Publications by authors named "Florence Mahlberg-Gaudin"

2 Publications

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Preservation of coronary reserve by ivabradine-induced reduction in heart rate in infarcted rats is associated with decrease in perivascular collagen.

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2007 Jul 23;293(1):H590-8. Epub 2007 Mar 23.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, New York College of Osteopathic Medicine/NYIT, Old Westbury, NY 11568, USA.

We tested the hypothesis that chronically reducing the heart rate in infarcted middle-aged rats using ivabradine (IVA) would induce arteriolar growth and attenuate perivascular collagen and, thereby, improve maximal perfusion and coronary reserve in the surviving myocardium. Myocardial infarction (MI) was induced in 12-mo-old male Sprague-Dawley rats, which were then treated with either IVA (10.5 mg.kg(-1).day(-1); MI + IVA) or placebo (MI) via intraperitoneal osmotic pumps for 4 wk. Four weeks of IVA treatment limited the increase in left ventricular end-diastolic pressure and the decrease in ejection fraction but did not affect the size of the infarct, the magnitude of myocyte hypertrophy, or the degree of arteriolar and capillary growth. However, treatment reduced interstitial and periarteriolar collagen in the surviving myocardium of MI + IVA rats. The reduced periarteriolar collagen content was associated with improvement in maximal myocardial perfusion and coronary reserve. Although the rates of proliferation of periarteriolar fibroblasts were similar in the MI and MI + IVA groups, the expression levels of the AT(1) receptor and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta(1) in the myocardium, as well as the plasma level of the ANG II peptide, were lower in treated rats 14 days after MI. Therefore, our data reveal that improved maximal myocardial perfusion and coronary reserve in MI + IVA rats are most likely the result of reduced periarteriolar collagen rather than enhanced arteriolar growth.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpheart.00047.2007DOI Listing
July 2007

Long-term heart rate reduction induced by the selective I(f) current inhibitor ivabradine improves left ventricular function and intrinsic myocardial structure in congestive heart failure.

Circulation 2004 Apr 23;109(13):1674-9. Epub 2004 Feb 23.

INSERM U644, UFR de Médecine et de Pharmacie, Rouen, France.

Background: Heart rate reduction (HRR) improves left ventricular (LV) filling, increases myocardial O2 supply, and reduces myocardial O2 consumption, which are all beneficial in congestive heart failure (CHF). However, the long-term effects of HRR on cardiac function and remodeling are unknown.

Methods And Results: We assessed, in rats with CHF, the effects of long-term HRR induced by the selective I(f) current inhibitor ivabradine (as food admix for 90 days starting 7 days after coronary artery ligation). To assess intrinsic modifications of LV tissue induced by long-term HRR, all parameters were reassessed 3 days after interruption of treatment. Ivabradine decreased heart rate over the 90-day treatment period (-18% versus untreated at 10 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1)), without modifying blood pressure, LV end-diastolic pressure, or dP/dt(max/min). Ivabradine significantly reduced LV end-systolic but not end-diastolic diameter, which resulted in preserved cardiac output due to increased stroke volume. In the Langendorff preparation, ivabradine shifted LV systolic but not end-diastolic pressure-volume relations to the left. Ivabradine decreased LV collagen density and increased LV capillary density without modifying LV weight. Three days after interruption of treatment, the effects of ivabradine on LV geometry, shortening, and stroke volume persisted despite normalization of heart rate.

Conclusions: In rats with CHF, long-term HRR induced by the selective I(f) inhibitor ivabradine improves LV function and increases stroke volume, preserving cardiac output despite the HRR. The improvement of cardiac function is related not only to the HRR per se but also to modifications in the extracellular matrix and/or function of myocytes as a consequence of long-term HRR.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/01.CIR.0000118464.48959.1CDOI Listing
April 2004