Publications by authors named "Frédéric Dezoteux"

7 Publications

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Vascular skin manifestations in patients with severe COVID-19 in intensive care units: a monocentric prospective study.

Eur J Dermatol 2021 Aug 26. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

CHU Lille, Service de Dermatologie, F-59000, Lille, France.

Various skin manifestations have been reported during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Among these are acral vascular skin lesions in non-severe patients, but few studies have focused specifically on patients with severe COVID-19 admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) We aimed to assess the frequency of acral vascular skin manifestations (AVSM) in patients admitted to the ICU based on systematic dermatological examination We conducted a clinical, observational and prospective study in the ICU of Lille University Hospital (France). All adult patients with RT-PCR-confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection were included on May 5 and 6, 2020 A total of 39 patients with severe COVID-19 were examined (34 males and five females; median age: 61 [55-59]). We observed AVSM in 11/39 patients (28%) including five with acral necrotic lesions, three with haemorrhagic blisters, one with acral livedoid rash, and one with erosive distal lesions. Chilblain or chilblain-like lesions were not seen, unlike ambulatory or non-severe patients described in the literature. There was no difference regarding the median length of stay in the ICU, initial symptoms of COVID-19 or baseline characteristics, except for a lower BMI in patients with AVSM. All patients had biological coagulation abnormalities (e.g. higher levels of fibrinogen or D-dimers), but there was no difference between patients with and without AVSM AVSM are infrequent and heterogenous and seem to be non-specific to patients with severe SARS-CoV-2, and possibly unrelated to COVID-19. The pathophysiology of AVSM described during the COVID-19 pandemic is not fully elucidated.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1684/ejd.2021.4107DOI Listing
August 2021

Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS): Series of 49 French Pediatric Cases.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Service de Dermatologie, Hôtel Dieu, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nantes, Nantes, France. Electronic address:

Background: Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is a rare and potentially fatal adverse reaction. It can be difficult to diagnose, even more so among children, because symptoms may mimic other commonly encountered pediatric conditions.

Objective: To describe clinical and laboratory features of DRESS syndrome in the pediatric population (age ≤18 years) and establish causative agents and treatment modalities.

Methods: This was a multicenter retrospective study of probable and definite DRESS cases (Registry of Sever Cutaneous Adverse Reaction score ≥ 4) in children hospitalized in 15 French university hospitals between 2000 and 2020.

Results: We included 49 cases. All children had fever and rash, 69.4% had lymphadenopathy, and 65.3% had facial edema. The most common organ affected was the liver (83.7%). Treatment consisted of topical corticosteroid in only 30.6% and systemic corticosteroid in 55.1%; 12.2% received intravenous immunoglobulin. Among probable and likely culprit drugs, 65% were antibiotics and 27.5% were antiepileptics, median time to DRESS symptom onset after initiation of 15 days (13 days with antibiotics and 21 days with antiepileptics). Twenty-seven children had allergy assessment for causative agents, 65.4% of whom had positive tests.

Conclusions: Culprit drugs are frequently antibiotics and antiepileptic drugs, and onset is often less than 2 weeks after treatment starts, especially with antibiotics. Treatment with topical corticosteroids appears to be sufficient in the least severe cases. Treatment by systemic corticosteroid therapy remains the reference treatment in case of severe organ damage.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2021.07.025DOI Listing
July 2021

Outcome of early stage Merkel carcinoma treated by exclusive radiation: a study of 53 patients.

Radiat Oncol 2021 May 14;16(1):90. Epub 2021 May 14.

CHU Lille, Service de Dermatologie, 59000, Lille, France.

Purpose: Early stage Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare and aggressive primary skin cancer. The standard of care for MCC is broad excision and adjuvant external beam radiation therapy (EBRT). However, for some patients, anesthesia is contraindicated, while others run the risk of serious aesthetic sequelae. In such cases, exclusive radiotherapy is an interesting alternative to surgery. Though limited data is available, this study evaluates exclusive radiotherapy for MCC, using data from the largest retrospective study to date.

Methods: All patients who were followed in our center between 1989 and 2019 for histologically proven early stage MCC were included in the study. They were treated either by surgery with a 2-cm clear margin followed by adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) or by exclusive RT. Survival rates with adjuvant and exclusive EBRT were analyzed using Cox model and Fine and Gray model depending on the type of survival. p value < 0.05 was considered significant.

Results: Eighty-four patients treated for MCC were included. Fifty-three of them (63.1%) were treated by exclusive RT, and 31 (36.9%) had surgical excision followed by adjuvant RT. Local relapse rate was 13.7% (95% CI 8.0-43.7) in the RT monotherapy group (group A) and 25.8% (95% CI 10.3-56.2) in the surgery + RT group (group B) (p = 0.42). No statistical difference was found for nodal relapse (p = 0.81), metastatic relapse (p = 0.10), disease free survival (p = 0.83) or overall survival (p = 0.98).

Conclusion: Our study suggests that exclusive radiotherapy for early Merkel cell carcinoma leads to a similar oncological outcome as combined treatment, with fewer aesthetic sequelae. The approach is interesting for elderly patients with comorbidities or patients for whom surgery would cause significant functional or aesthetic sequelae.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13014-021-01815-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8120723PMC
May 2021

DRESS and AGEP Reactions to Iodinated Contrast Media: A French Case Series.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2021 Aug 20;9(8):3041-3050. Epub 2021 Mar 20.

Service de Dermatologie, Hôpital Henri Mondor, APHP, Créteil, France.

Background: Drug reactions with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESSs) and acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) are potentially severe cutaneous adverse drug reactions.

Objective: To describe the clinical findings and sensitization profiles of DRESS and AGEP patients who had been administered iodinated contrast media (ICM).

Methods: All adult patients in the dermatologist's French Investigators for Skin Adverse Reactions to Drugs (FISARD) network diagnosed with a DRESS or AGEP highly suspected to have been caused by an ICM were included retrospectively.

Results: Thirteen DRESS patients and 19 AGEP patients who had been administered ICM were included, and the median delay in DRESS and AGEP occurrence after ICM administration was short, 4 and 1 days, respectively. Five AGEP patients had systemic involvement. A high cosensitization rate (46%) was observed among the DRESS patients, mainly with beta-lactam antibiotics. Overall, 77% of our patients were sensitized to several ICM. Patch tests identified the suspected ICM for 21 cases (72%). The retrospective nature, the limited number of subjects, the absence of a control group of healthy individuals, and the lack of detailed information on previous exposure to sensitizing drugs are limitations of this study.

Conclusions: We report a large series of DRESSs and AGEPs related to ICM administration. Skin tests appear useful for diagnosis and potentially to identify alternative ICM.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2021.02.060DOI Listing
August 2021

"Idiopathic Eosinophilic Vasculitis": Another Side of Hypereosinophilic Syndrome? A Comprehensive Analysis of 117 Cases in Asthma-Free Patients.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2020 04 18;8(4):1329-1340.e3. Epub 2019 Dec 18.

Centre de Référence National des Syndromes Hyperéosinophiliques (CEREO), Lille, France; Hôpital Ambroise Paré, Service de Médecine Interne, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Boulogne-Billancourt, France.

Background: The absence of asthma may rule out a diagnosis of eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis in patients with hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) and features of vasculitis.

Objective: To describe eosinophilic vasculitis (EoV) as a possible manifestation of HES in asthma-free patients.

Methods: We screened our hospital database and the literature for patients with HES who met the following 4 criteria: (1) histopathological or clinical features of EoV (biopsy-proven vasculitis with predominant eosinophilic infiltration of the vessel wall and/or features of vasculitis with tissue and/or blood hypereosinophilia [absolute eosinophil count >1.5 G/L]); (2) no other obvious causes of reactive eosinophilia, organ damage, and vasculitis; (3) the absence of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies; and (4) the absence of current asthma.

Results: Ten of our 83 (12%) asthma-free patients with HES and 107 additional cases in the literature met the criteria for EoV. After a critical analysis of the patients' clinical and laboratory characteristics and outcomes, we identified 41 cases of single-organ EoV (coronary arteritis, n = 29; temporal arteritis, n = 8; cerebral vasculitis, n = 4). Of the remaining 76 patients with EoV, the most frequent manifestations (>10%) were cutaneous vasculitis (56%), peripheral neuropathy (24%), thromboangiitis obliterans-like disease (16%), fever (13%), central nervous system involvement (13%), deep venous thrombosis (12%), and nonasthma lung manifestations (12%). Blood hypereosinophilia more than 1.5 G/L was observed in 79% of patients, and necrotizing vasculitis was observed in 44%.

Conclusions: Our results suggest that idiopathic EoV (HES-associated vasculitis) can be classified as an eosinophilic-rich, necrotizing, systemic form of vasculitis that affects vessels of various sizes in asthma-free patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2019.12.011DOI Listing
April 2020

Atopic dermatitis in elderly adults.

Eur J Dermatol 2019 Aug;29(4):371-374

Department of Dermatology, University Hospital of Lille, University of Lille, Lille, France.

Background: Atopic dermatitis (AD) in adults over 45 years of age (AD≥45) has been poorly studied.

Objectives: To determine whether the AD phenotype varies according to the pattern of AD onset in AD≥45 patients and whether response to cyclosporine A (CsA) is influenced by age.

Materials And Methods: This monocentric retrospective study was performed in a French university department of dermatology. We included 409 AD<45 patients (111 treated with CsA) and 124 AD≥45 patients (26 treated with CsA). Among AD≥45 patients, 20% were categorised into Subgroup 1 (persistence of AD since childhood), 52% into Subgroup 2 (recurrence of AD with a history of classic childhood AD), and 28% into Subgroup 3 (adult-onset AD).

Results: Gender, associated atopic comorbidities, a family history of atopy, and AD severity were similar regarding the different patterns of AD onset in AD≥45 patients. Skin lesions predominated on the face and neck in AD≥45 patients with AD since childhood (30% in Subgroups 1 and 2) compared to those with adult-onset AD (14% in Subgroup 3). The efficacy of CsA was similar between groups AD≥45 and AD<45, but 28% of AD≥45 patients versus 20% of AD<45 patients had increased serum creatinine levels under CsA.

Conclusion: No significant association seems to exist between the onset of AD and demographic or clinical characteristics in AD≥45 patients (except that head and neck involvement is rarer in adult-onset AD). Patient age does not influence response to CsA, but this drug appears to be less well tolerated in older patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1684/ejd.2019.3609DOI Listing
August 2019

C-Reactive protein as a diagnostic tool in differential diagnosis of hypereosinophilic syndrome and antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-negative eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2019 Apr 11;7(4):1347-1351.e3. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

CHU Lille, Département de Médecine Interne et Immunologie Clinique, Centre de Référence des Maladies Auto-immunes Systémiques Rares du Nord et Nord-Ouest de France (CeRAINO), University of Lille, Lille, France; Centre de Référence National des Syndromes Hyperéosinophiliques (CEREO), France; CHU Lille, Institut d'Immunologie, University of Lille, Lille, France; Inserm, CHU Lille, U995 - LIRIC - Lille Inflammation Research International Center, University of Lille, Lille, France. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2018.10.002DOI Listing
April 2019
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