Publications by authors named "Fiona T H Lee"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Combination phentermine and topiramate for weight maintenance: the first Australian experience.

Med J Aust 2014 Aug;201(4):224-6

Department of Endocrinology, Austin Health, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Objective: To investigate the safety, tolerability and efficacy of combination phentermine and topiramate therapy for maintenance of weight loss.

Design, Setting And Patients: Retrospective audit of patients attending the Austin Health Weight Control Clinic who were dispensed phentermine-topiramate between 22 January 2010 and 16 July 2012 and after reaching a target weight by following a very low energy diet (VLED). Data collection continued until July 2013.

Main Outcome Measures: Number of patients who ceased pharmacotherapy; duration of use of pharmacotherapy; types and numbers of adverse effects; and mean weight and blood pressure measurements at the initial visit, the end of the VLED and the last observation during pharmacotherapy.

Results: Data were available for 103 patients who were dispensed phentermine-topiramate; 61 patients ceased combination pharmacotherapy before the end of the data collection period, 41 due to adverse effects (eg, paraesthesia, cognitive changes, dry mouth and depression). The mean duration of use of pharmacotherapy was 10 months. Mean weight decreased by 10% due to the VLED (from 135.5 kg to 122.5 kg) and this loss was maintained. For 30 patients who continued on phentermine-topiramate, the mean duration of pharmacotherapy was 22 months and the mean weight decreased by 6.7 kg between the end of the VLED and the last observation during pharmacotherapy.

Conclusion: Phentermine-topiramate therapy was not well tolerated; more than half of the patients in our study stopped taking it because of adverse effects, and more than half of the adverse events reported were ascribed to topiramate. However, in those able to continue with pharmacotherapy, the combination was efficacious for both maintenance of weight loss and ongoing weight loss.
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August 2014

Interactions between angiotensin II and NF-kappaB-dependent pathways in modulating macrophage infiltration in experimental diabetic nephropathy.

J Am Soc Nephrol 2004 Aug;15(8):2139-51

Danielle Alberti Memorial Centre for Diabetic Complications, Vascular Division, Baker Medical Research Institute, Melbourne 8008, Australia.

NF-kappaB-dependent pathways play an important role in macrophage infiltration and kidney injury. NF-kappaB is regulated by angiotensin II (AII). However, the role of this pathway in diabetic nephropathy has not been clearly delineated. First, the activation of NF-kappaB, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and macrophage infiltration in the diabetic kidney were explored, in a temporal manner. The active subunit of NF-kappaB, p65, was elevated in the diabetic animals in association with increased MCP-1 gene expression and macrophage infiltration. Second, the effects of treatment for 4 wk with the AII type 1 receptor antagonist valsartan, the AII type 2 receptor antagonist PD123319, or pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate, an inhibitor of NF-kappaB and on these parameters were assessed. These treatments were associated with a reduction in p65 activation, MCP-1 gene expression, and macrophage infiltration. These findings demonstrate a role for activation of NF-kappaB, in particular the p65 subunit, in the pathogenesis of early renal macrophage infiltration in experimental diabetes. In the context of the known proinflammatory effects of AII, it is postulated that the renoprotection conferred by angiotensin II receptor antagonism is at least partly related to the inhibition of NF-kappaB-dependent pathways.
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August 2004