Publications by authors named "Flavia S R Lopes"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The Crotoxin:SBA-15 Complex Down-Regulates the Incidence and Intensity of Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis Through Peripheral and Central Actions.

Front Immunol 2020 28;11:591563. Epub 2020 Oct 28.

Laboratory of Pain and Signaling, Butantan Institute, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Crotoxin (CTX), the main neurotoxin from snake venom, has anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and antinociceptive activities. However, the CTX-induced toxicity may compromise its use. Under this scenario, the use of nanoparticle such as nanostructured mesoporous silica (SBA-15) as a carrier might become a feasible approach to improve CTX safety. Here, we determined the benefits of SBA-15 on CTX-related neuroinflammatory and immunomodulatory properties during experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of multiple sclerosis that replicates several histopathological and immunological features observed in humans. We showed that a single administration of CTX:SBA-15 (54 μg/kg) was more effective in reducing pain and ameliorated the clinical score (motor impairment) in EAE animals compared to the CTX-treated EAE group; therefore, improving the disease outcome. Of interest, CTX:SBA-15, but not unconjugated CTX, prevented EAE-induced atrophy and loss of muscle function. Further supporting an immune mechanism, CTX:SBA-15 treatment reduced both recruitment and proliferation of peripheral Th17 cells as well as diminished IL-17 expression and glial cells activation in the spinal cord in EAE animals when compared with CTX-treated EAE group. Finally, CTX:SBA-15, but not unconjugated CTX, prevented the EAE-induced cell infiltration in the CNS. These results provide evidence that SBA-15 maximizes the immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects of CTX in an EAE model; therefore, suggesting that SBA-15 has the potential to improve CTX effectiveness in the treatment of MS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2020.591563DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7655790PMC
October 2020

Crotoxin, a rattlesnake toxin, down-modulates functions of bone marrow neutrophils and impairs the Syk-GTPase pathway.

Toxicon 2017 Sep 5;136:44-55. Epub 2017 Jul 5.

Laboratory of Pathophysiology, Butantan Institute, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Neutrophils have a critical role in the innate immune response; these cells represent the primary line of defense against invading pathogens or tissue injury. Crotoxin (CTX), the major toxin of the South American rattlesnake (Crotalus durissus terrificus) venom, presents longstanding anti-inflammatory properties, inhibiting neutrophil migration and phagocytosis by peritoneal neutrophils for 14 days. Herein, to elucidate these sustained inhibitory effects induced by CTX, we performed in vitro and in vivo studies evaluating the functionality of bone marrow neutrophils and possible molecular mechanisms associated with these effects. CTX inhibited the processes of chemotaxis, adhesion to fibronectin, and phagocytosis of opsonized particles; however, it did not affect ROS production or degranulation in bone marrow neutrophils. To understand the molecular mechanisms that orchestrate this effect, we investigated the expression of CR3 on the neutrophil surface and the total expression and activity of signaling proteins from the Syk-GTPase pathway, which is involved in actin polymerization. CTX down-regulated both subunits of CR3, as well as, the activity of Syk, Vav1, Cdc42, Rac1 and RhoA, and the expression of the subunit 1B from Arp2/3. Together, our findings demonstrated that CTX inhibits the functionally of bone marrow neutrophils and that this effect may be associated with an impairment of the Syk-GTPase pathway. This study demonstrates, for the first time, that the sustained down-modulatory effect of CTX on circulating and peritoneal neutrophils is associated with functional modifications of neutrophils still in the bone marrow, and it also contributes to a better understanding of the anti-inflammatory effect of CTX.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxicon.2017.07.002DOI Listing
September 2017