Publications by authors named "Fo-Peng Wang"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Biomineralization of Cd and inhibition on rhizobacterial Cd mobilization function by Bacillus Cereus to improve safety of maize grains.

Chemosphere 2021 Jun 10;283:131095. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Guangdong Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution and Health, School of Environment, Jinan University, Guangzhou, 510632, China. Electronic address:

Reducing cadmium (Cd) bioavailability and rhizobacterial Cd mobilization functions in the rhizosphere via the inoculation of screened microbial inoculum is an environmental-friendly strategy to improve safety of crop grains. In this study, Bacillus Cereus, a model Cd resistant strain, was selected to explore its effects on Cd bioavailability and uptake, bacterial metabolic functions related to Cd mobilization. Results indicated that inoculation of Bacillus Cereus in maize roots of sand pot with water-soluble Cd (0.06-0.15 mg/kg) and soil pot with high Cd-contaminated soil (total Cd: 2.33 mg/kg; Cd extracted by NHNO: 38.6 μg/kg) could decrease water-soluble Cd ion concentration by 7.7-30.1% and Cd extracted with NHNO solution by 7.8-22.5%, inducing Cd concentrations in maize grains reduced by 10.6-39.9% and 17.4-38.6%, respectively. Even for a single inoculation in soil, Cd concentration in maize grains still satisfy food safety requirements (Cd content: 0.1 mg/kg dry weight) due to its successful colonization on root surface of maize. Bacillus Cereus could enrich more plant growth promotion bacteria (PGPB) and down-regulate the expression of genes related to bacterial motility, membrane transports, carbon and nitrogen metabolism in the rhizosphere soil, decreasing Cd bioavailability in soil. Approximately 80% Cd in media was transferred into intracellular, meanwhile Cd salts (sulfide and/or phosphate) were produced in Bacillus Cereus through biomineralization process. Overall, this study could provide a feasible method for improving safety of maize grains via the inoculation of Bacillus Cereus under Cd pollution.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.131095DOI Listing
June 2021

Nitrogen fertilizer affects rhizosphere Cd re-mobilization by mediating gene AmALM2 and AmALMT7 expression in edible amaranth roots.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Jun 6;418:126310. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution and Health of Guangdong Province, School of Environment, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China. Electronic address:

In-situ stabilization of Cd-contaminated farmland is a commonly used remediation technology. Yet, rhizosphere metabolites (e.g., organic acids) during crop cultivation may cause Cd re-mobilization and over-accumulation. Here, we identified four pivotal cytomembrane-localized genes underlying Cd accumulation difference between two contrasting edible amaranth cultivars based on root gene expression profile, studied their subcellular localization and functional characteristics, and then investigated effects of nitrogen fertilizer on their expression and rhizosphere Cd re-mobilization. Results showed that more Cd accumulated by edible amaranth was due to rhizosphere Cd mobilization by mediating high expression of AmALMT2 and AmALMT7 genes, not Cd transporters in roots. This was confirmed by heterologous expression of AmALMT2 and AmALMT7 genes in Arabidopsis thaliana, since they mediated malic, fumaric, succinic, and aspartic acids efflux. Furthermore, nitrogen influencing rhizosphere acidification might be closely associated with organic acids efflux genes. Compared with N-NO application, N-NH was massively assimilated into glutamates and oxaloacetates through up-regulating glutamine synthetase and alanine-aspartate-glutamate metabolic pathways, thereby enhancing TCA cycle and organic acids efflux dominated by binary carboxylic acids via up-regulating AmALMT2 and AmALMT7 genes, which finally caused Cd re-mobilization. Therefore, N-NO-dominated nitrogen retarded rhizosphere Cd re-mobilization via inhibiting organic acids efflux function of AmALMT2 and AmALMT7 proteins.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.126310DOI Listing
June 2021

Nitrogen fertilizer management affects remobilization of the immobilized cadmium in soil and its accumulation in crop tissues.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jun 20;28(24):31640-31652. Epub 2021 Feb 20.

College of Resources and Environment, Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering, Guangzhou, 510225, China.

Immobilization of soil cadmium (Cd) has been the strategy mostly used in remediation of Cd-contaminated arable soil. However, Cd might be remobilized after the immobilization process through the acid-soluble and complexation effects. Development of agronomic management technologies to prevent soil Cd remobilization after the immobilization process was an important pathway to control the food safety of agricultural products in soils with the immobilized Cd. In this study, the ammonia (NH-N) and nitrate (NO-N) forms with concentrations of 60, 90, and 150 mg-N kg soil were performed for evaluating their effects on Cd remobilization with planted or unplanted treatments and Cd accumulation in tissues of edible amaranth (Liuye). With an initial soil palygorskite-bound fraction Cd concentration of 0.6 mg kg, bioavailable Cd in rhizosphere soils and Cd in crop shoots respectively increased from 11.4 to 20.6 μg kg (dry soil weight) and 6.92 to 14.92 mg kg (dry plant weight) in planted NH-N treatments, while significantly lower concentrations of bioavailable Cd in rhizosphere soils and Cd in crop tissues were observed with planted NO-N treatments. Compared with that of planted NO-N treatments, decreasing pH value (i.e., 7.64 to 7.18) induced by root proton efflux during the absorption of NH-N, enhancive organic/amino acid (oxalic acid, lactic acid, L-proline, and so on) secretion from roots, and increasing abundance of bacteria distributed in phyla Proteobacteria, Cyanobacteria, and Bacteroidetes with Cd mobilization ability in rhizosphere soils were the main reasons found in this study for the higher Cd remobilization in soils and Cd accumulation in crop under NH-N treatments. Moreover, the direct effect of NH-N on remobilization of immobilized Cd by upregulating the expression abundances of genes associated with pyruvate metabolism and amino acids metabolism was more significant than that of NO-N. In summary, the use of NO-N as preferred N fertilizer was more efficient to ensure the food safety of agricultural products than that of NH-N in Cd-contaminated arable soil after immobilization process.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-12868-zDOI Listing
June 2021

[Spatial Distribution Characteristics and Pollution Assessment of Heavy Metals on Farmland of Geochemical Anomaly Area in Southwest Guangxi].

Huan Jing Ke Xue 2020 Feb;41(2):876-885

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541004, China.

To understand spatial distribution characteristics and pollution status of Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn in soils within geochemical anomaly areas in southwestern Guangxi, 256 natural and farmland soils were collected, and heavy metal contents in soils were analyzed. The results show the following:① The background values of Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn in natural soils were 0.890, 32.58, 51.50, 55.57, and 168.1 mg·kg, respectively. The pH value of farmland soil (=193) ranged from 4.8 to 7.9. The geometric mean values of Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn were 0.637, 30.76, 27.04, 39.59, and 123.9 mg·kg, respectively. ② Kriging interpolation results showed that the spatial distribution characteristics of Cd, Ni, Pb, and Zn in farmland soils were similar, and high-content areas were mainly concentrated in Chongzuo-Longzhou area. The highest content of Cu was found in Tianlin County, Lingyun County, Baise City, and Tianyang County. ③ Taking the "Standard for Risk Control of Soil Pollution in Agricultural Land of Soil Environmental Quality" (GB 15618-2018) and soil baseline values as evaluation criteria, the above-standard rates of Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn in farmland were 57.5%, 6.2%, 0.5%, 3.6%, 10.9%, and 4.1%, 14.0%, 0.5%, 2.1%, and 2.1%, respectively. The comprehensive pollution index shows that Tiandeng County, Longan County, Daxin County, Longzhou County, and Chongzuo City have severe combined pollution characteristics. The most important reason behind the high background value (particularly the Cd element) in the geochemical anomaly area of southwestern Guangxi is that the topography of the study area is complex, and the types of heavy metal deposits are numerous, which means that the parent material (rock) itself has a high content of heavy metals, which is weathered into soil. This soil inherits heavy metals from the parent material (rock).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.13227/j.hjkx.201906218DOI Listing
February 2020

[Safety Assessment of Rice Planting in Soil Cadmium Geological Anomaly Areas in Southwest Guangxi].

Huan Jing Ke Xue 2020 Apr;41(4):1855-1863

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541004, China.

To evaluate the safety of rice planting in cadmium geological anomaly areas, 41 natural soil, 479 paddy soil, and 432 rice samples were collected in southwestern Guangxi. The contents of Cd, Cu, Ni, and Zn and soil physical and chemical properties were measured. The single factor pollution index method () was used to evaluate the degree of contamination of the sample, and correlation analysis were used to explore the main factors affecting the heavy metal content in rice. The results showed that ① soil pH of the paddy field was 6.8; the organic matter content was 39.00 g·kg; the risk screening value was based on the soil environmental quality standards for soil pollution risk control and control of agricultural land (GB 15618-2018), the exceeding standard rates of Cd, Cu, Ni, and Zn in soil were 60.75%, 2.09%, 0.83%, and 1.88%. ② The over-standard rates of Cd and Ni in rice were 9.03% and 4.39%, respectively. Considering straw as raw material for feed and organic fertilizer, the corresponding over-standard rates of Cd were 6.94% and 1.16%. ③ Correlation analysis showed that soil pH, organic matter, total heavy metal, and available content were the main factors affecting the content of heavy metals in rice. Cd and Ni in the study area all exhibited certain over-standard phenomena, and the low-accumulation rice varieties could be planted to reduce heavy metal content in rice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.13227/j.hjkx.201910130DOI Listing
April 2020

[Cd Content Characteristics and Ecological Risk Assessment of Paddy Soil in High Cadmium Anomaly Area of Guangxi].

Huan Jing Ke Xue 2019 May;40(5):2443-2452

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541004, China.

To investigate the levels of heavy metal Cd in paddy soils in high cadmium anomaly areas in Guangxi, and to assess their potential ecological risks to the environment. Through preliminary screening and detailed investigation, 912 pieces of soil samples from high-cadmium abnormal area were collected in multiple batches to determine the soil Cd content. The single-factor pollution index method and potential risk index method were used to control the Cd pollution degree of paddy soil. Potential risks were evaluated. The results showed that:① The average Cd values of natural soil, paddy soil, and dryland soil in the initial screening were 0.915, 0.591, and 0.593 mg·kg, respectively. ② In the detailed investigation, the soil pH is 4.6-8.7, which is between acidic and weakly alkaline. If the Soil Environmental Quality Standard (GB 15618-2018) is used as the evaluation standard, the Cd of the soil sample in Pingguo County, Tiandong County, Long'an County, and Liucheng County is seriously exceeded, and the soil sample in the paddy field of Rongshui Country is not polluted. Based on the soil baseline value, the Cd in the soil samples of Tiandong County, Liucheng County, and Rongshui County were non-polluting. In the paddy soils of Tianyang County, Pingguo County, Tianxian County, Daxin County, Long'an County, and Rong'an County, the proportion of Cd in mild to moderate pollution was 4.2%, 3.7%, 14.9%, 2.6%, 7.1%, and 1.4%, respectively. ③ Cd in paddy soils of nine counties and cities presents different levels of potential ecological risks. The soil Cd of some paddy fields in Tiandeng County, Daxin County, and Long'an County was at a high ecological risk ratio of 4.3%, 2.6%, and 2.4%. The soil Cd of Tianyang County, Pingguo County, Rong'an County, and Liucheng County was medium-Middle and high potential risks. Tiandong County and Rongshui County are at low potential ecological risks. In conclusion, the overall Cd in the paddy soil of the study area is high, which may affect the safe planting of rice in the long-term. It will eventually pose a health threat to local residents and should be taken care of. It is recommended to carry out research on soil cadmium bioavailability and rice cadmium accumulation in the study area in order to assess its ecological risk and health risk more scientifically and reasonably.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.13227/j.hjkx.201806202DOI Listing
May 2019

[Accumulation of Cd and Its Risks in the Soils of the Xijiang River Drainage Basin in Guangxi].

Huan Jing Ke Xue 2018 Apr;39(4):1888-1900

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541004, China.

To understand the distribution and risk of soil cadmium (Cd) in the Xijiang River drainage basin in Guangxi, a total of 2512 soil samples were collected nonferrous metal mining area, farmland (paddy soils and dryland soils) and the background soils, in the Xijiang River drainage basin in Guangxi.The results showed that Cd concentration was 0.514 mg·kg in background soils significantly higher than previously resulted(0.148 mg·kg)and that in Guangxi background soil(0.267 mg·kg). The geometric average concentration of Cd in dryland soils, paddysoils and mining soils was 0.559, 0.787, 5.71 mg·kg, respectively, which were significantly higher than background soils. The Cd concentration exceeded the background soils and baseline by 51.2% and 35.2% in dryland soil, 66.7% and 39.6% in paddy soil, 77.8% and 71.4% in mining soil, high Cd concentration occurred in the Nandan County, Dahua County, Duan County, Huanjiang County and Yizhou City, as well as Liujiang County, These regions have developed severe and even extremely serious pollution, medium-high pollution accumulation and higher-extremely high potential ecological risks. The Cd-pollution in soils in agricultural and mining soils in upstream of Xijiang River in Guangxi is serious, due to mining activities and high Cd geological background. People in the mining area and surrounding areas who live on local crops, vegetables, may expose to the Cd-pollution. It is recommended to further develop a Cd risk assessment through a soil-plant-human system, taking appropriate measures to control risk.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.13227/j.hjkx.201707238DOI Listing
April 2018