincristine plus doxorubicin plus dexamethasone as induction treatment prior to autologous stem-cell transplantation in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma: results of the IFM 2005-01 phase III trial.

J Clin Oncol 2010 Oct 7;28(30):4621-9. Epub 2010 Sep 7.

Centre René Gauducheau, Nantes/St. Herblain, France.

Purpose: To compare efficacy and safety of bortezomib plus dexamethasone and vincristine plus doxorubicin plus dexamethasone (VAD) as induction before stem-cell transplantation in previously untreated myeloma.

Patients And Methods: Four hundred eighty-two patients were randomly assigned to VAD (n = 121), VAD plus dexamethasone, cyclophosphamide, etoposide, and cisplatin (DCEP) consolidation (n = 121), bortezomib plus dexamethasone (n = 121), or bortezomib plus dexamethasone plus DCEP (n = 119), followed by autologous stem-cell transplantation. Patients not achieving very good partial response (VGPR) required a second transplantation. The primary end point was postinduction complete response/near complete response (CR/nCR) rate.

Results: Postinduction CR/nCR (14.8% v 6.4%), at least VGPR (37.7% v 15.1%), and overall response (78.5% v 62.8%) rates were significantly higher with bortezomib plus dexamethasone versus VAD; CR/nCR and at least VGPR rates were higher regardless of disease stage or adverse cytogenetic abnormalities. Response rates were similar in patients who did and did not receive DCEP. Post first transplantation, CR/nCR (35.0% v 18.4%) and at least VGPR (54.3% v 37.2%) rates remained significantly higher with bortezomib plus dexamethasone. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 36.0 months versus 29.7 months (P = .064) with bortezomib plus dexamethasone versus VAD; respective 3-year survival rates were 81.4% and 77.4% (median follow-up, 32.2 months). The incidence of severe adverse events appeared similar between groups, but hematologic toxicity and deaths related to toxicity (zero v seven) were more frequent with VAD. Conversely, rates of grade 2 (20.5% v 10.5%) and grades 3 to 4 (9.2% v 2.5%) peripheral neuropathy during induction through first transplantation were significantly higher with bortezomib plus dexamethasone.

Conclusion: Bortezomib plus dexamethasone significantly improved postinduction and post-transplantation CR/nCR and at least VGPR rates compared with VAD and resulted in a trend for longer PFS. Bortezomib plus dexamethasone should therefore be considered a standard of care in this setting.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2009.27.9158DOI Listing
October 2010

Upfront VIP-reinforced-ABVD (VIP-rABVD) is not superior to CHOP/21 in newly diagnosed peripheral T cell lymphoma. Results of the randomized phase III trial GOELAMS-LTP95.

Br J Haematol 2010 Oct 25;151(2):159-66. Epub 2010 Aug 25.

Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire Grenoble, France.

Peripheral T-Cell lymphomas (PTCL) are relatively rare diseases but appear to be highly aggressive and display worse remission and survival rates than B-cell lymphomas. Despite unsatisfactory results with the cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone (CHOP) regimen, it remains the reference front-line therapy in these diseases, but has not been challenged in phase III trials. The Groupe Ouest Est d'Etude des Leucémies et Autres Maladies du Sang (GOELAMS) devised an alternative therapeutic schedule including etoposide, ifosfamide, cisplatin alternating with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine (VIP-reinforced-ABVD; VIP-rABVD) and compared it to CHOP/21 as front-line treatment in non-cutaneous PTCL. All newly diagnosed patients were eligible. The primary objective was to improve the 2-year event-free survival (EFS) rate. Secondary objectives were to compare the response rate, overall survival, and toxicities as well as identify prognostic factors. Eighty-eight patients were identified between 1996 and 2002. Both arms were well balanced for patients' characteristics in terms of histological and clinical presentation. No significant difference was observed between the two arms in terms of 2-year EFS. Anaplastic large cell lymphoma type and Ann Arbor stage I-II were identified as two independent favourable prognostic factors influencing survival. VIP-rABVD was not superior to CHOP/21 in terms of EFS as first-line treatment of PTCL, confirming that CHOP/21 remains the reference regimen in these lymphomas.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2141.2010.08329.xDOI Listing
October 2010

Pegylated IFN-α2a combined to imatinib mesylate 600mg daily can induce complete cytogenetic and molecular responses in a subset of chronic phase CML patients refractory to IFN alone or to imatinib 600mg daily alone.

Leuk Res 2011 Jan 3;35(1):80-6. Epub 2010 Jun 3.

Département d'hématologie clinique, hôpital Edouard Herriot, Lyon, France.

This phase I/II study was designed to demonstrate the tolerance and the efficacy of a combination of pegylated interferon-α 2a to Imatinib mesylate (IM) 600mg daily in cytogenetically IM-resistant but in CHR chronic phase CML patients. The combination was generally well tolerated in the 15 evaluable patients. A significant reduction of the Ph1(+) BM metaphases was observed in these poor prognosis patients, with 2 long-term CCyR including 2 MMR. After a median follow-up of 43 months, 93% of patients are alive. The addition of PegIFNα2a to IM600 is feasible, and able to overcome resistance within this context.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.leukres.2010.04.010DOI Listing
January 2011

Dasatinib in imatinib-resistant or imatinib-intolerant chronic myeloid leukemia in blast phase after 2 years of follow-up in a phase 3 study: efficacy and tolerability of 140 milligrams once daily and 70 milligrams twice daily.

Cancer 2010 Aug;116(16):3852-61

Department of Clinical and Biological Sciences, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

Background: In a phase 3 study, the authors assessed the effects of dasatinib at doses of 140 mg once daily and 70 mg twice daily in patients who had either chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in advanced phases or Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia and were resistant or intolerant to imatinib. In the current report, the results for patients with CML in blast phase after 2 years of follow-up are reported.

Methods: Patients were stratified according to whether they had CML in myeloid blast phase (MBP-CML) or in lymphoid blast phase (LBP-CML) and were randomized (1:1) within each stratum to receive either oral dasatinib 140 mg once daily or 70 mg twice daily.

Results: In patients with MBP-CML, the major hematologic response rate was 28% for both regimens; and, in patients with LBP-CML, the major hematologic response rate was 42% for once-daily dasatinib and 32% for twice-daily dasatinib. The major cytogenetic response rates were 25% for once-daily dasatinib and 28% for twice-daily dasatinib in patients with MBP-CML, and the respective rates in patients with LBP-CML were 50% and 40%. The overall survival rate at 24 months was 24% for once-daily dasatinib and 28% for twice-daily dasatinib in patients with MBP-CML, and the respective values in patients with LBP-CML were 21% and 16%. Adverse events indicated a trend toward improved tolerability for the once-daily regimen.

Conclusions: The current results suggested that dasatinib 140 mg once daily had similar efficacy and improved tolerability relative to the 70-mg twice-daily regimen in patients with imatinib-resistant, blast phase CML.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cncr.25123DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4993589PMC
August 2010

The role of haematopoietic growth factors granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor in the management of drug-induced agranulocytosis.

Br J Haematol 2010 Jul 11;150(1):3-8. Epub 2010 Feb 11.

Department of Internal Medicine, B Clinic, University Hospital of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France.

Drug-induced agranulocytosis (neutrophil count <0.5 x 10(9)/l) is a rare haematological complication with an incidence of no more than 10 cases per million inhabitants per year in Europe. Over the past few years there has been a steady decline in mortality rate, (currently at <5%), which can be partly explained by earlier recognition and the improved clinical management of associated intercurrent infections that may lead to severe sepsis if left untreated. The true impact of the use of haematopoietic growth factors, such as granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), on the decreased mortality rate remains unknown. Yet, most studies show that these molecules, especially G-CSF, reduce the duration of agranulocytosis, antibiotic course and length of hospital stay. Their use is particularly recommended in patients with poor prognostic factors, such as a neutrophil count <0.1 x 10(9)/l, age over 65 years, severe infection or multiple co-morbidities. In all cases, the drug responsible for causing the agranulocytosis must be discontinued and remain permanently contraindicated. The appropriate Medicines Regulatory Agency must also be notified of the adverse event.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2141.2010.08104.xDOI Listing
July 2010

Improved outcome of acute promyelocytic leukemia with high WBC counts over the last 15 years: the European APL Group experience.

J Clin Oncol 2009 Jun 4;27(16):2668-76. Epub 2009 May 4.

European APL Group, L'Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale U848, Villejuif, France.

Purpose: Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) with pretreatment WBC counts greater than 10,000/microL is still considered to carry a poorer prognosis than APL with WBC lower than 10,000/mL. We evaluated outcome improvement in such patients in recent years.

Patients And Methods: Nine hundred two patients with APL, including 204 patients and 68 patients with WBC counts more than 10,000/microL and more than 50,000/microL, respectively, were enrolled between 1993 and 2005 in two successive randomized trials of the European APL group (APL 93 and APL 2000) that tested, in particular, the modalities of combination of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and chemotherapy, maintenance treatment, escalating doses of cytarabine, early administration of dexamethasone, and CNS prophylaxis.

Results: Between the APL 93 and 2000 trials, the complete response (CR) rate increased from 89.6% to 93%, and the 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) decreased from 40% to 9.5% in patients with WBC counts of 10,000 to 50,000/microL. In patients with WBC counts more than 50,000/microL, the CR rate increased from 82% to 91%, and 5-year CIR decreased from 59% to 24%. Whereas in the APL 93 trial, increased WBC counts were significantly associated with higher CIR and shorter survival, this was not the case in the APL 2000 trial. In patients with increased WBC counts, enrollment onto the APL 2000 trial (v APL 93) and combined maintenance with ATRA and chemotherapy were associated with significantly lower CIR and better survival.

Conclusion: Outcome of APL with high WBC count has markedly improved over the years as a result of fewer early deaths and fewer relapses. Better initial supportive care and combined maintenance treatment have contributed to this improvement.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2008.18.4119DOI Listing
June 2009

Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura in elderly patients: a study of 47 cases from a single reference center.

Eur J Intern Med 2008 Oct 20;19(6):447-51. Epub 2008 Feb 20.

Department of Internal Medicine, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France.

Background: Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is often diagnosed in the elderly, but no specific guidelines exist for such patients. We describe our experience with ITP management in elderly patients and analyze the therapeutic response.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed a cohort of 47 consecutive elderly ITP patients (> or =60 years old) followed in a single reference center. We specifically analyzed the clinical characteristics, therapies used, patient response rates, and side effects.

Results: The mean age of the 47 patients was 66 (range 60-82) years; 31 patients were female. Their initial presentation included bleeding limited to the skin (n=10, 21%) and bleeding at one or more other sites (n=26, 56%); 11 patients (23%) were asymptomatic. The mean platelet count was 52 x 10(9)/L (range 1-120 x 10(9)/L). After 1 and 6 months, the overall response rate was: 61% and 33% with corticosteroids (n=43), 80% and 50% with splenectomy (n=10), and 14% and 60% with danazol (n=15), respectively. Side effects of these therapies were reported in 100% of these elderly ITP patients, 60% and 50% with these drugs, respectively. No response was reported using IVIg. One case of fatal sepsis was noted after splenectomy.

Conclusions: The results confirm (1) that age influences the hemorrhagic pattern of ITP expression, response, and adverse effects of conventional ITP therapies, and (2) that danazol has the potential to be an effective therapeutic alternative to splenectomy in elderly ITP patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejim.2007.07.006DOI Listing
October 2008
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